params

package
Version: v1.65.3 Latest Latest
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Published: Oct 19, 2021 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 3 Imported by: 9

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Constants

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const (
	GasLimitBoundDivisor uint64 = 1024    // The bound divisor of the gas limit, used in update calculations.
	MinGasLimit          uint64 = 5000    // Minimum the gas limit may ever be.
	GenesisGasLimit      uint64 = 4712388 // Gas limit of the Genesis block.

	MaximumExtraDataSize  uint64 = 32    // Maximum size extra data may be after Genesis.
	ExpByteGas            uint64 = 10    // Times ceil(log256(exponent)) for the EXP instruction.
	SloadGas              uint64 = 50    // Multiplied by the number of 32-byte words that are copied (round up) for any *COPY operation and added.
	CallValueTransferGas  uint64 = 9000  // Paid for CALL when the value transfer is non-zero.
	CallNewAccountGas     uint64 = 25000 // Paid for CALL when the destination address didn't exist prior.
	TxGas                 uint64 = 21000 // Per transaction not creating a contract. NOTE: Not payable on data of calls between transactions.
	TxGasContractCreation uint64 = 53000 // Per transaction that creates a contract. NOTE: Not payable on data of calls between transactions.
	TxDataZeroGas         uint64 = 4     // Per byte of data attached to a transaction that equals zero. NOTE: Not payable on data of calls between transactions.
	QuadCoeffDiv          uint64 = 512   // Divisor for the quadratic particle of the memory cost equation.
	LogDataGas            uint64 = 8     // Per byte in a LOG* operation's data.
	CallStipend           uint64 = 2300  // Free gas given at beginning of call.

	Sha3Gas     uint64 = 30 // Once per SHA3 operation.
	Sha3WordGas uint64 = 6  // Once per word of the SHA3 operation's data.

	SstoreSetGas    uint64 = 20000 // Once per SLOAD operation.
	SstoreResetGas  uint64 = 5000  // Once per SSTORE operation if the zeroness changes from zero.
	SstoreClearGas  uint64 = 5000  // Once per SSTORE operation if the zeroness doesn't change.
	SstoreRefundGas uint64 = 15000 // Once per SSTORE operation if the zeroness changes to zero.

	NetSstoreNoopGas  uint64 = 200   // Once per SSTORE operation if the value doesn't change.
	NetSstoreInitGas  uint64 = 20000 // Once per SSTORE operation from clean zero.
	NetSstoreCleanGas uint64 = 5000  // Once per SSTORE operation from clean non-zero.
	NetSstoreDirtyGas uint64 = 200   // Once per SSTORE operation from dirty.

	NetSstoreClearRefund      uint64 = 15000 // Once per SSTORE operation for clearing an originally existing storage slot
	NetSstoreResetRefund      uint64 = 4800  // Once per SSTORE operation for resetting to the original non-zero value
	NetSstoreResetClearRefund uint64 = 19800 // Once per SSTORE operation for resetting to the original zero value

	SstoreSentryGasEIP2200            uint64 = 2300  // Minimum gas required to be present for an SSTORE call, not consumed
	SstoreSetGasEIP2200               uint64 = 20000 // Once per SSTORE operation from clean zero to non-zero
	SstoreResetGasEIP2200             uint64 = 5000  // Once per SSTORE operation from clean non-zero to something else
	SstoreClearsScheduleRefundEIP2200 uint64 = 15000 // Once per SSTORE operation for clearing an originally existing storage slot

	JumpdestGas   uint64 = 1     // Once per JUMPDEST operation.
	EpochDuration uint64 = 30000 // Duration between proof-of-work epochs.

