A string is a valid parentheses string (denoted VPS) if and only if it consists of "(" and ")" characters only, and:
- It is the empty string, or
- It can be written as AB (A concatenated with B), where A and B are VPS's, or
- It can be written as (A), where A is a VPS.
We can similarly define the nesting depth depth(S) of any VPS S as follows:
- depth("") = 0
- depth(A + B) = max(depth(A), depth(B)), where A and B are VPS's
- depth("(" + A + ")") = 1 + depth(A), where A is a VPS.
For example, "", "()()", and "()(()())" are VPS's (with nesting depths 0, 1, and 2), and ")(" and "(()" are not VPS's.
Given a VPS seq, split it into two disjoint subsequences A and B, such that A and B are VPS's (and A.length + B.length = seq.length).
Now choose any such A and B such that max(depth(A), depth(B)) is the minimum possible value.
Return an answer array (of length seq.length) that encodes such a choice of A and B: answer[i] = 0 if seq[i] is part of A, else answer[i] = 1. Note that even though multiple answers may exist, you may return any of them.
Input: seq = "(()())" Output: [0,1,1,1,1,0]
Input: seq = "()(())()" Output: [0,0,0,1,1,0,1,1]
1 <= seq.size <= 10000
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