Alice plays the following game, loosely based on the card game "21".
Alice starts with 0 points, and draws numbers while she has less than K points. During each draw, she gains an integer number of points randomly from the range [1, W], where W is an integer. Each draw is independent and the outcomes have equal probabilities.
Alice stops drawing numbers when she gets K or more points. What is the probabilitythat she has N or less points?
Input: N = 10, K = 1, W = 10 Output: 1.00000 Explanation: Alice gets a single card, then stops.
Input: N = 6, K = 1, W = 10 Output: 0.60000 Explanation: Alice gets a single card, then stops. In 6 out of W = 10 possibilities, she is at or below N = 6 points.
Input: N = 21, K = 17, W = 10 Output: 0.73278
- 0 <= K <= N <= 10000
- 1 <= W <= 10000
- Answers will be accepted as correct if they are within 10^-5 of the correct answer.
- The judging time limit has been reduced for this question.
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