	CreateDataGas         uint64 = 200   //
	CallCreateDepth       uint64 = 1024  // Maximum depth of call/create stack.
	ExpGas                uint64 = 10    // Once per EXP instruction
	LogGas                uint64 = 375   // Per LOG* operation.
	CopyGas               uint64 = 1     //
	StackLimit            uint64 = 1024  // Maximum size of VM stack allowed.
	TierStepGas           uint64 = 0     // Once per operation, for a selection of them.
	LogTopicGas           uint64 = 375   // Multiplied by the * of the LOG*, per LOG transaction. e.g. LOG0 incurs 0 * c_txLogTopicGas, LOG4 incurs 4 * c_txLogTopicGas.
	CreateGas             uint64 = 32000 // Once per CREATE operation & contract-creation transaction.
	Create2Gas            uint64 = 32000 // Once per CREATE2 operation
	SelfdestructRefundGas uint64 = 24000 // Refunded following a selfdestruct operation.
	MemoryGas             uint64 = 3     // Times the address of the (highest referenced byte in memory + 1). NOTE: referencing happens on read, write and in instructions such as RETURN and CALL.

	TxDataNonZeroGasFrontier  uint64 = 68   // Per byte of data attached to a transaction that is not equal to zero. NOTE: Not payable on data of calls between transactions.
	TxDataNonZeroGasEIP2028   uint64 = 16   // Per byte of non zero data attached to a transaction after EIP 2028 (part in Istanbul)
	TxAccessListAddressGas    uint64 = 2400 // Per address specified in EIP 2930 access list
	TxAccessListStorageKeyGas uint64 = 1900 // Per storage key specified in EIP 2930 access list

	// These have been changed during the course of the chain
	CallGasFrontier              uint64 = 40  // Once per CALL operation & message call transaction.
	CallGasEIP150                uint64 = 700 // Static portion of gas for CALL-derivates after EIP 150 (Tangerine)
	BalanceGasFrontier           uint64 = 20  // The cost of a BALANCE operation
	BalanceGasEIP150             uint64 = 400 // The cost of a BALANCE operation after Tangerine
	BalanceGasEIP1884            uint64 = 700 // The cost of a BALANCE operation after EIP 1884 (part of Istanbul)
	ExtcodeSizeGasFrontier       uint64 = 20  // Cost of EXTCODESIZE before EIP 150 (Tangerine)
	ExtcodeSizeGasEIP150         uint64 = 700 // Cost of EXTCODESIZE after EIP 150 (Tangerine)
	SloadGasFrontier             uint64 = 50
	SloadGasEIP150               uint64 = 200
	SloadGasEIP1884              uint64 = 800  // Cost of SLOAD after EIP 1884 (part of Istanbul)
	SloadGasEIP2200              uint64 = 800  // Cost of SLOAD after EIP 2200 (part of Istanbul)
	ExtcodeHashGasConstantinople uint64 = 400  // Cost of EXTCODEHASH (introduced in Constantinople)
	ExtcodeHashGasEIP1884        uint64 = 700  // Cost of EXTCODEHASH after EIP 1884 (part in Istanbul)
	SelfdestructGasEIP150        uint64 = 5000 // Cost of SELFDESTRUCT post EIP 150 (Tangerine)

	// EXP has a dynamic portion depending on the size of the exponent
	ExpByteFrontier uint64 = 10 // was set to 10 in Frontier
	ExpByteEIP158   uint64 = 50 // was raised to 50 during Eip158 (Spurious Dragon)

	// Extcodecopy has a dynamic AND a static cost. This represents only the
	// static portion of the gas. It was changed during EIP 150 (Tangerine)
	ExtcodeCopyBaseFrontier uint64 = 20
	ExtcodeCopyBaseEIP150   uint64 = 700

	// CreateBySelfdestructGas is used when the refunded account is one that does
	// not exist. This logic is similar to call.
	// Introduced in Tangerine Whistle (Eip 150)
	CreateBySelfdestructGas uint64 = 25000

