We are given the root node of a maximum tree: a tree where every node has a value greater than any other value in its subtree.
Just as in the previous problem, the given tree was constructed from an list A (root = Construct(A)) recursively with the following Construct(A) routine:
- If A is empty, return null.
- Otherwise, let A[i] be the largest element of A. Create a root node with value A[i].
- The left child of root will be Construct([A, A, ..., A[i-1]])
- The right child of root will be Construct([A[i+1], A[i+2], ..., A[A.length - 1]])
- Return root.
Note that we were not given A directly, only a root node root = Construct(A).
Suppose B is a copy of A with the value val appended to it. It is guaranteed that B has unique values.
Input: root = [4,1,3,null,null,2], val = 5 Output: [5,4,null,1,3,null,null,2] Explanation: A = [1,4,2,3], B = [1,4,2,3,5]
Input: root = [5,2,4,null,1], val = 3 Output: [5,2,4,null,1,null,3] Explanation: A = [2,1,5,4], B = [2,1,5,4,3]
Input: root = [5,2,3,null,1], val = 4 Output: [5,2,4,null,1,3] Explanation: A = [2,1,5,3], B = [2,1,5,3,4]
1 <= B.length <= 100