gopy

command module
Version: v0.0.0-...-27ed260 Latest Latest
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Published: Dec 19, 2018 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 18 Imported by: 0

README

gopy

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gopy generates (and compiles) a CPython extension module from a go package.

WARNING gopy is currently not compatible with Go>=1.6 and its improved CGo rules as documented in cmd/cgo. To be able to run a CPython module generated with Go>=1.6, one needs to export GODEBUG=cgocheck=0 to disable the CGo rules runtime checker. (see issue 83 for more informations.)

Installation

$ go get github.com/go-python/gopy

You will need Go >= 1.5.

Community

The go-python community can be reached out at go-python@googlegroups.com or via the web forum: go-python group. See the CONTRIBUTING guide for pointers on how to contribute to gopy.

Documentation

A presentation was given at dotgo-2015. A longer version of that talk is also available here. An article was also posted on the GopherAcademy Advent-2015.

Documentation is available on godoc: https://godoc.org/github.com/go-python/gopy

or directly from the command-line prompt:

$ gopy help
gopy - 

Commands:

    bind        generate and compile (C)Python language bindings for Go
    gen         generate (C)Python language bindings for Go

Use "gopy help <command>" for more information about a command.


$ gopy help gen
Usage: gopy gen <go-package-name>

gen generates (C)Python language bindings for a Go package.

ex:
 $ gopy gen [options] <go-package-name>
 $ gopy gen github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi

Options:
  -lang="py2": target language for bindings
  -output="": output directory for bindings


$ gopy help bind
Usage: gopy bind <go-package-name>

bind generates and compiles (C)Python language bindings for a Go package.

ex:
 $ gopy bind [options] <go-package-name>
 $ gopy bind github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi

Options:
  -lang="py2": python version to use for bindings (python2|py2|python3|py3|cffi)
  -output="": output directory for bindings

Examples

From the python shell

gopy comes with a little python module allowing to wrap and compile go packages directly from the python interactive shell:

>>> import gopy
>>> hi = gopy.load("github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi")
gopy> inferring package name...
gopy> loading 'github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi'...
gopy> importing 'github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi'

>>> print hi
<module 'github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi' from '/some/path/.../hi.so'>

>>> print hi.__doc__
package hi exposes a few Go functions to be wrapped and used from Python.
From the command line
$ gopy bind -output=out github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi
$ ls out
hi.so

$ cd out
$ python2
>>> import hi
>>> dir(hi)
['Add', 'Concat', 'Hello', 'Hi', 'NewPerson', 'Person', '__doc__', '__file__', '__name__', '__package__']

>>> hi.Hello("you")
hello you from go

You can also run:

go test -v -run=TestBind
=== RUN   TestBind
processing "Add"...
processing "Concat"...
processing "Hello"...
processing "Hi"...
processing "NewPerson"...
processing "Person"...
processing "Add"...
processing "Concat"...
processing "Hello"...
processing "Hi"...
processing "NewPerson"...
processing "Person"...
github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi
_/home/binet/dev/go/root/tmp/gopy-431003574
--- hi.Hi()...
hi from go
--- hi.Hello('you')...
hello you from go
--- hi.Add(1, 41)...
42
--- hi.Concat('4', '2')...
42
--- doc(hi.Person):
Person is a simple struct

--- p = hi.Person()...
<hi.Person object at 0x7fc46cc330f0>
['Age', 'Name', '__class__', '__delattr__', '__doc__', '__format__', '__getattribute__', '__hash__', '__init__', '__new__', '__reduce__', '__reduce_ex__', '__repr__', '__setattr__', '__sizeof__', '__str__', '__subclasshook__']
--- p.Name: None
--- p.Age: None
--- doc(p):
Person is a simple struct

--- PASS: TestBind (2.13s)
PASS
ok  	github.com/go-python/gopy	2.135s

Binding generation using Docker (for cross-platform builds)

$ cd github.com/go-python/gopy/_examples/hi
$ docker run --rm -v `pwd`:/go/src/in -v `pwd`:/out gopy/gopy app bind -output=/out in
$ file hi.so
hi.so: ELF 64-bit LSB shared object, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, not stripped

The docker image can also be built on local machine:

$ cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/go-python/gopy
$ docker build -t go-python/gopy .
$ docker run -it --rm go-python/gopy

Support Matrix

To know what features are supported on what backends, please refer to the Support matrix .

Limitations

  • wrap go structs into python classes [DONE]
  • better pythonization: turn go errors into python exceptions [DONE]
  • wrap arrays and slices into types implementing tp_as_sequence [DONE]
  • only python-2 supported for now [DONE]

Contribute

gopy is part of the go-python organization and licensed under BSD-3. When you want to contribute a patch or some code to gopy, please send a pull request against the gopy issue tracker AND a pull request against go-python/license adding yourself to the AUTHORS and CONTRIBUTORS files.

Documentation

Overview

gopy generates (and compiles) language bindings that make it possible to call Go code and pass objects from Python.

Using gopy

gopy takes a Go package and generates bindings for all of the exported symbols. The exported symbols define the cross-language interface.

The gopy tool generates both an API stub in Python, and binding code in Go. Start with a Go package:

package hi

import "fmt"

func Hello(name string) {
	fmt.Println("Hello, %s!\n", name)
}

Directories

Path Synopsis
_examples
cgo
Package cgo tests bindings of CGo-based packages.
Package cgo tests bindings of CGo-based packages.
empty
Package empty does not expose anything.
Package empty does not expose anything.
hi
package hi exposes a few Go functions to be wrapped and used from Python.
package hi exposes a few Go functions to be wrapped and used from Python.
iface
package iface tests various aspects of interfaces.
package iface tests various aspects of interfaces.
lot
named
package named tests various aspects of named types.
package named tests various aspects of named types.
pyerrors
Package pyerrors holds functions returning an error.
Package pyerrors holds functions returning an error.
rename
package rename tests changing the names of methods and functions
package rename tests changing the names of methods and functions
seqs
package seqs tests various aspects of sequence types.
package seqs tests various aspects of sequence types.
simple
simple is a simple package.
simple is a simple package.
Package bind provides tools to generate bindings to use Go from Python.
Package bind provides tools to generate bindings to use Go from Python.

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