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Published: Jan 27, 2015 License: BSD-2-Clause Imports: 21 Imported by: 0


GopherJS - A compiler from Go to JavaScript

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GopherJS compiles Go code ( to pure JavaScript code. Its main purpose is to give you the opportunity to write front-end code in Go which will still run in all browsers. Give GopherJS a try on the GopherJS Playground.

What is supported?

Nearly everything, including Goroutines (compatibility table). Performance is quite good in most cases, see HTML5 game engine benchmark.

Installation and Usage

Get or update GopherJS and dependencies with:

go get -u

Now you can use gopherjs build [files] or gopherjs install [package] which behave similar to the go tool. For main packages, these commands create a .js file and source map in the current directory or in $GOPATH/bin. The generated JavaScript file can be used as usual in a website. Use gopherjs help [command] to get a list of possible command line flags, e.g. for minification and automatically watching for changes. If you want to run the generated code with Node.js, see this page.

Note: GopherJS will try to write compiled object files of the core packages to your $GOROOT/pkg directory. If that fails, it will fall back to $GOPATH/pkg.

Performance Tips


Getting started

Interacting with the DOM

The package (see documentation) provides functions for interacting with native JavaScript APIs. For example the line

document.write("Hello world!");

would look like this in Go:

js.Global.Get("document").Call("write", "Hello world!")

You may also want use the DOM bindings, the jQuery bindings (see TodoMVC Example) or the AngularJS bindings. Those are some of the bindings to JavaScript APIs and libraries by community members.

Providing library functions for use in other JavaScript code

Set a global variable to a map that contains the functions:

package main

import ""

func main() {
  js.Global.Set("myLibrary", map[string]interface{}{
    "someFunction": someFunction,

func someFunction() {

For more details see Jason Stone's blog post about GopherJS.



GopherJS emulates a 32-bit environment. This means that int, uint and uintptr have a precision of 32 bits. However, the explicit 64-bit integer types int64 and uint64 are supported. The GOARCH value of GopherJS is "js". You may use it as a build constraint: // +build js.


JavaScript has no concept of concurrency (except web workers, but those are too strictly separated to be used for goroutines). Because of that, instructions in JavaScript are never blocking. A blocking call would effectively freeze the responsiveness of your web page, so calls with callback arguments are used instead.

GopherJS does some heavy lifting to work around this restriction: Whenever an instruction is blocking (e.g. communicating with a channel that isn't ready), the whole stack will unwind (= all functions return) and the goroutine will be put to sleep. Then another goroutine which is ready to resume gets picked and its stack with all local variables will be restored. This is done by preserving each stack frame inside a closure.

The performance of the code generated by this approach is quite good, but not as good as the simple nonblocking version. That's why GopherJS tries to be conservative about it. It will scan your code for functions that use blocking instructions and mark them as blocking accordingly. Then it will recursively mark all functions as blocking which have a call to some other function which is already know to be blocking. This works well for calls to package functions and for method calls on non-interface types. For calls to interface methods and to func values, however, it is not exactly known at compile time which function will be executed at runtime. In those cases you need to mark the call with the comment //gopherjs:blocking (no space after the slashes). Else, the call will panic at runtime.

Also, callbacks from external JavaScript code into Go code can never be blocking, but you may use the go statement to launch a new goroutine that may have blocking behavior:

js.Global.Get("myButton").Call("addEventListener", "click", func() {
  go func() {


The Go Gopher

There is no documentation for this package.

Source Files


Path Synopsis
Package js provides functions for interacting with native JavaScript APIs.
Package js provides functions for interacting with native JavaScript APIs.

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