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github.com/fxamacker/cbor

Package cbor

v1.5.0
Latest Go to latest

The latest major version is v2.

Published: Jan 13, 2020 | License: MIT | Module: github.com/fxamacker/cbor

Overview

Example (COSE)

Code:

package main

import (
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	// Use "keyasint" struct tag to encode/decode struct to/from CBOR map.
	// Use cbor.RawMessage to delay unmarshaling (CrvOrNOrK's data type depends on Kty's value).
	type coseKey struct {
		Kty       int             `cbor:"1,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Kid       []byte          `cbor:"2,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Alg       int             `cbor:"3,keyasint,omitempty"`
		KeyOpts   int             `cbor:"4,keyasint,omitempty"`
		IV        []byte          `cbor:"5,keyasint,omitempty"`
		CrvOrNOrK cbor.RawMessage `cbor:"-1,keyasint,omitempty"` // K for symmetric keys, Crv for elliptic curve keys, N for RSA modulus
		XOrE      cbor.RawMessage `cbor:"-2,keyasint,omitempty"` // X for curve x-coordinate, E for RSA public exponent
		Y         cbor.RawMessage `cbor:"-3,keyasint,omitempty"` // Y for curve y-cooridate
		D         []byte          `cbor:"-4,keyasint,omitempty"`
	}
	// Data from https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8392#appendix-A section A.2
	// 128-Bit Symmetric Key
	cborData, _ := hex.DecodeString("a42050231f4c4d4d3051fdc2ec0a3851d5b3830104024c53796d6d6574726963313238030a")
	var v coseKey
	if err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborData, &v); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	if _, err := cbor.Marshal(v, cbor.EncOptions{}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%+v", v)
}
{Kty:4 Kid:[83 121 109 109 101 116 114 105 99 49 50 56] Alg:10 KeyOpts:0 IV:[] CrvOrNOrK:[80 35 31 76 77 77 48 81 253 194 236 10 56 81 213 179 131] XOrE:[] Y:[] D:[]}
Example (CWT)

Code:

package main

import (
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	// Use "keyasint" struct tag to encode/decode struct to/from CBOR map.
	type claims struct {
		Iss string `cbor:"1,keyasint"`
		Sub string `cbor:"2,keyasint"`
		Aud string `cbor:"3,keyasint"`
		Exp int    `cbor:"4,keyasint"`
		Nbf int    `cbor:"5,keyasint"`
		Iat int    `cbor:"6,keyasint"`
		Cti []byte `cbor:"7,keyasint"`
	}
	// Data from https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8392#appendix-A section A.1
	cborData, _ := hex.DecodeString("a70175636f61703a2f2f61732e6578616d706c652e636f6d02656572696b77037818636f61703a2f2f6c696768742e6578616d706c652e636f6d041a5612aeb0051a5610d9f0061a5610d9f007420b71")
	var v claims
	if err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborData, &v); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	if _, err := cbor.Marshal(v, cbor.EncOptions{}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%+v", v)
}
{Iss:coap://as.example.com Sub:erikw Aud:coap://light.example.com Exp:1444064944 Nbf:1443944944 Iat:1443944944 Cti:[11 113]}
Example (SenML)

Code:

package main

import (
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	// Use "keyasint" struct tag to encode/decode struct to/from CBOR map.
	type SenMLRecord struct {
		BaseName    string  `cbor:"-2,keyasint,omitempty"`
		BaseTime    float64 `cbor:"-3,keyasint,omitempty"`
		BaseUnit    string  `cbor:"-4,keyasint,omitempty"`
		BaseValue   float64 `cbor:"-5,keyasint,omitempty"`
		BaseSum     float64 `cbor:"-6,keyasint,omitempty"`
		BaseVersion int     `cbor:"-1,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Name        string  `cbor:"0,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Unit        string  `cbor:"1,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Time        float64 `cbor:"6,keyasint,omitempty"`
		UpdateTime  float64 `cbor:"7,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Value       float64 `cbor:"2,keyasint,omitempty"`
		ValueS      string  `cbor:"3,keyasint,omitempty"`
		ValueB      bool    `cbor:"4,keyasint,omitempty"`
		ValueD      string  `cbor:"8,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Sum         float64 `cbor:"5,keyasint,omitempty"`
	}
	// Data from https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8428#section-6
	cborData, _ := hex.DecodeString("87a721781b75726e3a6465763a6f773a3130653230373361303130383030363a22fb41d303a15b00106223614120050067766f6c7461676501615602fb405e066666666666a3006763757272656e74062402fb3ff3333333333333a3006763757272656e74062302fb3ff4cccccccccccda3006763757272656e74062202fb3ff6666666666666a3006763757272656e74062102f93e00a3006763757272656e74062002fb3ff999999999999aa3006763757272656e74060002fb3ffb333333333333")
	var v []SenMLRecord
	if err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborData, &v); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encoder uses ShortestFloat16 option to use float16 as the shortest form that preserves floating-point value.
	if _, err := cbor.Marshal(v, cbor.EncOptions{ShortestFloat: cbor.ShortestFloat16}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	for _, rec := range v {
		fmt.Printf("%+v\n", rec)
	}
}
{BaseName:urn:dev:ow:10e2073a0108006: BaseTime:1.276020076001e+09 BaseUnit:A BaseValue:0 BaseSum:0 BaseVersion:5 Name:voltage Unit:V Time:0 UpdateTime:0 Value:120.1 ValueS: ValueB:false ValueD: Sum:0}
{BaseName: BaseTime:0 BaseUnit: BaseValue:0 BaseSum:0 BaseVersion:0 Name:current Unit: Time:-5 UpdateTime:0 Value:1.2 ValueS: ValueB:false ValueD: Sum:0}
{BaseName: BaseTime:0 BaseUnit: BaseValue:0 BaseSum:0 BaseVersion:0 Name:current Unit: Time:-4 UpdateTime:0 Value:1.3 ValueS: ValueB:false ValueD: Sum:0}
{BaseName: BaseTime:0 BaseUnit: BaseValue:0 BaseSum:0 BaseVersion:0 Name:current Unit: Time:-3 UpdateTime:0 Value:1.4 ValueS: ValueB:false ValueD: Sum:0}
{BaseName: BaseTime:0 BaseUnit: BaseValue:0 BaseSum:0 BaseVersion:0 Name:current Unit: Time:-2 UpdateTime:0 Value:1.5 ValueS: ValueB:false ValueD: Sum:0}
{BaseName: BaseTime:0 BaseUnit: BaseValue:0 BaseSum:0 BaseVersion:0 Name:current Unit: Time:-1 UpdateTime:0 Value:1.6 ValueS: ValueB:false ValueD: Sum:0}
{BaseName: BaseTime:0 BaseUnit: BaseValue:0 BaseSum:0 BaseVersion:0 Name:current Unit: Time:0 UpdateTime:0 Value:1.7 ValueS: ValueB:false ValueD: Sum:0}
Example (SignedCWT)

Code:

package main

import (
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	// Use "keyasint" struct tag to encode/decode struct to/from CBOR map.
	// Partial COSE header definition
	type coseHeader struct {
		Alg int    `cbor:"1,keyasint,omitempty"`
		Kid []byte `cbor:"4,keyasint,omitempty"`
		IV  []byte `cbor:"5,keyasint,omitempty"`
	}
	// Use "toarray" struct tag to encode/decode struct to/from CBOR array.
	type signedCWT struct {
		_           struct{} `cbor:",toarray"`
		Protected   []byte
		Unprotected coseHeader
		Payload     []byte
		Signature   []byte
	}
	// Data from https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8392#appendix-A section A.3
	cborData, _ := hex.DecodeString("d28443a10126a104524173796d6d657472696345434453413235365850a70175636f61703a2f2f61732e6578616d706c652e636f6d02656572696b77037818636f61703a2f2f6c696768742e6578616d706c652e636f6d041a5612aeb0051a5610d9f0061a5610d9f007420b7158405427c1ff28d23fbad1f29c4c7c6a555e601d6fa29f9179bc3d7438bacaca5acd08c8d4d4f96131680c429a01f85951ecee743a52b9b63632c57209120e1c9e30")
	var v signedCWT
	if err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborData, &v); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	if _, err := cbor.Marshal(v, cbor.EncOptions{}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%+v", v)
}
{_:{} Protected:[161 1 38] Unprotected:{Alg:0 Kid:[65 115 121 109 109 101 116 114 105 99 69 67 68 83 65 50 53 54] IV:[]} Payload:[167 1 117 99 111 97 112 58 47 47 97 115 46 101 120 97 109 112 108 101 46 99 111 109 2 101 101 114 105 107 119 3 120 24 99 111 97 112 58 47 47 108 105 103 104 116 46 101 120 97 109 112 108 101 46 99 111 109 4 26 86 18 174 176 5 26 86 16 217 240 6 26 86 16 217 240 7 66 11 113] Signature:[84 39 193 255 40 210 63 186 209 242 156 76 124 106 85 94 96 29 111 162 159 145 121 188 61 116 56 186 202 202 90 205 8 200 212 212 249 97 49 104 12 66 154 1 248 89 81 236 238 116 58 82 185 182 54 50 197 114 9 18 14 28 158 48]}
Example (WebAuthn)

