semver

package module
Version: v1.5.0 Latest Latest
Warning

This package is not in the latest version of its module.

Go to latest
Published: Sep 11, 2019 License: MIT Imports: 7 Imported by: 2,392

README

SemVer

The semver package provides the ability to work with Semantic Versions in Go. Specifically it provides the ability to:

  • Parse semantic versions
  • Sort semantic versions
  • Check if a semantic version fits within a set of constraints
  • Optionally work with a v prefix

Build Status Build status GoDoc Go Report Card

If you are looking for a command line tool for version comparisons please see vert which uses this library.

Parsing Semantic Versions

To parse a semantic version use the NewVersion function. For example,

    v, err := semver.NewVersion("1.2.3-beta.1+build345")

If there is an error the version wasn't parseable. The version object has methods to get the parts of the version, compare it to other versions, convert the version back into a string, and get the original string. For more details please see the documentation.

Sorting Semantic Versions

A set of versions can be sorted using the sort package from the standard library. For example,

    raw := []string{"1.2.3", "1.0", "1.3", "2", "0.4.2",}
    vs := make([]*semver.Version, len(raw))
	for i, r := range raw {
		v, err := semver.NewVersion(r)
		if err != nil {
			t.Errorf("Error parsing version: %s", err)
		}

		vs[i] = v
	}

	sort.Sort(semver.Collection(vs))

Checking Version Constraints

Checking a version against version constraints is one of the most featureful parts of the package.

    c, err := semver.NewConstraint(">= 1.2.3")
    if err != nil {
        // Handle constraint not being parseable.
    }

    v, _ := semver.NewVersion("1.3")
    if err != nil {
        // Handle version not being parseable.
    }
    // Check if the version meets the constraints. The a variable will be true.
    a := c.Check(v)

Basic Comparisons

There are two elements to the comparisons. First, a comparison string is a list of comma separated and comparisons. These are then separated by || separated or comparisons. For example, ">= 1.2, < 3.0.0 || >= 4.2.3" is looking for a comparison that's greater than or equal to 1.2 and less than 3.0.0 or is greater than or equal to 4.2.3.

The basic comparisons are:

  • =: equal (aliased to no operator)
  • !=: not equal
  • >: greater than
  • <: less than
  • >=: greater than or equal to
  • <=: less than or equal to

Working With Pre-release Versions

Pre-releases, for those not familiar with them, are used for software releases prior to stable or generally available releases. Examples of pre-releases include development, alpha, beta, and release candidate releases. A pre-release may be a version such as 1.2.3-beta.1 while the stable release would be 1.2.3. In the order of precidence, pre-releases come before their associated releases. In this example 1.2.3-beta.1 < 1.2.3.

According to the Semantic Version specification pre-releases may not be API compliant with their release counterpart. It says,

A pre-release version indicates that the version is unstable and might not satisfy the intended compatibility requirements as denoted by its associated normal version.

SemVer comparisons without a pre-release comparator will skip pre-release versions. For example, >=1.2.3 will skip pre-releases when looking at a list of releases while >=1.2.3-0 will evaluate and find pre-releases.

The reason for the 0 as a pre-release version in the example comparison is because pre-releases can only contain ASCII alphanumerics and hyphens (along with . separators), per the spec. Sorting happens in ASCII sort order, again per the spec. The lowest character is a 0 in ASCII sort order (see an ASCII Table)

Understanding ASCII sort ordering is important because A-Z comes before a-z. That means >=1.2.3-BETA will return 1.2.3-alpha. What you might expect from case sensitivity doesn't apply here. This is due to ASCII sort ordering which is what the spec specifies.

