mysql

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Version: v0.2.1 Latest Latest
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Published: Oct 7, 2014 License: MPL-2.0, Apache-2.0 Imports: 16 Imported by: 0

README

Go-MySQL-Driver

A MySQL-Driver for Go's database/sql package

Go-MySQL-Driver logo

Version 1.1 (November 02, 2013)



Features

  • Lightweight and fast
  • Native Go implementation. No C-bindings, just pure Go
  • Connections over TCP/IPv4, TCP/IPv6 or Unix domain sockets
  • Automatic handling of broken connections
  • Automatic Connection Pooling (by database/sql package)
  • Supports queries larger than 16MB
  • Full sql.RawBytes support.
  • Intelligent LONG DATA handling in prepared statements
  • Secure LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE support with file Whitelisting and io.Reader support
  • Optional time.Time parsing

Requirements

  • Go 1.1 or higher (use v1.0 for Go 1.0.x)
  • MySQL (Version 4.1 or higher), MariaDB or Percona Server

Installation

Simple install the package to your $GOPATH with the go tool from shell:

$ go get github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql

Make sure Git is installed on your machine and in your system's PATH.

Usage

Go MySQL Driver is an implementation of Go's database/sql/driver interface. You only need to import the driver and can use the full database/sql API then.

Use mysql as driverName and a valid DSN as dataSourceName:

import "database/sql"
import _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"

db, err := sql.Open("mysql", "user:password@/dbname")

Examples are available in our Wiki.

DSN (Data Source Name)

The Data Source Name has a common format, like e.g. PEAR DB uses it, but without type-prefix (optional parts marked by squared brackets):

[username[:password]@][protocol[(address)]]/dbname[?param1=value1&...&paramN=valueN]

A DSN in its fullest form:

username:password@protocol(address)/dbname?param=value

Except for the databasename, all values are optional. So the minimal DSN is:

/dbname

If you do not want to preselect a database, leave dbname empty:

/

This has the same effect as an empty DSN string:


Password

Passwords can consist of any character. Escaping is not necessary.

Protocol

See net.Dial for more information which networks are available. In general you should use an Unix domain socket if available and TCP otherwise for best performance.

Address

For TCP and UDP networks, addresses have the form host:port. If host is a literal IPv6 address, it must be enclosed in square brackets. The functions net.JoinHostPort and net.SplitHostPort manipulate addresses in this form.

For Unix domain sockets the address is the absolute path to the MySQL-Server-socket, e.g. /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock or /tmp/mysql.sock.

Parameters

Parameters are case-sensitive!

allowAllFiles
Type:           bool
Valid Values:   true, false 
Default:        false

allowAllFiles=true disables the file Whitelist for LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE and allows all files. Might be insecure!

allowOldPasswords
Type:           bool
Valid Values:   true, false 
Default:        false

allowAllFiles=true allows the usage of the insecure old password method. This should be avoided, but is necessary in some cases. See also the old_passwords wiki page.

charset
Type:           string
Valid Values:   <name>
Default:        none

Sets the charset used for client-server interaction ("SET NAMES <value>"). If multiple charsets are set (separated by a comma), the following charset is used if setting the charset failes. This enables support for utf8mb4 (introduced in MySQL 5.5.3) with fallback to utf8 for older servers (charset=utf8mb4,utf8).

clientFoundRows
Type:           bool
Valid Values:   true, false 
Default:        false

clientFoundRows=true causes an UPDATE to return the number of matching rows instead of the number of rows changed.

loc
Type:           string
Valid Values:   <escaped name>
Default:        UTC

Sets the location for time.Time values (when using parseTime=true). "Local" sets the system's location. See time.LoadLocation for details.