	MaxCodeSize = 24576 // Maximum bytecode to permit for a contract

	EcrecoverGas        uint64 = 3000 // Elliptic curve sender recovery gas price
	Sha256BaseGas       uint64 = 60   // Base price for a SHA256 operation
	Sha256PerWordGas    uint64 = 12   // Per-word price for a SHA256 operation
	Ripemd160BaseGas    uint64 = 600  // Base price for a RIPEMD160 operation
	Ripemd160PerWordGas uint64 = 120  // Per-word price for a RIPEMD160 operation
	IdentityBaseGas     uint64 = 15   // Base price for a data copy operation
	IdentityPerWordGas  uint64 = 3    // Per-work price for a data copy operation

	Bn256AddGasByzantium             uint64 = 500    // Byzantium gas needed for an elliptic curve addition
	Bn256AddGasIstanbul              uint64 = 150    // Gas needed for an elliptic curve addition
	Bn256ScalarMulGasByzantium       uint64 = 40000  // Byzantium gas needed for an elliptic curve scalar multiplication
	Bn256ScalarMulGasIstanbul        uint64 = 6000   // Gas needed for an elliptic curve scalar multiplication
	Bn256PairingBaseGasByzantium     uint64 = 100000 // Byzantium base price for an elliptic curve pairing check
	Bn256PairingBaseGasIstanbul      uint64 = 45000  // Base price for an elliptic curve pairing check
	Bn256PairingPerPointGasByzantium uint64 = 80000  // Byzantium per-point price for an elliptic curve pairing check
	Bn256PairingPerPointGasIstanbul  uint64 = 34000  // Per-point price for an elliptic curve pairing check

	Bls12381G1AddGas          uint64 = 600    // Price for BLS12-381 elliptic curve G1 point addition
	Bls12381G1MulGas          uint64 = 12000  // Price for BLS12-381 elliptic curve G1 point scalar multiplication
	Bls12381G2AddGas          uint64 = 4500   // Price for BLS12-381 elliptic curve G2 point addition
	Bls12381G2MulGas          uint64 = 55000  // Price for BLS12-381 elliptic curve G2 point scalar multiplication
	Bls12381PairingBaseGas    uint64 = 115000 // Base gas price for BLS12-381 elliptic curve pairing check
	Bls12381PairingPerPairGas uint64 = 23000  // Per-point pair gas price for BLS12-381 elliptic curve pairing check
	Bls12381MapG1Gas          uint64 = 5500   // Gas price for BLS12-381 mapping field element to G1 operation
	Bls12381MapG2Gas          uint64 = 110000 // Gas price for BLS12-381 mapping field element to G2 operation
)

Variables

View Source
var (
	DifficultyBoundDivisor = big.NewInt(2048)   // The bound divisor of the difficulty, used in the update calculations.
	GenesisDifficulty      = big.NewInt(131072) // Difficulty of the Genesis block.
	MinimumDifficulty      = big.NewInt(131072) // The minimum that the difficulty may ever be.
	DurationLimit          = big.NewInt(13)     // The decision boundary on the blocktime duration used to determine whether difficulty should go up or not.
)
View Source
var Bls12381MultiExpDiscountTable = [128]uint64{} /* 128 elements not displayed */

Gas discount table for BLS12-381 G1 and G2 multi exponentiation operations

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type ChainConfig added in v1.65.3

type ChainConfig struct {
	ChainID *big.Int `json:"chainId"` // chainId identifies the current chain and is used for replay protection

	HomesteadBlock *big.Int `json:"homesteadBlock,omitempty"` // Homestead switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already homestead)

	DAOForkBlock   *big.Int `json:"daoForkBlock,omitempty"`   // TheDAO hard-fork switch block (nil = no fork)
	DAOForkSupport bool     `json:"daoForkSupport,omitempty"` // Whether the nodes supports or opposes the DAO hard-fork

	// EIP150 implements the Gas price changes (https://github.com/ethereum/EIPs/issues/150)
	EIP150Block *big.Int    `json:"eip150Block,omitempty"` // EIP150 HF block (nil = no fork)
	EIP150Hash  common.Hash `json:"eip150Hash,omitempty"`  // EIP150 HF hash (needed for header only clients as only gas pricing changed)

