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Package vm

v1.8.27
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Published: Apr 17, 2019 | License: GPL3 | Module: github.com/axiomzen/go-ethereum

Overview

Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.

The vm package implements one EVM, a byte code VM. The BC (Byte Code) VM loops over a set of bytes and executes them according to the set of rules defined in the Ethereum yellow paper.

Index

Constants

const (
	GasQuickStep   uint64 = 2
	GasFastestStep uint64 = 3
	GasFastStep    uint64 = 5
	GasMidStep     uint64 = 8
	GasSlowStep    uint64 = 10
	GasExtStep     uint64 = 20

	GasReturn       uint64 = 0
	GasStop         uint64 = 0
	GasContractByte uint64 = 200
)

Gas costs

Variables

var (
	ErrOutOfGas                 = errors.New("out of gas")
	ErrCodeStoreOutOfGas        = errors.New("contract creation code storage out of gas")
	ErrDepth                    = errors.New("max call depth exceeded")
	ErrTraceLimitReached        = errors.New("the number of logs reached the specified limit")
	ErrInsufficientBalance      = errors.New("insufficient balance for transfer")
	ErrContractAddressCollision = errors.New("contract address collision")
	ErrNoCompatibleInterpreter  = errors.New("no compatible interpreter")
)

List execution errors

var PrecompiledContractsByzantium = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}): &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}): &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}): &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}): &dataCopy{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{5}): &bigModExp{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{6}): &bn256Add{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{7}): &bn256ScalarMul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{8}): &bn256Pairing{},
}

PrecompiledContractsByzantium contains the default set of pre-compiled Ethereum contracts used in the Byzantium release.

var PrecompiledContractsHomestead = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}): &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}): &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}): &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}): &dataCopy{},
}

PrecompiledContractsHomestead contains the default set of pre-compiled Ethereum contracts used in the Frontier and Homestead releases.

func RunPrecompiledContract

func RunPrecompiledContract(p PrecompiledContract, input []byte, contract *Contract) (ret []byte, err error)

RunPrecompiledContract runs and evaluates the output of a precompiled contract.

func WriteLogs

func WriteLogs(writer io.Writer, logs []*types.Log)

WriteLogs writes vm logs in a readable format to the given writer

func WriteTrace

func WriteTrace(writer io.Writer, logs []StructLog)

WriteTrace writes a formatted trace to the given writer

type AccountRef

type AccountRef common.Address

AccountRef implements ContractRef.

Account references are used during EVM initialisation and it's primary use is to fetch addresses. Removing this object proves difficult because of the cached jump destinations which are fetched from the parent contract (i.e. the caller), which is a ContractRef.

func (AccountRef) Address

func (ar AccountRef) Address() common.Address

Address casts AccountRef to a Address

type CallContext

type CallContext interface {
	// Call another contract
	Call(env *EVM, me ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas, value *big.Int) ([]byte, error)
	// Take another's contract code and execute within our own context
	CallCode(env *EVM, me ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas, value *big.Int) ([]byte, error)
	// Same as CallCode except sender and value is propagated from parent to child scope
	DelegateCall(env *EVM, me ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas *big.Int) ([]byte, error)
	// Create a new contract
	Create(env *EVM, me ContractRef, data []byte, gas, value *big.Int) ([]byte, common.Address, error)
}

CallContext provides a basic interface for the EVM calling conventions. The EVM depends on this context being implemented for doing subcalls and initialising new EVM contracts.

type CanTransferFunc

type CanTransferFunc func(StateDB, common.Address, *big.Int) bool

CanTransferFunc is the signature of a transfer guard function

type Config

type Config struct {
	// Debug enabled debugging Interpreter options
	Debug bool
	// Tracer is the op code logger
	Tracer Tracer
	// NoRecursion disabled Interpreter call, callcode,
	// delegate call and create.
	NoRecursion bool
	// Enable recording of SHA3/keccak preimages
	EnablePreimageRecording bool
	// JumpTable contains the EVM instruction table. This
	// may be left uninitialised and will be set to the default
	// table.
	JumpTable [256]operation

	// Type of the EWASM interpreter
	EWASMInterpreter string
	// Type of the EVM interpreter
	EVMInterpreter string
}

Config are the configuration options for the Interpreter

type Context

type Context struct {
	// CanTransfer returns whether the account contains
	// sufficient ether to transfer the value
	CanTransfer CanTransferFunc
	// Transfer transfers ether from one account to the other
	Transfer TransferFunc
	// GetHash returns the hash corresponding to n
	GetHash GetHashFunc

