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Published: May 17, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 17 Imported by: 0



Package handler provides ways to accept tus 1.0 calls using HTTP.

tus is a protocol based on HTTP for resumable file uploads. Resumable means that an upload can be interrupted at any moment and can be resumed without re-uploading the previous data again. An interruption may happen willingly, if the user wants to pause, or by accident in case of an network issue or server outage (http://tus.io).

The basics of tusd

tusd was designed in way which allows an flexible and customizable usage. We wanted to avoid binding this package to a specific storage system – particularly a proprietary third-party software. Therefore tusd is an abstract layer whose only job is to accept incoming HTTP requests, validate them according to the specification and finally passes them to the data store.

The data store is another important component in tusd's architecture whose purpose is to do the actual file handling. It has to write the incoming upload to a persistent storage system and retrieve information about an upload's current state. Therefore it is the only part of the system which communicates directly with the underlying storage system, whether it be the local disk, a remote FTP server or cloud providers such as AWS S3.

Using a store composer

The only hard requirements for a data store can be found in the DataStore interface. It contains methods for creating uploads (NewUpload), writing to them (WriteChunk) and retrieving their status (GetInfo). However, there are many more features which are not mandatory but may still be used. These are contained in their own interfaces which all share the *DataStore suffix. For example, GetReaderDataStore which enables downloading uploads or TerminaterDataStore which allows uploads to be terminated.

The store composer offers a way to combine the basic data store - the core - implementation and these additional extensions:

composer := tusd.NewStoreComposer()
composer.UseCore(dataStore) // Implements DataStore
composer.UseTerminater(terminater) // Implements TerminaterDataStore
composer.UseLocker(locker) // Implements LockerDataStore

The corresponding methods for adding an extension to the composer are prefixed with Use* followed by the name of the corresponding interface. However, most data store provide multiple extensions and adding all of them manually can be tedious and error-prone. Therefore, all data store distributed with tusd provide an UseIn() method which does this job automatically. For example, this is the S3 store in action (see S3Store.UseIn):

store := s3store.New(…)
locker := memorylocker.New()
composer := tusd.NewStoreComposer()

Finally, once you are done with composing your data store, you can pass it inside the Config struct in order to create create a new tusd HTTP handler:

config := tusd.Config{
  StoreComposer: composer,
  BasePath: "/files/",
handler, err := tusd.NewHandler(config)

This handler can then be mounted to a specific path, e.g. /files:

http.Handle("/files/", http.StripPrefix("/files/", handler))




View Source
const UploadLengthDeferred = "1"


View Source
var (
	ErrUnsupportedVersion               = NewHTTPError(errors.New("unsupported version"), http.StatusPreconditionFailed)
	ErrMaxSizeExceeded                  = NewHTTPError(errors.New("maximum size exceeded"), http.StatusRequestEntityTooLarge)
	ErrInvalidContentType               = NewHTTPError(errors.New("missing or invalid Content-Type header"), http.StatusBadRequest)
	ErrInvalidUploadLength              = NewHTTPError(errors.New("missing or invalid Upload-Length header"), http.StatusBadRequest)
	ErrInvalidOffset                    = NewHTTPError(errors.New("missing or invalid Upload-Offset header"), http.StatusBadRequest)
	ErrNotFound                         = NewHTTPError(errors.New("upload not found"), http.StatusNotFound)
	ErrFileLocked                       = NewHTTPError(errors.New("file currently locked"), 423) // Locked (WebDAV) (RFC 4918)
	ErrMismatchOffset                   = NewHTTPError(errors.New("mismatched offset"), http.StatusConflict)
	ErrSizeExceeded                     = NewHTTPError(errors.New("resource's size exceeded"), http.StatusRequestEntityTooLarge)
	ErrNotImplemented                   = NewHTTPError(errors.New("feature not implemented"), http.StatusNotImplemented)
	ErrUploadNotFinished                = NewHTTPError(errors.New("one of the partial uploads is not finished"), http.StatusBadRequest)
	ErrInvalidConcat                    = NewHTTPError(errors.New("invalid Upload-Concat header"), http.StatusBadRequest)
	ErrModifyFinal                      = NewHTTPError(errors.New("modifying a final upload is not allowed"), http.StatusForbidden)
	ErrUploadLengthAndUploadDeferLength = NewHTTPError(errors.New("provided both Upload-Length and Upload-Defer-Length"), http.StatusBadRequest)
	ErrInvalidUploadDeferLength         = NewHTTPError(errors.New("invalid Upload-Defer-Length header"), http.StatusBadRequest)
	ErrUploadStoppedByServer            = NewHTTPError(errors.New("upload has been stopped by server"), http.StatusBadRequest)


