mulifs

command module
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Published: Aug 8, 2016 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 21 Imported by: 0

README

MuLiFS : Music Library Filesystem

GoDoc

MuLi (pronounced Moo-Lee) is a filesystem written in Go to mount music libraries and organize the music based on the music file tags.

It scans a Directory tree and reads all the Tags in the music files and generates a Directory structure organizing the songs by Artist and Album.

Quick Start

For the anxious that don't like to read, here is the command to make this work:

mulifs MUSIC_SOURCE MOUNTPOINT 

Where the MUSIC_SOURCE is the path where the music is stored and MOUNTPOINT is the path where MuLi should be mounted.

Project status

This project is currently under development and it is not ready to use yet. The basic functionality is ready but some work needs to be done, including:

  • Finish testing situations.
  • Enable drop directory to receive full directories and not only files.
  • Test and test!

How it works

Organizing a Music library is always a tedious task and there is always lots of different information that does not match.

MuLi reads a Directory tree (Directories and Subdirectories of a specific path) and scans for all the music files (it actually supports only MP3, but more formats will be added). Every time it finds a music file it reads the ID Tags that specify the Artist, Album and Song name. If any of these parameters is missing it completes the information with default values (unknown Artist or Album and tries to read the song name from the path) and updates the Tags for future scans. It stores all the gathered information into a BoltDB that is an object store that is fast, simple and completely written in Go, that makes MuLi portable!

Once the Directory is completely scanned and all the information is in the Database, MuLi creates a directory structure as following:

mounted_path
│
├── Some_Artist
│    │
│    ├── Some_Album
│    │     └── Some_song.mp3
│    │ 
│    └── Other_Album
│          ├── More_songs.mp3
│          ├── ...
│          └── Other_song.mp3
│
├── Other_Artist
│    │
│    └── Some_Album
│          ├── Great_Song.mp3
│          ├── ...
│          └── AwesomeSong.mp3
│
├── drop
│ 
└── playlists
     │
     └── Music_I_Like
           ├── Great_Song.mp3 
           ├── AwesomeSong.mp3 
           ├── ...
           └── Other_song.mp3 

Lets take a look at this Directory structure!

The first thing to notice is that in the root directory of the mounted path (the path where the filesystem is mounted), there are folders with the Artists names, one folder per Artist.

When MuLi scans the music files to get the Tags information it changes the names to make them compatible with every operative system and filesystem. It removes the special characters and replaces the spaces with underscores, but only in the Directory and Files names. It does not modify the real names stored in the music files!

Inside every Artist song there are Directories that match every Album in the Music Library, as it happens in the Artists Directory names, the names in the Albums are also modified.

Finally, inside every Album are the Songs! The songs can be read, moved, modified and deleted without any problem. But be careful! When the Song is deleted, it is deleted from the origin path too!!

When a Song is moved from one path to another inside the MuLi filesystem, the Tags inside the Song file are also updated. This makes the Music Library consistent and keeps every Song updated! If you create or copy a new Song file inside any folder, the Tags inside the file will be modified accordingly.

Directories and Songs can be created and moved and it modifies the Tags on the Songs and creates or modifies Artists and Albums. Again, be careful! If you delete a Directory it will be PERMANENT for the Songs inside it!

There are two special directories in the filesystem:

  1. drop: Every file that is stored here will be scanned and moved to the correct location depending on the Tags it contains. If you have a new file that you want to add to the Music Library and you don't want to create the parent Directories, just drop it here!

  2. playlists: This Directory manages the playlists, for every playlist in the Source Directory, all the files inside it are analyzed and the same Directory structure will be created. Then a playlist will be a Directory with the music files. The format used in playlists is M3U.

Description files

As MuLi modifies the names for the Tags to be compatible with different filesystems, it also generates a special file inside every Directory called .description.

The description files are the only files allowed to start with a dot in the MuLi filesystem, it contains a JSON with the information of the containing Album or Artist.

For example, in the previous file structure, the Some_Artist directory would contain a Description file as this one:

{
  "ArtistName":"Some Artist",
  "ArtistPath":"Some_Artist",
  "ArtistAlbums":
    [
      "Some_Album", 
      "Other_Album"
    ]
}

Here all the information for the Artist can be processed and read. On the other hand, for the Album Directories the example would be like this one in the Other_Album folder:

{
  "AlbumName":"Other Album",
  "AlbumPath":"OtherAlbum"
}

Every special character will be removed, also the dots and the spaces are replaced with underscores.

Information Storage

All the information about the Music Library that MuLi uses and gathers is stored in a Bolt database (or Object store if you prefer). More information about it here

Requirements

  • A computer running a flavour of *nix

Dependencies

MuLi is based on the awesome Bazil's implementation of FUSE purely in Go. It uses FUSE to generate the filesystem in userspace.

It also uses the great and simple BoltDB to store all the information of Songs, Artists and Albums.

To manage the logs it uses the Glog library for Go.

If you don't know these projects take a look at them!

Installation (if you are not familiar with Go)

  1. Follow this link to install Go and set up your environment:

https://golang.org/doc/install (don't forget to set up your GOPATH)

  1. Download, compile and install MuLi by running the following command:
go get github.com/dankomiocevic/mulifs

Running MuLi

To start the Music Library Filesystem run:

mulifs [global_options] MUSIC_SOURCE MOUNTPOINT 
Params
  • MUSIC_SOURCE: The path of the folder containing the music files.
  • MOUNTPOINT: The path where MuLi should be mounted.
Global Options
  • allow_other: Allow other users to access the filesystem.
  • allow_root: Allow root to access the filesystem.
  • alsologtostderr: log to standard error as well as files
  • db_path string: Database path. (default "muli.db")
  • gid: An unsigned integer representing the Group that will own the files.
  • log_backtrace_at value: when logging hits line file:N, emit a stack trace (default :0)
  • log_dir string: If non-empty, write log files in this directory
  • logtostderr: log to standard error instead of files
  • stderrthreshold value: logs at or above this threshold go to stderr
  • uid: An unsigned integer representing the User that will own the files.
  • v value: log level for V logs
  • vmodule value: comma-separated list of pattern=N settings for file-filtered logging

ToDo

  • Playlists manager (WIP)
  • Heavy testing! (I mean, testing routines, testing functions, all the testing stuff!) (WIP)
  • Add the ability to drop entire folders to the drop folder.
  • Refactoring the code
    • This is my first project with Filesystems and Go, I learnt a lot but I created a lot of duplicated code and bad programming practices. This needs to be improved.

License

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Documentation

The Go Gopher

There is no documentation for this package.

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package musicmgr controls the tags in the music files.
Package musicmgr controls the tags in the music files.
Package playlistmgr contains all the tools to read and modify playlists files.
Package playlistmgr contains all the tools to read and modify playlists files.
Package store is package for managing the database that stores the information about the songs, artists and albums.
Package store is package for managing the database that stores the information about the songs, artists and albums.
Package tools contains different kind of tools to manage the files in the filesystem.
Package tools contains different kind of tools to manage the files in the filesystem.

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