azure-kusto-go

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Published: May 8, 2022 License: MIT

README

Microsoft Azure Data Explorer Public Preview (Kusto) GoDoc

This is a data plane SDK (it is for interacting with Azure Data Explorer service). For the control plane (resource administration), go here

What's New

Version 0.6.0
Deprecations
  • Ingestion.Stream has been deprecated in favor of dedicated streaming clients - ingest.Streaming and ingest.Managed. This API was very limited - it required you to create a queued ingestion client, it only accepted a byte array, and had no customization options.
  • RowIterator.Next and RowIterator.Do are now deprecated and replaced by RowIterator.NextRowOrError and RowIterator.DoOnRowOrError. In previous versions, when encountering an error in-line with the results (also known as partial success), the SDK panicked. Now RowIterator.Next and RowIterator.Do will return the first error they encounter, including in-line errors or partials successes and finish. This means that there could be extra data that will be skipped when using these APIs. Fixed #81
Addtional Ingest Clients
  • ingest.Streaming and ingest.Managed were added to the SDK. Their interface is identical to ingest.Ingestion (in fact - they all share an interface Ingestor), and are created via ingest.NewStreaming and ingest.NewManaged respectively. ingest.Streaming uses streaming ingestion to ingest data to kusto. It supports ingesting from a file or a Reader, but not a blob. ingest.Managed is a managed streaming ingest client. It will try to use streaming ingest, but on transient failures and other conditions will fall back to queued ingestion.
New APIs for querying
  • As mentioned before, RowIterator.NextandRowIterator.Doare now deprecated and replaced byRowIterator.NextRowOrErrorandRowIterator.DoOnRowOrError. The new APIs will act the same as the old, with the following changes: RowIterator.NextRowOrErrorwill return an additionalinlineError value, when it's non-nil it indicates an inline error. After encountering it, the iteration doesn't end and you should continue consuming the iterator. RowIterator.DoOnRowOrErrorrequires an additional parameter of type*errors.Error`, which indicates an inline error. It can be ignored or handled, but while returning nil the iteration will continue.
Addtional Features
Fixes
  • Add support for gzipped errors,. Fixed #84
  • Moved from the old deprecated azblob to the new supported one. This should solve some issues in uploading blobs, specifically memory leaks.
Internal Improvements
Version 0.5.2
Fixes
  • Critical bug - When ingesting to multiple clusters all data is sent to one cluster. As always, we recommend re-using clients and ingestors whenever possible.

Install

  • go get github.com/Azure/azure-kusto-go/kusto

Minimum Requirements

  • go version 1.16

Examples

Below are some simple examples to get users up and running quickly. For full examples, please refer to the GoDoc for the packages.

Authorizing
// auth package is: "github.com/Azure/go-autorest/autorest/azure/auth"

authorizer := kusto.Authorization{
	Config: auth.NewClientCredentialsConfig(clientID, clientSecret, tenantID),
}

This creates a Kusto Authorizer using your client identity, secret and tenant identity. You may also uses other forms of authorization, please see the Authorization type in the GoDoc for more.

Creating a Client
client, err := kusto.New(endpoint, authorizer)
if err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}
// Be sure to close the client when you're done. (Error handling omitted for brevity.)
defer client.Close()

endpoint represents the Kusto endpoint. This will resemble: "https://..kusto.windows.net".

Querying
Query For Rows

The Kusto package package queries data into a *table.Row which can be printed or have the column data extracted.

// table package is: github.com/Azure/azure-kusto-go/kusto/data/table

// Query our database table "systemNodes" for the CollectionTimes and the NodeIds.
iter, err := client.Query(ctx, "database", kusto.NewStmt("systemNodes | project CollectionTime, NodeId"))
if err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}
defer iter.Stop()

// .Do() will call the function for every row in the table.
err = iter.Do(
	func(row *table.Row) error {
		if row.Replace {
			fmt.Println("---") // Replace flag indicates that the query result should be cleared and replaced with this row
		}
		fmt.Println(row) // As a convenience, printing a *table.Row will output csv
		return nil
	},
)
if err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}
Query Into Structs

Users will often want to turn the returned data into Go structs that are easier to work with. The *table.Row object that is returned supports this via the .ToStruct() method.