Code:

package main

import (
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	// Use cbor.RawMessage to delay unmarshaling (AttStmt's data type depends on Fmt's value).
	type attestationObject struct {
		AuthnData []byte          `cbor:"authData"`
		Fmt       string          `cbor:"fmt"`
		AttStmt   cbor.RawMessage `cbor:"attStmt"`
	}
	cborData, _ := hex.DecodeString("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")
	var v attestationObject
	if err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborData, &v); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	if _, err := cbor.Marshal(v, cbor.EncOptions{}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%+v", v)
}

Index

Examples

func Marshal

func Marshal(v interface{}, encOpts EncOptions) ([]byte, error)

Marshal returns the CBOR encoding of v.

Marshal uses the following type-dependent default encodings:

Boolean values encode as CBOR booleans (type 7).

Positive integer values encode as CBOR positive integers (type 0).

Negative integer values encode as CBOR negative integers (type 1).

Floating point values encode as CBOR floating points (type 7).

String values encode as CBOR text strings (type 3).

[]byte values encode as CBOR byte strings (type 2).

Array and slice values encode as CBOR arrays (type 4).

Map values encode as CBOR maps (type 5).

Struct values encode as CBOR maps (type 5). Each exported struct field becomes a pair with field name encoded as CBOR text string (type 3) and field value encoded based on its type.

Pointer values encode as the value pointed to.

Nil slice/map/pointer/interface values encode as CBOR nulls (type 7).

time.Time values encode as text strings specified in RFC3339 when EncOptions.TimeRFC3339 is true; otherwise, time.Time values encode as numerical representation of seconds since January 1, 1970 UTC.

If value implements the Marshaler interface, Marshal calls its MarshalCBOR method. If value implements encoding.BinaryMarshaler instead, Marhsal calls its MarshalBinary method and encode it as CBOR byte string.

Marshal supports format string stored under the "cbor" key in the struct field's tag. CBOR format string can specify the name of the field, "omitempty" and "keyasint" options, and special case "-" for field omission. If "cbor" key is absent, Marshal uses "json" key.

Struct field name is treated as integer if it has "keyasint" option in its format string. The format string must specify an integer as its field name.

Special struct field "_" is used to specify struct level options, such as "toarray". "toarray" option enables Go struct to be encoded as CBOR array. "omitempty" is disabled by "toarray" to ensure that the same number of elements are encoded every time.

Anonymous struct fields are usually marshalled as if their exported fields were fields in the outer struct. Marshal follows the same struct fields visibility rules used by JSON encoding package. An anonymous struct field with a name given in its CBOR tag is treated as having that name, rather than being anonymous. An anonymous struct field of interface type is treated the same as having that type as its name, rather than being anonymous.

Interface values encode as the value contained in the interface. A nil interface value encodes as the null CBOR value.

Channel, complex, and functon values cannot be encoded in CBOR. Attempting to encode such a value causes Marshal to return an UnsupportedTypeError.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	type Animal struct {
		Age    int
		Name   string
		Owners []string
		Male   bool
	}
	animal := Animal{Age: 4, Name: "Candy", Owners: []string{"Mary", "Joe"}}
	b, err := cbor.Marshal(animal, cbor.EncOptions{})
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", b)
}
a46341676504644e616d656543616e6479664f776e65727382644d617279634a6f65644d616c65f4
Example (Canonical)

This example uses Marshal to encode struct and map in canonical form.

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	type Animal struct {
		Age      int
		Name     string
		Contacts map[string]string
		Male     bool
	}
	animal := Animal{Age: 4, Name: "Candy", Contacts: map[string]string{"Mary": "111-111-1111", "Joe": "222-222-2222"}}
	b, err := cbor.Marshal(animal, cbor.CanonicalEncOptions())
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", b)
}
a46341676504644d616c65f4644e616d656543616e647968436f6e7461637473a2634a6f656c3232322d3232322d32323232644d6172796c3131312d3131312d31313131
Example (Keyasint)

This example uses "keyasint" struct tag to encode struct's fiele names as integer. This feautre is very useful in handling COSE, CWT, SenML data.

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	type Record struct {
		Name        string `cbor:"1,keyasint"`
		Unit        string `cbor:"2,keyasint"`
		Measurement int    `cbor:"3,keyasint"`
	}
	rec := Record{Name: "current", Unit: "V", Measurement: 1}
	b, err := cbor.Marshal(rec, cbor.EncOptions{})
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", b)
}
a3016763757272656e740261560301
Example (Time)

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
	"time"
)

func main() {
	tm, _ := time.Parse(time.RFC3339Nano, "2013-03-21T20:04:00Z")
	// Encode time as string in RFC3339 format.
	b, err := cbor.Marshal(tm, cbor.EncOptions{TimeRFC3339: true})
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", b)
	// Encode time as numerical representation of seconds since January 1, 1970 UTC.
	b, err = cbor.Marshal(tm, cbor.EncOptions{TimeRFC3339: false})
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", b)
}
74323031332d30332d32315432303a30343a30305a
1a514b67b0
Example (Toarray)

This example uses "toarray" struct tag to encode struct as CBOR array.

