core

package
Version: v1.2.1 Latest Latest
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Published: Oct 17, 2017 License: GPL-3.0 Imports: 40 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Overview

Package core implements the Ethereum consensus protocol.

Index

Examples

Constants

View Source
const (

	// must be bumped when consensus algorithm is changed, this forces the upgradedb
	// command to be run (forces the blocks to be imported again using the new algorithm)
	BlockChainVersion = 3
)

Variables

View Source
var (
	BlockNumberErr   = errors.New("block number invalid")
	BlockFutureErr   = errors.New("block time is in the future")
	BlockTSTooBigErr = errors.New("block time too big")
	BlockEqualTSErr  = errors.New("block time stamp equal to previous")
)
View Source
var (
	// Transaction Pool Errors
	ErrInvalidSender      = errors.New("Invalid sender")
	ErrNonce              = errors.New("Nonce too low")
	ErrInvalidGasPrice    = errors.New("Gas price not 0")
	ErrInsufficientFunds  = errors.New("Insufficient funds for gas * price + value")
	ErrIntrinsicGas       = errors.New("Intrinsic gas too low")
	ErrGasLimit           = errors.New("Exceeds block gas limit")
	ErrNegativeValue      = errors.New("Negative value")
	ErrNonExistentAccount = errors.New("Account doesn't exist")
)
View Source
var BadHashes = map[common.Hash]bool{
	common.HexToHash("05bef30ef572270f654746da22639a7a0c97dd97a7050b9e252391996aaeb689"): true,
}

Set of manually tracked bad hashes (usually hard forks)

View Source
var (
	Big0 = big.NewInt(0)
)
View Source
var BlockReward *big.Int = big.NewInt(5e+18)
View Source
var ChainConfigNotFoundErr = errors.New("ChainConfig not found") // general config not found error
View Source
var (
	ErrNoGenesis = errors.New("Genesis not found in chain")
)
View Source
var (
	ExpDiffPeriod = big.NewInt(100000)
)
View Source
var (
	MIPMapLevels = []uint64{1000000, 500000, 100000, 50000, 1000}
)

Functions

func AccumulateRewards

func AccumulateRewards(statedb *state.StateDB, header *types.Header, uncles []*types.Header)

AccumulateRewards credits the coinbase of the given block with the mining reward. The total reward consists of the static block reward and rewards for included uncles. The coinbase of each uncle block is also rewarded.

func ApplyDAOHardFork added in v1.0.2

func ApplyDAOHardFork(statedb *state.StateDB)

ApplyDAOHardFork modifies the state database according to the DAO hard-fork rules, transferring all balances of a set of DAO accounts to a single refund contract.

func ApplyMessage

func ApplyMessage(env vm.Environment, msg Message, gp *GasPool) ([]byte, *big.Int, error)

ApplyMessage computes the new state by applying the given message against the old state within the environment.

ApplyMessage returns the bytes returned by any EVM execution (if it took place), the gas used (which includes gas refunds) and an error if it failed. An error always indicates a core error meaning that the message would always fail for that particular state and would never be accepted within a block.

func ApplyTransaction added in v1.0.2

func ApplyTransaction(config *ChainConfig, bc *BlockChain, gp *GasPool, publicState, privateState *state.StateDB, header *types.Header, tx *types.Transaction, usedGas *big.Int, cfg vm.Config) (*types.Receipt, *types.Receipt, *big.Int, error)

ApplyTransaction attempts to apply a transaction to the given state database and uses the input parameters for its environment.

ApplyTransactions returns the generated receipts and vm logs during the execution of the state transition phase.

func CalcDifficulty

func CalcDifficulty(config *ChainConfig, time, parentTime uint64, parentNumber, parentDiff *big.Int) *big.Int

CalcDifficulty is the difficulty adjustment algorithm. It returns the difficulty that a new block should have when created at time given the parent block's time and difficulty.

func CalcGasLimit

func CalcGasLimit(parent *types.Block) *big.Int

CalcGasLimit computes the gas limit of the next block after parent. The result may be modified by the caller. This is miner strategy, not consensus protocol.

func Call added in v1.0.2

func Call(env vm.Environment, caller vm.ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas, gasPrice, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, err error)

