README

min

v1.0.0

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min is a BYO*, minimalistic web framework that builds on top of your router of choice and adds some additional functionality—namely, middleware chaining and route grouping. It's meant to be used on projects large and small that require flexibility, and varying degrees of custom code and architecture.

This version of min integrates some of the lessons I've learned recently. For this release, I decided to focus on orthogonality and composability, and took a "pure" TDD approach to the API rewrite. The result is a much smaller library with the same functionality, minus some unnecessary abstractions.

This package takes some inspiration from design decisions in chi and gin.

Usage

Hello World

You can initialize a new instance of the Min type with whichever type that implements min.Handler. An adapter for httprouter is included.

import (
    "fmt"
    "net/http"

    "github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter"

    "github.com/arturovm/min"
    "github.com/arturovm/min/adapter"
)

func main() {
    a := &adapter.Httprouter{Router: httprouter.New()}
    m := min.New(a)

    m.Get("/", helloWorld)

    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", m)
}

func helloWorld(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    fmt.Fprintln(w, "hello world!")
}
Route Parameters

min supports all the syntax variations for defining route parameters that the underlying router does. For instance, in the case of httprouter:

import (
    "fmt"
    "net/http"

    "github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter"

    "github.com/arturovm/min"
    "github.com/arturovm/min/adapter"
)

func main() {
    a := &adapter.Httprouter{Router: httprouter.New()}
    m := min.New(a)

    m.Get("/:name", greet)

    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", m)
}

func greet(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    name := httprouter.ParamsFromContext(r.Context()).ByName("name")
    fmt.Fprintf(w, "hello %s!", name)
}
Route Grouping
import (
    "fmt"
    "net/http"

    "github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter"

    "github.com/arturovm/min"
    "github.com/arturovm/min/adapter"
)

func main() {
    a := &adapter.Httprouter{Router: httprouter.New()}
    m := min.New(a)

    apiRouter := m.NewGroup("/api")
    {
        // GET /api
        apiRouter.Get("/", apiRoot)
        // GET /api/ignacio
        apiRouter.Get("/:name", greet)
    }

    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", m)
}

func apiRoot(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    fmt.Fprintln(w, "api root")
}

func greet(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    name := httprouter.ParamsFromContext(r.Context()).ByName("name")
    fmt.Fprintf(w, "hello %s!", name)
}
Middleware

Middleware in min are simply functions that take an http.Handler (the one next in the chain) and return another one. They are resolved in the order that they are chained. You can chian them together with the Middleware.Then method.

min users are meant to take advantage of context to make better use of middleware.

import (
    "context"
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "net/http"

    "github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter"

    "github.com/arturovm/min"
    "github.com/arturovm/min/adapter"
)

func main() {
    a := &adapter.Httprouter{Router: httprouter.New()}
    m := min.New(a)

    chain := min.Middleware(logger).Then(printer)
    m.Use(chain)

    apiRouter := m.NewGroup("/api")
    {
        apiRouter.Get("/", apiRoot)
        nameRouter := apiRouter.NewGroup("/:name")
        {
            // Every request sent to routes defined on this sub-router will now
            // have a reference to a name in its context.
            // Useful for RESTful design.
            nameRouter.Use(nameExtractor)

            // GET /api/ignacio
            nameRouter.Get("/", greet)
            // GET /api/ignacio/goodbye
            nameRouter.Get("/goodbye", goodbye)
        }
    }

    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", m)
}

// -- Middleware --

// a simple logger
func logger(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
    return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        log.Printf("| %s %s", r.Method, r.URL)
        next.ServeHTTP(w, r)
    })
}

// a useless middleware that prints text
func printer(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
    return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        log.Println("this prints some text")
        next.ServeHTTP(w, r)
    })
}

// extracts a name from the URL and injects it into the request's context
func nameExtractor(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
    return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        name := httprouter.ParamsFromContext(r.Context()).ByName("name")
        ctx := context.WithValue(r.Context(), "name", name)
        next.ServeHTTP(w, r.WithContext(ctx))
    })
}

// -- Handlers --

func apiRoot(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    fmt.Fprintln(w, "api root")
}

// greets the user with :name
func greet(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    name := r.Context().Value("name").(string)
    fmt.Fprintf(w, "hello %s!", name)
}

// says "bye" to the user with :name
func goodbye(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    name := r.Context().Value("name").(string)
    fmt.Fprintf(w, "bye %s!", name)
}
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Documentation

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type Group

type Group struct {
	Path string
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

    Group represents a route group that shares a middleware chain and a common path.

    func (*Group) Delete

    func (g *Group) Delete(relativePath string, handler http.Handler)

      Delete registers a handler for DELETE requests on the given relative path.

      func (*Group) FullPath

      func (g *Group) FullPath() string

        FullPath returns the group's full path in the group tree (as opposed to this group's sub-path)

        func (*Group) Get

        func (g *Group) Get(relativePath string, handler http.Handler)

          Get registers a handler for GET requests on the given relative path.

          func (*Group) NewGroup

          func (g *Group) NewGroup(path string) *Group

            NewGroup creates a new subgroup of group g.

            func (*Group) Parent

            func (g *Group) Parent() *Group

              Parent gets the group's parent in the group tree.

              func (*Group) Patch

              func (g *Group) Patch(relativePath string, handler http.Handler)

                Patch registers a handler for PATCH requests on the given relative path.

                func (*Group) Post

                func (g *Group) Post(relativePath string, handler http.Handler)

                  Post registers a handler for POST requests on the given relative path.

                  func (*Group) Put

                  func (g *Group) Put(relativePath string, handler http.Handler)

                    Put registers a handler for PUT requests on the given relative path.

                    func (*Group) Use

                    func (g *Group) Use(m Middleware)

                      Use sets this group's middleware chain. Each call to Use appends to the chain.

                      type Handler

                      type Handler interface {
                      	http.Handler
                      	Handle(method, path string, handler http.Handler)
                      }

                        Handler represents a type that can register handlers for a given HTTP verb and path.

                        type Middleware

                        type Middleware func(http.Handler) http.Handler

                          Middleware is a type alias to a function that takes a handler and returns another handler.

                          func (Middleware) Then

                          func (m Middleware) Then(mw Middleware) Middleware

                            Then composes middleware m with middleware mw, returning a Middleware that first resolves m and then mw.

                            type Min

                            type Min struct {
                            	*Group
                            }

                              Min is this package's main type. It contains the root route group.

                              func New

                              func New(handler Handler) *Min

                                New takes a Handler and initializes a new Min instance with a root route group.

                                func (*Min) ServeHTTP

                                func (m *Min) ServeHTTP(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request)

                                Directories

                                Path Synopsis