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	type Record struct {
		_           struct{} `cbor:",toarray"`
		Name        string
		Unit        string
		Measurement int
	}
	rec := Record{Name: "current", Unit: "V", Measurement: 1}
	b, err := cbor.Marshal(rec, cbor.EncOptions{})
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", b)
}
836763757272656e74615601

func Unmarshal

func Unmarshal(data []byte, v interface{}) error

Unmarshal parses the CBOR-encoded data and stores the result in the value pointed to by v. If v is nil or not a pointer, Unmarshal returns an error.

Unmarshal uses the inverse of the encodings that Marshal uses, allocating maps, slices, and pointers as necessary, with the following additional rules:

To unmarshal CBOR into a pointer, Unmarshal first handles the case of the CBOR being the CBOR literal null. In that case, Unmarshal sets the pointer to nil. Otherwise, Unmarshal unmarshals the CBOR into the value pointed at by the pointer. If the pointer is nil, Unmarshal allocates a new value for it to point to.

To unmarshal CBOR into an interface value, Unmarshal stores one of these in the interface value:

bool, for CBOR booleans
uint64, for CBOR positive integers
int64, for CBOR negative integers
float64, for CBOR floating points
[]byte, for CBOR byte strings
string, for CBOR text strings
[]interface{}, for CBOR arrays
map[interface{}]interface{}, for CBOR maps
nil, for CBOR null

To unmarshal a CBOR array into a slice, Unmarshal allocates a new slice only if the CBOR array is empty or slice capacity is less than CBOR array length. Otherwise Unmarshal reuses the existing slice, overwriting existing elements. Unmarshal sets the slice length to CBOR array length.

To ummarshal a CBOR array into a Go array, Unmarshal decodes CBOR array elements into corresponding Go array elements. If the Go array is smaller than the CBOR array, the additional CBOR array elements are discarded. If the CBOR array is smaller than the Go array, the additional Go array elements are set to zero values.

To unmarshal a CBOR map into a map, Unmarshal allocates a new map only if the map is nil. Otherwise Unmarshal reuses the existing map, keeping existing entries. Unmarshal stores key-value pairs from the CBOR map into Go map.

To unmarshal a CBOR map into a struct, Unmarshal matches CBOR map keys to the keys in the following priority:

1. "cbor" key in struct field tag,
2. "json" key in struct field tag,
3. struct field name.

Unmarshal prefers an exact match but also accepts a case-insensitive match. Map keys which don't have a corresponding struct field are ignored.

To unmarshal a CBOR text string into a time.Time value, Unmarshal parses text string formatted in RFC3339. To unmarshal a CBOR integer/float into a time.Time value, Unmarshal creates an unix time with integer/float as seconds and fractional seconds since January 1, 1970 UTC.

To unmarshal CBOR into a value implementing the Unmarshaler interface, Unmarshal calls that value's UnmarshalCBOR method.

Unmarshal decodes a CBOR byte string into a value implementing encoding.BinaryUnmarshaler.

If a CBOR value is not appropriate for a given Go type, or if a CBOR number overflows the Go type, Unmarshal skips that field and completes the unmarshalling as best as it can. If no more serious errors are encountered, unmarshal returns an UnmarshalTypeError describing the earliest such error. In any case, it's not guaranteed that all the remaining fields following the problematic one will be unmarshaled into the target object.

The CBOR null value unmarshals into a slice/map/pointer/interface by setting that Go value to nil. Because null is often used to mean "not present", unmarshalling a CBOR null into any other Go type has no effect on the value produces no error.