Call executes within the given contract

func CallCode added in v1.0.2

func CallCode(env vm.Environment, caller vm.ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas, gasPrice, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, err error)

CallCode executes the given address' code as the given contract address

func Create added in v1.0.2

func Create(env vm.Environment, caller vm.ContractRef, code []byte, gas, gasPrice, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, address common.Address, err error)

Create creates a new contract with the given code

func DefaultGenesisBlock added in v1.0.2

func DefaultGenesisBlock() string

DefaultGenesisBlock assembles a JSON string representing the default Ethereum genesis block.

func DelegateCall added in v1.0.2

func DelegateCall(env vm.Environment, caller vm.ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas, gasPrice *big.Int) (ret []byte, err error)

DelegateCall is equivalent to CallCode except that sender and value propagates from parent scope to child scope

func DeleteBlock added in v1.0.2

func DeleteBlock(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64)

DeleteBlock removes all block data associated with a hash.

func DeleteBlockReceipts added in v1.0.2

func DeleteBlockReceipts(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64)

DeleteBlockReceipts removes all receipt data associated with a block hash.

func DeleteBody added in v1.0.2

func DeleteBody(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64)

DeleteBody removes all block body data associated with a hash.

func DeleteCanonicalHash added in v1.0.2

func DeleteCanonicalHash(db ethdb.Database, number uint64)

DeleteCanonicalHash removes the number to hash canonical mapping.

func DeleteHeader added in v1.0.2

func DeleteHeader(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64)

DeleteHeader removes all block header data associated with a hash.

func DeleteReceipt added in v1.0.2

func DeleteReceipt(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash)

DeleteReceipt removes all receipt data associated with a transaction hash.

func DeleteTd added in v1.0.2

func DeleteTd(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64)

DeleteTd removes all block total difficulty data associated with a hash.

func DeleteTransaction added in v1.0.2

func DeleteTransaction(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash)

DeleteTransaction removes all transaction data associated with a hash.

func Disassemble

func Disassemble(script []byte) (asm []string)

func GenerateChain

func GenerateChain(config *ChainConfig, parent *types.Block, db ethdb.Database, n int, gen func(int, *BlockGen)) ([]*types.Block, []types.Receipts)

GenerateChain creates a chain of n blocks. The first block's parent will be the provided parent. db is used to store intermediate states and should contain the parent's state trie.

The generator function is called with a new block generator for every block. Any transactions and uncles added to the generator become part of the block. If gen is nil, the blocks will be empty and their coinbase will be the zero address.

Blocks created by GenerateChain do not contain valid proof of work values. Inserting them into BlockChain requires use of FakePow or a similar non-validating proof of work implementation.

Example
params.MinGasLimit = big.NewInt(125000)      // Minimum the gas limit may ever be.
params.GenesisGasLimit = big.NewInt(3141592) // Gas limit of the Genesis block.

var (
	key1, _ = crypto.HexToECDSA("b71c71a67e1177ad4e901695e1b4b9ee17ae16c6668d313eac2f96dbcda3f291")
	key2, _ = crypto.HexToECDSA("8a1f9a8f95be41cd7ccb6168179afb4504aefe388d1e14474d32c45c72ce7b7a")
	key3, _ = crypto.HexToECDSA("49a7b37aa6f6645917e7b807e9d1c00d4fa71f18343b0d4122a4d2df64dd6fee")
	addr1   = crypto.PubkeyToAddress(key1.PublicKey)
	addr2   = crypto.PubkeyToAddress(key2.PublicKey)
	addr3   = crypto.PubkeyToAddress(key3.PublicKey)
	db, _   = ethdb.NewMemDatabase()
)

// Ensure that key1 has some funds in the genesis block.
genesis := WriteGenesisBlockForTesting(db, GenesisAccount{addr1, big.NewInt(1000000)})

