Version: v1.5.0 Latest Latest

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Published: May 6, 2020 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 31 Imported by: 0




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const (
	AdminMethod = "changenode"
	AdminABI    = `` /* 233-byte string literal not displayed */



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var (
	// ErrKnownBlock is returned when a block to import is already known locally.
	ErrKnownBlock = errors.New("block already known")

	// ErrGasLimitReached is returned by the gas pool if the amount of gas required
	// by a transaction is higher than what's left in the block.
	ErrGasLimitReached = errors.New("gas limit reached")

	// ErrBlacklistedHash is returned if a block to import is on the blacklist.
	ErrBlacklistedHash = errors.New("blacklisted hash")

	// ErrNonceTooHigh is returned if the nonce of a transaction is higher than the
	// next one expected based on the local chain.
	ErrNonceTooHigh = errors.New("nonce too high")
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var (
	AdminTo   = common.HexToAddress("0x02000000") //contract addr;
	AdminCode = common.Hex2Bytes("60806040526004361061003b576000357c010000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000090048063ba9c716e14610040575b600080fd5b34801561004c57600080fd5b506101066004803603602081101561006357600080fd5b810190808035906020019064010000000081111561008057600080fd5b82018360208201111561009257600080fd5b803590602001918460018302840111640100000000831117156100b457600080fd5b91908080601f016020809104026020016040519081016040528093929190818152602001838380828437600081840152601f19601f820116905080830192505050505050509192919290505050610108565b005b60603382604051602001808373ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff1673ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff166c0100000000000000000000000002815260140182805190602001908083835b6020831015156101855780518252602082019150602081019050602083039250610160565b6001836020036101000a0380198251168184511680821785525050505050509050019250505060405160208183030381529060405290506000602082510190506000808284600060fe600019f18015156101de57600080fd5b5050505056fea165627a7a72305820de66ac7f0ed7f9f6d566ddabc3faa2fb4abe3b21b05fd4bbb8b178cac78e7d680029")
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var (
	// ErrInvalidSender is returned if the transaction contains an invalid signature.
	ErrInvalidSender = errors.New("invalid sender")

	// ErrNonceTooLow is returned if the nonce of a transaction is lower than the
	// one present in the local chain.
	ErrNonceTooLow = errors.New("nonce too low")

	// ErrUnderpriced is returned if a transaction's gas price is below the minimum
	// configured for the transaction pool.
	ErrUnderpriced = errors.New("transaction underpriced")

	// ErrReplaceUnderpriced is returned if a transaction is attempted to be replaced
	// with a different one without the required price bump.
	ErrReplaceUnderpriced = errors.New("replacement transaction underpriced")

	// ErrInsufficientFunds is returned if the total cost of executing a transaction
	// is higher than the balance of the user's account.
	ErrInsufficientFunds = errors.New("insufficient funds for gas * price + value")

	// ErrIntrinsicGas is returned if the transaction is specified to use less gas
	// than required to start the invocation.
	ErrIntrinsicGas = errors.New("intrinsic gas too low")

	// ErrGasLimit is returned if a transaction's requested gas limit exceeds the
	// maximum allowance of the current block.
	ErrGasLimit = errors.New("exceeds block gas limit")

	// ErrNegativeValue is a sanity error to ensure noone is able to specify a
	// transaction with a negative value.
	ErrNegativeValue = errors.New("negative value")

	// ErrOversizedData is returned if the input data of a transaction is greater
	// than some meaningful limit a user might use. This is not a consensus error
	// making the transaction invalid, rather a DOS protection.
	ErrOversizedData = errors.New("oversized data")
View Source
var Big1 = big.NewInt(1)
View Source
var DefaultTxPoolConfig = TxPoolConfig{
	Journal:   "transactions.rlp",
	Rejournal: time.Hour,

	PriceLimit: 1,
	PriceBump:  10,

	AccountSlots: 16,
	GlobalSlots:  4096,
	AccountQueue: 64,
	GlobalQueue:  1024,

	Lifetime: 3 * time.Hour,

DefaultTxPoolConfig contains the default configurations for the transaction pool.


func ApplyMessage

func ApplyMessage(evm *vm.EVM, msg Message, gp *GasPool) ([]byte, uint64, bool, error)

ApplyMessage computes the new state by applying the given message against the old state within the environment.