	// Message information
	Origin   common.Address // Provides information for ORIGIN
	GasPrice *big.Int       // Provides information for GASPRICE

	// Block information
	Coinbase    common.Address // Provides information for COINBASE
	GasLimit    uint64         // Provides information for GASLIMIT
	BlockNumber *big.Int       // Provides information for NUMBER
	Time        *big.Int       // Provides information for TIME
	Difficulty  *big.Int       // Provides information for DIFFICULTY
}

Context provides the EVM with auxiliary information. Once provided it shouldn't be modified.

type Contract

type Contract struct {
	// CallerAddress is the result of the caller which initialised this
	// contract. However when the "call method" is delegated this value
	// needs to be initialised to that of the caller's caller.
	CallerAddress common.Address

	Code     []byte
	CodeHash common.Hash
	CodeAddr *common.Address
	Input    []byte

	Gas uint64
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Contract represents an ethereum contract in the state database. It contains the contract code, calling arguments. Contract implements ContractRef

func NewContract

func NewContract(caller ContractRef, object ContractRef, value *big.Int, gas uint64) *Contract

NewContract returns a new contract environment for the execution of EVM.

func (*Contract) Address

func (c *Contract) Address() common.Address

Address returns the contracts address

func (*Contract) AsDelegate

func (c *Contract) AsDelegate() *Contract

AsDelegate sets the contract to be a delegate call and returns the current contract (for chaining calls)

func (*Contract) Caller

func (c *Contract) Caller() common.Address

Caller returns the caller of the contract.

Caller will recursively call caller when the contract is a delegate call, including that of caller's caller.

func (*Contract) GetByte

func (c *Contract) GetByte(n uint64) byte

GetByte returns the n'th byte in the contract's byte array

func (*Contract) GetOp

func (c *Contract) GetOp(n uint64) OpCode

GetOp returns the n'th element in the contract's byte array

func (*Contract) SetCallCode

func (c *Contract) SetCallCode(addr *common.Address, hash common.Hash, code []byte)

SetCallCode sets the code of the contract and address of the backing data object

func (*Contract) SetCodeOptionalHash

func (c *Contract) SetCodeOptionalHash(addr *common.Address, codeAndHash *codeAndHash)

SetCodeOptionalHash can be used to provide code, but it's optional to provide hash. In case hash is not provided, the jumpdest analysis will not be saved to the parent context

func (*Contract) UseGas

func (c *Contract) UseGas(gas uint64) (ok bool)

UseGas attempts the use gas and subtracts it and returns true on success

func (*Contract) Value

func (c *Contract) Value() *big.Int

Value returns the contracts value (sent to it from it's caller)

type ContractRef

type ContractRef interface {
	Address() common.Address
}

ContractRef is a reference to the contract's backing object

type EVM

type EVM struct {
	// Context provides auxiliary blockchain related information
	Context
	// StateDB gives access to the underlying state
	StateDB StateDB
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

EVM is the Ethereum Virtual Machine base object and provides the necessary tools to run a contract on the given state with the provided context. It should be noted that any error generated through any of the calls should be considered a revert-state-and-consume-all-gas operation, no checks on specific errors should ever be performed. The interpreter makes sure that any errors generated are to be considered faulty code.

The EVM should never be reused and is not thread safe.

func NewEVM

func NewEVM(ctx Context, statedb StateDB, chainConfig *params.ChainConfig, vmConfig Config) *EVM

NewEVM returns a new EVM. The returned EVM is not thread safe and should only ever be used *once*.

func (*EVM) Call

func (evm *EVM) Call(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Call executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It also handles any necessary value transfer required and takes the necessary steps to create accounts and reverses the state in case of an execution error or failed value transfer.

func (*EVM) CallCode

func (evm *EVM) CallCode(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

CallCode executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It also handles any necessary value transfer required and takes the necessary steps to create accounts and reverses the state in case of an execution error or failed value transfer.

CallCode differs from Call in the sense that it executes the given address' code with the caller as context.

func (*EVM) Cancel

func (evm *EVM) Cancel()

Cancel cancels any running EVM operation. This may be called concurrently and it's safe to be called multiple times.

func (*EVM) ChainConfig

func (evm *EVM) ChainConfig() *params.ChainConfig

ChainConfig returns the environment's chain configuration

func (*EVM) Create

func (evm *EVM) Create(caller ContractRef, code []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, contractAddr common.Address, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Create creates a new contract using code as deployment code.

func (*EVM) Create2

func (evm *EVM) Create2(caller ContractRef, code []byte, gas uint64, endowment *big.Int, salt *big.Int) (ret []byte, contractAddr common.Address, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Create2 creates a new contract using code as deployment code.