// This call generates a chain of 5 blocks. The function runs for
// each block and adds different features to gen based on the
// block index.
chain, _ := GenerateChain(nil, genesis, db, 5, func(i int, gen *BlockGen) {
	switch i {
	case 0:
		// In block 1, addr1 sends addr2 some ether.
		tx, _ := types.NewTransaction(gen.TxNonce(addr1), addr2, big.NewInt(10000), params.TxGas, nil, nil).SignECDSA(key1)
		gen.AddTx(tx)
	case 1:
		// In block 2, addr1 sends some more ether to addr2.
		// addr2 passes it on to addr3.
		tx1, _ := types.NewTransaction(gen.TxNonce(addr1), addr2, big.NewInt(1000), params.TxGas, nil, nil).SignECDSA(key1)
		tx2, _ := types.NewTransaction(gen.TxNonce(addr2), addr3, big.NewInt(1000), params.TxGas, nil, nil).SignECDSA(key2)
		gen.AddTx(tx1)
		gen.AddTx(tx2)
	case 2:
		// Block 3 is empty but was mined by addr3.
		gen.SetCoinbase(addr3)
		gen.SetExtra([]byte("yeehaw"))
	case 3:
		// Block 4 includes blocks 2 and 3 as uncle headers (with modified extra data).
		b2 := gen.PrevBlock(1).Header()
		b2.Extra = []byte("foo")
		gen.AddUncle(b2)
		b3 := gen.PrevBlock(2).Header()
		b3.Extra = []byte("foo")
		gen.AddUncle(b3)
	}
})

// Import the chain. This runs all block validation rules.
evmux := &event.TypeMux{}
blockchain, _ := NewBlockChain(db, MakeChainConfig(), FakePow{}, evmux, false)
if i, err := blockchain.InsertChain(chain); err != nil {
	fmt.Printf("insert error (block %d): %v\n", chain[i].NumberU64(), err)
	return
}

state, _, _ := blockchain.State()
fmt.Printf("last block: #%d\n", blockchain.CurrentBlock().Number())
fmt.Println("balance of addr1:", state.GetBalance(addr1))
fmt.Println("balance of addr2:", state.GetBalance(addr2))
fmt.Println("balance of addr3:", state.GetBalance(addr3))
Output:

last block: #5
balance of addr1: 989000
balance of addr2: 10000
balance of addr3: 19687500000000001000

func GenesisBlockForTesting

func GenesisBlockForTesting(db ethdb.Database, addr common.Address, balance *big.Int) *types.Block

GenesisBlockForTesting creates a block in which addr has the given wei balance. The state trie of the block is written to db. the passed db needs to contain a state root

func GetBlock added in v1.0.2

func GetBlock(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Block

GetBlock retrieves an entire block corresponding to the hash, assembling it back from the stored header and body. If either the header or body could not be retrieved nil is returned.

Note, due to concurrent download of header and block body the header and thus canonical hash can be stored in the database but the body data not (yet).

func GetBlockByHashOld added in v1.0.2

func GetBlockByHashOld(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash) *types.Block

[deprecated by the header/block split, remove eventually] GetBlockByHashOld returns the old combined block corresponding to the hash or nil if not found. This method is only used by the upgrade mechanism to access the old combined block representation. It will be dropped after the network transitions to eth/63.

func GetBlockChainVersion added in v1.0.2

func GetBlockChainVersion(db ethdb.Database) int

GetBlockChainVersion reads the version number from db.

func GetBlockNumber added in v1.0.2

func GetBlockNumber(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash) uint64

GetBlockNumber returns the block number assigned to a block hash if the corresponding header is present in the database

func GetBlockReceipts

func GetBlockReceipts(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) types.Receipts

GetBlockReceipts retrieves the receipts generated by the transactions included in a block given by its hash.

func GetBody added in v1.0.2

func GetBody(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Body

GetBody retrieves the block body (transactons, uncles) corresponding to the hash, nil if none found.

func GetBodyRLP added in v1.0.2

func GetBodyRLP(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) rlp.RawValue

GetBodyRLP retrieves the block body (transactions and uncles) in RLP encoding.

func GetCanonicalHash added in v1.0.2

func GetCanonicalHash(db ethdb.Database, number uint64) common.Hash

GetCanonicalHash retrieves a hash assigned to a canonical block number.

func GetHashFn added in v1.0.2

func GetHashFn(ref common.Hash, chain *BlockChain) func(n uint64) common.Hash

GetHashFn returns a function for which the VM env can query block hashes through up to the limit defined by the Yellow Paper and uses the given block chain to query for information.