// NodeRec represents our Kusto data that will be returned.
type NodeRec struct {
	// ID is the table's NodeId. We use the field tag here to to instruct our client to convert NodeId to ID.
	ID int64 `kusto:"NodeId"`
	// CollectionTime is Go representation of the Kusto datetime type.
	CollectionTime time.Time
}

iter, err := client.Query(ctx, "database", kusto.NewStmt("systemNodes | project CollectionTime, NodeId"))
if err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}
defer iter.Stop()

recs := []NodeRec{}
err = iter.Do(
	func(row *table.Row) error {
		rec := NodeRec{}
		if err := row.ToStruct(&rec); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		if row.Replace {
			recs = recs[:0] // Replace flag indicates that the query result should be cleared and replaced with this row
		}
		recs = append(recs, rec)
		return nil
	},
)
if err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}
Ingestion

The ingest/ package provides access to Kusto's ingestion service for importing data into Kusto. This requires some prerequisite knowledge of acceptable data formats, mapping references, ...

That documentation can be found here

Kusto's ingestion service makes no guarantees on when the data will show up in the table and is optimized for large chunks of data and not small uploads at a high rate.

If ingesting data from memory, it is suggested that you stream the data in via FromReader() passing in the reader from an io.Pipe(). The data will not begin ingestion until the writer closes.

Setup an ingestion client

Setup is quite simple, simply pass a *kusto.Client, the name of the database and table you wish to ingest into.

in, err := ingest.New(kustoClient, "database", "table")
if err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}
// Be sure to close the ingestor when you're done. (Error handling omitted for brevity.)
defer in.Close()
From a File

Ingesting a local file requires simply passing the path to the file to be ingested:

if _, err := in.FromFile(ctx, "/path/to/a/local/file"); err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}

FromFile() will accept Unix path names on Unix platforms and Windows path names on Windows platforms. The file will not be deleted after upload (there is an option that will allow that though).

From a Blob Storage File

This package will also accept ingestion from an Azure Blob Storage file:

if _, err := in.FromFile(ctx, "https://myaccount.blob.core.windows.net/$root/myblob"); err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}

This will ingest a file from Azure Blob Storage. We only support https:// paths and your domain name may differ than what is here.

Ingestion from an io.Reader

Sometimes you want to ingest a stream of data that you have in memory without writing to disk. You can do this simply by chunking the data via an io.Reader.

r, w := io.Pipe()

enc := json.NewEncoder(w)
go func() {
	defer w.Close()
	for _, data := range dataSet {
		if err := enc.Encode(data); err != nil {
			panic("add error handling")
		}
	}
}()

if _, err := in.FromReader(ctx, r); err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}

It is important to remember that FromReader() will terminate when it receives an io.EOF from the io.Reader. Use io.Readers that won't return io.EOF until the io.Writer is closed (such as io.Pipe).

From a Stream

Ingestion from a stream commits blocks of fully formed data encodes (JSON, AVRO, ...) into Kusto:

if err := in.Stream(ctx, jsonEncodedData, ingest.JSON, "mappingName"); err != nil {
	panic("add error handling")
}

Best Practices

See the SDK best practices guide, which though written for the .NET SDK, applies similarly here.

Contributing

This project welcomes contributions and suggestions. Most contributions require you to agree to a Contributor License Agreement (CLA) declaring that you have the right to, and actually do, grant us the rights to use your contribution. For details, visit https://cla.opensource.microsoft.com.

When you submit a pull request, a CLA bot will automatically determine whether you need to provide a CLA and decorate the PR appropriately (e.g., status check, comment). Simply follow the instructions provided by the bot. You will only need to do this once across all repos using our CLA.

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact opencode@microsoft.com with any additional questions or comments.

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Directories

Path Synopsis
Package kusto provides a client for accessing Azure Data Explorer, also known as Kusto.
Package kusto provides a client for accessing Azure Data Explorer, also known as Kusto.
data/errors
Package errors provides the error package for Kusto.
Package errors provides the error package for Kusto.
data/table
Package table contains types that represent the makeup of a Kusto table.
Package table contains types that represent the makeup of a Kusto table.
data/types
Package types holds Kusto type information that is used to describe what type would be held in a cell based on the column's type setting.
Package types holds Kusto type information that is used to describe what type would be held in a cell based on the column's type setting.
data/value
Package value holds Kusto data value representations.
Package value holds Kusto data value representations.
ingest
Package ingest provides data ingestion from various external sources into Kusto.
Package ingest provides data ingestion from various external sources into Kusto.
unsafe
Package unsafe provides methods and types that loosen the native protections of the Kusto package.
Package unsafe provides methods and types that loosen the native protections of the Kusto package.

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