mock

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Version: v1.6.0 Latest Latest
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Published: Jun 11, 2021 License: Apache-2.0

README

gomock

Build Status Go Reference

gomock is a mocking framework for the Go programming language. It integrates well with Go's built-in testing package, but can be used in other contexts too.

Installation

Once you have installed Go, install the mockgen tool.

Note: If you have not done so already be sure to add $GOPATH/bin to your PATH.

To get the latest released version use:

Go version < 1.16
GO111MODULE=on go get github.com/golang/mock/mockgen@v1.5.0
Go 1.16+
go install github.com/golang/mock/mockgen@v1.5.0

If you use mockgen in your CI pipeline, it may be more appropriate to fixate on a specific mockgen version.

Running mockgen

mockgen has two modes of operation: source and reflect.

Source mode

Source mode generates mock interfaces from a source file. It is enabled by using the -source flag. Other flags that may be useful in this mode are -imports and -aux_files.

Example:

mockgen -source=foo.go [other options]
Reflect mode

Reflect mode generates mock interfaces by building a program that uses reflection to understand interfaces. It is enabled by passing two non-flag arguments: an import path, and a comma-separated list of symbols.

You can use "." to refer to the current path's package.

Example:

mockgen database/sql/driver Conn,Driver

# Convenient for `go:generate`.
mockgen . Conn,Driver
Flags

The mockgen command is used to generate source code for a mock class given a Go source file containing interfaces to be mocked. It supports the following flags:

  • -source: A file containing interfaces to be mocked.

  • -destination: A file to which to write the resulting source code. If you don't set this, the code is printed to standard output.

  • -package: The package to use for the resulting mock class source code. If you don't set this, the package name is mock_ concatenated with the package of the input file.

  • -imports: A list of explicit imports that should be used in the resulting source code, specified as a comma-separated list of elements of the form foo=bar/baz, where bar/baz is the package being imported and foo is the identifier to use for the package in the generated source code.

  • -aux_files: A list of additional files that should be consulted to resolve e.g. embedded interfaces defined in a different file. This is specified as a comma-separated list of elements of the form foo=bar/baz.go, where bar/baz.go is the source file and foo is the package name of that file used by the -source file.

  • -build_flags: (reflect mode only) Flags passed verbatim to go build.

  • -mock_names: A list of custom names for generated mocks. This is specified as a comma-separated list of elements of the form Repository=MockSensorRepository,Endpoint=MockSensorEndpoint, where Repository is the interface name and MockSensorRepository is the desired mock name (mock factory method and mock recorder will be named after the mock). If one of the interfaces has no custom name specified, then default naming convention will be used.

  • -self_package: The full package import path for the generated code. The purpose of this flag is to prevent import cycles in the generated code by trying to include its own package. This can happen if the mock's package is set to one of its inputs (usually the main one) and the output is stdio so mockgen cannot detect the final output package. Setting this flag will then tell mockgen which import to exclude.

  • -copyright_file: Copyright file used to add copyright header to the resulting source code.

  • -debug_parser: Print out parser results only.

  • -exec_only: (reflect mode) If set, execute this reflection program.

  • -prog_only: (reflect mode) Only generate the reflection program; write it to stdout and exit.

  • -write_package_comment: Writes package documentation comment (godoc) if true. (default true)

For an example of the use of mockgen, see the sample/ directory. In simple cases, you will need only the -source flag.

Building Mocks

type Foo interface {
  Bar(x int) int
}

func SUT(f Foo) {
 // ...
}

func TestFoo(t *testing.T) {
  ctrl := gomock.NewController(t)

  // Assert that Bar() is invoked.
  defer ctrl.Finish()

  m := NewMockFoo(ctrl)

  // Asserts that the first and only call to Bar() is passed 99.
  // Anything else will fail.
  m.
    EXPECT().
    Bar(gomock.Eq(99)).
    Return(101)

  SUT(m)
}

If you are using a Go version of 1.14+, a mockgen version of 1.5.0+, and are passing a *testing.T into gomock.NewController(t) you no longer need to call ctrl.Finish() explicitly. It will be called for you automatically from a self registered Cleanup function.

Building Stubs

type Foo interface {
  Bar(x int) int
}

func SUT(f Foo) {
 // ...
}

func TestFoo(t *testing.T) {
  ctrl := gomock.NewController(t)
  defer ctrl.Finish()

  m := NewMockFoo(ctrl)

  // Does not make any assertions. Executes the anonymous functions and returns
  // its result when Bar is invoked with 99.
  m.
    EXPECT().
    Bar(gomock.Eq(99)).
    DoAndReturn(func(_ int) int {
      time.Sleep(1*time.Second)
      return 101
    }).
    AnyTimes()

  // Does not make any assertions. Returns 103 when Bar is invoked with 101.
  m.
    EXPECT().
    Bar(gomock.Eq(101)).
    Return(103).
    AnyTimes()

  SUT(m)
}

Modifying Failure Messages

When a matcher reports a failure, it prints the received (Got) vs the expected (Want) value.

Got: [3]
Want: is equal to 2
Expected call at user_test.go:33 doesn't match the argument at index 1.
Got: [0 1 1 2 3]
Want: is equal to 1
Modifying Want

The Want value comes from the matcher's String() method. If the matcher's default output doesn't meet your needs, then it can be modified as follows:

gomock.WantFormatter(
  gomock.StringerFunc(func() string { return "is equal to fifteen" }),
  gomock.Eq(15),
)

This modifies the gomock.Eq(15) matcher's output for Want: from is equal to 15 to is equal to fifteen.

Modifying Got

The Got value comes from the object's String() method if it is available. In some cases the output of an object is difficult to read (e.g., []byte) and it would be helpful for the test to print it differently. The following modifies how the Got value is formatted:

gomock.GotFormatterAdapter(
  gomock.GotFormatterFunc(func(i interface{}) string {
    // Leading 0s
    return fmt.Sprintf("%02d", i)
  }),
  gomock.Eq(15),
)

If the received value is 3, then it will be printed as 03.

Debugging Errors

reflect vendoring error
cannot find package "."
... github.com/golang/mock/mockgen/model

If you come across this error while using reflect mode and vendoring dependencies there are three workarounds you can choose from:

  1. Use source mode.
  2. Include an empty import import _ "github.com/golang/mock/mockgen/model".
  3. Add --build_flags=--mod=mod to your mockgen command.

This error is due to changes in default behavior of the go command in more recent versions. More details can be found in #494.

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package gomock is a mock framework for Go.
Package gomock is a mock framework for Go.
MockGen generates mock implementations of Go interfaces.
MockGen generates mock implementations of Go interfaces.
model
Package model contains the data model necessary for generating mock implementations.
Package model contains the data model necessary for generating mock implementations.
Package user is an example package with an interface.
Package user is an example package with an interface.
concurrent
Package concurrent demonstrates how to use gomock with goroutines.
Package concurrent demonstrates how to use gomock with goroutines.
concurrent/mock
Package mock_concurrent is a generated GoMock package.
Package mock_concurrent is a generated GoMock package.

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