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The SipHash pseudo-random function

SipHash is a family of pseudo-random functions (a.k.a. keyed hash functions) optimized for speed on short messages.
SipHash computes a 64-bit or 128 bit message authentication code from a variable-length message and 128-bit secret key. This implementation uses the recommended parameters c=2 and d=4.

Installation

Install in your GOPATH: go get -u github.com/aead/siphash

Performance

AMD64
Hardware: Intel i7-6500U 2.50GHz x 2
System: Linux Ubuntu 16.04 - kernel: 4.4.0-67-generic
Go version: 1.8.0

name         speed           cpb
Write_8-4     688MB/s ± 0%   3.47
Write_1K-4   2.09GB/s ± 5%   1.11
Sum64_8-4     244MB/s ± 1%   9.77
Sum64_1K-4   2.06GB/s ± 0%   1.13
Sum128_8-4    189MB/s ± 0%  12.62
Sum128_1K-4  2.03GB/s ± 0%   1.15

386
Hardware: Intel i7-6500U 2.50GHz x 2 - SSE2 SIMD
System: Linux Ubuntu 16.04 - kernel: 4.4.0-67-generic
Go version: 1.8.0

name         speed           cpb
Write_8-4     434MB/s ± 2%   5.44
Write_1K-4   1.24GB/s ± 1%   1.88
Sum64_8-4    92.6MB/s ± 4%  25.92
Sum64_1K-4   1.15GB/s ± 1%   2.03
Sum128_8-4   61.5MB/s ± 5%  39.09
Sum128_1K-4  1.10GB/s ± 0%   2.12

ARM
Hardware: ARM-Cortex-A7 (ARMv7) 1GHz (912MHz) x 2
System: Linux Ubuntu 14.04.1 - kernel: 3.4.112-sun7i
Go version: 1.7.4

name         speed           cpb
Write_8-2    43.4MB/s ± 2%  21.97
Write_1K-2    125MB/s ± 1%   7.63
Sum64_8-2    6.51MB/s ± 1% 146.49
Sum64_1K-2    111MB/s ± 1%   8.59 
Sum128_8-2   3.82MB/s ± 2% 249.65
Sum128_1K-2   101MB/s ± 1%   9.44
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Documentation

Overview

Package siphash implements the SipHash-64 and SipHash-128 pseudo-random-functions - with the recommended parameters: c = 2 and d = 4. SipHash computes a message authentication code (MAC) from a variable-length message and a 128 bit secret key. SipHash was designed to be efficient, even for short inputs, with performance comparable to non-cryptographic hash functions.

Security

SipHash cannot be used as a cryptographic hash function. Neither SipHash-64 nor SipHash-128 are strong collision resistant.

Recommendations

SipHash was designed to defend hash flooding DoS attacks. SipHash-64 can be used as hashing scheme within hash maps or other key-value data structures. SipHash-128 can be used to compute a 128 bit authentication tag for messages.

Index

Constants

View Source
const (
	// KeySize is the size of the SipHash secret key in bytes.
	KeySize = 16
	// BlockSize is the block size of SipHash in bytes.
	BlockSize = 8
)

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func New128

func New128(key []byte) (hash.Hash, error)

    New128 returns a hash.Hash computing the SipHash-128 checksum. This function returns a non-nil error if len(key) != 16.

    func New64

    func New64(key []byte) (hash.Hash64, error)

      New64 returns a hash.Hash64 computing the SipHash-64 checksum. This function returns a non-nil error if len(key) != 16.

      func Sum128

      func Sum128(msg []byte, key *[KeySize]byte) [16]byte

        Sum128 returns the 128 bit authenticator for msg using a 128 bit secret key.

        func Sum64

        func Sum64(msg []byte, key *[KeySize]byte) uint64

          Sum64 returns the 64 bit authenticator for msg using a 128 bit secret key.

          Types

          type KeySizeError

          type KeySizeError uint

          func (KeySizeError) Error

          func (k KeySizeError) Error() string