func LogEvent

func LogEvent(logger *log.Logger, eventName string, details ...string)

func ParseMetadataHeader

func ParseMetadataHeader(header string) map[string]string

ParseMetadataHeader parses the Upload-Metadata header as defined in the File Creation extension. e.g. Upload-Metadata: name bHVucmpzLnBuZw==,type aW1hZ2UvcG5n

func SerializeMetadataHeader

func SerializeMetadataHeader(meta map[string]string) string

SerializeMetadataHeader serializes a map of strings into the Upload-Metadata header format used in the response for HEAD requests. e.g. Upload-Metadata: name bHVucmpzLnBuZw==,type aW1hZ2UvcG5n


type ConcatableUpload

type ConcatableUpload interface {
	// ConcatUploads concatenates the content from the provided partial uploads
	// and writes the result in the destination upload.
	// The caller (usually the handler) must and will ensure that this
	// destination upload has been created before with enough space to hold all
	// partial uploads. The order, in which the partial uploads are supplied,
	// must be respected during concatenation.
	ConcatUploads(ctx context.Context, partialUploads []Upload) error

type ConcaterDataStore

type ConcaterDataStore interface {
	AsConcatableUpload(upload Upload) ConcatableUpload

ConcaterDataStore is the interface required to be implemented if the Concatenation extension should be enabled. Only in this case, the handler will parse and respect the Upload-Concat header.

type Config

type Config struct {
	// StoreComposer points to the store composer from which the core data store
	// and optional dependencies should be taken. May only be nil if DataStore is
	// set.
	// TODO: Remove pointer?
	StoreComposer *StoreComposer
	// MaxSize defines how many bytes may be stored in one single upload. If its
	// value is is 0 or smaller no limit will be enforced.
	MaxSize int64
	// BasePath defines the URL path used for handling uploads, e.g. "/files/".
	// If no trailing slash is presented it will be added. You may specify an
	// absolute URL containing a scheme, e.g. "http://tus.io"
	BasePath string

	// NotifyCompleteUploads indicates whether sending notifications about
	// completed uploads using the CompleteUploads channel should be enabled.
	NotifyCompleteUploads bool
	// NotifyTerminatedUploads indicates whether sending notifications about
	// terminated uploads using the TerminatedUploads channel should be enabled.
	NotifyTerminatedUploads bool
	// NotifyUploadProgress indicates whether sending notifications about
	// the upload progress using the UploadProgress channel should be enabled.
	NotifyUploadProgress bool
	// NotifyCreatedUploads indicates whether sending notifications about
	// the upload having been created using the CreatedUploads channel should be enabled.
	NotifyCreatedUploads bool
	// Logger is the logger to use internally, mostly for printing requests.
	Logger *log.Logger
	// Respect the X-Forwarded-Host, X-Forwarded-Proto and Forwarded headers
	// potentially set by proxies when generating an absolute URL in the
	// response to POST requests.
	RespectForwardedHeaders bool
	// PreUploadCreateCallback will be invoked before a new upload is created, if the
	// property is supplied. If the callback returns nil, the upload will be created.
	// Otherwise the HTTP request will be aborted. This can be used to implement
	// validation of upload metadata etc.
	PreUploadCreateCallback func(hook HookEvent) error
	// PreFinishResponseCallback will be invoked after an upload is completed but before
	// a response is returned to the client. Error responses from the callback will be passed
	// back to the client. This can be used to implement post-processing validation.
	PreFinishResponseCallback func(hook HookEvent) error
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Config provides a way to configure the Handler depending on your needs.

type DataStore

type DataStore interface {
	// Create a new upload using the size as the file's length. The method must
	// return an unique id which is used to identify the upload. If no backend
	// (e.g. Riak) specifes the id you may want to use the uid package to
	// generate one. The properties Size and MetaData will be filled.
	NewUpload(ctx context.Context, info FileInfo) (upload Upload, err error)

