gin

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Published: May 21, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 34 Imported by: 24969

README

Gin Web Framework

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Gin is a web framework written in Go (Golang). It features a martini-like API with performance that is up to 40 times faster thanks to httprouter. If you need performance and good productivity, you will love Gin.

Contents

Installation

To install Gin package, you need to install Go and set your Go workspace first.

  1. The first need Go installed (version 1.12+ is required), then you can use the below Go command to install Gin.
$ go get -u github.com/gin-gonic/gin
  1. Import it in your code:
import "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
  1. (Optional) Import net/http. This is required for example if using constants such as http.StatusOK.
import "net/http"

Quick start

# assume the following codes in example.go file
$ cat example.go
package main

import "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()
	r.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(200, gin.H{
			"message": "pong",
		})
	})
	r.Run() // listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080 (for windows "localhost:8080")
}
# run example.go and visit 0.0.0.0:8080/ping (for windows "localhost:8080/ping") on browser
$ go run example.go

Benchmarks

Gin uses a custom version of HttpRouter

See all benchmarks

Benchmark name (1) (2) (3) (4)
BenchmarkGin_GithubAll 43550 27364 ns/op 0 B/op 0 allocs/op
BenchmarkAce_GithubAll 40543 29670 ns/op 0 B/op 0 allocs/op
BenchmarkAero_GithubAll 57632 20648 ns/op 0 B/op 0 allocs/op
BenchmarkBear_GithubAll 9234 216179 ns/op 86448 B/op 943 allocs/op
BenchmarkBeego_GithubAll 7407 243496 ns/op 71456 B/op 609 allocs/op
BenchmarkBone_GithubAll 420 2922835 ns/op 720160 B/op 8620 allocs/op
BenchmarkChi_GithubAll 7620 238331 ns/op 87696 B/op 609 allocs/op
BenchmarkDenco_GithubAll 18355 64494 ns/op 20224 B/op 167 allocs/op
BenchmarkEcho_GithubAll 31251 38479 ns/op 0 B/op 0 allocs/op
BenchmarkGocraftWeb_GithubAll 4117 300062 ns/op 131656 B/op 1686 allocs/op
BenchmarkGoji_GithubAll 3274 416158 ns/op 56112 B/op 334 allocs/op
BenchmarkGojiv2_GithubAll 1402 870518 ns/op 352720 B/op 4321 allocs/op
BenchmarkGoJsonRest_GithubAll 2976 401507 ns/op 134371 B/op 2737 allocs/op
BenchmarkGoRestful_GithubAll 410 2913158 ns/op 910144 B/op 2938 allocs/op
BenchmarkGorillaMux_GithubAll 346 3384987 ns/op 251650 B/op 1994 allocs/op
BenchmarkGowwwRouter_GithubAll 10000 143025 ns/op 72144 B/op 501 allocs/op
BenchmarkHttpRouter_GithubAll 55938 21360 ns/op 0 B/op 0 allocs/op
BenchmarkHttpTreeMux_GithubAll 10000 153944 ns/op 65856 B/op 671 allocs/op
BenchmarkKocha_GithubAll 10000 106315 ns/op 23304 B/op 843 allocs/op
BenchmarkLARS_GithubAll 47779 25084 ns/op 0 B/op 0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMacaron_GithubAll 3266 371907 ns/op 149409 B/op 1624 allocs/op
BenchmarkMartini_GithubAll 331 3444706 ns/op 226551 B/op 2325 allocs/op
BenchmarkPat_GithubAll 273 4381818 ns/op 1483152 B/op 26963 allocs/op
BenchmarkPossum_GithubAll 10000 164367 ns/op 84448 B/op 609 allocs/op
BenchmarkR2router_GithubAll 10000 160220 ns/op 77328 B/op 979 allocs/op
BenchmarkRivet_GithubAll 14625 82453 ns/op 16272 B/op 167 allocs/op
BenchmarkTango_GithubAll 6255 279611 ns/op 63826 B/op 1618 allocs/op
BenchmarkTigerTonic_GithubAll 2008 687874 ns/op 193856 B/op 4474 allocs/op
BenchmarkTraffic_GithubAll 355 3478508 ns/op 820744 B/op 14114 allocs/op
BenchmarkVulcan_GithubAll 6885 193333 ns/op 19894 B/op 609 allocs/op
  • (1): Total Repetitions achieved in constant time, higher means more confident result
  • (2): Single Repetition Duration (ns/op), lower is better
  • (3): Heap Memory (B/op), lower is better
  • (4): Average Allocations per Repetition (allocs/op), lower is better

Gin v1. stable

  • Zero allocation router.
  • Still the fastest http router and framework. From routing to writing.
  • Complete suite of unit tests.
  • Battle tested.
  • API frozen, new releases will not break your code.

Build with jsoniter

Gin uses encoding/json as default json package but you can change to jsoniter by build from other tags.

$ go build -tags=jsoniter .

API Examples

You can find a number of ready-to-run examples at Gin examples repository.

Using GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, DELETE and OPTIONS
func main() {
	// Creates a gin router with default middleware:
	// logger and recovery (crash-free) middleware
	router := gin.Default()

	router.GET("/someGet", getting)
	router.POST("/somePost", posting)
	router.PUT("/somePut", putting)
	router.DELETE("/someDelete", deleting)
	router.PATCH("/somePatch", patching)
	router.HEAD("/someHead", head)
	router.OPTIONS("/someOptions", options)

	// By default it serves on :8080 unless a
	// PORT environment variable was defined.
	router.Run()
	// router.Run(":3000") for a hard coded port
}
Parameters in path
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// This handler will match /user/john but will not match /user/ or /user
	router.GET("/user/:name", func(c *gin.Context) {
		name := c.Param("name")
		c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello %s", name)
	})

	// However, this one will match /user/john/ and also /user/john/send
	// If no other routers match /user/john, it will redirect to /user/john/
	router.GET("/user/:name/*action", func(c *gin.Context) {
		name := c.Param("name")
		action := c.Param("action")
		message := name + " is " + action
		c.String(http.StatusOK, message)
	})

	// For each matched request Context will hold the route definition
	router.POST("/user/:name/*action", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.FullPath() == "/user/:name/*action" // true
	})

	// This handler will add a new router for /user/groups.
	// Exact routes are resolved before param routes, regardless of the order they were defined.
	// Routes starting with /user/groups are never interpreted as /user/:name/... routes
	router.GET("/user/groups", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.String(http.StatusOK, "The available groups are [...]", name)
	})

	router.Run(":8080")
}
Querystring parameters
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// Query string parameters are parsed using the existing underlying request object.
	// The request responds to a url matching:  /welcome?firstname=Jane&lastname=Doe
	router.GET("/welcome", func(c *gin.Context) {
		firstname := c.DefaultQuery("firstname", "Guest")
		lastname := c.Query("lastname") // shortcut for c.Request.URL.Query().Get("lastname")

		c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello %s %s", firstname, lastname)
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}
Multipart/Urlencoded Form
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	router.POST("/form_post", func(c *gin.Context) {
		message := c.PostForm("message")
		nick := c.DefaultPostForm("nick", "anonymous")

		c.JSON(200, gin.H{
			"status":  "posted",
			"message": message,
			"nick":    nick,
		})
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}
Another example: query + post form
POST /post?id=1234&page=1 HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

name=manu&message=this_is_great
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	router.POST("/post", func(c *gin.Context) {

		id := c.Query("id")
		page := c.DefaultQuery("page", "0")
		name := c.PostForm("name")
		message := c.PostForm("message")

		fmt.Printf("id: %s; page: %s; name: %s; message: %s", id, page, name, message)
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}
id: 1234; page: 1; name: manu; message: this_is_great
Map as querystring or postform parameters
POST /post?ids[a]=1234&ids[b]=hello HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

names[first]=thinkerou&names[second]=tianou
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	router.POST("/post", func(c *gin.Context) {

		ids := c.QueryMap("ids")
		names := c.PostFormMap("names")

		fmt.Printf("ids: %v; names: %v", ids, names)
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}
ids: map[b:hello a:1234]; names: map[second:tianou first:thinkerou]
Upload files
Single file

References issue #774 and detail example code.

file.Filename SHOULD NOT be trusted. See Content-Disposition on MDN and #1693

The filename is always optional and must not be used blindly by the application: path information should be stripped, and conversion to the server file system rules should be done.

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	// Set a lower memory limit for multipart forms (default is 32 MiB)
	router.MaxMultipartMemory = 8 << 20  // 8 MiB
	router.POST("/upload", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// single file
		file, _ := c.FormFile("file")
		log.Println(file.Filename)

		// Upload the file to specific dst.
		c.SaveUploadedFile(file, dst)

		c.String(http.StatusOK, fmt.Sprintf("'%s' uploaded!", file.Filename))
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}

How to curl:

curl -X POST http://localhost:8080/upload \
  -F "file=@/Users/appleboy/test.zip" \
  -H "Content-Type: multipart/form-data"
Multiple files

See the detail example code.

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	// Set a lower memory limit for multipart forms (default is 32 MiB)
	router.MaxMultipartMemory = 8 << 20  // 8 MiB
	router.POST("/upload", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// Multipart form
		form, _ := c.MultipartForm()
		files := form.File["upload[]"]

		for _, file := range files {
			log.Println(file.Filename)

			// Upload the file to specific dst.
			c.SaveUploadedFile(file, dst)
		}
		c.String(http.StatusOK, fmt.Sprintf("%d files uploaded!", len(files)))
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}

How to curl:

curl -X POST http://localhost:8080/upload \
  -F "upload[]=@/Users/appleboy/test1.zip" \
  -F "upload[]=@/Users/appleboy/test2.zip" \
  -H "Content-Type: multipart/form-data"
Grouping routes
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// Simple group: v1
	v1 := router.Group("/v1")
	{
		v1.POST("/login", loginEndpoint)
		v1.POST("/submit", submitEndpoint)
		v1.POST("/read", readEndpoint)
	}

	// Simple group: v2
	v2 := router.Group("/v2")
	{
		v2.POST("/login", loginEndpoint)
		v2.POST("/submit", submitEndpoint)
		v2.POST("/read", readEndpoint)
	}

	router.Run(":8080")
}
Blank Gin without middleware by default

Use

r := gin.New()

instead of

// Default With the Logger and Recovery middleware already attached
r := gin.Default()
Using middleware
func main() {
	// Creates a router without any middleware by default
	r := gin.New()

	// Global middleware
	// Logger middleware will write the logs to gin.DefaultWriter even if you set with GIN_MODE=release.
	// By default gin.DefaultWriter = os.Stdout
	r.Use(gin.Logger())

	// Recovery middleware recovers from any panics and writes a 500 if there was one.
	r.Use(gin.Recovery())

	// Per route middleware, you can add as many as you desire.
	r.GET("/benchmark", MyBenchLogger(), benchEndpoint)

	// Authorization group
	// authorized := r.Group("/", AuthRequired())
	// exactly the same as:
	authorized := r.Group("/")
	// per group middleware! in this case we use the custom created
	// AuthRequired() middleware just in the "authorized" group.
	authorized.Use(AuthRequired())
	{
		authorized.POST("/login", loginEndpoint)
		authorized.POST("/submit", submitEndpoint)
		authorized.POST("/read", readEndpoint)

		// nested group
		testing := authorized.Group("testing")
		testing.GET("/analytics", analyticsEndpoint)
	}

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
Custom Recovery behavior
func main() {
	// Creates a router without any middleware by default
	r := gin.New()

