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Published: Mar 19, 2019 License: MPL-2.0 Imports: 31 Imported by: 76



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Install the library package with go get github.com/anacrolix/dht, or the provided cmds with go get github.com/anacrolix/dht/cmd/....


Here I'll describe what some of the provided commands in ./cmd do.

Note that the godo command which is invoked in the following examples builds and executes a Go import path, like go run. It's easier to use this convention than to spell out the install/invoke cycle for every single example.


Pings DHT nodes with the given network addresses.

$ godo ./cmd/dht-ping router.bittorrent.com:6881 router.utorrent.com:6881
2015/04/01 17:21:23 main.go:33: dht server on [::]:60058
32f54e697351ff4aec29cdbaabf2fbe3467cc267 (router.bittorrent.com:6881): 648.218621ms
ebff36697351ff4aec29cdbaabf2fbe3467cc267 (router.utorrent.com:6881): 873.864706ms
2/2 responses (100.000000%)



Package dht implements a Distributed Hash Table (DHT) part of the BitTorrent protocol, as specified by BEP 5: http://www.bittorrent.org/beps/bep_0005.html

BitTorrent uses a "distributed hash table" (DHT) for storing peer contact information for "trackerless" torrents. In effect, each peer becomes a tracker. The protocol is based on Kademila DHT protocol and is implemented over UDP.

Please note the terminology used to avoid confusion. A "peer" is a client/server listening on a TCP port that implements the BitTorrent protocol. A "node" is a client/server listening on a UDP port implementing the distributed hash table protocol. The DHT is composed of nodes and stores the location of peers. BitTorrent clients include a DHT node, which is used to contact other nodes in the DHT to get the location of peers to download from using the BitTorrent protocol.

Standard use involves creating a Server, and calling Announce on it with the details of your local torrent client and infohash of interest.



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func MakeDeterministicNodeID

func MakeDeterministicNodeID(public net.Addr) (id [20]byte)

func NodeIdSecure

func NodeIdSecure(id [20]byte, ip net.IP) bool

Returns whether the node ID is considered secure. The id is the 20 raw bytes. http://www.libtorrent.org/dht_sec.html

func RandomNodeID

func RandomNodeID() (id [20]byte)

func ReadNodesFromFile

func ReadNodesFromFile(fileName string) (ns []krpc.NodeInfo, err error)

func SecureNodeId

func SecureNodeId(id *[20]byte, ip net.IP)

Makes a node ID secure, in-place. The ID is 20 raw bytes. http://www.libtorrent.org/dht_sec.html

func WriteNodesToFile

func WriteNodesToFile(ns []krpc.NodeInfo, fileName string) (err error)


type Addr

type Addr interface {
	UDPAddr() *net.UDPAddr
	String() string
	KRPC() krpc.NodeAddr

Used internally to refer to node network addresses. String() is called a lot, and so can be optimized. Network() is not exposed, so that the interface does not satisfy net.Addr, as the underlying type must be passed to any OS-level function that take net.Addr.

func GlobalBootstrapAddrs

func GlobalBootstrapAddrs() (addrs []Addr, err error)

func NewAddr

func NewAddr(ua *net.UDPAddr) Addr

type Announce

type Announce struct {
	Peers chan PeersValues
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Maintains state for an ongoing Announce operation. An Announce is started by calling Server.Announce.

func (*Announce) Close

func (a *Announce) Close()

Stop the announce.

func (*Announce) NumContacted

func (a *Announce) NumContacted() int

Returns the number of distinct remote addresses the announce has queried.

type Peer

type Peer = krpc.NodeAddr

type PeersValues

type PeersValues struct {
	Peers         []Peer // Peers given in get_peers response.
	krpc.NodeInfo        // The node that gave the response.

