This is a simple peer finder daemon that is useful with StatefulSet and related use cases.
All it does is watch DNS for changes in the set of endpoints that are part of the governing service of the PetSet. It periodically looks up the SRV record of the DNS entry that corresponds to a Kubernetes Service which enumerates the set of peers for this the specified service.
Be sure to use the
service.alpha.kubernetes.io/tolerate-unready-endpoints on the governing service
of the StatefulSet so that all peers are listed in endpoints before any peers are started.
There are several ways to bundle it with your main application.
- In an init container,
to help your pod determine its peers when it it first started (determine the desired set of
peers from the governing service of the StatefulSet. For this use case, the
--on-startoption can be used, but the
--on-changeoption should not be used since the init container will no longer be running after the pod is started. An example of an
--on-startscript would be to edit a configuration file for the main app to insert the list of peers. This file needs to be on a Volume shared between the init container and the main container.
- In a sidecar (e.g. a second container in the same pod as the main app), in which case the
--on-changeoption can be used, but
--on-startmay not be useful without a way to guarantee the ordering of the sidecar relative to the main app container. An example of an on-change script would be to send an administrative command to the main container over the localhost network. (Note that signalling is not practical since pods currently do not share a PID namespace).
- As pid 1 of the main container, in which case both
--on-startmay be used. In this mode, the ordering of the peer-finder relative to the main app is ensured by having the peer finder start the main app. An example script would be to modify a configuration file and send SIGHUP to the main process.
- Both 1 and 2.
Options 1 and 2 and 4 may be preferable since they do not require changes to the main container image. Option 3 is useful is signalling is necessary.
The peer-finder tool is intended to help legacy applications run in containers on Kubernetes. If possible, it may be preferable to modify an applications to poll DNS itself to determine its peer set.
Not all StatefulSets are able to be scaled. For unscalable StatefulSets, only the on-start message is needed, and so option 1 is a good choice.