discovery

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Version: v0.4.0 Latest Latest
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Published: Aug 7, 2015 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 8 Imported by: 0

README


page_title: Docker Swarm discovery page_description: Swarm discovery page_keywords: docker, swarm, clustering, discovery

Discovery

Docker Swarm comes with multiple Discovery backends.

Backends

Hosted Discovery with Docker Hub

First we create a cluster.

# create a cluster
$ swarm create
6856663cdefdec325839a4b7e1de38e8 # <- this is your unique <cluster_id>

Then we create each node and join them to the cluster.

# on each of your nodes, start the swarm agent
#  <node_ip> doesn't have to be public (eg. 192.168.0.X),
#  as long as the swarm manager can access it.
$ swarm join --advertise=<node_ip:2375> token://<cluster_id>

Finally, we start the Swarm manager. This can be on any machine or even your laptop.

$ swarm manage -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> token://<cluster_id>

You can then use regular Docker commands to interact with your swarm.

docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> info
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> run ...
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> ps
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> logs ...
...

You can also list the nodes in your cluster.

swarm list token://<cluster_id>
<node_ip:2375>

Using a static file describing the cluster

For each of your nodes, add a line to a file. The node IP address doesn't need to be public as long the Swarm manager can access it.

echo <node_ip1:2375> >> /tmp/my_cluster
echo <node_ip2:2375> >> /tmp/my_cluster
echo <node_ip3:2375> >> /tmp/my_cluster

Then start the Swarm manager on any machine.

swarm manage -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> file:///tmp/my_cluster

And then use the regular Docker commands.

docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> info
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> run ...
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> ps
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> logs ...
...

You can list the nodes in your cluster.

$ swarm list file:///tmp/my_cluster
<node_ip1:2375>
<node_ip2:2375>
<node_ip3:2375>

Using etcd

On each of your nodes, start the Swarm agent. The node IP address doesn't have to be public as long as the swarm manager can access it.

swarm join --advertise=<node_ip:2375> etcd://<etcd_ip>/<path>

Start the manager on any machine or your laptop.

swarm manage -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> etcd://<etcd_ip>/<path>

And then use the regular Docker commands.

docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> info
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> run ...
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> ps
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> logs ...
...

You can list the nodes in your cluster.

swarm list etcd://<etcd_ip>/<path>
<node_ip:2375>

Using consul

On each of your nodes, start the Swarm agent. The node IP address doesn't need to be public as long as the Swarm manager can access it.

swarm join --advertise=<node_ip:2375> consul://<consul_addr>/<path>

Start the manager on any machine or your laptop.

swarm manage -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> consul://<consul_addr>/<path>

And then use the regular Docker commands.

docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> info
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> run ...
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> ps
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> logs ...
...

You can list the nodes in your cluster.

swarm list consul://<consul_addr>/<path>
<node_ip:2375>

Using zookeeper

On each of your nodes, start the Swarm agent. The node IP doesn't have to be public as long as the swarm manager can access it.

swarm join --advertise=<node_ip:2375> zk://<zookeeper_addr1>,<zookeeper_addr2>/<path>

Start the manager on any machine or your laptop.

swarm manage -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> zk://<zookeeper_addr1>,<zookeeper_addr2>/<path>

You can then use the regular Docker commands.

docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> info
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> run ...
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> ps
docker -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> logs ...
...

You can list the nodes in the cluster.

swarm list zk://<zookeeper_addr1>,<zookeeper_addr2>/<path>
<node_ip:2375>

Using a static list of IP addresses

Start the manager on any machine or your laptop

swarm manage -H <swarm_ip:swarm_port> nodes://<node_ip1:2375>,<node_ip2:2375>

Or

swarm manage -H <swarm_ip:swarm_port> <node_ip1:2375>,<node_ip2:2375>

Then use the regular Docker commands.

docker -H <swarm_ip:swarm_port> info
docker -H <swarm_ip:swarm_port> run ...
docker -H <swarm_ip:swarm_port> ps
docker -H <swarm_ip:swarm_port> logs ...
...