Corresponds to the "values" key in a get_peers KRPC response. A list of peers that a node has reported as being in the swarm for a queried info hash.

type Server

type Server struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

A Server defines parameters for a DHT node server that is able to send queries, and respond to the ones from the network. Each node has a globally unique identifier known as the "node ID." Node IDs are chosen at random from the same 160-bit space as BitTorrent infohashes and define the behaviour of the node. Zero valued Server does not have a valid ID and thus is unable to function properly. Use `NewServer(nil)` to initialize a default node.

func NewServer

func NewServer(c *ServerConfig) (s *Server, err error)

NewServer initializes a new DHT node server.

func (*Server) AddNode

func (s *Server) AddNode(ni krpc.NodeInfo) error

Adds directly to the node table.

func (*Server) AddNodesFromFile

func (s *Server) AddNodesFromFile(fileName string) (added int, err error)

func (*Server) Addr

func (s *Server) Addr() net.Addr

Addr returns the listen address for the server. Packets arriving to this address are processed by the server (unless aliens are involved).

func (*Server) Announce

func (s *Server) Announce(infoHash [20]byte, port int, impliedPort bool) (*Announce, error)

This is kind of the main thing you want to do with DHT. It traverses the graph toward nodes that store peers for the infohash, streaming them to the caller, and announcing the local node to each node if allowed and specified.

func (*Server) Bootstrap

func (s *Server) Bootstrap() (ts TraversalStats, err error)

Populates the node table.

func (*Server) Close

func (s *Server) Close()

Stops the server network activity. This is all that's required to clean-up a Server.

func (*Server) ID

func (s *Server) ID() [20]byte

ID returns the 20-byte server ID. This is the ID used to communicate with the DHT network.

func (*Server) IPBlocklist

func (s *Server) IPBlocklist() iplist.Ranger

func (*Server) Nodes

func (s *Server) Nodes() (nis []krpc.NodeInfo)

Exports the current node table.

func (*Server) NumNodes

func (s *Server) NumNodes() int

Returns how many nodes are in the node table.

func (*Server) Ping

func (s *Server) Ping(node *net.UDPAddr, callback func(krpc.Msg, error)) error

Sends a ping query to the address given.

func (*Server) SetIPBlockList

func (s *Server) SetIPBlockList(list iplist.Ranger)

Packets to and from any address matching a range in the list are dropped.

func (*Server) Stats

func (s *Server) Stats() ServerStats

Stats returns statistics for the server.

func (*Server) String

func (s *Server) String() string

Returns a description of the Server. Python repr-style.

func (*Server) WriteStatus

func (s *Server) WriteStatus(w io.Writer)

type ServerConfig

type ServerConfig struct {
	// Set NodeId Manually. Caller must ensure that if NodeId does not conform
	// to DHT Security Extensions, that NoSecurity is also set.
	NodeId [20]byte
	Conn   net.PacketConn
	// Don't respond to queries from other nodes.
	Passive       bool
	StartingNodes StartingNodesGetter
	// Disable the DHT security extension:
	// http://www.libtorrent.org/dht_sec.html.
	NoSecurity bool
	// Initial IP blocklist to use. Applied before serving and bootstrapping
	// begins.
	IPBlocklist iplist.Ranger
	// Used to secure the server's ID. Defaults to the Conn's LocalAddr(). Set
	// to the IP that remote nodes will see, as that IP is what they'll use to
	// validate our ID.
	PublicIP net.IP

	// Hook received queries. Return false if you don't want to propagate to
	// the default handlers.
	OnQuery func(query *krpc.Msg, source net.Addr) (propagate bool)
	// Called when a peer successfully announces to us.
	OnAnnouncePeer func(infoHash metainfo.Hash, peer Peer)
	// How long to wait before resending queries that haven't received a
	// response. Defaults to a random value between 4.5 and 5.5s.
	QueryResendDelay func() time.Duration

	ConnectionTracking *conntrack.Instance

ServerConfig allows to set up a configuration of the `Server` instance to be created with NewServer

type ServerStats

type ServerStats struct {
	// Count of nodes in the node table that responded to our last query or
	// haven't yet been queried.
	GoodNodes int
	// Count of nodes in the node table.
	Nodes int
	// Transactions awaiting a response.
	OutstandingTransactions int
	// Individual announce_peer requests that got a success response.
	SuccessfulOutboundAnnouncePeerQueries int64
	// Nodes that have been blocked.
	BadNodes                 uint
	OutboundQueriesAttempted int64

ServerStats instance is returned by Server.Stats() and stores Server metrics

type StartingNodesGetter

type StartingNodesGetter func() ([]Addr, error)

type Transaction

type Transaction struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Transaction keeps track of a message exchange between nodes, such as a query message and a response message.

type TraversalStats

type TraversalStats struct {
	NumAddrsTried int
	NumResponses  int


Path Synopsis
Pings DHT nodes with the given network addresses.
Pings DHT nodes with the given network addresses.

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