func GetHeadBlockHash added in v1.0.2

func GetHeadBlockHash(db ethdb.Database) common.Hash

GetHeadBlockHash retrieves the hash of the current canonical head block.

func GetHeadFastBlockHash added in v1.0.2

func GetHeadFastBlockHash(db ethdb.Database) common.Hash

GetHeadFastBlockHash retrieves the hash of the current canonical head block during fast synchronization. The difference between this and GetHeadBlockHash is that whereas the last block hash is only updated upon a full block import, the last fast hash is updated when importing pre-processed blocks.

func GetHeadHeaderHash added in v1.0.2

func GetHeadHeaderHash(db ethdb.Database) common.Hash

GetHeadHeaderHash retrieves the hash of the current canonical head block's header. The difference between this and GetHeadBlockHash is that whereas the last block hash is only updated upon a full block import, the last header hash is updated already at header import, allowing head tracking for the light synchronization mechanism.

func GetHeader added in v1.0.2

func GetHeader(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeader retrieves the block header corresponding to the hash, nil if none found.

func GetHeaderRLP added in v1.0.2

func GetHeaderRLP(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) rlp.RawValue

GetHeaderRLP retrieves a block header in its raw RLP database encoding, or nil if the header's not found.

func GetMipmapBloom added in v1.0.2

func GetMipmapBloom(db ethdb.Database, number, level uint64) types.Bloom

GetMipmapBloom returns a bloom filter using the number and level as input parameters. For available levels see MIPMapLevels.

func GetPrivateBlockBloom added in v1.0.3

func GetPrivateBlockBloom(db ethdb.Database, number uint64) (bloom types.Bloom)

GetPrivateBlockBloom retrieves the private bloom associated with the given number.

func GetPrivateStateRoot added in v1.0.2

func GetPrivateStateRoot(db ethdb.Database, blockRoot common.Hash) common.Hash

func GetReceipt

func GetReceipt(db ethdb.Database, txHash common.Hash) *types.Receipt

GetReceipt returns a receipt by hash

func GetTd added in v1.0.2

func GetTd(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) *big.Int

GetTd retrieves a block's total difficulty corresponding to the hash, nil if none found.

func GetTransaction added in v1.0.2

func GetTransaction(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash) (*types.Transaction, common.Hash, uint64, uint64)

GetTransaction retrieves a specific transaction from the database, along with its added positional metadata.

func IntrinsicGas

func IntrinsicGas(data []byte, contractCreation, homestead bool) *big.Int

IntrinsicGas computes the 'intrinsic gas' for a message with the given data.

func IsBadHashError added in v1.0.2

func IsBadHashError(err error) bool

func IsBlockNonceErr

func IsBlockNonceErr(err error) bool

IsBlockNonceErr returns true for invalid block nonce errors.

func IsGasLimitErr added in v1.0.2

func IsGasLimitErr(err error) bool

func IsInvalidTxErr

func IsInvalidTxErr(err error) bool

func IsKnownBlockErr

func IsKnownBlockErr(e error) bool

func IsNonceErr

func IsNonceErr(err error) bool

func IsParentErr

func IsParentErr(err error) bool

func IsTDError

func IsTDError(e error) bool

func IsUncleErr

func IsUncleErr(err error) bool

func IsValidationErr

func IsValidationErr(err error) bool

func IsValueTransferErr

func IsValueTransferErr(e error) bool

func MakeCallHelper added in v1.0.2

func MakeCallHelper() *callHelper

MakeCallHelper returns a new callHelper

Example
var (
	// setup new pair of keys for the calls
	key, _ = crypto.GenerateKey()
	// create a new helper
	helper = MakeCallHelper()
)
// Private contract address
prvContractAddr := common.Address{1}
// Initialise custom code for private contract
helper.PrivateState.SetCode(prvContractAddr, common.Hex2Bytes("600a60005500"))
// Public contract address
pubContractAddr := common.Address{2}
// Initialise custom code for public contract
helper.PublicState.SetCode(pubContractAddr, common.Hex2Bytes("601460005500"))

