image-updater

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Version: v0.0.2 Latest Latest
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Published: Oct 24, 2020 License: Apache-2.0

README

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This is a small tool and service for updating YAML files with image references, to simplify continuous deployment pipelines.

It updates a YAML file in a Git repository, and optionally opens a Pull Request.

Command-line tool

$ ./image-updater --help
Update YAML files in a Git service, with optional automated Pull Requests

Usage:
  image-updater [command]

Available Commands:
  help        Help about any command
  http        update repositories in response to image hooks
  pubsub      update repositories in response to gcr pubsub events
  update      update a repository configuration

Flags:
  -h, --help   help for image-updater

Use "image-updater [command] --help" for more information about a command.

There are three sub-commands, http, pubsub and update.

http provides a Webhook service, pubsub subscribes to pubsub events and update will perform the same functionality from the command-line.

Update tool

This requires a AUTH_TOKEN environment variable with a token.

$ ./image-updater update --file-path service-a/deployment.yaml --image-repo quay.io/myorg/my-image --source-repo mysource/my-repo --new-image-url quay.io/myorg/my-image:v1.1.0 --update-key spec.template.spec.containers.0.image

This would update a file service-a/deployment.yaml in a GitHub repo at mysource/my-repo, changing the spec.template.spec.containers.0.image key in the file to quay.io/myorg/my-image:v1.1.0, the PR will indicate that this is an update from quay.io/myorg/my-image.

If you need to access a private GitLab or GitHub installation, you can provide the --api-endpoint e.g.

$ ./image-updater update --file-path service-a/deployment.yaml --image-repo quay.io/myorg/my-image --source-repo mysource/my-repo --new-image-url quay.io/myorg/my-image:v1.1.0 --update-key spec.template.spec.containers.0.image

For the HTTP service, you will likely need to adapt the deployment.

You can also opt to allow for insecure TLS access with --insecure.

Webhook Service

This is a micro-service for updating Git Repos when a hook is received indicating that a new image has been pushed from an image repository.

This currently supports receiving hooks from Docker and Quay.io.

WARNING

Neither Docker Hub nor Quay.io provide a way for receivers to authenticate Webhooks, which makes this insecure, a malicious user could trigger the creation of pull requests in your git hosting service.

Please understand the risks of using this component.

Pubsub Service

Similarly to the Webhook service, the pubsub services allows to update Git Repos when a pubsub Event is received.

This currently supports Events from Google Cloud Registry.

It requires two arguments --project-id and --subscription-name. See below for more details on how to setup the subscription.

Configuration

Both the Webhook and Pubsub service uses a really simple configuration:

repositories:
  - name: testing/repo-image
    sourceRepo: my-org/my-project
    sourceBranch: main
    filePath: service-a/deployment.yaml
    updateKey: spec.template.spec.containers.0.image
    branchGenerateName: repo-imager-
    tagMatch: "^main-.*"

This is a single repository configuration, Repo Push notifications from the image testing/repo-image, will trigger an update in the repo my-org/my-project.

The change will be based off the main branch, and updating the file service-a/deployment.yaml.

Within that file, the spec.template.spec.containers.0.image field will be replaced with the incoming image.

A new branch will be created based on the branchGenerateName field, which would look something like repo-imager-kXzdf.

The presence of the tagMatch field means that it should only apply the update, if the tag being changed matches this regular expression, in this case, tags like "main-c1f79ab" would match, but "test-pr-branch-c1f79ab" would not.

Updating the sourceBranch directly

If no value is provided for branchGenerateName, then the sourceBranch will be updated directly, this means that if you use main, then the token must have access to push a change directly to main.

Creating the configuration

The tool reads a YAML definition, which in the provided Deployment is mounted in from a ConfigMap.

$ kubectl create configmap image-updater-config --from-file=config.yaml

The default deployment requires a secret to expose the GITHUB_TOKEN to the service.

$ export GITHUB_TOKEN=<insert github token>
$ kubectl create secret generic image-updater-secret --from-literal=token=$GITHUB_TOKEN

Deployment

A Kubernetes Deployment is provided in ./deploy/deployment.yaml.

The service is not dependent on being executed within a Kubernetes cluster.

Choosing a hook parser

By default, this accepts hooks from Docker hub but the deployment can easily be changed to support Quay.io.

The --parser command-line option chooses which of the supported (Quay, Docker) hook formats to parse.

Exposing the Handler

The Service exposes a Hook handler at / on port 8080 that handles the configured hook type.

Tekton

A Tekton task is provided in ./tekton which allows you to apply updates to repos from a Tekton pipeline run.

Google Container registry setup

gcloud pubsub topics create gcr
gcloud pubsub subscriptions create gcr-image-updater --topic projects/$GOOGLE_PROJECT/topics/gcr

gcloud iam service-accounts create 
gcloud iam service-accounts keys create credentials.json \
  --iam-account $SA_NAME@$GOOGLE_PROJECT.iam.gserviceaccount.com

gcloud pubsub subscriptions add-iam-policy-binding gcr-image-updater \
--member=serviceAccount:$SA_NAME@$GOOGLE_PROJECT.iam.gserviceaccount.com --role=roles/pubsub.subscriber

You then need to set the GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS environment variable to the path the generated credentials.json file.

Building

A Dockerfile is provided for building a container, but otherwise:

$ go build ./cmd/image-updater

Testing

$ go test ./...

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