Range pattern for IP addresses

The file and nodes discoveries support a range pattern to specify IP addresses, i.e., 10.0.0.[10:200] will be a list of nodes starting from 10.0.0.10 to 10.0.0.200.

For example for the file discovery method.

$ echo "10.0.0.[11:100]:2375"   >> /tmp/my_cluster
$ echo "10.0.1.[15:20]:2375"    >> /tmp/my_cluster
$ echo "192.168.1.2:[2:20]375"  >> /tmp/my_cluster

Then start the manager.

swarm manage -H tcp://<swarm_ip:swarm_port> file:///tmp/my_cluster

And for the nodes discovery method.

swarm manage -H <swarm_ip:swarm_port> "nodes://10.0.0.[10:200]:2375,10.0.1.[2:250]:2375"

Contributing a new discovery backend

Contributing a new discovery backend is easy, simply implement this interface:

type Discovery interface {
     Initialize(string, int) error
     Fetch() ([]string, error)
     Watch(WatchCallback)
     Register(string) error
}

Initialize

The parameters are discovery location without the scheme and a heartbeat (in seconds).

Fetch

Returns the list of all the nodes from the discovery.

Watch

Triggers an update (Fetch). This can happen either via a timer (like token) or use backend specific features (like etcd).

Register

Add a new node to the discovery service.

Docker Swarm documentation index

Documentation

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var (

	// ErrNotSupported is returned when a discovery service is not supported.
	ErrNotSupported = errors.New("discovery service not supported")
	// ErrNotImplemented is returned when discovery feature is not implemented
	// by discovery backend.
	ErrNotImplemented = errors.New("not implemented in this discovery service")
)

Functions

func Generate added in v0.2.0

func Generate(pattern string) []string

Generate takes care of IP generation

func Register

func Register(scheme string, d Discovery) error

Register makes a discovery backend available by the provided scheme. If Register is called twice with the same scheme an error is returned.

Types

type Discovery added in v0.3.0

type Discovery interface {
	// Initialize the discovery with URIs, a heartbeat and a ttl.
	Initialize(string, time.Duration, time.Duration) error

	// Watch the discovery for entry changes.
	// Returns a channel that will receive changes or an error.
	// Providing a non-nil stopCh can be used to stop watching.
	Watch(stopCh <-chan struct{}) (<-chan Entries, <-chan error)

	// Register to the discovery
	Register(string) error
}

The Discovery interface is implemented by Discovery backends which manage swarm host entries.

func New

func New(rawurl string, heartbeat time.Duration, ttl time.Duration) (Discovery, error)

New returns a new Discovery given a URL, heartbeat and ttl settings. Returns an error if the URL scheme is not supported.

type Entries added in v0.3.0

type Entries []*Entry

Entries is a list of *Entry with some helpers.

func CreateEntries

func CreateEntries(addrs []string) (Entries, error)

CreateEntries returns an array of entries based on the given addresses.

func (Entries) Contains added in v0.3.0

func (e Entries) Contains(entry *Entry) bool

Contains returns true if the Entries contain a given Entry.

func (Entries) Diff added in v0.3.0

func (e Entries) Diff(cmp Entries) (Entries, Entries)

Diff compares two entries and returns the added and removed entries.

func (Entries) Equals added in v0.3.0

func (e Entries) Equals(cmp Entries) bool

Equals returns true if cmp contains the same data.

type Entry

type Entry struct {
	Host string
	Port string
}

An Entry represents a swarm host.

func NewEntry

func NewEntry(url string) (*Entry, error)

NewEntry creates a new entry.

func (*Entry) Equals added in v0.3.0

func (e *Entry) Equals(cmp *Entry) bool

Equals returns true if cmp contains the same data.

func (*Entry) String

func (e *Entry) String() string

String returns the string form of an entry.

Directories

Path Synopsis

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