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Published: Sep 16, 2021 License: AGPL-3.0 Imports: 13 Imported by: 0



Package equity provides a compiler for Bytom's Equity contract language.

A contract is a means to lock some payment in the output of a transaction. It contains a number of clauses, each describing a way to unlock, or redeem, the payment in a subsequent transaction. By executing the statements in a clause, using contract arguments supplied by the payer and clause arguments supplied by the redeemer, nodes in a Bytom network can determine whether a proposed spend is valid.

The language definition is in flux, but here's what's implemented as of late Nov 2018.

program = contract*

contract = "contract" identifier "(" [params] ")" "locks" amount_identifier of asset_identifier "{" clause+ "}"

  The value(amount_identifier of asset_identifier) after "locks" is a name for
  the value locked by the contract. It must be unlocked or re-locked (with "unlock"
  or "lock") in every clause.

clause = "clause" identifier "(" [params] ")" "{" statement+ "}"

statement = verify | unlock | lock | define | assign | if/else

verify = "verify" expr

  Verifies that boolean expression expr produces a true result.

unlock = "unlock" expr "of" expr

  The first expr must be an amount, the second must be an asset.
  the value(expr "of" expr) must evaluate to the contract value.
  This unlocks that value for any use.

lock = "lock" expr "of" expr "with" expr

  The first expr must be an amount, the second must be an asset.
  The later expr after "with" must be a program. This expression describe that
  the value(expr "of" expr) is unlocked and re-locks it with the new program immediately.

define = "define" identifier : TypeName ["=" expr]

  Define a temporary variable "identifier" with type "TypeName". the identifier can be defined only
  or assigned with expr.

assign = "assign" identifier "=" expr

  Assign a temporary variable "identifier" with expr. Please note that
  the "identifier" must be the defined variable with "define" expression.

if = "if" expr "{" statement+ "}" [else "{" statement+ "}"]

  The check condition after "if" must be boolean expression. The if-else executes the statements
  inside the body of if-statement when condition expression is true, otherwise executes the statements
  inside the body of else-statement.

params = param | params "," param

param = identifier ":" type

  The identifier are individual parameter name. The identifier after the colon is their type.
  Available types are:

    Amount; Asset; Boolean; Hash; Integer; Program;
    PublicKey; Signature; String

idlist = identifier | idlist "," identifier

expr = unary_expr | binary_expr | call_expr | identifier | "(" expr ")" | literal

unary_expr = unary_op expr

binary_expr = expr binary_op expr

call_expr = expr "(" [args] ")"

  If expr is the name of an Equity contract, then calling it (with
  the appropriate arguments) produces a program suitable for use
  in "lock" statements.

  Otherwise, expr should be one of these builtin functions:

      SHA3-256 hash of x.
      SHA-256 hash of x.
      Size in bytes of x.
      Absolute value of x.
    min(x, y)
      The lesser of x and y.
    max(x, y)
      The greater of x and y.
    checkTxSig(pubkey, signature)
      Whether signature matches both the spending
      transaction and pubkey.
    concat(x, y)
      The concatenation of x and y.
    concatpush(x, y)
      The concatenation of x with the bytecode sequence
      needed to push y on the BVM stack.
      Whether the spending transaction is happening before
      blockHeight x.
      Whether the spending transaction is happening after
      blockHeight x.
    checkTxMultiSig([pubkey1, pubkey2, ...], [sig1, sig2, ...])
      Like checkTxSig, but for M-of-N signature checks.
      Every sig must match both the spending transaction and
      one of the pubkeys. There may be more pubkeys than
      sigs, but they are only checked left-to-right so must
      be supplied in the same order as the sigs. The square
      brackets here are literal and must appear as shown.

unary_op = "-" | "~"

binary_op = ">" | "<" | ">=" | "<=" | "==" | "!=" | "^" | "|" |
      "+" | "-" | "&" | "<<" | ">>" | "%" | "*" | "/"

args = expr | args "," expr

literal = int_literal | str_literal | hex_literal



This section is empty.