	GetUpload(ctx context.Context, id string) (upload Upload, err error)

type ErrorsTotalMap

type ErrorsTotalMap struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

ErrorsTotalMap stores the counters for the different HTTP errors.

func (*ErrorsTotalMap) Load

func (e *ErrorsTotalMap) Load() map[HTTPError]*uint64

Load retrieves the map of the counter pointers atomically

type FileInfo

type FileInfo struct {
	ID string
	// Total file size in bytes specified in the NewUpload call
	Size int64
	// Indicates whether the total file size is deferred until later
	SizeIsDeferred bool
	// Offset in bytes (zero-based)
	Offset   int64
	MetaData MetaData
	// Indicates that this is a partial upload which will later be used to form
	// a final upload by concatenation. Partial uploads should not be processed
	// when they are finished since they are only incomplete chunks of files.
	IsPartial bool
	// Indicates that this is a final upload
	IsFinal bool
	// If the upload is a final one (see IsFinal) this will be a non-empty
	// ordered slice containing the ids of the uploads of which the final upload
	// will consist after concatenation.
	PartialUploads []string
	// Storage contains information about where the data storage saves the upload,
	// for example a file path. The available values vary depending on what data
	// store is used. This map may also be nil.
	Storage map[string]string
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

func (FileInfo) StopUpload

func (f FileInfo) StopUpload()

StopUpload interrupts an running upload from the server-side. This means that the current request body is closed, so that the data store does not get any more data. Furthermore, a response is sent to notify the client of the interrupting and the upload is terminated (if supported by the data store), so the upload cannot be resumed anymore.

type HTTPError

type HTTPError interface {
	StatusCode() int
	Body() []byte

HTTPError represents an error with an additional status code attached which may be used when this error is sent in a HTTP response. See the net/http package for standardized status codes.

func NewHTTPError

func NewHTTPError(err error, statusCode int) HTTPError

NewHTTPError adds the given status code to the provided error and returns the new error instance. The status code may be used in corresponding HTTP responses. See the net/http package for standardized status codes.

type HTTPRequest

type HTTPRequest struct {
	// Method is the HTTP method, e.g. POST or PATCH
	Method string
	// URI is the full HTTP request URI, e.g. /files/fooo
	URI string
	// RemoteAddr contains the network address that sent the request
	RemoteAddr string
	// Header contains all HTTP headers as present in the HTTP request.
	Header http.Header

HTTPRequest contains basic details of an incoming HTTP request.

type Handler

type Handler struct {

Handler is a ready to use handler with routing (using pat)

func NewHandler

func NewHandler(config Config) (*Handler, error)

NewHandler creates a routed tus protocol handler. This is the simplest way to use tusd but may not be as configurable as you require. If you are integrating this into an existing app you may like to use tusd.NewUnroutedHandler instead. Using tusd.NewUnroutedHandler allows the tus handlers to be combined into your existing router (aka mux) directly. It also allows the GET and DELETE endpoints to be customized. These are not part of the protocol so can be changed depending on your needs.

type HookEvent

type HookEvent struct {
	// Upload contains information about the upload that caused this hook
	// to be fired.
	Upload FileInfo
	// HTTPRequest contains details about the HTTP request that reached
	// tusd.
	HTTPRequest HTTPRequest

HookEvent represents an event from tusd which can be handled by the application.

type LengthDeclarableUpload

type LengthDeclarableUpload interface {
	DeclareLength(ctx context.Context, length int64) error

type LengthDeferrerDataStore

type LengthDeferrerDataStore interface {
	AsLengthDeclarableUpload(upload Upload) LengthDeclarableUpload

LengthDeferrerDataStore is the interface that must be implemented if the creation-defer-length extension should be enabled. The extension enables a client to upload files when their total size is not yet known. Instead, the client must send the total size as soon as it becomes known.

type Lock

type Lock interface {
	// Lock attempts to obtain an exclusive lock for the upload specified
	// by its id.
	// If this operation fails because the resource is already locked, the
	// tusd.ErrFileLocked must be returned. If no error is returned, the attempt
	// is consider to be successful and the upload to be locked until UnlockUpload
	// is invoked for the same upload.
	Lock() error
	// Unlock releases an existing lock for the given upload.
	Unlock() error

