command module
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Published: May 7, 2019 License: MIT Imports: 8 Imported by: 0


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Interface mocking tool for go generate.

By Mat Ryer and David Hernandez, with ideas lovingly stolen from Ernesto Jimenez.

What is Moq?

Moq is a tool that generates a struct from any interface. The struct can be used in test code as a mock of the interface.


above: Moq generates the code on the right.

You can read more in the Meet Moq blog post.


To start using Moq, just run go get:

$ go get


moq [flags] destination interface [interface2 [interface3 [...]]]
  -out string
    	output file (default stdout)
  -pkg string
    	package name (default will infer)

In a command line:

$ moq -out mocks_test.go . MyInterface

In code (for go generate):

package my

//go:generate moq -out myinterface_moq_test.go . MyInterface

type MyInterface interface {
	Method1() error
	Method2(i int)

Then run go generate for your package.

How to use it

Mocking interfaces is a nice way to write unit tests where you can easily control the behaviour of the mocked object.

Moq creates a struct that has a function field for each method, which you can declare in your test code.

This this example, Moq generated the EmailSenderMock type:

func TestCompleteSignup(t *testing.T) {

	var sentTo string 

	mockedEmailSender = &EmailSenderMock{
		SendFunc: func(to, subject, body string) error {
			sentTo = to
			return nil

	CompleteSignUp("", mockedEmailSender)

	callsToSend := len(mockedEmailSender.SendCalls())
	if callsToSend != 1 {
		t.Errorf("Send was called %d times", callsToSend)
	if sentTo != "" {
		t.Errorf("unexpected recipient: %s", sentTo)


func CompleteSignUp(to string, sender EmailSender) {
	// TODO: this

The mocked structure implements the interface, where each method calls the associated function field.


  • Keep mocked logic inside the test that is using it
  • Only mock the fields you need
  • It will panic if a nil function gets called
  • Name arguments in the interface for a better experience
  • Use closured variables inside your test function to capture details about the calls to the methods
  • Use .MethodCalls() to track the calls
  • Use go:generate to invoke the moq command


The Moq project (and all code) is licensed under the MIT License.

The Moq logo was created by Chris Ryer and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.


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