The different between Create2 with Create is Create2 uses sha3(0xff ++ msg.sender ++ salt ++ sha3(init_code))[12:] instead of the usual sender-and-nonce-hash as the address where the contract is initialized at.

func (*EVM) DelegateCall

func (evm *EVM) DelegateCall(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

DelegateCall executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It reverses the state in case of an execution error.

DelegateCall differs from CallCode in the sense that it executes the given address' code with the caller as context and the caller is set to the caller of the caller.

func (*EVM) Interpreter

func (evm *EVM) Interpreter() Interpreter

Interpreter returns the current interpreter

func (*EVM) StaticCall

func (evm *EVM) StaticCall(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

StaticCall executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters while disallowing any modifications to the state during the call. Opcodes that attempt to perform such modifications will result in exceptions instead of performing the modifications.

type EVMInterpreter

type EVMInterpreter struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

EVMInterpreter represents an EVM interpreter

func NewEVMInterpreter

func NewEVMInterpreter(evm *EVM, cfg Config) *EVMInterpreter

NewEVMInterpreter returns a new instance of the Interpreter.

func (*EVMInterpreter) CanRun

func (in *EVMInterpreter) CanRun(code []byte) bool

CanRun tells if the contract, passed as an argument, can be run by the current interpreter.

func (*EVMInterpreter) Run

func (in *EVMInterpreter) Run(contract *Contract, input []byte, readOnly bool) (ret []byte, err error)

Run loops and evaluates the contract's code with the given input data and returns the return byte-slice and an error if one occurred.

It's important to note that any errors returned by the interpreter should be considered a revert-and-consume-all-gas operation except for errExecutionReverted which means revert-and-keep-gas-left.

type GetHashFunc

type GetHashFunc func(uint64) common.Hash

GetHashFunc returns the nth block hash in the blockchain and is used by the BLOCKHASH EVM op code.

type Interpreter

type Interpreter interface {
	// Run loops and evaluates the contract's code with the given input data and returns
	// the return byte-slice and an error if one occurred.
	Run(contract *Contract, input []byte, static bool) ([]byte, error)
	// CanRun tells if the contract, passed as an argument, can be
	// run by the current interpreter. This is meant so that the
	// caller can do something like:
	//
	// ```golang
	// for _, interpreter := range interpreters {
	//   if interpreter.CanRun(contract.code) {
	//     interpreter.Run(contract.code, input)
	//   }
	// }
	// ```
	CanRun([]byte) bool
}

Interpreter is used to run Ethereum based contracts and will utilise the passed environment to query external sources for state information. The Interpreter will run the byte code VM based on the passed configuration.

type JSONLogger

type JSONLogger struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func NewJSONLogger

func NewJSONLogger(cfg *LogConfig, writer io.Writer) *JSONLogger

NewJSONLogger creates a new EVM tracer that prints execution steps as JSON objects into the provided stream.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureEnd

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error) error

CaptureEnd is triggered at end of execution.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureFault

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureFault outputs state information on the logger.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureStart

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureStart(from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) error

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureState

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureState outputs state information on the logger.

type LogConfig

type LogConfig struct {
	DisableMemory  bool // disable memory capture
	DisableStack   bool // disable stack capture
	DisableStorage bool // disable storage capture
	Debug          bool // print output during capture end
	Limit          int  // maximum length of output, but zero means unlimited
}

LogConfig are the configuration options for structured logger the EVM

type Memory

type Memory struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Memory implements a simple memory model for the ethereum virtual machine.

func NewMemory

func NewMemory() *Memory

NewMemory returns a new memory model.

func (*Memory) Data

func (m *Memory) Data() []byte

Data returns the backing slice

func (*Memory) Get

func (m *Memory) Get(offset, size int64) (cpy []byte)

Get returns offset + size as a new slice

func (*Memory) GetPtr

func (m *Memory) GetPtr(offset, size int64) []byte

GetPtr returns the offset + size

func (*Memory) Len

func (m *Memory) Len() int

Len returns the length of the backing slice

func (*Memory) Print

func (m *Memory) Print()

Print dumps the content of the memory.

func (*Memory) Resize

func (m *Memory) Resize(size uint64)

Resize resizes the memory to size

func (*Memory) Set

func (m *Memory) Set(offset, size uint64, value []byte)

Set sets offset + size to value

func (*Memory) Set32

func (m *Memory) Set32(offset uint64, val *big.Int)

