cryptobyte

package
Version: v7.0.3+incompatible Latest Latest
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Published: Sep 11, 2017 License: MIT, BSD-3-Clause Imports: 6 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Overview

Package cryptobyte implements building and parsing of byte strings for DER-encoded ASN.1 and TLS messages. See the examples for the Builder and String types to get started.

Index

Examples

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type Builder

type Builder struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Builder builds byte strings from fixed-length and length-prefixed values. The zero value is a usable Builder that allocates space as needed.

Example (Asn1)
package main

import (
	"encoding/asn1"
	"fmt"

	"golang.org/x/crypto/cryptobyte"
)

func main() {
	// This is an example of building ASN.1 data that looks like:
	//    Foo ::= SEQUENCE {
	//      version [6] INTEGER DEFAULT 0
	//      data OCTET STRING
	//    }

	version := int64(2)
	data := []byte("hello")
	const defaultVersion = 0

	var b cryptobyte.Builder
	b.AddASN1(cryptobyte.Tag(asn1.TagSequence).Constructed(), func(b *cryptobyte.Builder) {
		if version != defaultVersion {
			b.AddASN1(cryptobyte.Tag(6).Constructed().ContextSpecific(), func(b *cryptobyte.Builder) {
				b.AddASN1Int64(version)
			})
		}
		b.AddASN1OctetString(data)
	})

	result, err := b.Bytes()
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("%x\n", result)
}
Output:

300ca603020102040568656c6c6f
Example (LengthPrefixed)
package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"golang.org/x/crypto/cryptobyte"
)

func main() {
	// This is an example of building length-prefixed data (as found in,
	// for example, TLS). Imagine a 16-bit prefixed series of 8-bit
	// prefixed strings.
	input := []string{"hello", "world"}

	var b cryptobyte.Builder
	b.AddUint16LengthPrefixed(func(b *cryptobyte.Builder) {
		for _, value := range input {
			b.AddUint8LengthPrefixed(func(b *cryptobyte.Builder) {
				b.AddBytes([]byte(value))
			})
		}
	})

	result, err := b.Bytes()
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("%x\n", result)
}
Output:

000c0568656c6c6f05776f726c64

func NewBuilder

func NewBuilder(buffer []byte) *Builder

NewBuilder creates a Builder that appends its output to the given buffer. Like append(), the slice will be reallocated if its capacity is exceeded. Use Bytes to get the final buffer.

func NewFixedBuilder

func NewFixedBuilder(buffer []byte) *Builder

NewFixedBuilder creates a Builder that appends its output into the given buffer. This builder does not reallocate the output buffer. Writes that would exceed the buffer's capacity are treated as an error.

func (*Builder) AddASN1

func (b *Builder) AddASN1(tag Tag, f BuilderContinuation)

AddASN1 appends an ASN.1 object. The object is prefixed with the given tag. Tags greater than 30 are not supported and result in an error (i.e. low-tag-number form only). The child builder passed to the BuilderContinuation can be used to build the content of the ASN.1 object.

func (*Builder) AddASN1BigInt

func (b *Builder) AddASN1BigInt(n *big.Int)

AddASN1BigInt appends a DER-encoded ASN.1 INTEGER.

func (*Builder) AddASN1BitString

func (b *Builder) AddASN1BitString(s asn1.BitString)

AddASN1BitString appends a DER-encoded ASN.1 BIT STRING.

func (*Builder) AddASN1Enum

func (b *Builder) AddASN1Enum(v int64)

AddASN1Enum appends a DER-encoded ASN.1 ENUMERATION.

func (*Builder) AddASN1GeneralizedTime

func (b *Builder) AddASN1GeneralizedTime(t time.Time)

AddASN1GeneralizedTime appends a DER-encoded ASN.1 GENERALIZEDTIME.

func (*Builder) AddASN1Int64

func (b *Builder) AddASN1Int64(v int64)

AddASN1Int64 appends a DER-encoded ASN.1 INTEGER.

func (*Builder) AddASN1OctetString

func (b *Builder) AddASN1OctetString(bytes []byte)