	// Global middleware
	// Logger middleware will write the logs to gin.DefaultWriter even if you set with GIN_MODE=release.
	// By default gin.DefaultWriter = os.Stdout
	r.Use(gin.Logger())

	// Recovery middleware recovers from any panics and writes a 500 if there was one.
	r.Use(gin.CustomRecovery(func(c *gin.Context, recovered interface{}) {
		if err, ok := recovered.(string); ok {
			c.String(http.StatusInternalServerError, fmt.Sprintf("error: %s", err))
		}
		c.AbortWithStatus(http.StatusInternalServerError)
	}))

	r.GET("/panic", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// panic with a string -- the custom middleware could save this to a database or report it to the user
		panic("foo")
	})

	r.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.String(http.StatusOK, "ohai")
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
How to write log file
func main() {
    // Disable Console Color, you don't need console color when writing the logs to file.
    gin.DisableConsoleColor()

    // Logging to a file.
    f, _ := os.Create("gin.log")
    gin.DefaultWriter = io.MultiWriter(f)

    // Use the following code if you need to write the logs to file and console at the same time.
    // gin.DefaultWriter = io.MultiWriter(f, os.Stdout)

    router := gin.Default()
    router.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
        c.String(200, "pong")
    })

    router.Run(":8080")
}
Custom Log Format
func main() {
	router := gin.New()

	// LoggerWithFormatter middleware will write the logs to gin.DefaultWriter
	// By default gin.DefaultWriter = os.Stdout
	router.Use(gin.LoggerWithFormatter(func(param gin.LogFormatterParams) string {

		// your custom format
		return fmt.Sprintf("%s - [%s] \"%s %s %s %d %s \"%s\" %s\"\n",
				param.ClientIP,
				param.TimeStamp.Format(time.RFC1123),
				param.Method,
				param.Path,
				param.Request.Proto,
				param.StatusCode,
				param.Latency,
				param.Request.UserAgent(),
				param.ErrorMessage,
		)
	}))
	router.Use(gin.Recovery())

	router.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.String(200, "pong")
	})

	router.Run(":8080")
}

Sample Output

::1 - [Fri, 07 Dec 2018 17:04:38 JST] "GET /ping HTTP/1.1 200 122.767µs "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_11_6) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/71.0.3578.80 Safari/537.36" "
Controlling Log output coloring

By default, logs output on console should be colorized depending on the detected TTY.

Never colorize logs:

func main() {
    // Disable log's color
    gin.DisableConsoleColor()

    // Creates a gin router with default middleware:
    // logger and recovery (crash-free) middleware
    router := gin.Default()

    router.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
        c.String(200, "pong")
    })

    router.Run(":8080")
}

Always colorize logs:

func main() {
    // Force log's color
    gin.ForceConsoleColor()

    // Creates a gin router with default middleware:
    // logger and recovery (crash-free) middleware
    router := gin.Default()

    router.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
        c.String(200, "pong")
    })

    router.Run(":8080")
}
Model binding and validation

To bind a request body into a type, use model binding. We currently support binding of JSON, XML, YAML and standard form values (foo=bar&boo=baz).

Gin uses go-playground/validator/v10 for validation. Check the full docs on tags usage here.

Note that you need to set the corresponding binding tag on all fields you want to bind. For example, when binding from JSON, set json:"fieldname".

Also, Gin provides two sets of methods for binding:

  • Type - Must bind
    • Methods - Bind, BindJSON, BindXML, BindQuery, BindYAML, BindHeader
    • Behavior - These methods use MustBindWith under the hood. If there is a binding error, the request is aborted with c.AbortWithError(400, err).SetType(ErrorTypeBind). This sets the response status code to 400 and the Content-Type header is set to text/plain; charset=utf-8. Note that if you try to set the response code after this, it will result in a warning [GIN-debug] [WARNING] Headers were already written. Wanted to override status code 400 with 422. If you wish to have greater control over the behavior, consider using the ShouldBind equivalent method.
  • Type - Should bind
    • Methods - ShouldBind, ShouldBindJSON, ShouldBindXML, ShouldBindQuery, ShouldBindYAML, ShouldBindHeader
    • Behavior - These methods use ShouldBindWith under the hood. If there is a binding error, the error is returned and it is the developer's responsibility to handle the request and error appropriately.

When using the Bind-method, Gin tries to infer the binder depending on the Content-Type header. If you are sure what you are binding, you can use MustBindWith or ShouldBindWith.

You can also specify that specific fields are required. If a field is decorated with binding:"required" and has a empty value when binding, an error will be returned.

// Binding from JSON
type Login struct {
	User     string `form:"user" json:"user" xml:"user"  binding:"required"`
	Password string `form:"password" json:"password" xml:"password" binding:"required"`
}

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// Example for binding JSON ({"user": "manu", "password": "123"})
	router.POST("/loginJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		var json Login
		if err := c.ShouldBindJSON(&json); err != nil {
			c.JSON(http.StatusBadRequest, gin.H{"error": err.Error()})
			return
		}

		if json.User != "manu" || json.Password != "123" {
			c.JSON(http.StatusUnauthorized, gin.H{"status": "unauthorized"})
			return
		}

		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"status": "you are logged in"})
	})

	// Example for binding XML (
	//	<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
	//	<root>
	//		<user>user</user>
	//		<password>123</password>
	//	</root>)
	router.POST("/loginXML", func(c *gin.Context) {
		var xml Login
		if err := c.ShouldBindXML(&xml); err != nil {
			c.JSON(http.StatusBadRequest, gin.H{"error": err.Error()})
			return
		}

		if xml.User != "manu" || xml.Password != "123" {
			c.JSON(http.StatusUnauthorized, gin.H{"status": "unauthorized"})
			return
		}

		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"status": "you are logged in"})
	})

	// Example for binding a HTML form (user=manu&password=123)
	router.POST("/loginForm", func(c *gin.Context) {
		var form Login
		// This will infer what binder to use depending on the content-type header.
		if err := c.ShouldBind(&form); err != nil {
			c.JSON(http.StatusBadRequest, gin.H{"error": err.Error()})
			return
		}

		if form.User != "manu" || form.Password != "123" {
			c.JSON(http.StatusUnauthorized, gin.H{"status": "unauthorized"})
			return
		}

		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"status": "you are logged in"})
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	router.Run(":8080")
}

Sample request

$ curl -v -X POST \
  http://localhost:8080/loginJSON \
  -H 'content-type: application/json' \
  -d '{ "user": "manu" }'
> POST /loginJSON HTTP/1.1
> Host: localhost:8080
> User-Agent: curl/7.51.0
> Accept: */*
> content-type: application/json
> Content-Length: 18
>
* upload completely sent off: 18 out of 18 bytes
< HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
< Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
< Date: Fri, 04 Aug 2017 03:51:31 GMT
< Content-Length: 100
<
{"error":"Key: 'Login.Password' Error:Field validation for 'Password' failed on the 'required' tag"}

Skip validate

When running the above example using the above the curl command, it returns error. Because the example use binding:"required" for Password. If use binding:"-" for Password, then it will not return error when running the above example again.

Custom Validators

It is also possible to register custom validators. See the example code.

package main

import (
	"net/http"
	"time"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin/binding"
	"github.com/go-playground/validator/v10"
)

// Booking contains binded and validated data.
type Booking struct {
	CheckIn  time.Time `form:"check_in" binding:"required,bookabledate" time_format:"2006-01-02"`
	CheckOut time.Time `form:"check_out" binding:"required,gtfield=CheckIn" time_format:"2006-01-02"`
}

var bookableDate validator.Func = func(fl validator.FieldLevel) bool {
	date, ok := fl.Field().Interface().(time.Time)
	if ok {
		today := time.Now()
		if today.After(date) {
			return false
		}
	}
	return true
}

func main() {
	route := gin.Default()

	if v, ok := binding.Validator.Engine().(*validator.Validate); ok {
		v.RegisterValidation("bookabledate", bookableDate)
	}

	route.GET("/bookable", getBookable)
	route.Run(":8085")
}

func getBookable(c *gin.Context) {
	var b Booking
	if err := c.ShouldBindWith(&b, binding.Query); err == nil {
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "Booking dates are valid!"})
	} else {
		c.JSON(http.StatusBadRequest, gin.H{"error": err.Error()})
	}
}
$ curl "localhost:8085/bookable?check_in=2030-04-16&check_out=2030-04-17"
{"message":"Booking dates are valid!"}

$ curl "localhost:8085/bookable?check_in=2030-03-10&check_out=2030-03-09"
{"error":"Key: 'Booking.CheckOut' Error:Field validation for 'CheckOut' failed on the 'gtfield' tag"}

$ curl "localhost:8085/bookable?check_in=2000-03-09&check_out=2000-03-10"
{"error":"Key: 'Booking.CheckIn' Error:Field validation for 'CheckIn' failed on the 'bookabledate' tag"}%

Struct level validations can also be registered this way. See the struct-lvl-validation example to learn more.

Only Bind Query String

ShouldBindQuery function only binds the query params and not the post data. See the detail information.

package main

import (
	"log"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

type Person struct {
	Name    string `form:"name"`
	Address string `form:"address"`
}

func main() {
	route := gin.Default()
	route.Any("/testing", startPage)
	route.Run(":8085")
}

func startPage(c *gin.Context) {
	var person Person
	if c.ShouldBindQuery(&person) == nil {
		log.Println("====== Only Bind By Query String ======")
		log.Println(person.Name)
		log.Println(person.Address)
	}
	c.String(200, "Success")
}

Bind Query String or Post Data

See the detail information.

package main

import (
	"log"
	"time"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

type Person struct {
        Name       string    `form:"name"`
        Address    string    `form:"address"`
        Birthday   time.Time `form:"birthday" time_format:"2006-01-02" time_utc:"1"`
        CreateTime time.Time `form:"createTime" time_format:"unixNano"`
        UnixTime   time.Time `form:"unixTime" time_format:"unix"`
}

func main() {
	route := gin.Default()
	route.GET("/testing", startPage)
	route.Run(":8085")
}

func startPage(c *gin.Context) {
	var person Person
	// If `GET`, only `Form` binding engine (`query`) used.
	// If `POST`, first checks the `content-type` for `JSON` or `XML`, then uses `Form` (`form-data`).
	// See more at https://github.com/gin-gonic/gin/blob/master/binding/binding.go#L48
        if c.ShouldBind(&person) == nil {
                log.Println(person.Name)
                log.Println(person.Address)
                log.Println(person.Birthday)
                log.Println(person.CreateTime)
                log.Println(person.UnixTime)
        }

	c.String(200, "Success")
}

Test it with:

$ curl -X GET "localhost:8085/testing?name=appleboy&address=xyz&birthday=1992-03-15&createTime=1562400033000000123&unixTime=1562400033"
Bind Uri

See the detail information.

package main

import "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"

type Person struct {
	ID string `uri:"id" binding:"required,uuid"`
	Name string `uri:"name" binding:"required"`
}

func main() {
	route := gin.Default()
	route.GET("/:name/:id", func(c *gin.Context) {
		var person Person
		if err := c.ShouldBindUri(&person); err != nil {
			c.JSON(400, gin.H{"msg": err})
			return
		}
		c.JSON(200, gin.H{"name": person.Name, "uuid": person.ID})
	})
	route.Run(":8088")
}

Test it with:

$ curl -v localhost:8088/thinkerou/987fbc97-4bed-5078-9f07-9141ba07c9f3
$ curl -v localhost:8088/thinkerou/not-uuid
Bind Header
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

type testHeader struct {
	Rate   int    `header:"Rate"`
	Domain string `header:"Domain"`
}

