athena

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Published: Dec 8, 2018 License: MIT Imports: 13 Imported by: 0

README

go-athena

go-athena is a simple Golang database/sql driver for Amazon Athena.

import (
    "database/sql"
    _ "github.com/segmentio/go-athena"
)

func main() {
  db, _ := sql.Open("athena", "db=default&output_location=s3://results")
  rows, _ := db.Query("SELECT url, code from cloudfront")

  for rows.Next() {
    var url string
    var code int
    rows.Scan(&url, &code)
  }
}

It provides a higher-level, idiomatic wrapper over the AWS Go SDK, comparable to the Athena JDBC driver AWS provides for Java users.

For example,

Caveats

database/sql exposes lots of methods that aren't supported in Athena. For example, Athena doesn't support transactions so Begin() is irrelevant. If a method must be supplied to satisfy a standard library interface but is unsupported, the driver will panic indicating so. If there are new offerings in Athena and/or helpful additions, feel free to PR.

Testing

Athena doesn't have a local version and revolves around S3 so our tests are integration tests against AWS itself. Thus, our tests require AWS credentials. The simplest way to provide them is via AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY environment variables, but you can use anything supported by the Default Credential Provider Chain.

The tests support a few environment variables:

  • ATHENA_DATABASE can be used to override the default database "go_athena_tests"
  • S3_BUCKET can be used to override the default S3 bucket of "go-athena-tests"

Documentation

Index

Constants

View Source
const (
	// TimestampLayout is the Go time layout string for an Athena `timestamp`.
	TimestampLayout             = "2006-01-02 15:04:05.999"
	TimestampWithTimeZoneLayout = "2006-01-02 15:04:05.999 MST"
	DateLayout                  = "2006-01-02"
)

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func Open

func Open(cfg Config) (*sql.DB, error)

Open is a more robust version of `db.Open`, as it accepts a raw aws.Session. This is useful if you have a complex AWS session since the driver doesn't currently attempt to serialize all options into a string.

Types

type Config

type Config struct {
	Session        *session.Session
	Database       string
	OutputLocation string

	PollFrequency time.Duration
}

Config is the input to Open().

type Driver

type Driver struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Driver is a sql.Driver. It's intended for db/sql.Open().

func NewDriver

func NewDriver(cfg *Config) *Driver

NewDriver allows you to register your own driver with `sql.Register`. It's useful for more complex use cases. Read more in PR #3. https://github.com/segmentio/go-athena/pull/3

Generally, sql.Open() or athena.Open() should suffice.

func (*Driver) Open

func (d *Driver) Open(connStr string) (driver.Conn, error)

Open should be used via `db/sql.Open("athena", "<params>")`. The following parameters are supported in URI query format (k=v&k2=v2&...)

- `db` (required) This is the Athena database name. In the UI, this defaults to "default", but the driver requires it regardless.

- `output_location` (required) This is the S3 location Athena will dump query results in the format "s3://bucket/and/so/forth". In the AWS UI, this defaults to "s3://aws-athena-query-results-<ACCOUNTID>-<REGION>", but the driver requires it.

- `poll_frequency` (optional) Athena's API requires polling to retrieve query results. This is the frequency at which the driver will poll for results. It should be a time/Duration.String(). A completely arbitrary default of "5s" was chosen.

- `region` (optional) Override AWS region. Useful if it is not set with environment variable.

Credentials must be accessible via the SDK's Default Credential Provider Chain. For more advanced AWS credentials/session/config management, please supply a custom AWS session directly via `athena.Open()`.

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