Unmarshal ignores CBOR tag data and parses tagged data following CBOR tag.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	type Animal struct {
		Age    int
		Name   string
		Owners []string
		Male   bool
	}
	cborData, _ := hex.DecodeString("a46341676504644e616d656543616e6479664f776e65727382644d617279634a6f65644d616c65f4")
	var animal Animal
	err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborData, &animal)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%+v", animal)
}
{Age:4 Name:Candy Owners:[Mary Joe] Male:false}
Example (Time)

Code:

package main

import (
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
	"time"
)

func main() {
	cborRFC3339Time, _ := hex.DecodeString("74323031332d30332d32315432303a30343a30305a")
	tm := time.Time{}
	if err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborRFC3339Time, &tm); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%+v\n", tm.UTC().Format(time.RFC3339Nano))
	cborUnixTime, _ := hex.DecodeString("1a514b67b0")
	tm = time.Time{}
	if err := cbor.Unmarshal(cborUnixTime, &tm); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%+v\n", tm.UTC().Format(time.RFC3339Nano))
}
2013-03-21T20:04:00Z
2013-03-21T20:04:00Z

func Valid

func Valid(data []byte) (rest []byte, err error)

Valid checks whether CBOR data is complete and well-formed.

type Decoder

type Decoder struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Decoder reads and decodes CBOR values from an input stream.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"encoding/hex"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
	"io"
)

func main() {
	type Animal struct {
		Age    int
		Name   string
		Owners []string
		Male   bool
	}
	cborData, _ := hex.DecodeString("a46341676504644d616c65f4644e616d656543616e6479664f776e65727382644d617279634a6f65a46341676506644d616c65f5644e616d656452756479664f776e657273816543696e6479a46341676502644d616c65f5644e616d656444756b65664f776e65727381664e6f72746f6e")
	dec := cbor.NewDecoder(bytes.NewReader(cborData))
	for {
		var animal Animal
		if err := dec.Decode(&animal); err != nil {
			if err != io.EOF {
				fmt.Println("error:", err)
			}
			break
		}
		fmt.Printf("%+v\n", animal)
	}
}
{Age:4 Name:Candy Owners:[Mary Joe] Male:false}
{Age:6 Name:Rudy Owners:[Cindy] Male:true}
{Age:2 Name:Duke Owners:[Norton] Male:true}

func NewDecoder

func NewDecoder(r io.Reader) *Decoder

NewDecoder returns a new decoder that reads from r.

func (*Decoder) Decode

func (dec *Decoder) Decode(v interface{}) error

Decode reads the next CBOR-encoded value from its input and stores it in the value pointed to by v.

func (*Decoder) NumBytesRead

func (dec *Decoder) NumBytesRead() int

NumBytesRead returns the number of bytes read.

type EncOptions

type EncOptions struct {
	// Sort specifies sorting order.
	Sort SortMode

	// ShortestFloat specifies the shortest floating-point encoding that preserves
	// the value being encoded.
	ShortestFloat ShortestFloatMode

	// NaNConvert specifies how to encode NaN and it overrides ShortestFloatMode.
	NaNConvert NaNConvertMode

	// InfConvert specifies how to encode Inf and it overrides ShortestFloatMode.
	InfConvert InfConvertMode

	// Canonical causes map and struct to be encoded in a predictable sequence
	// of bytes by sorting map keys or struct fields according to canonical rules:
	//     - If two keys have different lengths, the shorter one sorts earlier;
	//     - If two keys have the same length, the one with the lower value in
	//       (byte-wise) lexical order sorts earlier.
	//
	// Deprecated: Set Sort to SortCanonical instead.
	Canonical bool

	// CTAP2Canonical uses bytewise lexicographic order of map keys encodings:
	//     - If the major types are different, the one with the lower value in
	//       numerical order sorts earlier.
	//     - If two keys have different lengths, the shorter one sorts earlier;
	//     - If two keys have the same length, the one with the lower value in
	//       (byte-wise) lexical order sorts earlier.
	// Please note that when maps keys have the same data type, "canonical CBOR"
	// AND "CTAP2 canonical CBOR" render the same sort order.
	//
	// Deprecated: Set Sort to SortCTAP2 instead.
	CTAP2Canonical bool

	// TimeRFC3339 causes time.Time to be encoded as string in RFC3339 format;
	// otherwise, time.Time is encoded as numerical representation of seconds
	// since January 1, 1970 UTC.
	TimeRFC3339 bool
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

EncOptions specifies encoding options.

func CTAP2EncOptions

func CTAP2EncOptions() EncOptions

CTAP2EncOptions returns EncOptions for "CTAP2 Canonical CBOR" encoding, defined in CTAP specification, with the following rules:

1. "Integers must be encoded as small as possible."
2. "The representations of any floating-point values are not changed."
3. "The expression of lengths in major types 2 through 5 must be as short as possible."
4. "Indefinite-length items must be made into definite-length items.""
5. The keys in every map must be sorted in bytewise lexicographic order.
   See SortBytewiseLexical for details.
6. "Tags as defined in Section 2.4 in [RFC7049] MUST NOT be present."

func CanonicalEncOptions

func CanonicalEncOptions() EncOptions

CanonicalEncOptions returns EncOptions for "Canonical CBOR" encoding, defined in RFC 7049 Section 3.9 with the following rules:

1. "Integers must be as small as possible."
2. "The expression of lengths in major types 2 through 5 must be as short as possible."
3. The keys in every map must be sorted in length-first sorting order.
   See SortLengthFirst for details.
4. "Indefinite-length items must be made into definite-length items."
5. "If a protocol allows for IEEE floats, then additional canonicalization rules might
   need to be added.  One example rule might be to have all floats start as a 64-bit
   float, then do a test conversion to a 32-bit float; if the result is the same numeric
   value, use the shorter value and repeat the process with a test conversion to a
   16-bit float.  (This rule selects 16-bit float for positive and negative Infinity
   as well.)  Also, there are many representations for NaN.  If NaN is an allowed value,
   it must always be represented as 0xf97e00."

func CoreDetEncOptions

func CoreDetEncOptions() EncOptions

CoreDetEncOptions returns EncOptions for "Core Deterministic" encoding, defined in RFC 7049bis with the following rules:

1. "Preferred serialization MUST be used. In particular, this means that arguments
   (see Section 3) for integers, lengths in major types 2 through 5, and tags MUST
   be as short as possible"
   "Floating point values also MUST use the shortest form that preserves the value"
2. "Indefinite-length items MUST NOT appear."
3. "The keys in every map MUST be sorted in the bytewise lexicographic order of
   their deterministic encodings."

func PreferredUnsortedEncOptions

func PreferredUnsortedEncOptions() EncOptions

PreferredUnsortedEncOptions returns EncOptions for "Preferred Serialization" encoding, defined in RFC 7049bis with the following rules:

1. "The preferred serialization always uses the shortest form of representing the argument
   (Section 3);"
2. "it also uses the shortest floating-point encoding that preserves the value being
   encoded (see Section 5.5)."
   "The preferred encoding for a floating-point value is the shortest floating-point encoding
   that preserves its value, e.g., 0xf94580 for the number 5.5, and 0xfa45ad9c00 for the
   number 5555.5, unless the CBOR-based protocol specifically excludes the use of the shorter
   floating-point encodings. For NaN values, a shorter encoding is preferred if zero-padding
   the shorter significand towards the right reconstitutes the original NaN value (for many
   applications, the single NaN encoding 0xf97e00 will suffice)."
3. "Definite length encoding is preferred whenever the length is known at the time the
   serialization of the item starts."

type Encoder

type Encoder struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Encoder writes CBOR values to an output stream.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	type Animal struct {
		Age    int
		Name   string
		Owners []string
		Male   bool
	}
	animals := []Animal{
		{Age: 4, Name: "Candy", Owners: []string{"Mary", "Joe"}, Male: false},
		{Age: 6, Name: "Rudy", Owners: []string{"Cindy"}, Male: true},
		{Age: 2, Name: "Duke", Owners: []string{"Norton"}, Male: true},
	}
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	enc := cbor.NewEncoder(&buf, cbor.CanonicalEncOptions())
	for _, animal := range animals {
		err := enc.Encode(animal)
		if err != nil {
			fmt.Println("error:", err)
		}
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", buf.Bytes())
}
a46341676504644d616c65f4644e616d656543616e6479664f776e65727382644d617279634a6f65a46341676506644d616c65f5644e616d656452756479664f776e657273816543696e6479a46341676502644d616c65f5644e616d656444756b65664f776e65727381664e6f72746f6e
Example (IndefiniteLengthArray)

ExampleEncoder_indefiniteLengthArray encodes a stream of elements as an indefinite length array. Encoder supports nested indefinite length values.

Code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	enc := cbor.NewEncoder(&buf, cbor.EncOptions{})
	// Start indefinite length array encoding.
	if err := enc.StartIndefiniteArray(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode array element.
	if err := enc.Encode(1); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode array element.
	if err := enc.Encode([]int{2, 3}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Start a nested indefinite length array as array element.
	if err := enc.StartIndefiniteArray(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode nested array element.
	if err := enc.Encode(4); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode nested array element.
	if err := enc.Encode(5); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Close nested indefinite length array.
	if err := enc.EndIndefinite(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Close outer indefinite length array.
	if err := enc.EndIndefinite(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", buf.Bytes())
}
9f018202039f0405ffff
Example (IndefiniteLengthByteString)

ExampleEncoder_indefiniteLengthByteString encodes a stream of definite length byte string ("chunks") as an indefinite length byte string.

