go-containerregistry

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Published: Jul 20, 2022 License: Apache-2.0

README

go-containerregistry

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Introduction

This is a golang library for working with container registries. It's largely based on the Python library of the same name.

The following diagram shows the main types that this library handles. OCI image representation

Philosophy

The overarching design philosophy of this library is to define interfaces that present an immutable view of resources (e.g. Image, Layer, ImageIndex), which can be backed by a variety of medium (e.g. registry, tarball, daemon, ...).

To complement these immutable views, we support functional mutations that produce new immutable views of the resulting resource (e.g. mutate). The end goal is to provide a set of versatile primitives that can compose to do extraordinarily powerful things efficiently and easily.

Both the resource views and mutations may be lazy, eager, memoizing, etc, and most are optimized for common paths based on the tooling we have seen in the wild (e.g. writing new images from disk to the registry as a compressed tarball).

Experiments

Over time, we will add new functionality under experimental environment variables listed here.

Env Var Value(s) What is does
GGCR_EXPERIMENT_ESTARGZ "1" When enabled this experiment will direct tarball.LayerFromOpener to emit estargz compatible layers, which enable them to be lazily loaded by an appropriately configured containerd.
v1.Image
Sources
Sinks
v1.ImageIndex
Sources
Sinks
v1.Layer
Sources
Sinks

Overview

mutate

The simplest use for these libraries is to read from one source and write to another.

For example,

  • crane pull is remote.Image -> tarball.Write,
  • crane push is tarball.Image -> remote.Write,
  • crane cp is remote.Image -> remote.Write.

However, often you actually want to change something about an image. This is the purpose of the mutate package, which exposes some commonly useful things to change about an image.

partial

If you're trying to use this library with a different source or sink than it already supports, it can be somewhat cumbersome. The Image and Layer interfaces are pretty wide, with a lot of redundant information. This is somewhat by design, because we want to expose this information as efficiently as possible where we can, but again it is a pain to implement yourself.

The purpose of the partial package is to make implementing a v1.Image much easier, by filling in all the derived accessors for you if you implement a minimal subset of v1.Image.

transport

You might think our abstractions are bad and you just want to authenticate and send requests to a registry.

This is the purpose of the transport and authn packages.

Tools

This repo hosts some tools built on top of the library.

crane

crane is a tool for interacting with remote images and registries.

gcrane

gcrane is a GCR-specific variant of crane that has richer output for the ls subcommand and some basic garbage collection support.

krane

krane is a drop-in replacement for crane that supports common Kubernetes-based workload identity mechanisms using k8schain as a fallback to traditional authentication mechanisms.

k8schain

k8schain implements the authentication semantics used by kubelets in a way that is easily consumable by this library.

k8schain is not a standalone tool, but it is linked here for visibility.

Emeritus: ko

This tool was originally developed in this repo but has since been moved to its own repo.