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()
	r.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		h := testHeader{}

		if err := c.ShouldBindHeader(&h); err != nil {
			c.JSON(200, err)
		}

		fmt.Printf("%#v\n", h)
		c.JSON(200, gin.H{"Rate": h.Rate, "Domain": h.Domain})
	})

	r.Run()

// client
// curl -H "rate:300" -H "domain:music" 127.0.0.1:8080/
// output
// {"Domain":"music","Rate":300}
}
Bind HTML checkboxes

See the detail information

main.go

...

type myForm struct {
    Colors []string `form:"colors[]"`
}

...

func formHandler(c *gin.Context) {
    var fakeForm myForm
    c.ShouldBind(&fakeForm)
    c.JSON(200, gin.H{"color": fakeForm.Colors})
}

...

form.html

<form action="/" method="POST">
    <p>Check some colors</p>
    <label for="red">Red</label>
    <input type="checkbox" name="colors[]" value="red" id="red">
    <label for="green">Green</label>
    <input type="checkbox" name="colors[]" value="green" id="green">
    <label for="blue">Blue</label>
    <input type="checkbox" name="colors[]" value="blue" id="blue">
    <input type="submit">
</form>

result:

{"color":["red","green","blue"]}
Multipart/Urlencoded binding
type ProfileForm struct {
	Name   string                `form:"name" binding:"required"`
	Avatar *multipart.FileHeader `form:"avatar" binding:"required"`

	// or for multiple files
	// Avatars []*multipart.FileHeader `form:"avatar" binding:"required"`
}

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.POST("/profile", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// you can bind multipart form with explicit binding declaration:
		// c.ShouldBindWith(&form, binding.Form)
		// or you can simply use autobinding with ShouldBind method:
		var form ProfileForm
		// in this case proper binding will be automatically selected
		if err := c.ShouldBind(&form); err != nil {
			c.String(http.StatusBadRequest, "bad request")
			return
		}

		err := c.SaveUploadedFile(form.Avatar, form.Avatar.Filename)
		if err != nil {
			c.String(http.StatusInternalServerError, "unknown error")
			return
		}

		// db.Save(&form)

		c.String(http.StatusOK, "ok")
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}

Test it with:

$ curl -X POST -v --form name=user --form "avatar=@./avatar.png" http://localhost:8080/profile
XML, JSON, YAML and ProtoBuf rendering
func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// gin.H is a shortcut for map[string]interface{}
	r.GET("/someJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK})
	})

	r.GET("/moreJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// You also can use a struct
		var msg struct {
			Name    string `json:"user"`
			Message string
			Number  int
		}
		msg.Name = "Lena"
		msg.Message = "hey"
		msg.Number = 123
		// Note that msg.Name becomes "user" in the JSON
		// Will output  :   {"user": "Lena", "Message": "hey", "Number": 123}
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, msg)
	})

	r.GET("/someXML", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.XML(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK})
	})

	r.GET("/someYAML", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.YAML(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK})
	})

	r.GET("/someProtoBuf", func(c *gin.Context) {
		reps := []int64{int64(1), int64(2)}
		label := "test"
		// The specific definition of protobuf is written in the testdata/protoexample file.
		data := &protoexample.Test{
			Label: &label,
			Reps:  reps,
		}
		// Note that data becomes binary data in the response
		// Will output protoexample.Test protobuf serialized data
		c.ProtoBuf(http.StatusOK, data)
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
SecureJSON

Using SecureJSON to prevent json hijacking. Default prepends "while(1)," to response body if the given struct is array values.

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// You can also use your own secure json prefix
	// r.SecureJsonPrefix(")]}',\n")

	r.GET("/someJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		names := []string{"lena", "austin", "foo"}

		// Will output  :   while(1);["lena","austin","foo"]
		c.SecureJSON(http.StatusOK, names)
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
JSONP

Using JSONP to request data from a server in a different domain. Add callback to response body if the query parameter callback exists.

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	r.GET("/JSONP", func(c *gin.Context) {
		data := gin.H{
			"foo": "bar",
		}

		//callback is x
		// Will output  :   x({\"foo\":\"bar\"})
		c.JSONP(http.StatusOK, data)
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")

        // client
        // curl http://127.0.0.1:8080/JSONP?callback=x
}
AsciiJSON

Using AsciiJSON to Generates ASCII-only JSON with escaped non-ASCII characters.

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	r.GET("/someJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		data := gin.H{
			"lang": "GO语言",
			"tag":  "<br>",
		}

		// will output : {"lang":"GO\u8bed\u8a00","tag":"\u003cbr\u003e"}
		c.AsciiJSON(http.StatusOK, data)
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
PureJSON

Normally, JSON replaces special HTML characters with their unicode entities, e.g. < becomes \u003c. If you want to encode such characters literally, you can use PureJSON instead. This feature is unavailable in Go 1.6 and lower.

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// Serves unicode entities
	r.GET("/json", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(200, gin.H{
			"html": "<b>Hello, world!</b>",
		})
	})

	// Serves literal characters
	r.GET("/purejson", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.PureJSON(200, gin.H{
			"html": "<b>Hello, world!</b>",
		})
	})

	// listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
Serving static files
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.Static("/assets", "./assets")
	router.StaticFS("/more_static", http.Dir("my_file_system"))
	router.StaticFile("/favicon.ico", "./resources/favicon.ico")

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	router.Run(":8080")
}
Serving data from file
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	router.GET("/local/file", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.File("local/file.go")
	})

	var fs http.FileSystem = // ...
	router.GET("/fs/file", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.FileFromFS("fs/file.go", fs)
	})
}

Serving data from reader
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.GET("/someDataFromReader", func(c *gin.Context) {
		response, err := http.Get("https://raw.githubusercontent.com/gin-gonic/logo/master/color.png")
		if err != nil || response.StatusCode != http.StatusOK {
			c.Status(http.StatusServiceUnavailable)
			return
		}

		reader := response.Body
 		defer reader.Close()
		contentLength := response.ContentLength
		contentType := response.Header.Get("Content-Type")

		extraHeaders := map[string]string{
			"Content-Disposition": `attachment; filename="gopher.png"`,
		}

		c.DataFromReader(http.StatusOK, contentLength, contentType, reader, extraHeaders)
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}
HTML rendering

Using LoadHTMLGlob() or LoadHTMLFiles()

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.LoadHTMLGlob("templates/*")
	//router.LoadHTMLFiles("templates/template1.html", "templates/template2.html")
	router.GET("/index", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "index.tmpl", gin.H{
			"title": "Main website",
		})
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}

templates/index.tmpl

<html>
	<h1>
		{{ .title }}
	</h1>
</html>

Using templates with same name in different directories

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.LoadHTMLGlob("templates/**/*")
	router.GET("/posts/index", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "posts/index.tmpl", gin.H{
			"title": "Posts",
		})
	})
	router.GET("/users/index", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "users/index.tmpl", gin.H{
			"title": "Users",
		})
	})
	router.Run(":8080")
}

templates/posts/index.tmpl

{{ define "posts/index.tmpl" }}
<html><h1>
	{{ .title }}
</h1>
<p>Using posts/index.tmpl</p>
</html>
{{ end }}

templates/users/index.tmpl

{{ define "users/index.tmpl" }}
<html><h1>
	{{ .title }}
</h1>
<p>Using users/index.tmpl</p>
</html>
{{ end }}
Custom Template renderer

You can also use your own html template render

import "html/template"

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	html := template.Must(template.ParseFiles("file1", "file2"))
	router.SetHTMLTemplate(html)
	router.Run(":8080")
}
Custom Delimiters

You may use custom delims

	r := gin.Default()
	r.Delims("{[{", "}]}")
	r.LoadHTMLGlob("/path/to/templates")
Custom Template Funcs

See the detail example code.

main.go

import (
    "fmt"
    "html/template"
    "net/http"
    "time"

    "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

func formatAsDate(t time.Time) string {
    year, month, day := t.Date()
    return fmt.Sprintf("%d%02d/%02d", year, month, day)
}

func main() {
    router := gin.Default()
    router.Delims("{[{", "}]}")
    router.SetFuncMap(template.FuncMap{
        "formatAsDate": formatAsDate,
    })
    router.LoadHTMLFiles("./testdata/template/raw.tmpl")

    router.GET("/raw", func(c *gin.Context) {
        c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "raw.tmpl", gin.H{
            "now": time.Date(2017, 07, 01, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC),
        })
    })

    router.Run(":8080")
}

raw.tmpl

Date: {[{.now | formatAsDate}]}

Result:

Date: 2017/07/01
Multitemplate

Gin allow by default use only one html.Template. Check a multitemplate render for using features like go 1.6 block template.

Redirects

Issuing a HTTP redirect is easy. Both internal and external locations are supported.

r.GET("/test", func(c *gin.Context) {
	c.Redirect(http.StatusMovedPermanently, "http://www.google.com/")
})

Issuing a HTTP redirect from POST. Refer to issue: #444

r.POST("/test", func(c *gin.Context) {
	c.Redirect(http.StatusFound, "/foo")
})

Issuing a Router redirect, use HandleContext like below.

r.GET("/test", func(c *gin.Context) {
    c.Request.URL.Path = "/test2"
    r.HandleContext(c)
})
r.GET("/test2", func(c *gin.Context) {
    c.JSON(200, gin.H{"hello": "world"})
})
Custom Middleware
func Logger() gin.HandlerFunc {
	return func(c *gin.Context) {
		t := time.Now()

		// Set example variable
		c.Set("example", "12345")

		// before request

		c.Next()

		// after request
		latency := time.Since(t)
		log.Print(latency)

		// access the status we are sending
		status := c.Writer.Status()
		log.Println(status)
	}
}

func main() {
	r := gin.New()
	r.Use(Logger())

	r.GET("/test", func(c *gin.Context) {
		example := c.MustGet("example").(string)

		// it would print: "12345"
		log.Println(example)
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
Using BasicAuth() middleware
// simulate some private data
var secrets = gin.H{
	"foo":    gin.H{"email": "foo@bar.com", "phone": "123433"},
	"austin": gin.H{"email": "austin@example.com", "phone": "666"},
	"lena":   gin.H{"email": "lena@guapa.com", "phone": "523443"},
}

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// Group using gin.BasicAuth() middleware
	// gin.Accounts is a shortcut for map[string]string
	authorized := r.Group("/admin", gin.BasicAuth(gin.Accounts{
		"foo":    "bar",
		"austin": "1234",
		"lena":   "hello2",
		"manu":   "4321",
	}))

	// /admin/secrets endpoint
	// hit "localhost:8080/admin/secrets
	authorized.GET("/secrets", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// get user, it was set by the BasicAuth middleware
		user := c.MustGet(gin.AuthUserKey).(string)
		if secret, ok := secrets[user]; ok {
			c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"user": user, "secret": secret})
		} else {
			c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"user": user, "secret": "NO SECRET :("})
		}
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
Goroutines inside a middleware

When starting new Goroutines inside a middleware or handler, you SHOULD NOT use the original context inside it, you have to use a read-only copy.