ApplyMessage returns the bytes returned by any EVM execution (if it took place), the gas used (which includes gas refunds) and an error if it failed. An error always indicates a core error meaning that the message would always fail for that particular state and would never be accepted within a block.

func ApplyTransaction

func ApplyTransaction(config *params.ChainConfig, bc ChainContext, author *common.Address, gp *GasPool, statedb *state.StateDB, header *types.Header, tx *types.Transaction, usedGas *uint64, cfg vm.Config) (*types.Receipt, uint64, error)

ApplyTransaction attempts to apply a transaction to the given state database and uses the input parameters for its environment. It returns the receipt for the transaction, gas used and an error if the transaction failed, indicating the block was invalid.

func CanTransfer

func CanTransfer(db vm.StateDB, addr common.Address, amount *big.Int) bool

CanTransfer checks whether there are enough funds in the address' account to make a transfer. This does not take the necessary gas in to account to make the transfer valid.

func GenesisBlockForTesting

func GenesisBlockForTesting(db ethdb.Database, addr common.Address, balance *big.Int) *types.Block

GenesisBlockForTesting creates and writes a block in which addr has the given wei balance.

func GetHashFn

func GetHashFn(ref *types.Header, chain ChainContext) func(n uint64) common.Hash

GetHashFn returns a GetHashFunc which retrieves header hashes by number

func IntrinsicGas

func IntrinsicGas(data []byte, contractCreation, homestead bool) (uint64, error)

IntrinsicGas computes the 'intrinsic gas' for a message with the given data.

func NewEVMContext

func NewEVMContext(msg Message, header *types.Header, chain ChainContext, author *common.Address) vm.Context

NewEVMContext creates a new context for use in the EVM.

func SetupGenesisBlock added in v1.3.4

func SetupGenesisBlock(db ethdb.Database, genesis *Genesis) (*params.ChainConfig, common.Hash, error)

SetupGenesisBlock writes or updates the genesis block in db. The block that will be used is:

                     genesis == nil       genesis != nil
db has no genesis |  main-net default  |  genesis
db has genesis    |  from DB           |  genesis (if compatible)

The stored chain configuration will be updated if it is compatible (i.e. does not specify a fork block below the local head block). In case of a conflict, the error is a *params.ConfigCompatError and the new, unwritten config is returned.

The returned chain configuration is never nil.

func SetupGenesisBlockWithOverride added in v1.3.4

func SetupGenesisBlockWithOverride(db ethdb.Database, genesis *Genesis, constantinopleOverride *big.Int) (*params.ChainConfig, common.Hash, error)

func Transfer

func Transfer(db vm.StateDB, sender, recipient common.Address, amount *big.Int)

Transfer subtracts amount from sender and adds amount to recipient using the given Db


type ChainContext added in v1.3.4

type ChainContext interface {
	// GetHeader returns the hash corresponding to their hash.
	GetHeader(common.Hash, uint64) *types.Header

ChainContext supports retrieving headers and consensus parameters from the current blockchain to be used during transaction processing.

type ChainEvent

type ChainEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
	Hash  common.Hash
	Logs  []*types.Log

type ChainHeadEvent

type ChainHeadEvent struct{ Block *types.Block }

type ChainSideEvent

type ChainSideEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block

type GasPool

type GasPool uint64

GasPool tracks the amount of gas available during execution of the transactions in a block. The zero value is a pool with zero gas available.

func (*GasPool) AddGas

func (gp *GasPool) AddGas(amount uint64) *GasPool

AddGas makes gas available for execution.

func (*GasPool) Gas added in v1.3.4

func (gp *GasPool) Gas() uint64

Gas returns the amount of gas remaining in the pool.

func (*GasPool) String

func (gp *GasPool) String() string

func (*GasPool) SubGas

func (gp *GasPool) SubGas(amount uint64) error

SubGas deducts the given amount from the pool if enough gas is available and returns an error otherwise.

type Genesis added in v1.3.4

type Genesis struct {
	Config     *params.ChainConfig `json:"config"`
	Nonce      uint64              `json:"nonce"`
	Timestamp  uint64              `json:"timestamp"`
	ExtraData  []byte              `json:"extraData"`
	GasLimit   uint64              `json:"gasLimit"   gencodec:"required"`
	Difficulty *big.Int            `json:"difficulty" gencodec:"required"`
	Mixhash    common.Hash         `json:"mixHash"`
	Coinbase   common.Address      `json:"coinbase"`
	Alloc      GenesisAlloc        `json:"alloc"      gencodec:"required"`

	// These fields are used for consensus tests. Please don't use them
	// in actual genesis blocks.
	Number     uint64      `json:"number"`
	GasUsed    uint64      `json:"gasUsed"`
	ParentHash common.Hash `json:"parentHash"`

Genesis specifies the header fields, state of a genesis block. It also defines hard fork switch-over blocks through the chain configuration.

func DefaultGenesis added in v1.3.4

func DefaultGenesis() Genesis

func DefaultGenesisBlock

func DefaultGenesisBlock() *Genesis

DefaultGenesisBlock returns the Ethereum main net genesis block.

func DefaultRinkebyGenesisBlock added in v1.3.4

func DefaultRinkebyGenesisBlock() *Genesis

DefaultRinkebyGenesisBlock returns the Rinkeby network genesis block.

