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Published: Sep 11, 2020 License: MIT Imports: 0 Imported by: 0

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785. Is Graph Bipartite?

题目

Given an undirected graph, return true if and only if it is bipartite.

Recall that a graph is bipartite if we can split it's set of nodes into two independent subsets A and B such that every edge in the graph has one node in A and another node in B.

The graph is given in the following form: graph[i] is a list of indexes j for which the edge between nodes i and j exists. Each node is an integer between 0 and graph.length - 1. There are no self edges or parallel edges: graph[i] does not contain i, and it doesn't contain any element twice.

Example 1:
Input: [[1,3], [0,2], [1,3], [0,2]]
Output: true
Explanation:
The graph looks like this:
0----1
|    |
|    |
3----2
We can divide the vertices into two groups: {0, 2} and {1, 3}.
Example 2:
Input: [[1,2,3], [0,2], [0,1,3], [0,2]]
Output: false
Explanation:
The graph looks like this:
0----1
| \  |
|  \ |
3----2
We cannot find a way to divide the set of nodes into two independent subsets.

Note:

  1. graph will have length in range [1, 100].
  2. graph[i] will contain integers in range [0, graph.length - 1].
  3. graph[i] will not contain i or duplicate values.
  4. The graph is undirected: if any element j is in graph[i], then i will be in graph[j].

解题思路

见程序注释

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