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	r.GET("/long_async", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// create copy to be used inside the goroutine
		cCp := c.Copy()
		go func() {
			// simulate a long task with time.Sleep(). 5 seconds
			time.Sleep(5 * time.Second)

			// note that you are using the copied context "cCp", IMPORTANT
			log.Println("Done! in path " + cCp.Request.URL.Path)
		}()
	})

	r.GET("/long_sync", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// simulate a long task with time.Sleep(). 5 seconds
		time.Sleep(5 * time.Second)

		// since we are NOT using a goroutine, we do not have to copy the context
		log.Println("Done! in path " + c.Request.URL.Path)
	})

	// Listen and serve on 0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run(":8080")
}
Custom HTTP configuration

Use http.ListenAndServe() directly, like this:

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	http.ListenAndServe(":8080", router)
}

or

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	s := &http.Server{
		Addr:           ":8080",
		Handler:        router,
		ReadTimeout:    10 * time.Second,
		WriteTimeout:   10 * time.Second,
		MaxHeaderBytes: 1 << 20,
	}
	s.ListenAndServe()
}
Support Let's Encrypt

example for 1-line LetsEncrypt HTTPS servers.

package main

import (
	"log"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/autotls"
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// Ping handler
	r.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.String(200, "pong")
	})

	log.Fatal(autotls.Run(r, "example1.com", "example2.com"))
}

example for custom autocert manager.

package main

import (
	"log"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/autotls"
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"golang.org/x/crypto/acme/autocert"
)

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// Ping handler
	r.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.String(200, "pong")
	})

	m := autocert.Manager{
		Prompt:     autocert.AcceptTOS,
		HostPolicy: autocert.HostWhitelist("example1.com", "example2.com"),
		Cache:      autocert.DirCache("/var/www/.cache"),
	}

	log.Fatal(autotls.RunWithManager(r, &m))
}
Run multiple service using Gin

See the question and try the following example:

package main

import (
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"time"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"golang.org/x/sync/errgroup"
)

var (
	g errgroup.Group
)

func router01() http.Handler {
	e := gin.New()
	e.Use(gin.Recovery())
	e.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(
			http.StatusOK,
			gin.H{
				"code":  http.StatusOK,
				"error": "Welcome server 01",
			},
		)
	})

	return e
}

func router02() http.Handler {
	e := gin.New()
	e.Use(gin.Recovery())
	e.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(
			http.StatusOK,
			gin.H{
				"code":  http.StatusOK,
				"error": "Welcome server 02",
			},
		)
	})

	return e
}

func main() {
	server01 := &http.Server{
		Addr:         ":8080",
		Handler:      router01(),
		ReadTimeout:  5 * time.Second,
		WriteTimeout: 10 * time.Second,
	}

	server02 := &http.Server{
		Addr:         ":8081",
		Handler:      router02(),
		ReadTimeout:  5 * time.Second,
		WriteTimeout: 10 * time.Second,
	}

	g.Go(func() error {
		err := server01.ListenAndServe()
		if err != nil && err != http.ErrServerClosed {
			log.Fatal(err)
		}
		return err
	})

	g.Go(func() error {
		err := server02.ListenAndServe()
		if err != nil && err != http.ErrServerClosed {
			log.Fatal(err)
		}
		return err
	})

	if err := g.Wait(); err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
}
Graceful shutdown or restart

There are a few approaches you can use to perform a graceful shutdown or restart. You can make use of third-party packages specifically built for that, or you can manually do the same with the functions and methods from the built-in packages.

Third-party packages

We can use fvbock/endless to replace the default ListenAndServe. Refer to issue #296 for more details.

router := gin.Default()
router.GET("/", handler)
// [...]
endless.ListenAndServe(":4242", router)

Alternatives:

  • manners: A polite Go HTTP server that shuts down gracefully.
  • graceful: Graceful is a Go package enabling graceful shutdown of an http.Handler server.
  • grace: Graceful restart & zero downtime deploy for Go servers.
Manually

In case you are using Go 1.8 or a later version, you may not need to use those libraries. Consider using http.Server's built-in Shutdown() method for graceful shutdowns. The example below describes its usage, and we've got more examples using gin here.

// +build go1.8

package main

import (
	"context"
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"os"
	"os/signal"
	"syscall"
	"time"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		time.Sleep(5 * time.Second)
		c.String(http.StatusOK, "Welcome Gin Server")
	})

	srv := &http.Server{
		Addr:    ":8080",
		Handler: router,
	}

	// Initializing the server in a goroutine so that
	// it won't block the graceful shutdown handling below
	go func() {
		if err := srv.ListenAndServe(); err != nil && errors.Is(err, http.ErrServerClosed) {
			log.Printf("listen: %s\n", err)
		}
	}()

	// Wait for interrupt signal to gracefully shutdown the server with
	// a timeout of 5 seconds.
	quit := make(chan os.Signal)
	// kill (no param) default send syscall.SIGTERM
	// kill -2 is syscall.SIGINT
	// kill -9 is syscall.SIGKILL but can't be catch, so don't need add it
	signal.Notify(quit, syscall.SIGINT, syscall.SIGTERM)
	<-quit
	log.Println("Shutting down server...")

	// The context is used to inform the server it has 5 seconds to finish
	// the request it is currently handling
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), 5*time.Second)
	defer cancel()

	if err := srv.Shutdown(ctx); err != nil {
		log.Fatal("Server forced to shutdown:", err)
	}

	log.Println("Server exiting")
}
Build a single binary with templates

You can build a server into a single binary containing templates by using go-assets.

func main() {
	r := gin.New()

	t, err := loadTemplate()
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	r.SetHTMLTemplate(t)

	r.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "/html/index.tmpl",nil)
	})
	r.Run(":8080")
}

// loadTemplate loads templates embedded by go-assets-builder
func loadTemplate() (*template.Template, error) {
	t := template.New("")
	for name, file := range Assets.Files {
		defer file.Close()
		if file.IsDir() || !strings.HasSuffix(name, ".tmpl") {
			continue
		}
		h, err := ioutil.ReadAll(file)
		if err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}
		t, err = t.New(name).Parse(string(h))
		if err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}
	}
	return t, nil
}

See a complete example in the https://github.com/gin-gonic/examples/tree/master/assets-in-binary directory.

Bind form-data request with custom struct

The follow example using custom struct:

type StructA struct {
    FieldA string `form:"field_a"`
}

type StructB struct {
    NestedStruct StructA
    FieldB string `form:"field_b"`
}

type StructC struct {
    NestedStructPointer *StructA
    FieldC string `form:"field_c"`
}

type StructD struct {
    NestedAnonyStruct struct {
        FieldX string `form:"field_x"`
    }
    FieldD string `form:"field_d"`
}

func GetDataB(c *gin.Context) {
    var b StructB
    c.Bind(&b)
    c.JSON(200, gin.H{
        "a": b.NestedStruct,
        "b": b.FieldB,
    })
}

func GetDataC(c *gin.Context) {
    var b StructC
    c.Bind(&b)
    c.JSON(200, gin.H{
        "a": b.NestedStructPointer,
        "c": b.FieldC,
    })
}

func GetDataD(c *gin.Context) {
    var b StructD
    c.Bind(&b)
    c.JSON(200, gin.H{
        "x": b.NestedAnonyStruct,
        "d": b.FieldD,
    })
}

func main() {
    r := gin.Default()
    r.GET("/getb", GetDataB)
    r.GET("/getc", GetDataC)
    r.GET("/getd", GetDataD)

    r.Run()
}

Using the command curl command result:

$ curl "http://localhost:8080/getb?field_a=hello&field_b=world"
{"a":{"FieldA":"hello"},"b":"world"}
$ curl "http://localhost:8080/getc?field_a=hello&field_c=world"
{"a":{"FieldA":"hello"},"c":"world"}
$ curl "http://localhost:8080/getd?field_x=hello&field_d=world"
{"d":"world","x":{"FieldX":"hello"}}
Try to bind body into different structs

The normal methods for binding request body consumes c.Request.Body and they cannot be called multiple times.

type formA struct {
  Foo string `json:"foo" xml:"foo" binding:"required"`
}

type formB struct {
  Bar string `json:"bar" xml:"bar" binding:"required"`
}

func SomeHandler(c *gin.Context) {
  objA := formA{}
  objB := formB{}
  // This c.ShouldBind consumes c.Request.Body and it cannot be reused.
  if errA := c.ShouldBind(&objA); errA == nil {
    c.String(http.StatusOK, `the body should be formA`)
  // Always an error is occurred by this because c.Request.Body is EOF now.
  } else if errB := c.ShouldBind(&objB); errB == nil {
    c.String(http.StatusOK, `the body should be formB`)
  } else {
    ...
  }
}

For this, you can use c.ShouldBindBodyWith.

func SomeHandler(c *gin.Context) {
  objA := formA{}
  objB := formB{}
  // This reads c.Request.Body and stores the result into the context.
  if errA := c.ShouldBindBodyWith(&objA, binding.JSON); errA == nil {
    c.String(http.StatusOK, `the body should be formA`)
  // At this time, it reuses body stored in the context.
  } else if errB := c.ShouldBindBodyWith(&objB, binding.JSON); errB == nil {
    c.String(http.StatusOK, `the body should be formB JSON`)
  // And it can accepts other formats
  } else if errB2 := c.ShouldBindBodyWith(&objB, binding.XML); errB2 == nil {
    c.String(http.StatusOK, `the body should be formB XML`)
  } else {
    ...
  }
}
  • c.ShouldBindBodyWith stores body into the context before binding. This has a slight impact to performance, so you should not use this method if you are enough to call binding at once.
  • This feature is only needed for some formats -- JSON, XML, MsgPack, ProtoBuf. For other formats, Query, Form, FormPost, FormMultipart, can be called by c.ShouldBind() multiple times without any damage to performance (See #1341).
http2 server push

http.Pusher is supported only go1.8+. See the golang blog for detail information.

package main

import (
	"html/template"
	"log"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

var html = template.Must(template.New("https").Parse(`
<html>
<head>
  <title>Https Test</title>
  <script src="/assets/app.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
  <h1 style="color:red;">Welcome, Ginner!</h1>
</body>
</html>
`))

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()
	r.Static("/assets", "./assets")
	r.SetHTMLTemplate(html)

	r.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		if pusher := c.Writer.Pusher(); pusher != nil {
			// use pusher.Push() to do server push
			if err := pusher.Push("/assets/app.js", nil); err != nil {
				log.Printf("Failed to push: %v", err)
			}
		}
		c.HTML(200, "https", gin.H{
			"status": "success",
		})
	})

	// Listen and Server in https://127.0.0.1:8080
	r.RunTLS(":8080", "./testdata/server.pem", "./testdata/server.key")
}
Define format for the log of routes

The default log of routes is:

[GIN-debug] POST   /foo                      --> main.main.func1 (3 handlers)
[GIN-debug] GET    /bar                      --> main.main.func2 (3 handlers)
[GIN-debug] GET    /status                   --> main.main.func3 (3 handlers)

If you want to log this information in given format (e.g. JSON, key values or something else), then you can define this format with gin.DebugPrintRouteFunc. In the example below, we log all routes with standard log package but you can use another log tools that suits of your needs.

import (
	"log"
	"net/http"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()
	gin.DebugPrintRouteFunc = func(httpMethod, absolutePath, handlerName string, nuHandlers int) {
		log.Printf("endpoint %v %v %v %v\n", httpMethod, absolutePath, handlerName, nuHandlers)
	}

	r.POST("/foo", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, "foo")
	})

	r.GET("/bar", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, "bar")
	})

	r.GET("/status", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, "ok")
	})

	// Listen and Server in http://0.0.0.0:8080
	r.Run()
}
import (
    "fmt"

    "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

func main() {

    router := gin.Default()

    router.GET("/cookie", func(c *gin.Context) {

        cookie, err := c.Cookie("gin_cookie")

        if err != nil {
            cookie = "NotSet"
            c.SetCookie("gin_cookie", "test", 3600, "/", "localhost", false, true)
        }

        fmt.Printf("Cookie value: %s \n", cookie)
    })

    router.Run()
}

Don't trust all proxies

Gin lets you specify which headers to hold the real client IP (if any), as well as specifying which proxies (or direct clients) you trust to specify one of these headers.