Hyphen Range Comparisons

There are multiple methods to handle ranges and the first is hyphens ranges. These look like:

  • 1.2 - 1.4.5 which is equivalent to >= 1.2, <= 1.4.5
  • 2.3.4 - 4.5 which is equivalent to >= 2.3.4, <= 4.5

Wildcards In Comparisons

The x, X, and * characters can be used as a wildcard character. This works for all comparison operators. When used on the = operator it falls back to the pack level comparison (see tilde below). For example,

  • 1.2.x is equivalent to >= 1.2.0, < 1.3.0
  • >= 1.2.x is equivalent to >= 1.2.0
  • <= 2.x is equivalent to < 3
  • * is equivalent to >= 0.0.0

Tilde Range Comparisons (Patch)

The tilde (~) comparison operator is for patch level ranges when a minor version is specified and major level changes when the minor number is missing. For example,

  • ~1.2.3 is equivalent to >= 1.2.3, < 1.3.0
  • ~1 is equivalent to >= 1, < 2
  • ~2.3 is equivalent to >= 2.3, < 2.4
  • ~1.2.x is equivalent to >= 1.2.0, < 1.3.0
  • ~1.x is equivalent to >= 1, < 2

Caret Range Comparisons (Major)

The caret (^) comparison operator is for major level changes. This is useful when comparisons of API versions as a major change is API breaking. For example,

  • ^1.2.3 is equivalent to >= 1.2.3, < 2.0.0
  • ^0.0.1 is equivalent to >= 0.0.1, < 1.0.0
  • ^1.2.x is equivalent to >= 1.2.0, < 2.0.0
  • ^2.3 is equivalent to >= 2.3, < 3
  • ^2.x is equivalent to >= 2.0.0, < 3

Validation

In addition to testing a version against a constraint, a version can be validated against a constraint. When validation fails a slice of errors containing why a version didn't meet the constraint is returned. For example,

    c, err := semver.NewConstraint("<= 1.2.3, >= 1.4")
    if err != nil {
        // Handle constraint not being parseable.
    }

    v, _ := semver.NewVersion("1.3")
    if err != nil {
        // Handle version not being parseable.
    }

    // Validate a version against a constraint.
    a, msgs := c.Validate(v)
    // a is false
    for _, m := range msgs {
        fmt.Println(m)

        // Loops over the errors which would read
        // "1.3 is greater than 1.2.3"
        // "1.3 is less than 1.4"
    }

Fuzzing

dvyukov/go-fuzz is used for fuzzing.

  1. go-fuzz-build
  2. go-fuzz -workdir=fuzz

Contribute

If you find an issue or want to contribute please file an issue or create a pull request.

Documentation

Overview

Package semver provides the ability to work with Semantic Versions (http://semver.org) in Go.

Specifically it provides the ability to:

* Parse semantic versions
* Sort semantic versions
* Check if a semantic version fits within a set of constraints
* Optionally work with a `v` prefix

Parsing Semantic Versions

To parse a semantic version use the `NewVersion` function. For example,

v, err := semver.NewVersion("1.2.3-beta.1+build345")

If there is an error the version wasn't parseable. The version object has methods to get the parts of the version, compare it to other versions, convert the version back into a string, and get the original string. For more details please see the documentation at https://godoc.org/github.com/Masterminds/semver.

Sorting Semantic Versions

A set of versions can be sorted using the `sort` package from the standard library. For example,

    raw := []string{"1.2.3", "1.0", "1.3", "2", "0.4.2",}
    vs := make([]*semver.Version, len(raw))
	for i, r := range raw {
		v, err := semver.NewVersion(r)
		if err != nil {
			t.Errorf("Error parsing version: %s", err)
		}

		vs[i] = v
	}

	sort.Sort(semver.Collection(vs))

Checking Version Constraints

Checking a version against version constraints is one of the most featureful parts of the package.

c, err := semver.NewConstraint(">= 1.2.3")
if err != nil {
    // Handle constraint not being parseable.
}

v, err := semver.NewVersion("1.3")
if err != nil {
    // Handle version not being parseable.
}
// Check if the version meets the constraints. The a variable will be true.
a := c.Check(v)

Basic Comparisons

There are two elements to the comparisons. First, a comparison string is a list of comma separated and comparisons. These are then separated by || separated or comparisons. For example, `">= 1.2, < 3.0.0 || >= 4.2.3"` is looking for a comparison that's greater than or equal to 1.2 and less than 3.0.0 or is greater than or equal to 4.2.3.