Set32 sets the 32 bytes starting at offset to the value of val, left-padded with zeroes to 32 bytes.

type OpCode

type OpCode byte

OpCode is an EVM opcode

const (
	STOP OpCode = iota
	ADD
	MUL
	SUB
	DIV
	SDIV
	MOD
	SMOD
	ADDMOD
	MULMOD
	EXP
	SIGNEXTEND
)

0x0 range - arithmetic ops.

const (
	LT OpCode = iota + 0x10
	GT
	SLT
	SGT
	EQ
	ISZERO
	AND
	OR
	XOR
	NOT
	BYTE
	SHL
	SHR
	SAR

	SHA3 = 0x20
)

0x10 range - comparison ops.

const (
	ADDRESS OpCode = 0x30 + iota
	BALANCE
	ORIGIN
	CALLER
	CALLVALUE
	CALLDATALOAD
	CALLDATASIZE
	CALLDATACOPY
	CODESIZE
	CODECOPY
	GASPRICE
	EXTCODESIZE
	EXTCODECOPY
	RETURNDATASIZE
	RETURNDATACOPY
	EXTCODEHASH
)

0x30 range - closure state.

const (
	BLOCKHASH OpCode = 0x40 + iota
	COINBASE
	TIMESTAMP
	NUMBER
	DIFFICULTY
	GASLIMIT
)

0x40 range - block operations.

const (
	POP OpCode = 0x50 + iota
	MLOAD
	MSTORE
	MSTORE8
	SLOAD
	SSTORE
	JUMP
	JUMPI
	PC
	MSIZE
	GAS
	JUMPDEST
)

0x50 range - 'storage' and execution.

const (
	PUSH1 OpCode = 0x60 + iota
	PUSH2
	PUSH3
	PUSH4
	PUSH5
	PUSH6
	PUSH7
	PUSH8
	PUSH9
	PUSH10
	PUSH11
	PUSH12
	PUSH13
	PUSH14
	PUSH15
	PUSH16
	PUSH17
	PUSH18
	PUSH19
	PUSH20
	PUSH21
	PUSH22
	PUSH23
	PUSH24
	PUSH25
	PUSH26
	PUSH27
	PUSH28
	PUSH29
	PUSH30
	PUSH31
	PUSH32
	DUP1
	DUP2
	DUP3
	DUP4
	DUP5
	DUP6
	DUP7
	DUP8
	DUP9
	DUP10
	DUP11
	DUP12
	DUP13
	DUP14
	DUP15
	DUP16
	SWAP1
	SWAP2
	SWAP3
	SWAP4
	SWAP5
	SWAP6
	SWAP7
	SWAP8
	SWAP9
	SWAP10
	SWAP11
	SWAP12
	SWAP13
	SWAP14
	SWAP15
	SWAP16
)

0x60 range.

const (
	LOG0 OpCode = 0xa0 + iota
	LOG1
	LOG2
	LOG3
	LOG4
)

0xa0 range - logging ops.

const (
	PUSH OpCode = 0xb0 + iota
	DUP
	SWAP
)

unofficial opcodes used for parsing.

const (
	CREATE OpCode = 0xf0 + iota
	CALL
	CALLCODE
	RETURN
	DELEGATECALL
	CREATE2
	STATICCALL = 0xfa

	REVERT       = 0xfd
	SELFDESTRUCT = 0xff
)

0xf0 range - closures.

func StringToOp

func StringToOp(str string) OpCode

StringToOp finds the opcode whose name is stored in `str`.

func (OpCode) IsPush

func (op OpCode) IsPush() bool

IsPush specifies if an opcode is a PUSH opcode.

func (OpCode) IsStaticJump

func (op OpCode) IsStaticJump() bool

IsStaticJump specifies if an opcode is JUMP.

func (OpCode) String

func (op OpCode) String() string

type PrecompiledContract

type PrecompiledContract interface {
	RequiredGas(input []byte) uint64  // RequiredPrice calculates the contract gas use
	Run(input []byte) ([]byte, error) // Run runs the precompiled contract
}

PrecompiledContract is the basic interface for native Go contracts. The implementation requires a deterministic gas count based on the input size of the Run method of the contract.

type Stack

type Stack struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Stack is an object for basic stack operations. Items popped to the stack are expected to be changed and modified. stack does not take care of adding newly initialised objects.

func (*Stack) Back

func (st *Stack) Back(n int) *big.Int

Back returns the n'th item in stack

func (*Stack) Data

func (st *Stack) Data() []*big.Int

Data returns the underlying big.Int array.