The TrustedProxies slice on your gin.Engine specifes network addresses or network CIDRs from where clients which their request headers related to client IP can be trusted. They can be IPv4 addresses, IPv4 CIDRs, IPv6 addresses or IPv6 CIDRs.

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

func main() {

	router := gin.Default()
	router.TrustedProxies = []string{"192.168.1.2"}

	router.GET("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// If the client is 192.168.1.2, use the X-Forwarded-For
		// header to deduce the original client IP from the trust-
		// worthy parts of that header.
		// Otherwise, simply return the direct client IP
		fmt.Printf("ClientIP: %s\n", c.ClientIP())
	})
	router.Run()
}

Testing

The net/http/httptest package is preferable way for HTTP testing.

package main

func setupRouter() *gin.Engine {
	r := gin.Default()
	r.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.String(200, "pong")
	})
	return r
}

func main() {
	r := setupRouter()
	r.Run(":8080")
}

Test for code example above:

package main

import (
	"net/http"
	"net/http/httptest"
	"testing"

	"github.com/stretchr/testify/assert"
)

func TestPingRoute(t *testing.T) {
	router := setupRouter()

	w := httptest.NewRecorder()
	req, _ := http.NewRequest("GET", "/ping", nil)
	router.ServeHTTP(w, req)

	assert.Equal(t, 200, w.Code)
	assert.Equal(t, "pong", w.Body.String())
}

Users

Awesome project lists using Gin web framework.

  • gorush: A push notification server written in Go.
  • fnproject: The container native, cloud agnostic serverless platform.
  • photoprism: Personal photo management powered by Go and Google TensorFlow.
  • krakend: Ultra performant API Gateway with middlewares.
  • picfit: An image resizing server written in Go.
  • brigade: Event-based Scripting for Kubernetes.
  • dkron: Distributed, fault tolerant job scheduling system.

Documentation

Overview

Package gin implements a HTTP web framework called gin.

See https://gin-gonic.com/ for more information about gin.

Index

Constants

View Source
const (
	MIMEJSON              = binding.MIMEJSON
	MIMEHTML              = binding.MIMEHTML
	MIMEXML               = binding.MIMEXML
	MIMEXML2              = binding.MIMEXML2
	MIMEPlain             = binding.MIMEPlain
	MIMEPOSTForm          = binding.MIMEPOSTForm
	MIMEMultipartPOSTForm = binding.MIMEMultipartPOSTForm
	MIMEYAML              = binding.MIMEYAML
)

Content-Type MIME of the most common data formats.

View Source
const (
	// DebugMode indicates gin mode is debug.
	DebugMode = "debug"
	// ReleaseMode indicates gin mode is release.
	ReleaseMode = "release"
	// TestMode indicates gin mode is test.
	TestMode = "test"
)
View Source
const AuthUserKey = "user"

AuthUserKey is the cookie name for user credential in basic auth.

View Source
const BindKey = "_gin-gonic/gin/bindkey"

BindKey indicates a default bind key.

View Source
const BodyBytesKey = "_gin-gonic/gin/bodybyteskey"

BodyBytesKey indicates a default body bytes key.

View Source
const EnvGinMode = "GIN_MODE"

EnvGinMode indicates environment name for gin mode.

View Source
const Version = "v1.7.2"

Version is the current gin framework's version.

Variables

View Source
var DebugPrintRouteFunc func(httpMethod, absolutePath, handlerName string, nuHandlers int)

DebugPrintRouteFunc indicates debug log output format.

View Source
var DefaultErrorWriter io.Writer = os.Stderr

DefaultErrorWriter is the default io.Writer used by Gin to debug errors

View Source
var DefaultWriter io.Writer = os.Stdout

DefaultWriter is the default io.Writer used by Gin for debug output and middleware output like Logger() or Recovery(). Note that both Logger and Recovery provides custom ways to configure their output io.Writer. To support coloring in Windows use:

import "github.com/mattn/go-colorable"
gin.DefaultWriter = colorable.NewColorableStdout()

Functions

func CreateTestContext

func CreateTestContext(w http.ResponseWriter) (c *Context, r *Engine)

CreateTestContext returns a fresh engine and context for testing purposes

func Dir

func Dir(root string, listDirectory bool) http.FileSystem

Dir returns a http.Filesystem that can be used by http.FileServer(). It is used internally in router.Static(). if listDirectory == true, then it works the same as http.Dir() otherwise it returns a filesystem that prevents http.FileServer() to list the directory files.

func DisableBindValidation

func DisableBindValidation()

DisableBindValidation closes the default validator.

func DisableConsoleColor

func DisableConsoleColor()

DisableConsoleColor disables color output in the console.

func EnableJsonDecoderDisallowUnknownFields

func EnableJsonDecoderDisallowUnknownFields()

EnableJsonDecoderDisallowUnknownFields sets true for binding.EnableDecoderDisallowUnknownFields to call the DisallowUnknownFields method on the JSON Decoder instance.

func EnableJsonDecoderUseNumber

func EnableJsonDecoderUseNumber()

EnableJsonDecoderUseNumber sets true for binding.EnableDecoderUseNumber to call the UseNumber method on the JSON Decoder instance.

func ForceConsoleColor

func ForceConsoleColor()

ForceConsoleColor force color output in the console.

func IsDebugging

func IsDebugging() bool

IsDebugging returns true if the framework is running in debug mode. Use SetMode(gin.ReleaseMode) to disable debug mode.

func Mode

func Mode() string

Mode returns currently gin mode.

func SetMode

func SetMode(value string)

SetMode sets gin mode according to input string.

Types

type Accounts

type Accounts map[string]string

Accounts defines a key/value for user/pass list of authorized logins.

type Context

type Context struct {
	Request *http.Request
	Writer  ResponseWriter

	Params Params

	// Keys is a key/value pair exclusively for the context of each request.
	Keys map[string]interface{}

	// Errors is a list of errors attached to all the handlers/middlewares who used this context.
	Errors errorMsgs

	// Accepted defines a list of manually accepted formats for content negotiation.
	Accepted []string
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Context is the most important part of gin. It allows us to pass variables between middleware, manage the flow, validate the JSON of a request and render a JSON response for example.

func (*Context) Abort

func (c *Context) Abort()

Abort prevents pending handlers from being called. Note that this will not stop the current handler. Let's say you have an authorization middleware that validates that the current request is authorized. If the authorization fails (ex: the password does not match), call Abort to ensure the remaining handlers for this request are not called.

func (*Context) AbortWithError

func (c *Context) AbortWithError(code int, err error) *Error

AbortWithError calls `AbortWithStatus()` and `Error()` internally. This method stops the chain, writes the status code and pushes the specified error to `c.Errors`. See Context.Error() for more details.

func (*Context) AbortWithStatus

func (c *Context) AbortWithStatus(code int)

AbortWithStatus calls `Abort()` and writes the headers with the specified status code. For example, a failed attempt to authenticate a request could use: context.AbortWithStatus(401).

func (*Context) AbortWithStatusJSON

func (c *Context) AbortWithStatusJSON(code int, jsonObj interface{})

AbortWithStatusJSON calls `Abort()` and then `JSON` internally. This method stops the chain, writes the status code and return a JSON body. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/json".

func (*Context) AsciiJSON

func (c *Context) AsciiJSON(code int, obj interface{})

AsciiJSON serializes the given struct as JSON into the response body with unicode to ASCII string. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/json".

func (*Context) Bind

func (c *Context) Bind(obj interface{}) error

Bind checks the Content-Type to select a binding engine automatically, Depending the "Content-Type" header different bindings are used:

"application/json" --> JSON binding
"application/xml"  --> XML binding

otherwise --> returns an error. It parses the request's body as JSON if Content-Type == "application/json" using JSON or XML as a JSON input. It decodes the json payload into the struct specified as a pointer. It writes a 400 error and sets Content-Type header "text/plain" in the response if input is not valid.

func (*Context) BindHeader

func (c *Context) BindHeader(obj interface{}) error

BindHeader is a shortcut for c.MustBindWith(obj, binding.Header).

func (*Context) BindJSON

func (c *Context) BindJSON(obj interface{}) error

BindJSON is a shortcut for c.MustBindWith(obj, binding.JSON).

func (*Context) BindQuery

func (c *Context) BindQuery(obj interface{}) error

BindQuery is a shortcut for c.MustBindWith(obj, binding.Query).

func (*Context) BindUri

func (c *Context) BindUri(obj interface{}) error

BindUri binds the passed struct pointer using binding.Uri. It will abort the request with HTTP 400 if any error occurs.

func (*Context) BindWith

func (c *Context) BindWith(obj interface{}, b binding.Binding) error

BindWith binds the passed struct pointer using the specified binding engine. See the binding package.

func (*Context) BindXML

func (c *Context) BindXML(obj interface{}) error

BindXML is a shortcut for c.MustBindWith(obj, binding.BindXML).

func (*Context) BindYAML

func (c *Context) BindYAML(obj interface{}) error

BindYAML is a shortcut for c.MustBindWith(obj, binding.YAML).

func (*Context) ClientIP

func (c *Context) ClientIP() string

ClientIP implements a best effort algorithm to return the real client IP. It called c.RemoteIP() under the hood, to check if the remote IP is a trusted proxy or not. If it's it will then try to parse the headers defined in Engine.RemoteIPHeaders (defaulting to [X-Forwarded-For, X-Real-Ip]). If the headers are nots syntactically valid OR the remote IP does not correspong to a trusted proxy, the remote IP (coming form Request.RemoteAddr) is returned.

func (*Context) ContentType

func (c *Context) ContentType() string

ContentType returns the Content-Type header of the request.

func (*Context) Cookie

func (c *Context) Cookie(name string) (string, error)

Cookie returns the named cookie provided in the request or ErrNoCookie if not found. And return the named cookie is unescaped. If multiple cookies match the given name, only one cookie will be returned.

func (*Context) Copy

func (c *Context) Copy() *Context

Copy returns a copy of the current context that can be safely used outside the request's scope. This has to be used when the context has to be passed to a goroutine.

func (*Context) Data

func (c *Context) Data(code int, contentType string, data []byte)

Data writes some data into the body stream and updates the HTTP code.

func (*Context) DataFromReader

func (c *Context) DataFromReader(code int, contentLength int64, contentType string, reader io.Reader, extraHeaders map[string]string)

DataFromReader writes the specified reader into the body stream and updates the HTTP code.

func (*Context) Deadline

func (c *Context) Deadline() (deadline time.Time, ok bool)

Deadline always returns that there is no deadline (ok==false), maybe you want to use Request.Context().Deadline() instead.

func (*Context) DefaultPostForm

func (c *Context) DefaultPostForm(key, defaultValue string) string

DefaultPostForm returns the specified key from a POST urlencoded form or multipart form when it exists, otherwise it returns the specified defaultValue string. See: PostForm() and GetPostForm() for further information.

func (*Context) DefaultQuery

func (c *Context) DefaultQuery(key, defaultValue string) string

DefaultQuery returns the keyed url query value if it exists, otherwise it returns the specified defaultValue string. See: Query() and GetQuery() for further information.