AddASN1OctetString appends a DER-encoded ASN.1 OCTET STRING.

func (*Builder) AddASN1Uint64

func (b *Builder) AddASN1Uint64(v uint64)

AddASN1Uint64 appends a DER-encoded ASN.1 INTEGER.

func (*Builder) AddBytes

func (b *Builder) AddBytes(v []byte)

AddBytes appends a sequence of bytes to the byte string.

func (*Builder) AddUint16

func (b *Builder) AddUint16(v uint16)

AddUint16 appends a big-endian, 16-bit value to the byte string.

func (*Builder) AddUint16LengthPrefixed

func (b *Builder) AddUint16LengthPrefixed(f BuilderContinuation)

AddUint16LengthPrefixed adds a big-endian, 16-bit length-prefixed byte sequence.

func (*Builder) AddUint24

func (b *Builder) AddUint24(v uint32)

AddUint24 appends a big-endian, 24-bit value to the byte string. The highest byte of the 32-bit input value is silently truncated.

func (*Builder) AddUint24LengthPrefixed

func (b *Builder) AddUint24LengthPrefixed(f BuilderContinuation)

AddUint24LengthPrefixed adds a big-endian, 24-bit length-prefixed byte sequence.

func (*Builder) AddUint32

func (b *Builder) AddUint32(v uint32)

AddUint32 appends a big-endian, 32-bit value to the byte string.

func (*Builder) AddUint8

func (b *Builder) AddUint8(v uint8)

AddUint8 appends an 8-bit value to the byte string.

func (*Builder) AddUint8LengthPrefixed

func (b *Builder) AddUint8LengthPrefixed(f BuilderContinuation)

AddUint8LengthPrefixed adds a 8-bit length-prefixed byte sequence.

func (*Builder) AddValue

func (b *Builder) AddValue(v MarshalingValue)

AddValue calls Marshal on v, passing a pointer to the builder to append to. If Marshal returns an error, it is set on the Builder so that subsequent appends don't have an effect.

func (*Builder) Bytes

func (b *Builder) Bytes() ([]byte, error)

Bytes returns the bytes written by the builder or an error if one has occurred during during building.

func (*Builder) BytesOrPanic

func (b *Builder) BytesOrPanic() []byte

BytesOrPanic returns the bytes written by the builder or panics if an error has occurred during building.

func (*Builder) MarshalASN1

func (b *Builder) MarshalASN1(v interface{})

MarshalASN1 calls asn1.Marshal on its input and appends the result if successful or records an error if one occurred.

type BuilderContinuation

type BuilderContinuation func(child *Builder)

BuilderContinuation is continuation-passing interface for building length-prefixed byte sequences. Builder methods for length-prefixed sequences (AddUint8LengthPrefixed etc.) will invoke the BuilderContinuation supplied to them. The child builder passed to the continuation can be used to build the content of the length-prefixed sequence. Example:

parent := cryptobyte.NewBuilder()
parent.AddUint8LengthPrefixed(func (child *Builder) {
  child.AddUint8(42)
  child.AddUint8LengthPrefixed(func (grandchild *Builder) {
    grandchild.AddUint8(5)
  })
})

It is an error to write more bytes to the child than allowed by the reserved length prefix. After the continuation returns, the child must be considered invalid, i.e. users must not store any copies or references of the child that outlive the continuation.

type MarshalingValue

type MarshalingValue interface {
	// Marshal is called by Builder.AddValue. It receives a pointer to a builder
	// to marshal itself into. It may return an error that occurred during
	// marshaling, such as unset or invalid values.
	Marshal(b *Builder) error
}

A MarshalingValue marshals itself into a Builder.

type String

type String []byte

String represents a string of bytes. It provides methods for parsing fixed-length and length-prefixed values from it.