This section is empty.


func Instantiate

func Instantiate(body []byte, params []*Param, recursive bool, args []ContractArg) ([]byte, error)


type Clause

type Clause struct {
	// Name is the clause name.
	Name string `json:"name"`

	// Params is the list of clause parameters.
	Params []*Param `json:"params,omitempty"`

	// BlockHeight is the list of expressions passed to greater()/less() in this
	// clause.
	BlockHeight []string `json:"blockheight,omitempty"`

	// HashCalls is the list of hash functions and their arguments used
	// in this clause.
	HashCalls []HashCall `json:"hash_calls,omitempty"`

	// Values is the list of values unlocked or relocked in this clause.
	Values []ValueInfo `json:"values"`

	// Contracts is the list of contracts called by this clause.
	Contracts []string `json:"contracts,omitempty"`
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Clause is a compiled contract clause.

type Contract

type Contract struct {
	// Name is the contract name.
	Name string `json:"name"`

	// Params is the list of contract parameters.
	Params []*Param `json:"params,omitempty"`

	// Clauses is the list of contract clauses.
	Clauses []*Clause `json:"clauses"`

	// Value is the name of the value locked by the contract.
	Value ValueInfo `json:"value"`

	// Body is the optimized bytecode of the contract body. This is not
	// a complete program!  Use instantiate to turn this (plus some
	// arguments) into a program.
	Body chainjson.HexBytes `json:"body_bytecode"`

	// Opcodes is the human-readable string of opcodes corresponding to
	// Body.
	Opcodes string `json:"body_opcodes,omitempty"`

	// Recursive tells whether this contract calls itself.  (This is
	// used to select between two possible instantiation options.)
	Recursive bool `json:"recursive"`

	// Pre-optimized list of instruction steps, with stack snapshots.
	Steps []Step `json:"-"`

Contract is a compiled Equity contract.

func Compile

func Compile(r io.Reader) ([]*Contract, error)

Compile parses a sequence of Equity contracts from the supplied reader and produces Contract objects containing the compiled bytecode and other analysis. If argMap is non-nil, it maps contract names to lists of arguments with which to instantiate them as programs, with the results placed in the contract's Program field. A contract named in argMap but not found in the input is silently ignored.

type ContractArg

type ContractArg struct {
	B *bool               `json:"boolean,omitempty"`
	I *int64              `json:"integer,omitempty"`
	S *chainjson.HexBytes `json:"string,omitempty"`

ContractArg is an argument with which to instantiate a contract as a program. Exactly one of B, I, and S should be supplied.

func (*ContractArg) UnmarshalJSON

func (a *ContractArg) UnmarshalJSON(b []byte) error

type HashCall

type HashCall struct {
	// HashType is "sha3" or "sha256".
	HashType string `json:"hash_type"`

	// Arg is the expression passed to the hash function.
	Arg string `json:"arg"`

	// ArgType is the type of Arg.
	ArgType string `json:"arg_type"`

HashCall describes a call to a hash function.

type IfStatmentBody

type IfStatmentBody struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

IfBody describes a if ... else ... struct

type Param

type Param struct {
	// Name is the parameter name.
	Name string `json:"name"`

	// Type is the declared parameter type.
	Type typeDesc `json:"type"`

	// InferredType, if available, is a more-specific type than Type,
	// inferred from the logic of the contract.
	InferredType typeDesc `json:"inferred_type,omitempty"`

Param is a contract or clause parameter.

type Step

type Step struct {
	Opcodes string `json:"opcodes"`
	Stack   string `json:"stack"`

type ValueInfo

type ValueInfo struct {
	// Name is the clause's name for this value.
	Name string `json:"name"`

	// Program is the program expression used to the lock the value, if
	// the value is locked with "lock." If it's unlocked with "unlock"
	// instead, this is empty.
	Program string `json:"program,omitempty"`

	// Asset is the expression describing the asset type the value must
	// have, as it appears in a clause's "requires" section. If this is
	// the contract value instead, this is empty.
	Asset string `json:"asset,omitempty"`

	// Amount is the expression describing the amount the value must
	// have, as it appears in a clause's "requires" section. If this is
	// the contract value instead, this is empty.
	Amount string `json:"amount,omitempty"`

ValueInfo describes how a blockchain value is used in a contract clause.


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