Lock is the interface for a lock as returned from a Locker.

type Locker

type Locker interface {
	// NewLock creates a new unlocked lock object for the given upload ID.
	NewLock(id string) (Lock, error)

Locker is the interface required for custom lock persisting mechanisms. Common ways to store this information is in memory, on disk or using an external service, such as Redis. When multiple processes are attempting to access an upload, whether it be by reading or writing, a synchronization mechanism is required to prevent data corruption, especially to ensure correct offset values and the proper order of chunks inside a single upload.

type MetaData

type MetaData map[string]string

type Metrics

type Metrics struct {
	// RequestTotal counts the number of incoming requests per method
	RequestsTotal map[string]*uint64
	// ErrorsTotal counts the number of returned errors by their message
	ErrorsTotal       *ErrorsTotalMap
	BytesReceived     *uint64
	UploadsFinished   *uint64
	UploadsCreated    *uint64
	UploadsTerminated *uint64

Metrics provides numbers about the usage of the tusd handler. Since these may be accessed from multiple goroutines, it is necessary to read and modify them atomically using the functions exposed in the sync/atomic package, such as atomic.LoadUint64. In addition the maps must not be modified to prevent data races.

type StoreComposer

type StoreComposer struct {
	Core DataStore

	UsesTerminater     bool
	Terminater         TerminaterDataStore
	UsesLocker         bool
	Locker             Locker
	UsesConcater       bool
	Concater           ConcaterDataStore
	UsesLengthDeferrer bool
	LengthDeferrer     LengthDeferrerDataStore

StoreComposer represents a composable data store. It consists of the core data store and optional extensions. Please consult the package's overview for a more detailed introduction in how to use this structure.

func NewStoreComposer

func NewStoreComposer() *StoreComposer

NewStoreComposer creates a new and empty store composer.

package main

import (

func main() {
	composer := handler.NewStoreComposer()

	fs := filestore.New("./data")

	ml := memorylocker.New()

	config := handler.Config{
		StoreComposer: composer,

	_, _ = handler.NewHandler(config)

func (*StoreComposer) Capabilities

func (store *StoreComposer) Capabilities() string

Capabilities returns a string representing the provided extensions in a human-readable format meant for debugging.

func (*StoreComposer) UseConcater

func (store *StoreComposer) UseConcater(ext ConcaterDataStore)

func (*StoreComposer) UseCore

func (store *StoreComposer) UseCore(core DataStore)

UseCore will set the used core data store. If the argument is nil, the property will be unset.

func (*StoreComposer) UseLengthDeferrer

func (store *StoreComposer) UseLengthDeferrer(ext LengthDeferrerDataStore)

func (*StoreComposer) UseLocker

func (store *StoreComposer) UseLocker(ext Locker)

func (*StoreComposer) UseTerminater

func (store *StoreComposer) UseTerminater(ext TerminaterDataStore)

type TerminatableUpload

type TerminatableUpload interface {
	// Terminate an upload so any further requests to the resource, both reading
	// and writing, must return os.ErrNotExist or similar.
	Terminate(ctx context.Context) error

type TerminaterDataStore

type TerminaterDataStore interface {
	AsTerminatableUpload(upload Upload) TerminatableUpload

TerminaterDataStore is the interface which must be implemented by DataStores if they want to receive DELETE requests using the Handler. If this interface is not implemented, no request handler for this method is attached.