// Make a call to the private contract
err := helper.MakeCall(true, key, prvContractAddr, nil)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Println(err)
}
// Make a call to the public contract
err = helper.MakeCall(false, key, pubContractAddr, nil)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Println(err)
}
Output:

Private: 10
Public: 20

func MessageCreatesContract

func MessageCreatesContract(msg Message) bool

func OlympicGenesisBlock added in v1.0.2

func OlympicGenesisBlock() string

OlympicGenesisBlock assembles a JSON string representing the Olympic genesis block.

func ParentError

func ParentError(hash common.Hash) error

func TestNetGenesisBlock added in v1.0.2

func TestNetGenesisBlock() string

TestNetGenesisBlock assembles a JSON string representing the Morden test net genenis block.

func Transfer added in v1.0.2

func Transfer(from, to vm.Account, amount *big.Int)

generic transfer method

func UncleError

func UncleError(format string, v ...interface{}) error

func ValidateDAOHeaderExtraData added in v1.0.2

func ValidateDAOHeaderExtraData(config *ChainConfig, header *types.Header) error

ValidateDAOHeaderExtraData validates the extra-data field of a block header to ensure it conforms to DAO hard-fork rules.

DAO hard-fork extension to the header validity:

a) if the node is no-fork, do not accept blocks in the [fork, fork+10) range
   with the fork specific extra-data set
b) if the node is pro-fork, require blocks in the specific range to have the
   unique extra-data set.

func ValidateExtraData added in v1.0.2

func ValidateExtraData(chaindb ethdb.Database, bc *BlockChain, config *ChainConfig, parent, header *types.Header) error

ValidateExtraData verifies the signature in the extra data field and ensures the signer is allowed to create blocks.

In Quorum blocks the Extra data field contains a signature created by the block creator. This signature is used to verify that the block is created by a party that is allowed to create blocks.

func ValidateHeader

func ValidateHeader(chaindb ethdb.Database, bc *BlockChain, config *ChainConfig, header *types.Header, parent *types.Header, uncle, validateSignature bool) error

Validates a header. Returns an error if the header is invalid and verify if the block signature is from an allowed block creator.

See YP section 4.3.4. "Block Header Validity"

func WriteBlock

func WriteBlock(db ethdb.Database, block *types.Block) error

WriteBlock serializes a block into the database, header and body separately.

func WriteBlockChainVersion added in v1.0.2

func WriteBlockChainVersion(db ethdb.Database, vsn int)

WriteBlockChainVersion writes vsn as the version number to db.

func WriteBlockReceipts added in v1.0.2

func WriteBlockReceipts(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64, receipts types.Receipts) error

WriteBlockReceipts stores all the transaction receipts belonging to a block as a single receipt slice. This is used during chain reorganisations for rescheduling dropped transactions.

func WriteBody added in v1.0.2

func WriteBody(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64, body *types.Body) error

WriteBody serializes the body of a block into the database.

func WriteCanonicalHash added in v1.0.2

func WriteCanonicalHash(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64) error

WriteCanonicalHash stores the canonical hash for the given block number.

func WriteChainConfig added in v1.0.2

func WriteChainConfig(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, cfg *ChainConfig) error

WriteChainConfig writes the chain config settings to the database.

func WriteDefaultGenesisBlock added in v1.0.2

func WriteDefaultGenesisBlock(chainDb ethdb.Database) (*types.Block, error)

WriteDefaultGenesisBlock assembles the official Ethereum genesis block and writes it - along with all associated state - into a chain database.

func WriteGenesisBlock

func WriteGenesisBlock(chainDb ethdb.Database, reader io.Reader) (*types.Block, error)

WriteGenesisBlock writes the genesis block to the database as block number 0

func WriteGenesisBlockForTesting

func WriteGenesisBlockForTesting(db ethdb.Database, accounts ...GenesisAccount) *types.Block

func WriteHeadBlockHash added in v1.0.2

func WriteHeadBlockHash(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash) error

WriteHeadBlockHash stores the head block's hash.

func WriteHeadFastBlockHash added in v1.0.2

func WriteHeadFastBlockHash(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash) error

WriteHeadFastBlockHash stores the fast head block's hash.

func WriteHeadHeaderHash added in v1.0.2

func WriteHeadHeaderHash(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash) error