Code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	encoder := cbor.NewEncoder(&buf, cbor.EncOptions{})
	// Start indefinite length byte string encoding.
	if err := encoder.StartIndefiniteByteString(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode definite length byte string.
	if err := encoder.Encode([]byte{1, 2}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode definite length byte string.
	if err := encoder.Encode([3]byte{3, 4, 5}); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Close indefinite length byte string.
	if err := encoder.EndIndefinite(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", buf.Bytes())
}
5f42010243030405ff
Example (IndefiniteLengthMap)

ExampleEncoder_indefiniteLengthMap encodes a stream of elements as an indefinite length map. Encoder supports nested indefinite length values.

Code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	enc := cbor.NewEncoder(&buf, cbor.EncOptions{Sort: cbor.SortCanonical})
	// Start indefinite length map encoding.
	if err := enc.StartIndefiniteMap(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode map key.
	if err := enc.Encode("a"); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode map value.
	if err := enc.Encode(1); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode map key.
	if err := enc.Encode("b"); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Start an indefinite length array as map value.
	if err := enc.StartIndefiniteArray(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encoded array element.
	if err := enc.Encode(2); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encoded array element.
	if err := enc.Encode(3); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Close indefinite length array.
	if err := enc.EndIndefinite(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Close indefinite length map.
	if err := enc.EndIndefinite(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", buf.Bytes())
}
bf61610161629f0203ffff
Example (IndefiniteLengthTextString)

ExampleEncoder_indefiniteLengthTextString encodes a stream of definite length text string ("chunks") as an indefinite length text string.

Code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/fxamacker/cbor"
)

func main() {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	encoder := cbor.NewEncoder(&buf, cbor.EncOptions{})
	// Start indefinite length text string encoding.
	if err := encoder.StartIndefiniteTextString(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode definite length text string.
	if err := encoder.Encode("strea"); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Encode definite length text string.
	if err := encoder.Encode("ming"); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	// Close indefinite length text string.
	if err := encoder.EndIndefinite(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("error:", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%x\n", buf.Bytes())
}
7f657374726561646d696e67ff

func NewEncoder

func NewEncoder(w io.Writer, encOpts EncOptions) *Encoder

NewEncoder returns a new encoder that writes to w.

func (*Encoder) Encode

func (enc *Encoder) Encode(v interface{}) error

Encode writes the CBOR encoding of v to the stream.

func (*Encoder) EndIndefinite

func (enc *Encoder) EndIndefinite() error

EndIndefinite closes last opened indefinite length value.

func (*Encoder) StartIndefiniteArray

func (enc *Encoder) StartIndefiniteArray() error

StartIndefiniteArray starts array encoding of indefinite length. Subsequent calls of (*Encoder).Encode() encodes elements of the array until EndIndefinite is called.

func (*Encoder) StartIndefiniteByteString

func (enc *Encoder) StartIndefiniteByteString() error

StartIndefiniteByteString starts byte string encoding of indefinite length. Subsequent calls of (*Encoder).Encode() encodes definite length byte strings ("chunks") as one continguous string until EndIndefinite is called.

func (*Encoder) StartIndefiniteMap

func (enc *Encoder) StartIndefiniteMap() error

StartIndefiniteMap starts array encoding of indefinite length. Subsequent calls of (*Encoder).Encode() encodes elements of the map until EndIndefinite is called.

func (*Encoder) StartIndefiniteTextString

func (enc *Encoder) StartIndefiniteTextString() error

StartIndefiniteTextString starts text string encoding of indefinite length. Subsequent calls of (*Encoder).Encode() encodes definite length text strings ("chunks") as one continguous string until EndIndefinite is called.

type InfConvertMode

type InfConvertMode int

InfConvertMode specifies how to encode Infinity and overrides ShortestFloatMode. ShortestFloatMode is not used for encoding Infinity and NaN values.

const (
	// InfConvertFloat16 always converts Inf to lossless IEEE binary16 (float16).
	InfConvertFloat16 InfConvertMode = iota

	// InfConvertNone never converts (used by CTAP2 Canonical CBOR).
	InfConvertNone
)

type InvalidUnmarshalError

type InvalidUnmarshalError struct {
	Type reflect.Type
}

InvalidUnmarshalError describes an invalid argument passed to Unmarshal.

func (*InvalidUnmarshalError) Error

func (e *InvalidUnmarshalError) Error() string

type Marshaler

type Marshaler interface {
	MarshalCBOR() ([]byte, error)
}

Marshaler is the interface implemented by types that can marshal themselves into valid CBOR.

type NaNConvertMode

type NaNConvertMode int

NaNConvertMode specifies how to encode NaN and overrides ShortestFloatMode. ShortestFloatMode is not used for encoding Infinity and NaN values.

const (
	// NaNConvert7e00 always encodes NaN to 0xf97e00 (CBOR float16 = 0x7e00).
	NaNConvert7e00 NaNConvertMode = iota