Please keep in mind, that param values must be url.QueryEscape'ed. Alternatively you can manually replace the / with %2F. For example US/Pacific would be loc=US%2FPacific.

parseTime
Type:           bool
Valid Values:   true, false 
Default:        false

parseTime=true changes the output type of DATE and DATETIME values to time.Time instead of []byte / string

strict
Type:           bool
Valid Values:   true, false 
Default:        false

strict=true enables strict mode. MySQL warnings are treated as errors.

timeout
Type:           decimal number
Default:        OS default

Driver side connection timeout. The value must be a string of decimal numbers, each with optional fraction and a unit suffix ( "ms", "s", "m", "h" ), such as "30s", "0.5m" or "1m30s". To set a server side timeout, use the parameter wait_timeout.

tls
Type:           bool / string
Valid Values:   true, false, skip-verify, <name> 
Default:        false

tls=true enables TLS / SSL encrypted connection to the server. Use skip-verify if you want to use a self-signed or invalid certificate (server side). Use a custom value registered with mysql.RegisterTLSConfig.

System Variables

All other parameters are interpreted as system variables:

  • autocommit: "SET autocommit=<value>"
  • time_zone: "SET time_zone=<value>"
  • tx_isolation: "SET tx_isolation=<value>"
  • param: "SET <param>=<value>"

The values must be url.QueryEscape'ed!

Examples
user@unix(/path/to/socket)/dbname
root:pw@unix(/tmp/mysql.sock)/myDatabase?loc=Local
user:password@tcp(localhost:5555)/dbname?tls=skip-verify&autocommit=true

TCP via IPv6:

user:password@tcp([de:ad:be:ef::ca:fe]:80)/dbname?timeout=90s

TCP on a remote host, e.g. Amazon RDS:

id:password@tcp(your-amazonaws-uri.com:3306)/dbname

TCP using default port (3306) on localhost:

user:password@tcp/dbname&charset=utf8mb4,utf8&sys_var=esc%40ped

Use the default protocol (tcp) and host (localhost:3306):

user:password@/dbname

No Database preselected:

user:password@/
LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE support

For this feature you need direct access to the package. Therefore you must change the import path (no _):

import "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"

Files must be whitelisted by registering them with mysql.RegisterLocalFile(filepath) (recommended) or the Whitelist check must be deactivated by using the DSN parameter allowAllFiles=true (Might be insecure!).

To use a io.Reader a handler function must be registered with mysql.RegisterReaderHandler(name, handler) which returns a io.Reader or io.ReadCloser. The Reader is available with the filepath Reader::<name> then.

See the godoc of Go-MySQL-Driver for details.

time.Time support

The default internal output type of MySQL DATE and DATETIME values is []byte which allows you to scan the value into a []byte, string or sql.RawBytes variable in your programm.

However, many want to scan MySQL DATE and DATETIME values into time.Time variables, which is the logical opposite in Go to DATE and DATETIME in MySQL. You can do that by changing the internal output type from []byte to time.Time with the DSN parameter parseTime=true. You can set the default time.Time location with the loc DSN parameter.

Caution: As of Go 1.1, this makes time.Time the only variable type you can scan DATE and DATETIME values into. This breaks for example sql.RawBytes support.

Alternatively you can use the NullTime type as the scan destination, which works with both time.Time and string / []byte.

Unicode support

Since version 1.1 Go-MySQL-Driver automatically uses the collation utf8_general_ci by default. Adding &charset=utf8 (alias for SET NAMES utf8) to the DSN is not necessary anymore in most cases.

See http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/charset-unicode.html for more details on MySQL's Unicode support.

Testing / Development

To run the driver tests you may need to adjust the configuration. See the Testing Wiki-Page for details.

Go-MySQL-Driver is not feature-complete yet. Your help is very appreciated. If you want to contribute, you can work on an open issue or review a pull request.

See the Contributing Guidelines for details.


License

Go-MySQL-Driver is licensed under the Mozilla Public License Version 2.0

Mozilla summarizes the license scope as follows:

MPL: The copyleft applies to any files containing MPLed code.

That means:

  • You can use the unchanged source code both in private as also commercial
  • You needn't publish the source code of your library as long the files licensed under the MPL 2.0 are unchanged
  • You must publish the source code of any changed files licensed under the MPL 2.0 under a) the MPL 2.0 itself or b) a compatible license (e.g. GPL 3.0 or Apache License 2.0)

Please read the MPL 2.0 FAQ if you have further questions regarding the license.

