ncbi

package module
Version: v1.0.2 Latest Latest
Warning

This package is not in the latest version of its module.

Go to latest
Published: Jan 23, 2019 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 7 Imported by: 9

README

bíogo

NCBI

Build Status GoDoc

Installation

The NCBI package requires a functioning Go compiler installation.

    $ go get github.com/biogo/ncbi/...

Overview

ncbi provides API interfaces to NCBI services.

Citing

If you use bíogo/ncbi, please cite Kortschak and Adelson "bíogo/ncbi: interfaces to NCBI services for the Go language", doi:10.21105/joss.00234, and Kortschak and Adelson "bíogo: a simple high-performance bioinformatics toolkit for the Go language", doi:10.1101/005033.

Example usage

Entrez

This is a simple illustration of using the Entrez Utility Programs to retrieve a large set of sequences to a file. The complete code is here.

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"flag"
	"io"
	"log"
	"os"

	"github.com/biogo/ncbi"
	"github.com/biogo/ncbi/entrez"
)

const (
	db   = "protein"
	tool = "entrez.example"
)

var (
	clQuery = flag.String("query", "", "query specifies the search query for record retrieval (required).")
	rettype = flag.String("rettype", "fasta", "rettype specifies the format of the returned data.")
	retmax  = flag.Int("retmax", 500, "retmax specifies the number of records to be retrieved per request.")
	out     = flag.String("out", "", "out specifies destination of the returned data (default to stdout).")
	email   = flag.String("email", "", "email specifies the email address to be sent to the server (required).")
	retries = flag.Int("retry", 5, "retry specifies the number of attempts to retrieve the data.")
	help    = flag.Bool("help", false, "help prints this message.")
)

func main() {
	ncbi.SetTimeout(0)

	flag.Parse()

	if *help {
		flag.Usage()
		os.Exit(0)
	}
	if *email == "" || *clQuery == "" {
		flag.Usage()
		os.Exit(1)
	}

	h := entrez.History{}
	s, err := entrez.DoSearch(db, *clQuery, nil, &h, tool, *email)
	if err != nil {
		log.Printf("error: %v\n", err)
		os.Exit(1)
	}
	log.Printf("will retrieve %d records.\n", s.Count)

	var of *os.File
	if *out == "" {
		of = os.Stdout
	} else {
		of, err = os.Create(*out)
		if err != nil {
			log.Printf("error: %v\n", err)
			os.Exit(1)
		}
		defer of.Close()
	}

	var (
		buf   = &bytes.Buffer{}
		p     = &entrez.Parameters{RetMax: *retmax, RetType: *rettype, RetMode: "text"}
		bn, n int64
	)
	for p.RetStart = 0; p.RetStart < s.Count; p.RetStart += p.RetMax {
		log.Printf("attempting to retrieve %d records starting from %d with %d retries.\n", p.RetMax, p.RetStart, *retries)
		var t int
		for t = 0; t < *retries; t++ {
			buf.Reset()
			var (
				r   io.ReadCloser
				_bn int64
			)
			r, err = entrez.Fetch(db, p, tool, *email, &h)
			if err != nil {
				if r != nil {
					r.Close()
				}
				log.Printf("failed to retrieve on attempt %d... error: %v ... retrying.\n", t, err)
				continue
			}
			_bn, err = io.Copy(buf, r)
			bn += _bn
			r.Close()
			if err == nil {
				break
			}
			log.Printf("failed to buffer on attempt %d... error: %v ... retrying.\n", t, err)
		}
		if err != nil {
			os.Exit(1)
		}

		log.Printf("retrieved records with %d retries... writing out.\n", t)
		_n, err := io.Copy(of, buf)
		n += _n
		if err != nil {
			log.Printf("Error: %v\n", err)
			os.Exit(1)
		}
	}
	if bn != n {
		log.Printf("writethrough mismatch: %d != %d\n", bn, n)
	}
}
BLAST

The following example provides a simple function used to perform a BLAST search from within a larger program. A complete example is available here.

// tool is required by the BLAST server.
const tool  = "blast.example"

// BLAST submits a query to the BLAST server, waits for the server's estimated time of
// execution and retrieves the search status. If the search is ready the results are then
// retrieved and returned. If errors are returned during data retrieval from the server,
// retrieval is retried with up to retry attempts; all server requests honour the request
// frequency policy specified in the BLAST usage guidelines.
func BLAST(query string, retry int, pp *blast.PutParameters, gp *blast.GetParameters, email string) (*blast.Output, error) {
	// Put the query request to the BLAST server.
	r, err := blast.Put(query, pp, tool, email)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	var o *blast.Output
	for k := 0; k < retry; k++ {
		// Wait for RTOE to elapse and get search status.
		var s *blast.SearchInfo
		s, err = r.SearchInfo(tool, email)
		if err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}

		// Output search status.
		fmt.Println(s)

		switch s.Status {
		case "WAITING":
			continue
		case "FAILED":
			return nil, fmt.Errorf("search: %s failed", r)
		case "UNKNOWN":
			return nil, fmt.Errorf("search: %s expired", r)
		case "READY":
			if !s.HaveHits {
				return nil, fmt.Errorf("search: %s no hits", r)
			}
		default:
			return nil, errors.New("unknown error")
		}

		// We have hits, so get the BLAST output.
		o, err = r.GetOutput(gp, tool, email)
		if err == nil {
			return o, err
		}
	}

	return nil, fmt.Errorf("%s exceeded retries", r)
}

Getting help

Help or similar requests are preferred on the biogo-user Google Group.