func (*Stack) Print

func (st *Stack) Print()

Print dumps the content of the stack

type StateDB

type StateDB interface {
	CreateAccount(common.Address)

	SubBalance(common.Address, *big.Int)
	AddBalance(common.Address, *big.Int)
	GetBalance(common.Address) *big.Int

	GetNonce(common.Address) uint64
	SetNonce(common.Address, uint64)

	GetCodeHash(common.Address) common.Hash
	GetCode(common.Address) []byte
	SetCode(common.Address, []byte)
	GetCodeSize(common.Address) int

	AddRefund(uint64)
	SubRefund(uint64)
	GetRefund() uint64

	GetCommittedState(common.Address, common.Hash) common.Hash
	GetState(common.Address, common.Hash) common.Hash
	SetState(common.Address, common.Hash, common.Hash)

	Suicide(common.Address) bool
	HasSuicided(common.Address) bool

	// Exist reports whether the given account exists in state.
	// Notably this should also return true for suicided accounts.
	Exist(common.Address) bool
	// Empty returns whether the given account is empty. Empty
	// is defined according to EIP161 (balance = nonce = code = 0).
	Empty(common.Address) bool

	RevertToSnapshot(int)
	Snapshot() int

	AddLog(*types.Log)
	AddPreimage(common.Hash, []byte)

	ForEachStorage(common.Address, func(common.Hash, common.Hash) bool)
}

StateDB is an EVM database for full state querying.

type Storage

type Storage map[common.Hash]common.Hash

Storage represents a contract's storage.

func (Storage) Copy

func (s Storage) Copy() Storage

Copy duplicates the current storage.

type StructLog

type StructLog struct {
	Pc            uint64                      `json:"pc"`
	Op            OpCode                      `json:"op"`
	Gas           uint64                      `json:"gas"`
	GasCost       uint64                      `json:"gasCost"`
	Memory        []byte                      `json:"memory"`
	MemorySize    int                         `json:"memSize"`
	Stack         []*big.Int                  `json:"stack"`
	Storage       map[common.Hash]common.Hash `json:"-"`
	Depth         int                         `json:"depth"`
	RefundCounter uint64                      `json:"refund"`
	Err           error                       `json:"-"`
}

StructLog is emitted to the EVM each cycle and lists information about the current internal state prior to the execution of the statement.

func (*StructLog) ErrorString

func (s *StructLog) ErrorString() string

ErrorString formats the log's error as a string.

func (StructLog) MarshalJSON

func (s StructLog) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON marshals as JSON.

func (*StructLog) OpName

func (s *StructLog) OpName() string

OpName formats the operand name in a human-readable format.

func (*StructLog) UnmarshalJSON

func (s *StructLog) UnmarshalJSON(input []byte) error

UnmarshalJSON unmarshals from JSON.

type StructLogger

type StructLogger struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

StructLogger is an EVM state logger and implements Tracer.

StructLogger can capture state based on the given Log configuration and also keeps a track record of modified storage which is used in reporting snapshots of the contract their storage.

func NewStructLogger

func NewStructLogger(cfg *LogConfig) *StructLogger

NewStructLogger returns a new logger

func (*StructLogger) CaptureEnd

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error) error

CaptureEnd is called after the call finishes to finalize the tracing.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureFault

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureFault implements the Tracer interface to trace an execution fault while running an opcode.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureStart

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureStart(from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) error

CaptureStart implements the Tracer interface to initialize the tracing operation.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureState

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureState logs a new structured log message and pushes it out to the environment

CaptureState also tracks SSTORE ops to track dirty values.

func (*StructLogger) Error

func (l *StructLogger) Error() error

Error returns the VM error captured by the trace.

func (*StructLogger) Output

func (l *StructLogger) Output() []byte

Output returns the VM return value captured by the trace.

func (*StructLogger) StructLogs

func (l *StructLogger) StructLogs() []StructLog

StructLogs returns the captured log entries.

type Tracer

type Tracer interface {
	CaptureStart(from common.Address, to common.Address, call bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) error
	CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error
	CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error
	CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error) error
}

Tracer is used to collect execution traces from an EVM transaction execution. CaptureState is called for each step of the VM with the current VM state. Note that reference types are actual VM data structures; make copies if you need to retain them beyond the current call.

type TransferFunc

type TransferFunc func(StateDB, common.Address, common.Address, *big.Int)

TransferFunc is the signature of a transfer function

Package Files

Documentation was rendered with GOOS=linux and GOARCH=amd64.

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