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crypto / rand

package rand

go1.14.5
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Published: 1 day ago | License: BSD-3-Clause | Standard library

Overview

Package rand implements a cryptographically secure random number generator.

Index

Examples

Package Files

Variables

var Reader io.Reader

Reader is a global, shared instance of a cryptographically secure random number generator.

On Linux and FreeBSD, Reader uses getrandom(2) if available, /dev/urandom otherwise. On OpenBSD, Reader uses getentropy(2). On other Unix-like systems, Reader reads from /dev/urandom. On Windows systems, Reader uses the CryptGenRandom API. On Wasm, Reader uses the Web Crypto API.

func Int

func Int(rand io.Reader, max *big.Int) (n *big.Int, err error)

Int returns a uniform random value in [0, max). It panics if max <= 0.

func Prime

func Prime(rand io.Reader, bits int) (p *big.Int, err error)

Prime returns a number, p, of the given size, such that p is prime with high probability. Prime will return error for any error returned by rand.Read or if bits < 2.

func Read

func Read(b []byte) (n int, err error)

Read is a helper function that calls Reader.Read using io.ReadFull. On return, n == len(b) if and only if err == nil.

Example

This example reads 10 cryptographically secure pseudorandom numbers from rand.Reader and writes them to a byte slice.

Code:

c := 10
b := make([]byte, c)
_, err := rand.Read(b)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Println("error:", err)
	return
}
// The slice should now contain random bytes instead of only zeroes.
fmt.Println(bytes.Equal(b, make([]byte, c)))

Output:

false
Documentation was rendered with GOOS=linux and GOARCH=amd64.

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