The basic comparisons are:

* `=`: equal (aliased to no operator)
* `!=`: not equal
* `>`: greater than
* `<`: less than
* `>=`: greater than or equal to
* `<=`: less than or equal to

Hyphen Range Comparisons

There are multiple methods to handle ranges and the first is hyphens ranges. These look like:

* `1.2 - 1.4.5` which is equivalent to `>= 1.2, <= 1.4.5`
* `2.3.4 - 4.5` which is equivalent to `>= 2.3.4, <= 4.5`

Wildcards In Comparisons

The `x`, `X`, and `*` characters can be used as a wildcard character. This works for all comparison operators. When used on the `=` operator it falls back to the pack level comparison (see tilde below). For example,

* `1.2.x` is equivalent to `>= 1.2.0, < 1.3.0`
* `>= 1.2.x` is equivalent to `>= 1.2.0`
* `<= 2.x` is equivalent to `<= 3`
* `*` is equivalent to `>= 0.0.0`

Tilde Range Comparisons (Patch)

The tilde (`~`) comparison operator is for patch level ranges when a minor version is specified and major level changes when the minor number is missing. For example,

* `~1.2.3` is equivalent to `>= 1.2.3, < 1.3.0`
* `~1` is equivalent to `>= 1, < 2`
* `~2.3` is equivalent to `>= 2.3, < 2.4`
* `~1.2.x` is equivalent to `>= 1.2.0, < 1.3.0`
* `~1.x` is equivalent to `>= 1, < 2`

Caret Range Comparisons (Major)

The caret (`^`) comparison operator is for major level changes. This is useful when comparisons of API versions as a major change is API breaking. For example,

* `^1.2.3` is equivalent to `>= 1.2.3, < 2.0.0`
* `^1.2.x` is equivalent to `>= 1.2.0, < 2.0.0`
* `^2.3` is equivalent to `>= 2.3, < 3`
* `^2.x` is equivalent to `>= 2.0.0, < 3`

Index

Constants

View Source
const SemVerRegex string = `v?([0-9]+)(\.[0-9]+)?(\.[0-9]+)?` +
	`(-([0-9A-Za-z\-]+(\.[0-9A-Za-z\-]+)*))?` +
	`(\+([0-9A-Za-z\-]+(\.[0-9A-Za-z\-]+)*))?`

SemVerRegex is the regular expression used to parse a semantic version.

View Source
const ValidPrerelease string = `^([0-9A-Za-z\-]+(\.[0-9A-Za-z\-]+)*)$`

ValidPrerelease is the regular expression which validates both prerelease and metadata values.

Variables

View Source
var (
	// ErrInvalidSemVer is returned a version is found to be invalid when
	// being parsed.
	ErrInvalidSemVer = errors.New("Invalid Semantic Version")

	// ErrInvalidMetadata is returned when the metadata is an invalid format
	ErrInvalidMetadata = errors.New("Invalid Metadata string")

	// ErrInvalidPrerelease is returned when the pre-release is an invalid format
	ErrInvalidPrerelease = errors.New("Invalid Prerelease string")
)

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type Collection

type Collection []*Version

Collection is a collection of Version instances and implements the sort interface. See the sort package for more details. https://golang.org/pkg/sort/

func (Collection) Len

func (c Collection) Len() int

Len returns the length of a collection. The number of Version instances on the slice.

func (Collection) Less

func (c Collection) Less(i, j int) bool

Less is needed for the sort interface to compare two Version objects on the slice. If checks if one is less than the other.

func (Collection) Swap

func (c Collection) Swap(i, j int)

Swap is needed for the sort interface to replace the Version objects at two different positions in the slice.