Example (Asn1)
package main

import (
	"encoding/asn1"
	"fmt"

	"golang.org/x/crypto/cryptobyte"
)

func main() {
	// This is an example of parsing ASN.1 data that looks like:
	//    Foo ::= SEQUENCE {
	//      version [6] INTEGER DEFAULT 0
	//      data OCTET STRING
	//    }

	input := cryptobyte.String([]byte{0x30, 12, 0xa6, 3, 2, 1, 2, 4, 5, 'h', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o'})

	var (
		version                   int64
		data, inner, versionBytes cryptobyte.String
		haveVersion               bool
	)
	if !input.ReadASN1(&inner, cryptobyte.Tag(asn1.TagSequence).Constructed()) ||
		!input.Empty() ||
		!inner.ReadOptionalASN1(&versionBytes, &haveVersion, cryptobyte.Tag(6).Constructed().ContextSpecific()) ||
		(haveVersion && !versionBytes.ReadASN1Integer(&version)) ||
		(haveVersion && !versionBytes.Empty()) ||
		!inner.ReadASN1(&data, asn1.TagOctetString) ||
		!inner.Empty() {
		panic("bad format")
	}

	fmt.Printf("haveVersion: %t, version: %d, data: %s\n", haveVersion, version, string(data))
}
Output:

haveVersion: true, version: 2, data: hello
Example (LengthPrefixed)
package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"golang.org/x/crypto/cryptobyte"
)

func main() {
	// This is an example of parsing length-prefixed data (as found in, for
	// example, TLS). Imagine a 16-bit prefixed series of 8-bit prefixed
	// strings.

	input := cryptobyte.String([]byte{0, 12, 5, 'h', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o', 5, 'w', 'o', 'r', 'l', 'd'})
	var result []string

	var values cryptobyte.String
	if !input.ReadUint16LengthPrefixed(&values) ||
		!input.Empty() {
		panic("bad format")
	}

	for !values.Empty() {
		var value cryptobyte.String
		if !values.ReadUint8LengthPrefixed(&value) {
			panic("bad format")
		}

		result = append(result, string(value))
	}

	fmt.Printf("%#v\n", result)
}
Output:

[]string{"hello", "world"}

func (*String) CopyBytes

func (s *String) CopyBytes(out []byte) bool

CopyBytes copies len(out) bytes into out and advances over them. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (String) Empty

func (s String) Empty() bool

Empty reports whether the string does not contain any bytes.

func (String) PeekASN1Tag

func (s String) PeekASN1Tag(tag Tag) bool

PeekASN1Tag returns true if the next ASN.1 value on the string starts with the given tag.

func (*String) ReadASN1

func (s *String) ReadASN1(out *String, tag Tag) bool

ReadASN1 reads the contents of a DER-encoded ASN.1 element (not including tag and length bytes) into out, and advances. The element must match the given tag. It returns true on success and false on error.

Tags greater than 30 are not supported (i.e. low-tag-number format only).

func (*String) ReadASN1BitString

func (s *String) ReadASN1BitString(out *asn1.BitString) bool

ReadASN1BitString decodes an ASN.1 BIT STRING into out and advances. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadASN1Bytes

func (s *String) ReadASN1Bytes(out *[]byte, tag Tag) bool

ReadASN1Bytes reads the contents of a DER-encoded ASN.1 element (not including tag and length bytes) into out, and advances. The element must match the given tag. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadASN1Element

func (s *String) ReadASN1Element(out *String, tag Tag) bool

ReadASN1Element reads the contents of a DER-encoded ASN.1 element (including tag and length bytes) into out, and advances. The element must match the given tag. It returns true on success and false on error.

Tags greater than 30 are not supported (i.e. low-tag-number format only).

func (*String) ReadASN1Enum

func (s *String) ReadASN1Enum(out *int) bool

ReadASN1Enum decodes an ASN.1 ENUMERATION into out and advances. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadASN1GeneralizedTime

func (s *String) ReadASN1GeneralizedTime(out *time.Time) bool

ReadASN1GeneralizedTime decodes an ASN.1 GENERALIZEDTIME into out and advances. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadASN1Integer

func (s *String) ReadASN1Integer(out interface{}) bool

ReadASN1Integer decodes an ASN.1 INTEGER into out and advances. If out does not point to an integer or to a big.Int, it panics. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadASN1ObjectIdentifier

func (s *String) ReadASN1ObjectIdentifier(out *asn1.ObjectIdentifier) bool

ReadASN1ObjectIdentifier decodes an ASN.1 OBJECT IDENTIFIER into out and advances. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadAnyASN1

func (s *String) ReadAnyASN1(out *String, outTag *Tag) bool

ReadAnyASN1 reads the contents of a DER-encoded ASN.1 element (not including tag and length bytes) into out, sets outTag to its tag, and advances. It returns true on success and false on error.