type UnroutedHandler

type UnroutedHandler struct {

	// CompleteUploads is used to send notifications whenever an upload is
	// completed by a user. The HookEvent will contain information about this
	// upload after it is completed. Sending to this channel will only
	// happen if the NotifyCompleteUploads field is set to true in the Config
	// structure. Notifications will also be sent for completions using the
	// Concatenation extension.
	CompleteUploads chan HookEvent
	// TerminatedUploads is used to send notifications whenever an upload is
	// terminated by a user. The HookEvent will contain information about this
	// upload gathered before the termination. Sending to this channel will only
	// happen if the NotifyTerminatedUploads field is set to true in the Config
	// structure.
	TerminatedUploads chan HookEvent
	// UploadProgress is used to send notifications about the progress of the
	// currently running uploads. For each open PATCH request, every second
	// a HookEvent instance will be send over this channel with the Offset field
	// being set to the number of bytes which have been transfered to the server.
	// Please be aware that this number may be higher than the number of bytes
	// which have been stored by the data store! Sending to this channel will only
	// happen if the NotifyUploadProgress field is set to true in the Config
	// structure.
	UploadProgress chan HookEvent
	// CreatedUploads is used to send notifications about the uploads having been
	// created. It triggers post creation and therefore has all the HookEvent incl.
	// the ID available already. It facilitates the post-create hook. Sending to
	// this channel will only happen if the NotifyCreatedUploads field is set to
	// true in the Config structure.
	CreatedUploads chan HookEvent
	// Metrics provides numbers of the usage for this handler.
	Metrics Metrics
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

UnroutedHandler exposes methods to handle requests as part of the tus protocol, such as PostFile, HeadFile, PatchFile and DelFile. In addition the GetFile method is provided which is, however, not part of the specification.

func NewUnroutedHandler

func NewUnroutedHandler(config Config) (*UnroutedHandler, error)

NewUnroutedHandler creates a new handler without routing using the given configuration. It exposes the http handlers which need to be combined with a router (aka mux) of your choice. If you are looking for preconfigured handler see NewHandler.

func (*UnroutedHandler) DelFile

func (handler *UnroutedHandler) DelFile(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request)

DelFile terminates an upload permanently.

func (*UnroutedHandler) GetFile

func (handler *UnroutedHandler) GetFile(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request)

GetFile handles requests to download a file using a GET request. This is not part of the specification.

func (*UnroutedHandler) HeadFile

func (handler *UnroutedHandler) HeadFile(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request)

HeadFile returns the length and offset for the HEAD request

func (*UnroutedHandler) Middleware

func (handler *UnroutedHandler) Middleware(h http.Handler) http.Handler

Middleware checks various aspects of the request and ensures that it conforms with the spec. Also handles method overriding for clients which cannot make PATCH AND DELETE requests. If you are using the tusd handlers directly you will need to wrap at least the POST and PATCH endpoints in this middleware.

func (*UnroutedHandler) PatchFile

func (handler *UnroutedHandler) PatchFile(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request)

PatchFile adds a chunk to an upload. This operation is only allowed if enough space in the upload is left.

func (*UnroutedHandler) PostFile

func (handler *UnroutedHandler) PostFile(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request)

PostFile creates a new file upload using the datastore after validating the length and parsing the metadata.

func (*UnroutedHandler) SupportedExtensions

func (handler *UnroutedHandler) SupportedExtensions() string

SupportedExtensions returns a comma-separated list of the supported tus extensions. The availability of an extension usually depends on whether the provided data store implements some additional interfaces.

type Upload

type Upload interface {
	// Write the chunk read from src into the file specified by the id at the
	// given offset. The handler will take care of validating the offset and
	// limiting the size of the src to not overflow the file's size. It may
	// return an os.ErrNotExist which will be interpreted as a 404 Not Found.
	// It will also lock resources while they are written to ensure only one
	// write happens per time.
	// The function call must return the number of bytes written.
	WriteChunk(ctx context.Context, offset int64, src io.Reader) (int64, error)
	// Read the fileinformation used to validate the offset and respond to HEAD
	// requests. It may return an os.ErrNotExist which will be interpreted as a
	// 404 Not Found.
	GetInfo(ctx context.Context) (FileInfo, error)
	// GetReader returns a reader which allows iterating of the content of an
	// upload specified by its ID. It should attempt to provide a reader even if
	// the upload has not been finished yet but it's not required.
	// If the returned reader also implements the io.Closer interface, the
	// Close() method will be invoked once everything has been read.
	// If the given upload could not be found, the error tusd.ErrNotFound should
	// be returned.
	GetReader(ctx context.Context) (io.Reader, error)
	// FinisherDataStore is the interface which can be implemented by DataStores
	// which need to do additional operations once an entire upload has been
	// completed. These tasks may include but are not limited to freeing unused
	// resources or notifying other services. For example, S3Store uses this
	// interface for removing a temporary object.
	// FinishUpload executes additional operations for the finished upload which
	// is specified by its ID.
	FinishUpload(ctx context.Context) error

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