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/biogo-user

Contributing

If you find any bugs, feel free to file an issue on the github issue tracker. Pull requests are welcome, though if they involve changes to API or addition of features, please first open a discussion at the biogo-dev Google Group.

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/biogo-dev

Library Structure and Coding Style

The coding style should be aligned with normal Go idioms as represented in the Go core libraries.

Copyright ©2011-2013 The bíogo Authors except where otherwise noted. All rights reserved. Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

The bíogo logo is derived from Bitstream Charter, Copyright ©1989-1992 Bitstream Inc., Cambridge, MA.

BITSTREAM CHARTER is a registered trademark of Bitstream Inc.

Documentation

Overview

Package ncbi provides support for interaction with the NCBI services, Entrez and Blast.

Please check the relevant usage policy when using these services. Note that the Blast and Entrez server requests are subject to frequency limits.

Required parameters are specified by name in the function call.

The following two parameters should be included in all requests.

tool   Name of application making the call. Its value must be a string with no internal
       spaces.

email  E-mail address of the user. Its value must be a string with no internal spaces,
       and should be a valid e-mail address.

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var GetMethodLimit = 2048

GetMethodLimit is the maximum length of a constructed URL that will be retrieved by the high level API functions using the GET method.

Functions

func SetTimeout

func SetTimeout(d time.Duration)

SetTimeout sets the HTTP client timeout duration. The default timeout is 10 seconds.

Types

type Limiter

type Limiter struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Limiter implements a thread-safe event frequency limit.

func NewLimiter

func NewLimiter(d time.Duration) *Limiter

NewLimiter returns a Limiter that will wait for the specified duration between Wait calls.

func (*Limiter) Wait

func (d *Limiter) Wait()

Wait blocks until the Limiter's specified duration has passed since the last Wait call.

type Util

type Util string

Util implements low level request generator for interaction with the NCBI services. It is the clients responsibility to provide appropriate program parameters and deserialise the returned data using the appropriate unmarshaling method.

func (Util) Get

func (ut Util) Get(v url.Values, tool, email string, l *Limiter) (io.ReadCloser, error)

Get performs a GET or POST method call to the URI in ut, passing the parameters in v, tool and email. The decision on which method to use is based on the length of the constructed URL the value of GetMethodLimit. An io.ReadCloser is returned for a successful request. It is the caller's responsibility to close this.

func (Util) GetResponse

func (ut Util) GetResponse(v url.Values, tool, email string, l *Limiter) (*http.Response, error)

GetResponse performs a GET or POST method call to the URI in ut, passing the parameters in v, tool and email. The decision on which method to use is based on the length of the constructed URL the value of GetMethodLimit. An http.Response is returned for a successful request. It is the caller's responsibility to close the response body.

func (Util) GetXML

func (ut Util) GetXML(v url.Values, tool, email string, l *Limiter, d interface{}) error

GetXML performs a GET or POST method call to the URI in ut, passing the parameters in v, tool and email. The returned stream is unmarshaled into d. The decision on which method to use is based on the length of the constructed URL the value of GetMethodLimit.

func (Util) NewRequest

func (ut Util) NewRequest(method, db string, v url.Values, tool, email string, l *Limiter) (*http.Request, error)

NewRequest returns an http.Request for the utility, ut using the given method. Parameters to be sent to the utility program should be places in db, v, tool and email. NewRequest is subject to a limit that prevents requests being sent more frequently than allowed by l. The limit is easy to circumvent, though circumvention may result in IP blocking by the NCBI servers, so please do not do this.

func (Util) Prepare

func (ut Util) Prepare(v url.Values, tool, email string) (*url.URL, error)

Prepare constructs a URL with the base provided by ut and the parameters provided by v, tool and email.

Source Files

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package blast provides support for interaction with the NCBI BLAST service.
Package blast provides support for interaction with the NCBI BLAST service.
graphic
Package graphic provides simple BLAST report graphic rendering.
Package graphic provides simple BLAST report graphic rendering.
Package entrez provides support for interaction with the NCBI Entrez Utility Programs (E-utilities).
Package entrez provides support for interaction with the NCBI Entrez Utility Programs (E-utilities).
paper
examples/blast
blast is a simple command line remote BLAST database query program.
blast is a simple command line remote BLAST database query program.
examples/fetch
fetch is a command line entrez protein database query program.
fetch is a command line entrez protein database query program.

Jump to

Keyboard shortcuts

? : This menu
/ : Search site
f or F : Jump to
y or Y : Canonical URL