func DefaultTestnetGenesisBlock

func DefaultTestnetGenesisBlock() *Genesis

DefaultTestnetGenesisBlock returns the Ropsten network genesis block.

func DeveloperGenesisBlock added in v1.3.4

func DeveloperGenesisBlock(period uint64, faucet common.Address) *Genesis

DeveloperGenesisBlock returns the 'geth --dev' genesis block. Note, this must be seeded with the

func (*Genesis) Commit added in v1.3.4

func (g *Genesis) Commit(db ethdb.Database) (*types.Block, error)

Commit writes the block and state of a genesis specification to the database. The block is committed as the canonical head block.

func (*Genesis) MustCommit added in v1.3.4

func (g *Genesis) MustCommit(db ethdb.Database) *types.Block

MustCommit writes the genesis block and state to db, panicking on error. The block is committed as the canonical head block.

func (*Genesis) ToBlock added in v1.3.4

func (g *Genesis) ToBlock(db ethdb.Database) *types.Block

ToBlock creates the genesis block and writes state of a genesis specification to the given database (or discards it if nil).

type GenesisAccount

type GenesisAccount struct {
	Code       []byte                      `json:"code,omitempty"`
	Storage    map[common.Hash]common.Hash `json:"storage,omitempty"`
	Balance    *big.Int                    `json:"balance" gencodec:"required"`
	Nonce      uint64                      `json:"nonce,omitempty"`
	PrivateKey []byte                      `json:"secretKey,omitempty"` // for tests

GenesisAccount is an account in the state of the genesis block.

type GenesisAlloc added in v1.3.4

type GenesisAlloc map[common.Address]GenesisAccount

GenesisAlloc specifies the initial state that is part of the genesis block.

func (*GenesisAlloc) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.3.4

func (ga *GenesisAlloc) UnmarshalJSON(data []byte) error

type GenesisMismatchError added in v1.3.4

type GenesisMismatchError struct {
	Stored, New common.Hash

GenesisMismatchError is raised when trying to overwrite an existing genesis block with an incompatible one.

func (*GenesisMismatchError) Error added in v1.3.4

func (e *GenesisMismatchError) Error() string

type Message

type Message interface {
	From() common.Address
	//FromFrontier() (common.Address, error)
	To() *common.Address

	GasPrice() *big.Int
	Gas() uint64
	Value() *big.Int

	Nonce() uint64
	CheckNonce() bool
	Data() []byte

Message represents a message sent to a contract.

type NewMinedBlockEvent

type NewMinedBlockEvent struct{ Block *types.Block }

NewMinedBlockEvent is posted when a block has been imported.

type NewTxsEvent added in v1.3.4

type NewTxsEvent struct{ Txs []*types.Transaction }

NewTxsEvent is posted when a batch of transactions enter the transaction pool.

type PendingLogsEvent

type PendingLogsEvent struct {
	Logs []*types.Log

PendingLogsEvent is posted pre mining and notifies of pending logs.

type Processor

type Processor interface {
	Process(block *types.Block, statedb *state.StateDB, cfg vm.Config) (types.Receipts, []*types.Log, uint64, error)

Processor is an interface for processing blocks using a given initial state.

Process takes the block to be processed and the statedb upon which the initial state is based. It should return the receipts generated, amount of gas used in the process and return an error if any of the internal rules failed.

type RemovedLogsEvent

type RemovedLogsEvent struct{ Logs []*types.Log }

RemovedLogsEvent is posted when a reorg happens

type StateTransition

type StateTransition struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

The State Transitioning Model

A state transition is a change made when a transaction is applied to the current world state The state transitioning model does all the necessary work to work out a valid new state root.

1) Nonce handling 2) Pre pay gas 3) Create a new state object if the recipient is \0*32 4) Value transfer == If contract creation ==

4a) Attempt to run transaction data
4b) If valid, use result as code for the new state object

== end == 5) Run Script section 6) Derive new state root

func NewStateTransition

func NewStateTransition(evm *vm.EVM, msg Message, gp *GasPool) *StateTransition

NewStateTransition initialises and returns a new state transition object.

func (*StateTransition) TransitionDb

func (st *StateTransition) TransitionDb() (ret []byte, usedGas uint64, failed bool, err error)

TransitionDb will transition the state by applying the current message and returning the result including the used gas. It returns an error if failed. An error indicates a consensus issue.

type TxPool

type TxPool struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

TxPool contains all currently known transactions. Transactions enter the pool when they are received from the network or submitted locally. They exit the pool when they are included in the blockchain.