GET /?name=Manu&lastname=
c.DefaultQuery("name", "unknown") == "Manu"
c.DefaultQuery("id", "none") == "none"
c.DefaultQuery("lastname", "none") == ""

func (*Context) Done

func (c *Context) Done() <-chan struct{}

Done always returns nil (chan which will wait forever), if you want to abort your work when the connection was closed you should use Request.Context().Done() instead.

func (*Context) Err

func (c *Context) Err() error

Err always returns nil, maybe you want to use Request.Context().Err() instead.

func (*Context) Error

func (c *Context) Error(err error) *Error

Error attaches an error to the current context. The error is pushed to a list of errors. It's a good idea to call Error for each error that occurred during the resolution of a request. A middleware can be used to collect all the errors and push them to a database together, print a log, or append it in the HTTP response. Error will panic if err is nil.

func (*Context) File

func (c *Context) File(filepath string)

File writes the specified file into the body stream in an efficient way.

func (*Context) FileAttachment

func (c *Context) FileAttachment(filepath, filename string)

FileAttachment writes the specified file into the body stream in an efficient way On the client side, the file will typically be downloaded with the given filename

func (*Context) FileFromFS

func (c *Context) FileFromFS(filepath string, fs http.FileSystem)

FileFromFS writes the specified file from http.FileSystem into the body stream in an efficient way.

func (*Context) FormFile

func (c *Context) FormFile(name string) (*multipart.FileHeader, error)

FormFile returns the first file for the provided form key.

func (*Context) FullPath

func (c *Context) FullPath() string

FullPath returns a matched route full path. For not found routes returns an empty string.

router.GET("/user/:id", func(c *gin.Context) {
    c.FullPath() == "/user/:id" // true
})

func (*Context) Get

func (c *Context) Get(key string) (value interface{}, exists bool)

Get returns the value for the given key, ie: (value, true). If the value does not exists it returns (nil, false)

func (*Context) GetBool

func (c *Context) GetBool(key string) (b bool)

GetBool returns the value associated with the key as a boolean.

func (*Context) GetDuration

func (c *Context) GetDuration(key string) (d time.Duration)

GetDuration returns the value associated with the key as a duration.

func (*Context) GetFloat64

func (c *Context) GetFloat64(key string) (f64 float64)

GetFloat64 returns the value associated with the key as a float64.

func (*Context) GetHeader

func (c *Context) GetHeader(key string) string

GetHeader returns value from request headers.

func (*Context) GetInt

func (c *Context) GetInt(key string) (i int)

GetInt returns the value associated with the key as an integer.

func (*Context) GetInt64

func (c *Context) GetInt64(key string) (i64 int64)

GetInt64 returns the value associated with the key as an integer.

func (*Context) GetPostForm

func (c *Context) GetPostForm(key string) (string, bool)

GetPostForm is like PostForm(key). It returns the specified key from a POST urlencoded form or multipart form when it exists `(value, true)` (even when the value is an empty string), otherwise it returns ("", false). For example, during a PATCH request to update the user's email:

    email=mail@example.com  -->  ("mail@example.com", true) := GetPostForm("email") // set email to "mail@example.com"
	   email=                  -->  ("", true) := GetPostForm("email") // set email to ""
                            -->  ("", false) := GetPostForm("email") // do nothing with email

func (*Context) GetPostFormArray

func (c *Context) GetPostFormArray(key string) ([]string, bool)

GetPostFormArray returns a slice of strings for a given form key, plus a boolean value whether at least one value exists for the given key.

func (*Context) GetPostFormMap

func (c *Context) GetPostFormMap(key string) (map[string]string, bool)

GetPostFormMap returns a map for a given form key, plus a boolean value whether at least one value exists for the given key.

func (*Context) GetQuery

func (c *Context) GetQuery(key string) (string, bool)

GetQuery is like Query(), it returns the keyed url query value if it exists `(value, true)` (even when the value is an empty string), otherwise it returns `("", false)`. It is shortcut for `c.Request.URL.Query().Get(key)`

GET /?name=Manu&lastname=
("Manu", true) == c.GetQuery("name")
("", false) == c.GetQuery("id")
("", true) == c.GetQuery("lastname")

func (*Context) GetQueryArray

func (c *Context) GetQueryArray(key string) ([]string, bool)

GetQueryArray returns a slice of strings for a given query key, plus a boolean value whether at least one value exists for the given key.

func (*Context) GetQueryMap

func (c *Context) GetQueryMap(key string) (map[string]string, bool)

GetQueryMap returns a map for a given query key, plus a boolean value whether at least one value exists for the given key.

func (*Context) GetRawData

func (c *Context) GetRawData() ([]byte, error)

GetRawData return stream data.

func (*Context) GetString

func (c *Context) GetString(key string) (s string)

GetString returns the value associated with the key as a string.

func (*Context) GetStringMap

func (c *Context) GetStringMap(key string) (sm map[string]interface{})

GetStringMap returns the value associated with the key as a map of interfaces.

func (*Context) GetStringMapString

func (c *Context) GetStringMapString(key string) (sms map[string]string)

GetStringMapString returns the value associated with the key as a map of strings.

func (*Context) GetStringMapStringSlice

func (c *Context) GetStringMapStringSlice(key string) (smss map[string][]string)

GetStringMapStringSlice returns the value associated with the key as a map to a slice of strings.

func (*Context) GetStringSlice

func (c *Context) GetStringSlice(key string) (ss []string)

GetStringSlice returns the value associated with the key as a slice of strings.

func (*Context) GetTime

func (c *Context) GetTime(key string) (t time.Time)

GetTime returns the value associated with the key as time.

func (*Context) GetUint

func (c *Context) GetUint(key string) (ui uint)

GetUint returns the value associated with the key as an unsigned integer.

func (*Context) GetUint64

func (c *Context) GetUint64(key string) (ui64 uint64)

GetUint64 returns the value associated with the key as an unsigned integer.

func (*Context) HTML

func (c *Context) HTML(code int, name string, obj interface{})

HTML renders the HTTP template specified by its file name. It also updates the HTTP code and sets the Content-Type as "text/html". See http://golang.org/doc/articles/wiki/

func (*Context) Handler

func (c *Context) Handler() HandlerFunc

Handler returns the main handler.

func (*Context) HandlerName

func (c *Context) HandlerName() string

HandlerName returns the main handler's name. For example if the handler is "handleGetUsers()", this function will return "main.handleGetUsers".

func (*Context) HandlerNames

func (c *Context) HandlerNames() []string

HandlerNames returns a list of all registered handlers for this context in descending order, following the semantics of HandlerName()

func (*Context) Header

func (c *Context) Header(key, value string)

Header is a intelligent shortcut for c.Writer.Header().Set(key, value). It writes a header in the response. If value == "", this method removes the header `c.Writer.Header().Del(key)`

func (*Context) IndentedJSON

func (c *Context) IndentedJSON(code int, obj interface{})

IndentedJSON serializes the given struct as pretty JSON (indented + endlines) into the response body. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/json". WARNING: we recommend to use this only for development purposes since printing pretty JSON is more CPU and bandwidth consuming. Use Context.JSON() instead.

func (*Context) IsAborted

func (c *Context) IsAborted() bool

IsAborted returns true if the current context was aborted.

func (*Context) IsWebsocket

func (c *Context) IsWebsocket() bool

IsWebsocket returns true if the request headers indicate that a websocket handshake is being initiated by the client.

func (*Context) JSON

func (c *Context) JSON(code int, obj interface{})

JSON serializes the given struct as JSON into the response body. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/json".

func (*Context) JSONP

func (c *Context) JSONP(code int, obj interface{})

JSONP serializes the given struct as JSON into the response body. It adds padding to response body to request data from a server residing in a different domain than the client. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/javascript".

func (*Context) MultipartForm

func (c *Context) MultipartForm() (*multipart.Form, error)

MultipartForm is the parsed multipart form, including file uploads.

func (*Context) MustBindWith

func (c *Context) MustBindWith(obj interface{}, b binding.Binding) error

MustBindWith binds the passed struct pointer using the specified binding engine. It will abort the request with HTTP 400 if any error occurs. See the binding package.

func (*Context) MustGet

func (c *Context) MustGet(key string) interface{}

MustGet returns the value for the given key if it exists, otherwise it panics.

func (*Context) Negotiate

func (c *Context) Negotiate(code int, config Negotiate)

Negotiate calls different Render according acceptable Accept format.

func (*Context) NegotiateFormat

func (c *Context) NegotiateFormat(offered ...string) string

NegotiateFormat returns an acceptable Accept format.

func (*Context) Next

func (c *Context) Next()

Next should be used only inside middleware. It executes the pending handlers in the chain inside the calling handler. See example in GitHub.

func (*Context) Param

func (c *Context) Param(key string) string

Param returns the value of the URL param. It is a shortcut for c.Params.ByName(key)

router.GET("/user/:id", func(c *gin.Context) {
    // a GET request to /user/john
    id := c.Param("id") // id == "john"
})

func (*Context) PostForm

func (c *Context) PostForm(key string) string

PostForm returns the specified key from a POST urlencoded form or multipart form when it exists, otherwise it returns an empty string `("")`.

func (*Context) PostFormArray

func (c *Context) PostFormArray(key string) []string

PostFormArray returns a slice of strings for a given form key. The length of the slice depends on the number of params with the given key.

func (*Context) PostFormMap

func (c *Context) PostFormMap(key string) map[string]string

PostFormMap returns a map for a given form key.

func (*Context) ProtoBuf

func (c *Context) ProtoBuf(code int, obj interface{})

ProtoBuf serializes the given struct as ProtoBuf into the response body.

func (*Context) PureJSON

func (c *Context) PureJSON(code int, obj interface{})

PureJSON serializes the given struct as JSON into the response body. PureJSON, unlike JSON, does not replace special html characters with their unicode entities.

func (*Context) Query

func (c *Context) Query(key string) string

Query returns the keyed url query value if it exists, otherwise it returns an empty string `("")`. It is shortcut for `c.Request.URL.Query().Get(key)`

    GET /path?id=1234&name=Manu&value=
	   c.Query("id") == "1234"
	   c.Query("name") == "Manu"
	   c.Query("value") == ""
	   c.Query("wtf") == ""

func (*Context) QueryArray

func (c *Context) QueryArray(key string) []string

QueryArray returns a slice of strings for a given query key. The length of the slice depends on the number of params with the given key.

func (*Context) QueryMap

func (c *Context) QueryMap(key string) map[string]string

QueryMap returns a map for a given query key.

func (*Context) Redirect

func (c *Context) Redirect(code int, location string)

Redirect returns a HTTP redirect to the specific location.

func (*Context) RemoteIP

func (c *Context) RemoteIP() (net.IP, bool)

RemoteIP parses the IP from Request.RemoteAddr, normalizes and returns the IP (without the port). It also checks if the remoteIP is a trusted proxy or not. In order to perform this validation, it will see if the IP is contained within at least one of the CIDR blocks defined in Engine.TrustedProxies

func (*Context) Render

func (c *Context) Render(code int, r render.Render)

Render writes the response headers and calls render.Render to render data.

func (*Context) SSEvent

func (c *Context) SSEvent(name string, message interface{})

SSEvent writes a Server-Sent Event into the body stream.

func (*Context) SaveUploadedFile

func (c *Context) SaveUploadedFile(file *multipart.FileHeader, dst string) error

SaveUploadedFile uploads the form file to specific dst.

func (*Context) SecureJSON

func (c *Context) SecureJSON(code int, obj interface{})

SecureJSON serializes the given struct as Secure JSON into the response body. Default prepends "while(1)," to response body if the given struct is array values. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/json".

func (*Context) Set

func (c *Context) Set(key string, value interface{})

Set is used to store a new key/value pair exclusively for this context. It also lazy initializes c.Keys if it was not used previously.

func (*Context) SetAccepted

func (c *Context) SetAccepted(formats ...string)

SetAccepted sets Accept header data.

func (*Context) SetCookie

func (c *Context) SetCookie(name, value string, maxAge int, path, domain string, secure, httpOnly bool)

SetCookie adds a Set-Cookie header to the ResponseWriter's headers. The provided cookie must have a valid Name. Invalid cookies may be silently dropped.

func (*Context) SetSameSite

func (c *Context) SetSameSite(samesite http.SameSite)

SetSameSite with cookie

func (*Context) ShouldBind

func (c *Context) ShouldBind(obj interface{}) error

ShouldBind checks the Content-Type to select a binding engine automatically, Depending the "Content-Type" header different bindings are used:

"application/json" --> JSON binding
"application/xml"  --> XML binding

otherwise --> returns an error It parses the request's body as JSON if Content-Type == "application/json" using JSON or XML as a JSON input. It decodes the json payload into the struct specified as a pointer. Like c.Bind() but this method does not set the response status code to 400 and abort if the json is not valid.

func (*Context) ShouldBindBodyWith

func (c *Context) ShouldBindBodyWith(obj interface{}, bb binding.BindingBody) (err error)

ShouldBindBodyWith is similar with ShouldBindWith, but it stores the request body into the context, and reuse when it is called again.