	// NaNConvertNone never modifies or converts NaN to other representations
	// (float64 NaN stays float64, etc. even if it can use float16 without losing
	// any bits).
	NaNConvertNone

	// NaNConvertPreserveSignal converts NaN to the smallest form that preserves
	// value (quiet bit + payload) as described in RFC 7049bis Draft 12.
	NaNConvertPreserveSignal

	// NaNConvertQuiet always forces quiet bit = 1 and shortest form that preserves
	// NaN payload.
	NaNConvertQuiet
)

type RawMessage

type RawMessage []byte

RawMessage is a raw encoded CBOR value. It implements Marshaler and Unmarshaler interfaces and can be used to delay CBOR decoding or precompute a CBOR encoding.

func (RawMessage) MarshalCBOR

func (m RawMessage) MarshalCBOR() ([]byte, error)

MarshalCBOR returns m as the CBOR encoding of m.

func (*RawMessage) UnmarshalCBOR

func (m *RawMessage) UnmarshalCBOR(data []byte) error

UnmarshalCBOR sets *m to a copy of data.

type SemanticError

type SemanticError struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

SemanticError is a description of a CBOR semantic error.

func (*SemanticError) Error

func (e *SemanticError) Error() string

type ShortestFloatMode

type ShortestFloatMode int

ShortestFloatMode specifies which floating-point format should be used as the shortest possible format for CBOR encoding. It is not used for encoding Infinity and NaN values.

const (
	// ShortestFloatNone makes float values encode without any conversion.
	// This is the default for ShortestFloatMode in v1.
	// E.g. a float32 in Go will encode to CBOR float32.  And
	// a float64 in Go will encode to CBOR float64.
	ShortestFloatNone ShortestFloatMode = iota

	// ShortestFloat16 specifies float16 as the shortest form that preserves value.
	// E.g. if float64 can convert to float32 while perserving value, then
	// encoding will also try to convert float32 to float16.  So a float64 might
	// encode as CBOR float64, float32 or float16 depending on the value.
	ShortestFloat16
)

type SortMode

type SortMode int

SortMode identifies supported sorting order.

const (
	// SortNone means no sorting.
	SortNone SortMode = 0

	// SortLengthFirst causes map keys or struct fields to be sorted such that:
	//     - If two keys have different lengths, the shorter one sorts earlier;
	//     - If two keys have the same length, the one with the lower value in
	//       (byte-wise) lexical order sorts earlier.
	// It is used in "Canonical CBOR" encoding in RFC 7049 3.9.
	SortLengthFirst SortMode = 1

	// SortBytewiseLexical causes map keys or struct fields to be sorted in the
	// bytewise lexicographic order of their deterministic CBOR encodings.
	// It is used in "CTAP2 Canonical CBOR" and "Core Deterministic Encoding"
	// in RFC 7049bis.
	SortBytewiseLexical SortMode = 2

	// SortCanonical is used in "Canonical CBOR" encoding in RFC 7049 3.9.
	SortCanonical SortMode = SortLengthFirst

	// SortCTAP2 is used in "CTAP2 Canonical CBOR".
	SortCTAP2 SortMode = SortBytewiseLexical

	// SortCoreDeterministic is used in "Core Deterministic Encoding" in RFC 7049bis.
	SortCoreDeterministic SortMode = SortBytewiseLexical
)

type SyntaxError

type SyntaxError struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

SyntaxError is a description of a CBOR syntax error.

func (*SyntaxError) Error

func (e *SyntaxError) Error() string

type UnmarshalTypeError

type UnmarshalTypeError struct {
	Value  string       // description of CBOR value
	Type   reflect.Type // type of Go value it could not be assigned to
	Struct string       // struct type containing the field
	Field  string       // name of the field holding the Go value
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

UnmarshalTypeError describes a CBOR value that was not appropriate for a Go type.

func (*UnmarshalTypeError) Error

func (e *UnmarshalTypeError) Error() string

type Unmarshaler

type Unmarshaler interface {
	UnmarshalCBOR([]byte) error
}

Unmarshaler is the interface implemented by types that can unmarshal a CBOR representation of themselves. The input can be assumed to be a valid encoding of a CBOR value. UnmarshalCBOR must copy the CBOR data if it wishes to retain the data after returning.

type UnsupportedTypeError

type UnsupportedTypeError struct {
	Type reflect.Type
}

UnsupportedTypeError is returned by Marshal when attempting to encode an unsupported value type.

func (*UnsupportedTypeError) Error

func (e *UnsupportedTypeError) Error() string

Package Files

Documentation was rendered with GOOS=linux and GOARCH=amd64.

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