Tags greater than 30 are not supported (i.e. low-tag-number format only).

func (*String) ReadAnyASN1Element

func (s *String) ReadAnyASN1Element(out *String, outTag *Tag) bool

ReadAnyASN1Element reads the contents of a DER-encoded ASN.1 element (including tag and length bytes) into out, sets outTag to is tag, and advances. It returns true on success and false on error.

Tags greater than 30 are not supported (i.e. low-tag-number format only).

func (*String) ReadBytes

func (s *String) ReadBytes(out *[]byte, n int) bool

ReadBytes reads n bytes into out and advances over them. It returns true on success and false and error.

func (*String) ReadOptionalASN1

func (s *String) ReadOptionalASN1(out *String, outPresent *bool, tag Tag) bool

ReadOptionalASN1 attempts to read the contents of a DER-encoded ASN.Element (not including tag and length bytes) tagged with the given tag into out. It stores whether an element with the tag was found in outPresent, unless outPresent is nil. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadOptionalASN1Integer

func (s *String) ReadOptionalASN1Integer(out interface{}, tag Tag, defaultValue interface{}) bool

ReadOptionalASN1Integer attempts to read an optional ASN.1 INTEGER explicitly tagged with tag into out and advances. If no element with a matching tag is present, it writes defaultValue into out instead. If out does not point to an integer or to a big.Int, it panics. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadOptionalASN1OctetString

func (s *String) ReadOptionalASN1OctetString(out *[]byte, outPresent *bool, tag Tag) bool

ReadOptionalASN1OctetString attempts to read an optional ASN.1 OCTET STRING explicitly tagged with tag into out and advances. If no element with a matching tag is present, it writes defaultValue into out instead. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadUint16

func (s *String) ReadUint16(out *uint16) bool

ReadUint16 decodes a big-endian, 16-bit value into out and advances over it. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadUint16LengthPrefixed

func (s *String) ReadUint16LengthPrefixed(out *String) bool

ReadUint16LengthPrefixed reads the content of a big-endian, 16-bit length-prefixed value into out and advances over it. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadUint24

func (s *String) ReadUint24(out *uint32) bool

ReadUint24 decodes a big-endian, 24-bit value into out and advances over it. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadUint24LengthPrefixed

func (s *String) ReadUint24LengthPrefixed(out *String) bool

ReadUint24LengthPrefixed reads the content of a big-endian, 24-bit length-prefixed value into out and advances over it. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadUint32

func (s *String) ReadUint32(out *uint32) bool

ReadUint32 decodes a big-endian, 32-bit value into out and advances over it. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadUint8

func (s *String) ReadUint8(out *uint8) bool

ReadUint8 decodes an 8-bit value into out and advances over it. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) ReadUint8LengthPrefixed

func (s *String) ReadUint8LengthPrefixed(out *String) bool

ReadUint8LengthPrefixed reads the content of an 8-bit length-prefixed value into out and advances over it. It returns true on success and false on error.

func (*String) Skip

func (s *String) Skip(n int) bool

Skip advances the String by n byte and reports whether it was successful.

type Tag

type Tag uint8

Tag represents an ASN.1 tag number and class (together also referred to as identifier octets). Methods in this package only support the low-tag-number form, i.e. a single identifier octet with bits 7-8 encoding the class and bits 1-6 encoding the tag number.

func (Tag) Constructed

func (t Tag) Constructed() Tag

Contructed returns t with the constructed class bit set.

func (Tag) ContextSpecific

func (t Tag) ContextSpecific() Tag

Contructed returns t with the context-specific class bit set.

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