Directories

Path Synopsis
cmd
krane Module
pkg
authn
Package authn defines different methods of authentication for talking to a container registry.
Package authn defines different methods of authentication for talking to a container registry.
authn/github
Package github provides a keychain for the GitHub Container Registry.
Package github provides a keychain for the GitHub Container Registry.
crane
Package crane holds libraries used to implement the crane CLI.
Package crane holds libraries used to implement the crane CLI.
gcrane
Package gcrane holds libraries used to implement the gcrane CLI.
Package gcrane holds libraries used to implement the gcrane CLI.
legacy
Package legacy provides functionality to work with docker images in the v1 format.
Package legacy provides functionality to work with docker images in the v1 format.
legacy/tarball
Package tarball provides facilities for writing v1 docker images (https://github.com/moby/moby/blob/master/image/spec/v1.md) from/to a tarball on-disk.
Package tarball provides facilities for writing v1 docker images (https://github.com/moby/moby/blob/master/image/spec/v1.md) from/to a tarball on-disk.
logs
Package logs exposes the loggers used by this library.
Package logs exposes the loggers used by this library.
name
Package name defines structured types for representing image references.
Package name defines structured types for representing image references.
registry
Package registry implements a docker V2 registry and the OCI distribution specification.
Package registry implements a docker V2 registry and the OCI distribution specification.
v1
Package v1 defines structured types for OCI v1 images
Package v1 defines structured types for OCI v1 images
v1/cache
Package cache provides methods to cache layers.
Package cache provides methods to cache layers.
v1/daemon
Package daemon provides facilities for reading/writing v1.Image from/to a running daemon.
Package daemon provides facilities for reading/writing v1.Image from/to a running daemon.
v1/empty
Package empty provides an implementation of v1.Image equivalent to "FROM scratch".
Package empty provides an implementation of v1.Image equivalent to "FROM scratch".
v1/fake
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
v1/google
Package google provides facilities for listing images in gcr.io.
Package google provides facilities for listing images in gcr.io.
v1/layout
Package layout provides facilities for reading/writing artifacts from/to an OCI image layout on disk, see:
Package layout provides facilities for reading/writing artifacts from/to an OCI image layout on disk, see:
v1/match
Package match provides functionality for conveniently matching a v1.Descriptor.
Package match provides functionality for conveniently matching a v1.Descriptor.
v1/mutate
Package mutate provides facilities for mutating v1.Images of any kind.
Package mutate provides facilities for mutating v1.Images of any kind.
v1/partial
Package partial defines methods for building up a v1.Image from minimal subsets that are sufficient for defining a v1.Image.
Package partial defines methods for building up a v1.Image from minimal subsets that are sufficient for defining a v1.Image.
v1/random
Package random provides a facility for synthesizing pseudo-random images.
Package random provides a facility for synthesizing pseudo-random images.
v1/remote
Package remote provides facilities for reading/writing v1.Images from/to a remote image registry.
Package remote provides facilities for reading/writing v1.Images from/to a remote image registry.
v1/remote/transport
Package transport provides facilities for setting up an authenticated http.RoundTripper given an Authenticator and base RoundTripper.
Package transport provides facilities for setting up an authenticated http.RoundTripper given an Authenticator and base RoundTripper.
v1/tarball
Package tarball provides facilities for reading/writing v1.Images from/to a tarball on-disk.
Package tarball provides facilities for reading/writing v1.Images from/to a tarball on-disk.
v1/validate
Package validate provides methods for validating image correctness.
Package validate provides methods for validating image correctness.
internal
and
Package and provides helpers for adding Close to io.{Reader|Writer}.
Package and provides helpers for adding Close to io.{Reader|Writer}.
cmd
compare
Package compare provides methods for comparing images, indexes, and layers.
Package compare provides methods for comparing images, indexes, and layers.
depcheck
Package depcheck defines a test utility for ensuring certain packages don't take on heavy dependencies.
Package depcheck defines a test utility for ensuring certain packages don't take on heavy dependencies.
editor
Package editor implements a simple interface for interactive file editing.
Package editor implements a simple interface for interactive file editing.
estargz
Package estargz adapts the containerd estargz package to our abstractions.
Package estargz adapts the containerd estargz package to our abstractions.
gzip
Package gzip provides helper functions for interacting with gzipped streams.
Package gzip provides helper functions for interacting with gzipped streams.
httptest
Package httptest provides a method for testing a TLS server a la net/http/httptest.
Package httptest provides a method for testing a TLS server a la net/http/httptest.
legacy
Package legacy provides methods for interacting with legacy image formats.
Package legacy provides methods for interacting with legacy image formats.
redact
Package redact contains a simple context signal for redacting requests.
Package redact contains a simple context signal for redacting requests.
retry
Package retry provides methods for retrying operations.
Package retry provides methods for retrying operations.
retry/wait
Package wait is a subset of k8s.io/apimachinery to avoid conflicts in dependencies (specifically, logging).
Package wait is a subset of k8s.io/apimachinery to avoid conflicts in dependencies (specifically, logging).
verify
Package verify provides a ReadCloser that verifies content matches the expected hash values.
Package verify provides a ReadCloser that verifies content matches the expected hash values.

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