NOTE: This method reads the body before binding. So you should use ShouldBindWith for better performance if you need to call only once.

func (*Context) ShouldBindHeader

func (c *Context) ShouldBindHeader(obj interface{}) error

ShouldBindHeader is a shortcut for c.ShouldBindWith(obj, binding.Header).

func (*Context) ShouldBindJSON

func (c *Context) ShouldBindJSON(obj interface{}) error

ShouldBindJSON is a shortcut for c.ShouldBindWith(obj, binding.JSON).

func (*Context) ShouldBindQuery

func (c *Context) ShouldBindQuery(obj interface{}) error

ShouldBindQuery is a shortcut for c.ShouldBindWith(obj, binding.Query).

func (*Context) ShouldBindUri

func (c *Context) ShouldBindUri(obj interface{}) error

ShouldBindUri binds the passed struct pointer using the specified binding engine.

func (*Context) ShouldBindWith

func (c *Context) ShouldBindWith(obj interface{}, b binding.Binding) error

ShouldBindWith binds the passed struct pointer using the specified binding engine. See the binding package.

func (*Context) ShouldBindXML

func (c *Context) ShouldBindXML(obj interface{}) error

ShouldBindXML is a shortcut for c.ShouldBindWith(obj, binding.XML).

func (*Context) ShouldBindYAML

func (c *Context) ShouldBindYAML(obj interface{}) error

ShouldBindYAML is a shortcut for c.ShouldBindWith(obj, binding.YAML).

func (*Context) Status

func (c *Context) Status(code int)

Status sets the HTTP response code.

func (*Context) Stream

func (c *Context) Stream(step func(w io.Writer) bool) bool

Stream sends a streaming response and returns a boolean indicates "Is client disconnected in middle of stream"

func (*Context) String

func (c *Context) String(code int, format string, values ...interface{})

String writes the given string into the response body.

func (*Context) Value

func (c *Context) Value(key interface{}) interface{}

Value returns the value associated with this context for key, or nil if no value is associated with key. Successive calls to Value with the same key returns the same result.

func (*Context) XML

func (c *Context) XML(code int, obj interface{})

XML serializes the given struct as XML into the response body. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/xml".

func (*Context) YAML

func (c *Context) YAML(code int, obj interface{})

YAML serializes the given struct as YAML into the response body.

type Engine

type Engine struct {
	RouterGroup

	// Enables automatic redirection if the current route can't be matched but a
	// handler for the path with (without) the trailing slash exists.
	// For example if /foo/ is requested but a route only exists for /foo, the
	// client is redirected to /foo with http status code 301 for GET requests
	// and 307 for all other request methods.
	RedirectTrailingSlash bool

	// If enabled, the router tries to fix the current request path, if no
	// handle is registered for it.
	// First superfluous path elements like ../ or // are removed.
	// Afterwards the router does a case-insensitive lookup of the cleaned path.
	// If a handle can be found for this route, the router makes a redirection
	// to the corrected path with status code 301 for GET requests and 307 for
	// all other request methods.
	// For example /FOO and /..//Foo could be redirected to /foo.
	// RedirectTrailingSlash is independent of this option.
	RedirectFixedPath bool

	// If enabled, the router checks if another method is allowed for the
	// current route, if the current request can not be routed.
	// If this is the case, the request is answered with 'Method Not Allowed'
	// and HTTP status code 405.
	// If no other Method is allowed, the request is delegated to the NotFound
	// handler.
	HandleMethodNotAllowed bool

	// If enabled, client IP will be parsed from the request's headers that
	// match those stored at `(*gin.Engine).RemoteIPHeaders`. If no IP was
	// fetched, it falls back to the IP obtained from
	// `(*gin.Context).Request.RemoteAddr`.
	ForwardedByClientIP bool

	// List of headers used to obtain the client IP when
	// `(*gin.Engine).ForwardedByClientIP` is `true` and
	// `(*gin.Context).Request.RemoteAddr` is matched by at least one of the
	// network origins of `(*gin.Engine).TrustedProxies`.
	RemoteIPHeaders []string

	// List of network origins (IPv4 addresses, IPv4 CIDRs, IPv6 addresses or
	// IPv6 CIDRs) from which to trust request's headers that contain
	// alternative client IP when `(*gin.Engine).ForwardedByClientIP` is
	// `true`.
	TrustedProxies []string

	// #726 #755 If enabled, it will trust some headers starting with
	// 'X-AppEngine...' for better integration with that PaaS.
	AppEngine bool

	// If enabled, the url.RawPath will be used to find parameters.
	UseRawPath bool

	// If true, the path value will be unescaped.
	// If UseRawPath is false (by default), the UnescapePathValues effectively is true,
	// as url.Path gonna be used, which is already unescaped.
	UnescapePathValues bool

	// Value of 'maxMemory' param that is given to http.Request's ParseMultipartForm
	// method call.
	MaxMultipartMemory int64

	// RemoveExtraSlash a parameter can be parsed from the URL even with extra slashes.
	// See the PR #1817 and issue #1644
	RemoveExtraSlash bool

	HTMLRender render.HTMLRender
	FuncMap    template.FuncMap
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Engine is the framework's instance, it contains the muxer, middleware and configuration settings. Create an instance of Engine, by using New() or Default()

func Default

func Default() *Engine

Default returns an Engine instance with the Logger and Recovery middleware already attached.

func New

func New() *Engine

New returns a new blank Engine instance without any middleware attached. By default the configuration is: - RedirectTrailingSlash: true - RedirectFixedPath: false - HandleMethodNotAllowed: false - ForwardedByClientIP: true - UseRawPath: false - UnescapePathValues: true

func (*Engine) Delims

func (engine *Engine) Delims(left, right string) *Engine

Delims sets template left and right delims and returns a Engine instance.

func (*Engine) HandleContext

func (engine *Engine) HandleContext(c *Context)

HandleContext re-enter a context that has been rewritten. This can be done by setting c.Request.URL.Path to your new target. Disclaimer: You can loop yourself to death with this, use wisely.

func (*Engine) LoadHTMLFiles

func (engine *Engine) LoadHTMLFiles(files ...string)

LoadHTMLFiles loads a slice of HTML files and associates the result with HTML renderer.

func (*Engine) LoadHTMLGlob

func (engine *Engine) LoadHTMLGlob(pattern string)

LoadHTMLGlob loads HTML files identified by glob pattern and associates the result with HTML renderer.

func (*Engine) NoMethod

func (engine *Engine) NoMethod(handlers ...HandlerFunc)

NoMethod sets the handlers called when... TODO.

func (*Engine) NoRoute

func (engine *Engine) NoRoute(handlers ...HandlerFunc)

NoRoute adds handlers for NoRoute. It return a 404 code by default.

func (*Engine) Routes

func (engine *Engine) Routes() (routes RoutesInfo)

Routes returns a slice of registered routes, including some useful information, such as: the http method, path and the handler name.

func (*Engine) Run

func (engine *Engine) Run(addr ...string) (err error)

Run attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTP requests. It is a shortcut for http.ListenAndServe(addr, router) Note: this method will block the calling goroutine indefinitely unless an error happens.

func (*Engine) RunFd

func (engine *Engine) RunFd(fd int) (err error)

RunFd attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTP requests through the specified file descriptor. Note: this method will block the calling goroutine indefinitely unless an error happens.

func (*Engine) RunListener

func (engine *Engine) RunListener(listener net.Listener) (err error)

RunListener attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTP requests through the specified net.Listener

func (*Engine) RunTLS

func (engine *Engine) RunTLS(addr, certFile, keyFile string) (err error)

RunTLS attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTPS (secure) requests. It is a shortcut for http.ListenAndServeTLS(addr, certFile, keyFile, router) Note: this method will block the calling goroutine indefinitely unless an error happens.

func (*Engine) RunUnix

func (engine *Engine) RunUnix(file string) (err error)

RunUnix attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTP requests through the specified unix socket (ie. a file). Note: this method will block the calling goroutine indefinitely unless an error happens.

func (*Engine) SecureJsonPrefix

func (engine *Engine) SecureJsonPrefix(prefix string) *Engine

SecureJsonPrefix sets the secureJSONPrefix used in Context.SecureJSON.

func (*Engine) ServeHTTP

func (engine *Engine) ServeHTTP(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request)

ServeHTTP conforms to the http.Handler interface.

func (*Engine) SetFuncMap

func (engine *Engine) SetFuncMap(funcMap template.FuncMap)

SetFuncMap sets the FuncMap used for template.FuncMap.

func (*Engine) SetHTMLTemplate

func (engine *Engine) SetHTMLTemplate(templ *template.Template)

SetHTMLTemplate associate a template with HTML renderer.

func (*Engine) Use

func (engine *Engine) Use(middleware ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Use attaches a global middleware to the router. ie. the middleware attached though Use() will be included in the handlers chain for every single request. Even 404, 405, static files... For example, this is the right place for a logger or error management middleware.

type Error

type Error struct {
	Err  error
	Type ErrorType
	Meta interface{}
}

Error represents a error's specification.

func (Error) Error

func (msg Error) Error() string

Error implements the error interface.

func (*Error) IsType

func (msg *Error) IsType(flags ErrorType) bool

IsType judges one error.

func (*Error) JSON

func (msg *Error) JSON() interface{}

JSON creates a properly formatted JSON

func (*Error) MarshalJSON

func (msg *Error) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON implements the json.Marshaller interface.

func (*Error) SetMeta

func (msg *Error) SetMeta(data interface{}) *Error

SetMeta sets the error's meta data.

func (*Error) SetType

func (msg *Error) SetType(flags ErrorType) *Error

SetType sets the error's type.

func (*Error) Unwrap

func (msg *Error) Unwrap() error

Unwrap returns the wrapped error, to allow interoperability with errors.Is(), errors.As() and errors.Unwrap()

type ErrorType

type ErrorType uint64

ErrorType is an unsigned 64-bit error code as defined in the gin spec.