You can read the full terms here: LICENSE

Go Gopher and MySQL Dolphin

Documentation

Overview

Go MySQL Driver - A MySQL-Driver for Go's database/sql package

The driver should be used via the database/sql package:

import "database/sql"
import _ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"

db, err := sql.Open("mysql", "user:password@/dbname")

See https://github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql#usage for details

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func DeregisterLocalFile

func DeregisterLocalFile(filePath string)

DeregisterLocalFile removes the given filepath from the whitelist.

func DeregisterReaderHandler

func DeregisterReaderHandler(name string)

DeregisterReaderHandler removes the ReaderHandler function with the given name from the registry.

func DeregisterTLSConfig

func DeregisterTLSConfig(key string)

DeregisterTLSConfig removes the tls.Config associated with key.

func RegisterLocalFile

func RegisterLocalFile(filePath string)

RegisterLocalFile adds the given file to the file whitelist, so that it can be used by "LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE <filepath>". Alternatively you can allow the use of all local files with the DSN parameter 'allowAllFiles=true'

filePath := "/home/gopher/data.csv"
mysql.RegisterLocalFile(filePath)
err := db.Exec("LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE '" + filePath + "' INTO TABLE foo")
if err != nil {
...

func RegisterReaderHandler

func RegisterReaderHandler(name string, handler func() io.Reader)

RegisterReaderHandler registers a handler function which is used to receive a io.Reader. The Reader can be used by "LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE Reader::<name>". If the handler returns a io.ReadCloser Close() is called when the request is finished.

mysql.RegisterReaderHandler("data", func() io.Reader {
	var csvReader io.Reader // Some Reader that returns CSV data
	... // Open Reader here
	return csvReader
})
err := db.Exec("LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE 'Reader::data' INTO TABLE foo")
if err != nil {
...

func RegisterTLSConfig

func RegisterTLSConfig(key string, config *tls.Config) error

RegisterTLSConfig registers a custom tls.Config to be used with sql.Open. Use the key as a value in the DSN where tls=value.

rootCertPool := x509.NewCertPool()
pem, err := ioutil.ReadFile("/path/ca-cert.pem")
if err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
}
if ok := rootCertPool.AppendCertsFromPEM(pem); !ok {
    log.Fatal("Failed to append PEM.")
}
clientCert := make([]tls.Certificate, 0, 1)
certs, err := tls.LoadX509KeyPair("/path/client-cert.pem", "/path/client-key.pem")
if err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
}
clientCert = append(clientCert, certs)
mysql.RegisterTLSConfig("custom", &tls.Config{
    RootCAs: rootCertPool,
    Certificates: clientCert,
})
db, err := sql.Open("mysql", "user@tcp(localhost:3306)/test?tls=custom")

Types

type MySQLDriver

type MySQLDriver struct{}

This struct is exported to make the driver directly accessible. In general the driver is used via the database/sql package.

func (*MySQLDriver) Open

func (d *MySQLDriver) Open(dsn string) (driver.Conn, error)

Open new Connection. See https://github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql#dsn-data-source-name for how the DSN string is formated

type MySQLError

type MySQLError struct {
	Number  uint16
	Message string
}

error type which represents a single MySQL error

func (*MySQLError) Error

func (me *MySQLError) Error() string

type MySQLWarnings

type MySQLWarnings []mysqlWarning

error type which represents a group of one or more MySQL warnings

func (MySQLWarnings) Error

func (mws MySQLWarnings) Error() string

type NullTime

type NullTime struct {
	Time  time.Time
	Valid bool // Valid is true if Time is not NULL
}

NullTime represents a time.Time that may be NULL. NullTime implements the Scanner interface so it can be used as a scan destination:

var nt NullTime
err := db.QueryRow("SELECT time FROM foo WHERE id=?", id).Scan(&nt)
...
if nt.Valid {
   // use nt.Time
} else {
   // NULL value
}

This NullTime implementation is not driver-specific

func (*NullTime) Scan

func (nt *NullTime) Scan(value interface{}) (err error)

Scan implements the Scanner interface. The value type must be time.Time or string / []byte (formatted time-string), otherwise Scan fails.

func (NullTime) Value

func (nt NullTime) Value() (driver.Value, error)

Value implements the driver Valuer interface.

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