The pool separates processable transactions (which can be applied to the current state) and future transactions. Transactions move between those two states over time as they are received and processed.

func NewTxPool

func NewTxPool(config TxPoolConfig, chainconfig *params.ChainConfig, chain blockChain) *TxPool

NewTxPool creates a new transaction pool to gather, sort and filter inbound transactions from the network.

func (*TxPool) AddLocal added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) AddLocal(tx *types.Transaction) error

AddLocal enqueues a single transaction into the pool if it is valid, marking the sender as a local one in the mean time, ensuring it goes around the local pricing constraints.

func (*TxPool) AddLocals added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) AddLocals(txs []*types.Transaction) []error

AddLocals enqueues a batch of transactions into the pool if they are valid, marking the senders as a local ones in the mean time, ensuring they go around the local pricing constraints.

func (*TxPool) AddRemote added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) AddRemote(tx *types.Transaction) error

AddRemote enqueues a single transaction into the pool if it is valid. If the sender is not among the locally tracked ones, full pricing constraints will apply.

func (*TxPool) AddRemotes added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) AddRemotes(txs []*types.Transaction) []error

AddRemotes enqueues a batch of transactions into the pool if they are valid. If the senders are not among the locally tracked ones, full pricing constraints will apply.

func (*TxPool) Content

func (pool *TxPool) Content() (map[common.Address]types.Transactions, map[common.Address]types.Transactions)

Content retrieves the data content of the transaction pool, returning all the pending as well as queued transactions, grouped by account and sorted by nonce.

func (*TxPool) GasPrice added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) GasPrice() *big.Int

GasPrice returns the current gas price enforced by the transaction pool.

func (*TxPool) Get

func (pool *TxPool) Get(hash common.Hash) *types.Transaction

Get returns a transaction if it is contained in the pool and nil otherwise.

func (*TxPool) Locals added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) Locals() []common.Address

Locals retrieves the accounts currently considered local by the pool.

func (*TxPool) Pending

func (pool *TxPool) Pending() (map[common.Address]types.Transactions, error)

Pending retrieves all currently processable transactions, grouped by origin account and sorted by nonce. The returned transaction set is a copy and can be freely modified by calling code.

func (*TxPool) SetGasPrice added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) SetGasPrice(price *big.Int)

SetGasPrice updates the minimum price required by the transaction pool for a new transaction, and drops all transactions below this threshold.

func (*TxPool) State

func (pool *TxPool) State() *state.ManagedState

State returns the virtual managed state of the transaction pool.

func (*TxPool) Stats

func (pool *TxPool) Stats() (int, int)

Stats retrieves the current pool stats, namely the number of pending and the number of queued (non-executable) transactions.

func (*TxPool) Status added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) Status(hashes []common.Hash) []TxStatus

Status returns the status (unknown/pending/queued) of a batch of transactions identified by their hashes.

func (*TxPool) Stop

func (pool *TxPool) Stop()

Stop terminates the transaction pool.

func (*TxPool) SubscribeNewTxsEvent added in v1.3.4

func (pool *TxPool) SubscribeNewTxsEvent(ch chan<- NewTxsEvent) event.Subscription

SubscribeNewTxsEvent registers a subscription of NewTxsEvent and starts sending event to the given channel.

type TxPoolConfig added in v1.3.4

type TxPoolConfig struct {
	Locals    []common.Address // Addresses that should be treated by default as local
	NoLocals  bool             // Whether local transaction handling should be disabled
	Journal   string           // Journal of local transactions to survive node restarts
	Rejournal time.Duration    // Time interval to regenerate the local transaction journal

	PriceLimit uint64 // Minimum gas price to enforce for acceptance into the pool
	PriceBump  uint64 // Minimum price bump percentage to replace an already existing transaction (nonce)

	AccountSlots uint64 // Number of executable transaction slots guaranteed per account
	GlobalSlots  uint64 // Maximum number of executable transaction slots for all accounts
	AccountQueue uint64 // Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots permitted per account
	GlobalQueue  uint64 // Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots for all accounts

	Lifetime time.Duration // Maximum amount of time non-executable transaction are queued

TxPoolConfig are the configuration parameters of the transaction pool.

type TxStatus added in v1.3.4

type TxStatus uint

TxStatus is the current status of a transaction as seen by the pool.

const (
	TxStatusUnknown TxStatus = iota

type Validator

type Validator interface {
	// ValidateBody validates the given block's content.
	ValidateBody(block *types.Block) error

	// ValidateState validates the given statedb and optionally the receipts and
	// gas used.
	ValidateState(block, parent *types.Block, state *state.StateDB, receipts types.Receipts, usedGas uint64) error

Validator is an interface which defines the standard for block validation. It is only responsible for validating block contents, as the header validation is done by the specific consensus engines.


Path Synopsis
Package rawdb contains a collection of low level database accessors.
Package rawdb contains a collection of low level database accessors.
Package state provides a caching layer atop the Ethereum state trie.
Package state provides a caching layer atop the Ethereum state trie.
Package types contains data types related to Ethereum consensus.
Package types contains data types related to Ethereum consensus.
Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.
Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.

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