const (
	// ErrorTypeBind is used when Context.Bind() fails.
	ErrorTypeBind ErrorType = 1 << 63
	// ErrorTypeRender is used when Context.Render() fails.
	ErrorTypeRender ErrorType = 1 << 62
	// ErrorTypePrivate indicates a private error.
	ErrorTypePrivate ErrorType = 1 << 0
	// ErrorTypePublic indicates a public error.
	ErrorTypePublic ErrorType = 1 << 1
	// ErrorTypeAny indicates any other error.
	ErrorTypeAny ErrorType = 1<<64 - 1
	// ErrorTypeNu indicates any other error.
	ErrorTypeNu = 2
)

type H

type H map[string]interface{}

H is a shortcut for map[string]interface{}

func (H) MarshalXML

func (h H) MarshalXML(e *xml.Encoder, start xml.StartElement) error

MarshalXML allows type H to be used with xml.Marshal.

type HandlerFunc

type HandlerFunc func(*Context)

HandlerFunc defines the handler used by gin middleware as return value.

func BasicAuth

func BasicAuth(accounts Accounts) HandlerFunc

BasicAuth returns a Basic HTTP Authorization middleware. It takes as argument a map[string]string where the key is the user name and the value is the password.

func BasicAuthForRealm

func BasicAuthForRealm(accounts Accounts, realm string) HandlerFunc

BasicAuthForRealm returns a Basic HTTP Authorization middleware. It takes as arguments a map[string]string where the key is the user name and the value is the password, as well as the name of the Realm. If the realm is empty, "Authorization Required" will be used by default. (see http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2617#section-1.2)

func Bind

func Bind(val interface{}) HandlerFunc

Bind is a helper function for given interface object and returns a Gin middleware.

func CustomRecovery

func CustomRecovery(handle RecoveryFunc) HandlerFunc

CustomRecovery returns a middleware that recovers from any panics and calls the provided handle func to handle it.

func CustomRecoveryWithWriter

func CustomRecoveryWithWriter(out io.Writer, handle RecoveryFunc) HandlerFunc

CustomRecoveryWithWriter returns a middleware for a given writer that recovers from any panics and calls the provided handle func to handle it.

func ErrorLogger

func ErrorLogger() HandlerFunc

ErrorLogger returns a handlerfunc for any error type.

func ErrorLoggerT

func ErrorLoggerT(typ ErrorType) HandlerFunc

ErrorLoggerT returns a handlerfunc for a given error type.

func Logger

func Logger() HandlerFunc

Logger instances a Logger middleware that will write the logs to gin.DefaultWriter. By default gin.DefaultWriter = os.Stdout.

func LoggerWithConfig

func LoggerWithConfig(conf LoggerConfig) HandlerFunc

LoggerWithConfig instance a Logger middleware with config.

func LoggerWithFormatter

func LoggerWithFormatter(f LogFormatter) HandlerFunc

LoggerWithFormatter instance a Logger middleware with the specified log format function.

func LoggerWithWriter

func LoggerWithWriter(out io.Writer, notlogged ...string) HandlerFunc

LoggerWithWriter instance a Logger middleware with the specified writer buffer. Example: os.Stdout, a file opened in write mode, a socket...

func Recovery

func Recovery() HandlerFunc

Recovery returns a middleware that recovers from any panics and writes a 500 if there was one.

func RecoveryWithWriter

func RecoveryWithWriter(out io.Writer, recovery ...RecoveryFunc) HandlerFunc

RecoveryWithWriter returns a middleware for a given writer that recovers from any panics and writes a 500 if there was one.

func WrapF

func WrapF(f http.HandlerFunc) HandlerFunc

WrapF is a helper function for wrapping http.HandlerFunc and returns a Gin middleware.

func WrapH

func WrapH(h http.Handler) HandlerFunc

WrapH is a helper function for wrapping http.Handler and returns a Gin middleware.

type HandlersChain

type HandlersChain []HandlerFunc

HandlersChain defines a HandlerFunc array.

func (HandlersChain) Last

func (c HandlersChain) Last() HandlerFunc

Last returns the last handler in the chain. ie. the last handler is the main one.

type IRouter

type IRouter interface {
	IRoutes
	Group(string, ...HandlerFunc) *RouterGroup
}

IRouter defines all router handle interface includes single and group router.

type IRoutes

type IRoutes interface {
	Use(...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

	Handle(string, string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	Any(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	GET(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	POST(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	DELETE(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	PATCH(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	PUT(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	OPTIONS(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	HEAD(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

	StaticFile(string, string) IRoutes
	Static(string, string) IRoutes
	StaticFS(string, http.FileSystem) IRoutes
}

IRoutes defines all router handle interface.

type LogFormatter

type LogFormatter func(params LogFormatterParams) string

LogFormatter gives the signature of the formatter function passed to LoggerWithFormatter

type LogFormatterParams

type LogFormatterParams struct {
	Request *http.Request

	// TimeStamp shows the time after the server returns a response.
	TimeStamp time.Time
	// StatusCode is HTTP response code.
	StatusCode int
	// Latency is how much time the server cost to process a certain request.
	Latency time.Duration
	// ClientIP equals Context's ClientIP method.
	ClientIP string
	// Method is the HTTP method given to the request.
	Method string
	// Path is a path the client requests.
	Path string
	// ErrorMessage is set if error has occurred in processing the request.
	ErrorMessage string

	// BodySize is the size of the Response Body
	BodySize int
	// Keys are the keys set on the request's context.
	Keys map[string]interface{}
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

LogFormatterParams is the structure any formatter will be handed when time to log comes

func (*LogFormatterParams) IsOutputColor

func (p *LogFormatterParams) IsOutputColor() bool

IsOutputColor indicates whether can colors be outputted to the log.

func (*LogFormatterParams) MethodColor

func (p *LogFormatterParams) MethodColor() string

MethodColor is the ANSI color for appropriately logging http method to a terminal.

func (*LogFormatterParams) ResetColor

func (p *LogFormatterParams) ResetColor() string

ResetColor resets all escape attributes.

func (*LogFormatterParams) StatusCodeColor

func (p *LogFormatterParams) StatusCodeColor() string

StatusCodeColor is the ANSI color for appropriately logging http status code to a terminal.

type LoggerConfig

type LoggerConfig struct {
	// Optional. Default value is gin.defaultLogFormatter
	Formatter LogFormatter

	// Output is a writer where logs are written.
	// Optional. Default value is gin.DefaultWriter.
	Output io.Writer

	// SkipPaths is a url path array which logs are not written.
	// Optional.
	SkipPaths []string
}

LoggerConfig defines the config for Logger middleware.

type Negotiate

type Negotiate struct {
	Offered  []string
	HTMLName string
	HTMLData interface{}
	JSONData interface{}
	XMLData  interface{}
	YAMLData interface{}
	Data     interface{}
}

Negotiate contains all negotiations data.

type Param

type Param struct {
	Key   string
	Value string
}

Param is a single URL parameter, consisting of a key and a value.

type Params

type Params []Param

Params is a Param-slice, as returned by the router. The slice is ordered, the first URL parameter is also the first slice value. It is therefore safe to read values by the index.

func (Params) ByName

func (ps Params) ByName(name string) (va string)

ByName returns the value of the first Param which key matches the given name. If no matching Param is found, an empty string is returned.

func (Params) Get

func (ps Params) Get(name string) (string, bool)

Get returns the value of the first Param which key matches the given name. If no matching Param is found, an empty string is returned.

type RecoveryFunc

type RecoveryFunc func(c *Context, err interface{})

RecoveryFunc defines the function passable to CustomRecovery.

type ResponseWriter

type ResponseWriter interface {
	http.ResponseWriter
	http.Hijacker
	http.Flusher
	http.CloseNotifier

	// Returns the HTTP response status code of the current request.
	Status() int

	// Returns the number of bytes already written into the response http body.
	// See Written()
	Size() int

	// Writes the string into the response body.
	WriteString(string) (int, error)

	// Returns true if the response body was already written.
	Written() bool

	// Forces to write the http header (status code + headers).
	WriteHeaderNow()

	// get the http.Pusher for server push
	Pusher() http.Pusher
}

ResponseWriter ...

type RouteInfo

type RouteInfo struct {
	Method      string
	Path        string
	Handler     string
	HandlerFunc HandlerFunc
}

RouteInfo represents a request route's specification which contains method and path and its handler.

type RouterGroup

type RouterGroup struct {
	Handlers HandlersChain
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

RouterGroup is used internally to configure router, a RouterGroup is associated with a prefix and an array of handlers (middleware).

func (*RouterGroup) Any

func (group *RouterGroup) Any(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Any registers a route that matches all the HTTP methods. GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, HEAD, OPTIONS, DELETE, CONNECT, TRACE.

func (*RouterGroup) BasePath

func (group *RouterGroup) BasePath() string

BasePath returns the base path of router group. For example, if v := router.Group("/rest/n/v1/api"), v.BasePath() is "/rest/n/v1/api".

func (*RouterGroup) DELETE

func (group *RouterGroup) DELETE(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

DELETE is a shortcut for router.Handle("DELETE", path, handle).

func (*RouterGroup) GET

func (group *RouterGroup) GET(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

GET is a shortcut for router.Handle("GET", path, handle).

func (*RouterGroup) Group

func (group *RouterGroup) Group(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) *RouterGroup

Group creates a new router group. You should add all the routes that have common middlewares or the same path prefix. For example, all the routes that use a common middleware for authorization could be grouped.

func (*RouterGroup) HEAD

func (group *RouterGroup) HEAD(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

HEAD is a shortcut for router.Handle("HEAD", path, handle).

func (*RouterGroup) Handle

func (group *RouterGroup) Handle(httpMethod, relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Handle registers a new request handle and middleware with the given path and method. The last handler should be the real handler, the other ones should be middleware that can and should be shared among different routes. See the example code in GitHub.

For GET, POST, PUT, PATCH and DELETE requests the respective shortcut functions can be used.

This function is intended for bulk loading and to allow the usage of less frequently used, non-standardized or custom methods (e.g. for internal communication with a proxy).

func (*RouterGroup) OPTIONS

func (group *RouterGroup) OPTIONS(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

OPTIONS is a shortcut for router.Handle("OPTIONS", path, handle).

func (*RouterGroup) PATCH

func (group *RouterGroup) PATCH(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

PATCH is a shortcut for router.Handle("PATCH", path, handle).

func (*RouterGroup) POST

func (group *RouterGroup) POST(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

POST is a shortcut for router.Handle("POST", path, handle).

func (*RouterGroup) PUT

func (group *RouterGroup) PUT(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

PUT is a shortcut for router.Handle("PUT", path, handle).

func (*RouterGroup) Static

func (group *RouterGroup) Static(relativePath, root string) IRoutes

Static serves files from the given file system root. Internally a http.FileServer is used, therefore http.NotFound is used instead of the Router's NotFound handler. To use the operating system's file system implementation, use :

router.Static("/static", "/var/www")

func (*RouterGroup) StaticFS

func (group *RouterGroup) StaticFS(relativePath string, fs http.FileSystem) IRoutes

StaticFS works just like `Static()` but a custom `http.FileSystem` can be used instead. Gin by default user: gin.Dir()

func (*RouterGroup) StaticFile

func (group *RouterGroup) StaticFile(relativePath, filepath string) IRoutes

StaticFile registers a single route in order to serve a single file of the local filesystem. router.StaticFile("favicon.ico", "./resources/favicon.ico")

func (*RouterGroup) Use

func (group *RouterGroup) Use(middleware ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Use adds middleware to the group, see example code in GitHub.

type RoutesInfo

type RoutesInfo []RouteInfo

RoutesInfo defines a RouteInfo array.

Directories

Path Synopsis
internal

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