Given a number determine whether or not it is valid per the Luhn formula.
The Luhn algorithm is a simple checksum formula used to validate a variety of identification numbers, such as credit card numbers and Canadian Social Insurance Numbers.
The task is to check if a given string is valid.
Validating a Number
Strings of length 1 or less are not valid. Spaces are allowed in the input, but they should be stripped before checking. All other non-digit characters are disallowed.
Example 1: valid credit card number
4539 1488 0343 6467
The first step of the Luhn algorithm is to double every second digit, starting from the right. We will be doubling
4_3_ 1_8_ 0_4_ 6_6_
If doubling the number results in a number greater than 9 then subtract 9 from the product. The results of our doubling:
8569 2478 0383 3437
Then sum all of the digits:
8+5+6+9+2+4+7+8+0+3+8+3+3+4+3+7 = 80
If the sum is evenly divisible by 10, then the number is valid. This number is valid!
Example 2: invalid credit card number
8273 1232 7352 0569
Double the second digits, starting from the right
7253 2262 5312 0539
Sum the digits
7+2+5+3+2+2+6+2+5+3+1+2+0+5+3+9 = 57
57 is not evenly divisible by 10, so this number is not valid.
Running the tests
To run the tests run the command
go test from within the exercise directory.
If the test suite contains benchmarks, you can run these with the
go test -v --bench . --benchmem
Keep in mind that each reviewer will run benchmarks on a different machine, with different specs, so the results from these benchmark tests may vary.
For more detailed information about the Go track, including how to get help if you're having trouble, please visit the exercism.io Go language page.
The Luhn Algorithm on Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luhn_algorithm
Submitting Incomplete Solutions
It's possible to submit an incomplete solution so you can see how others have completed the exercise.