	EIP155Block *big.Int `json:"eip155Block,omitempty"` // EIP155 HF block
	EIP158Block *big.Int `json:"eip158Block,omitempty"` // EIP158 HF block

	ByzantiumBlock      *big.Int `json:"byzantiumBlock,omitempty"`      // Byzantium switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already on byzantium)
	ConstantinopleBlock *big.Int `json:"constantinopleBlock,omitempty"` // Constantinople switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already activated)
	PetersburgBlock     *big.Int `json:"petersburgBlock,omitempty"`     // Petersburg switch block (nil = same as Constantinople)
	IstanbulBlock       *big.Int `json:"istanbulBlock,omitempty"`       // Istanbul switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already on istanbul)
	MuirGlacierBlock    *big.Int `json:"muirGlacierBlock,omitempty"`    // Eip-2384 (bomb delay) switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already activated)
	BerlinBlock         *big.Int `json:"berlinBlock,omitempty"`         // Berlin switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already on berlin)

	YoloV3Block *big.Int `json:"yoloV3Block,omitempty"` // YOLO v3: Gas repricings TODO @holiman add EIP references
	EWASMBlock  *big.Int `json:"ewasmBlock,omitempty"`  // EWASM switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already activated)

	// Various consensus engines
	Ethash *EthashConfig `json:"ethash,omitempty"`
	Clique *CliqueConfig `json:"clique,omitempty"`
}

ChainConfig is the core config which determines the blockchain settings.

ChainConfig is stored in the database on a per block basis. This means that any network, identified by its genesis block, can have its own set of configuration options.

type CliqueConfig added in v1.65.3

type CliqueConfig struct {
	Period uint64 `json:"period"` // Number of seconds between blocks to enforce
	Epoch  uint64 `json:"epoch"`  // Epoch length to reset votes and checkpoint
}

CliqueConfig is the consensus engine configs for proof-of-authority based sealing.

func (*CliqueConfig) String added in v1.65.3

func (c *CliqueConfig) String() string

String implements the stringer interface, returning the consensus engine details.

type EVMParam

type EVMParam struct {

	// EVMStateDB 状态数据操作入口
	StateDB state.EVMStateDB

	// CallGasTemp 此属性用于临时存储计算出来的Gas消耗值
	// 在指令执行时,会调用指令的gasCost方法,计算出此指令需要消耗的Gas,并存放在此临时属性中
	// 然后在执行opCall时,从此属性获取消耗的Gas值
	CallGasTemp uint64

	// BlockNumber NUMBER 指令,当前区块高度
	BlockNumber *big.Int
}

EVMParam 解释器中调用Gas计算时所传递的合约中和EVM相关的参数结构 之所以单独封装,是为了将解释器、Gas计算两者解耦 此结构包含的属性中StateDB和CallGasTemp可写,解释器调用Gas计算的步骤如下: 1. 使用EVM构造EVMParam(属性除CallGasTemp外,全部传递引用); 2. 以EVMParam为参数,调用Gas计算; 3. 计算结束后,使用EVMParam中的值回填到EVM中;

type EthashConfig added in v1.65.3

type EthashConfig struct{}

EthashConfig is the consensus engine configs for proof-of-work based sealing.

func (*EthashConfig) String added in v1.65.3

func (c *EthashConfig) String() string

String implements the stringer interface, returning the consensus engine details.

type GasParam

type GasParam struct {
	// Gas 此合约对象的可用Gas(合约执行过程中会修改此值)
	Gas uint64

	// Address 上下文中合约自身的地址
	// 注意,当合约通过CallCode调用时,这个地址并不是当前合约代码对应的地址,而是调用者的地址
	Address common.Address
}

GasParam 解释器中调用Gas计算时所传递的合约中和Gas相关的参数结构 之所以单独封装,是为了将解释器、指令集、Gas计算三者解耦 此结构包含的属性均为只读

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