type Constraints

type Constraints struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Constraints is one or more constraint that a semantic version can be checked against.

func NewConstraint

func NewConstraint(c string) (*Constraints, error)

NewConstraint returns a Constraints instance that a Version instance can be checked against. If there is a parse error it will be returned.

func (Constraints) Check

func (cs Constraints) Check(v *Version) bool

Check tests if a version satisfies the constraints.

func (Constraints) Validate

func (cs Constraints) Validate(v *Version) (bool, []error)

Validate checks if a version satisfies a constraint. If not a slice of reasons for the failure are returned in addition to a bool.

type Version

type Version struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Version represents a single semantic version.

func MustParse added in v1.2.0

func MustParse(v string) *Version

MustParse parses a given version and panics on error.

func NewVersion

func NewVersion(v string) (*Version, error)

NewVersion parses a given version and returns an instance of Version or an error if unable to parse the version.

func (*Version) Compare

func (v *Version) Compare(o *Version) int

Compare compares this version to another one. It returns -1, 0, or 1 if the version smaller, equal, or larger than the other version.

Versions are compared by X.Y.Z. Build metadata is ignored. Prerelease is lower than the version without a prerelease.

func (*Version) Equal

func (v *Version) Equal(o *Version) bool

Equal tests if two versions are equal to each other. Note, versions can be equal with different metadata since metadata is not considered part of the comparable version.

func (*Version) GreaterThan

func (v *Version) GreaterThan(o *Version) bool

GreaterThan tests if one version is greater than another one.

func (Version) IncMajor added in v1.2.0

func (v Version) IncMajor() Version

IncMajor produces the next major version. Sets patch to 0. Sets minor to 0. Increments major number. Unsets metadata. Unsets prerelease status.

func (Version) IncMinor added in v1.2.0

func (v Version) IncMinor() Version

IncMinor produces the next minor version. Sets patch to 0. Increments minor number. Unsets metadata. Unsets prerelease status.

func (Version) IncPatch added in v1.2.0

func (v Version) IncPatch() Version

IncPatch produces the next patch version. If the current version does not have prerelease/metadata information, it unsets metadata and prerelease values, increments patch number. If the current version has any of prerelease or metadata information, it unsets both values and keeps curent patch value

func (*Version) LessThan

func (v *Version) LessThan(o *Version) bool

LessThan tests if one version is less than another one.

func (*Version) Major

func (v *Version) Major() int64

Major returns the major version.

func (*Version) MarshalJSON added in v1.3.0

func (v *Version) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON implements JSON.Marshaler interface.

func (*Version) Metadata

func (v *Version) Metadata() string

Metadata returns the metadata on the version.

func (*Version) Minor

func (v *Version) Minor() int64

Minor returns the minor version.

func (*Version) Original

func (v *Version) Original() string

Original returns the original value passed in to be parsed.

func (*Version) Patch

func (v *Version) Patch() int64

Patch returns the patch version.

func (*Version) Prerelease

func (v *Version) Prerelease() string

Prerelease returns the pre-release version.

func (Version) SetMetadata added in v1.2.0

func (v Version) SetMetadata(metadata string) (Version, error)

SetMetadata defines metadata value. Value must not include the required 'plus' prefix.

func (Version) SetPrerelease added in v1.2.0

func (v Version) SetPrerelease(prerelease string) (Version, error)

SetPrerelease defines the prerelease value. Value must not include the required 'hypen' prefix.

func (*Version) String

func (v *Version) String() string

String converts a Version object to a string. Note, if the original version contained a leading v this version will not. See the Original() method to retrieve the original value. Semantic Versions don't contain a leading v per the spec. Instead it's optional on implementation.

func (*Version) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.3.0

func (v *Version) UnmarshalJSON(b []byte) error

UnmarshalJSON implements JSON.Unmarshaler interface.

Jump to

Keyboard shortcuts

? : This menu
/ : Search site
f or F : Jump to
y or Y : Canonical URL