WriteHeadHeaderHash stores the head header's hash.

func WriteHeader added in v1.0.2

func WriteHeader(db ethdb.Database, header *types.Header) error

WriteHeader serializes a block header into the database.

func WriteMipmapBloom added in v1.0.2

func WriteMipmapBloom(db ethdb.Database, number uint64, receipts types.Receipts) error

WriteMapmapBloom writes each address included in the receipts' logs to the MIP bloom bin.

func WriteOlympicGenesisBlock added in v1.0.2

func WriteOlympicGenesisBlock(db ethdb.Database) (*types.Block, error)

WriteOlympicGenesisBlock assembles the Olympic genesis block and writes it along with all associated state into a chain database.

func WritePrivateBlockBloom added in v1.0.3

func WritePrivateBlockBloom(db ethdb.Database, number uint64, receipts types.Receipts) error

WritePrivateBlockBloom creates a bloom filter for the given receipts and saves it to the database with the number given as identifier (i.e. block number).

func WritePrivateStateRoot added in v1.0.2

func WritePrivateStateRoot(db ethdb.Database, blockRoot, root common.Hash) error

func WriteReceipts added in v1.0.2

func WriteReceipts(db ethdb.Database, receipts types.Receipts) error

WriteReceipts stores a batch of transaction receipts into the database.

func WriteTd added in v1.0.2

func WriteTd(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash, number uint64, td *big.Int) error

WriteTd serializes the total difficulty of a block into the database.

func WriteTestNetGenesisBlock

func WriteTestNetGenesisBlock(chainDb ethdb.Database) (*types.Block, error)

WriteTestNetGenesisBlock assembles the Morden test network genesis block and writes it - along with all associated state - into a chain database.

func WriteTransactions added in v1.0.2

func WriteTransactions(db ethdb.Database, block *types.Block) error

WriteTransactions stores the transactions associated with a specific block into the given database. Beside writing the transaction, the function also stores a metadata entry along with the transaction, detailing the position of this within the blockchain.

Types

type Backend

type Backend interface {
	AccountManager() *accounts.Manager
	BlockChain() *BlockChain
	TxPool() *TxPool
	ChainDb() ethdb.Database
	DappDb() ethdb.Database
	EventMux() *event.TypeMux
}

Backend is an interface defining the basic functionality for an operable node with all the functionality to be a functional, valid Ethereum operator.

TODO Remove this

type BadHashError added in v1.0.2

type BadHashError common.Hash

func (BadHashError) Error added in v1.0.2

func (h BadHashError) Error() string

type BlockChain added in v1.0.2

type BlockChain struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

BlockChain represents the canonical chain given a database with a genesis block. The Blockchain manages chain imports, reverts, chain reorganisations.

Importing blocks in to the block chain happens according to the set of rules defined by the two stage Validator. Processing of blocks is done using the Processor which processes the included transaction. The validation of the state is done in the second part of the Validator. Failing results in aborting of the import.

The BlockChain also helps in returning blocks from **any** chain included in the database as well as blocks that represents the canonical chain. It's important to note that GetBlock can return any block and does not need to be included in the canonical one where as GetBlockByNumber always represents the canonical chain.

func NewBlockChain added in v1.0.2

func NewBlockChain(chainDb ethdb.Database, config *ChainConfig, pow pow.PoW, mux *event.TypeMux, enableQuorumChecks bool) (*BlockChain, error)

NewBlockChain returns a fully initialised block chain using information available in the database. It initialiser the default Ethereum Validator and Processor.

func (*BlockChain) Config added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) Config() *ChainConfig

Config retrieves the blockchain's chain configuration.

func (*BlockChain) CurrentBlock added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) CurrentBlock() *types.Block

CurrentBlock retrieves the current head block of the canonical chain. The block is retrieved from the blockchain's internal cache.

func (*BlockChain) CurrentFastBlock added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) CurrentFastBlock() *types.Block

CurrentFastBlock retrieves the current fast-sync head block of the canonical chain. The block is retrieved from the blockchain's internal cache.

func (*BlockChain) CurrentHeader added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) CurrentHeader() *types.Header

CurrentHeader retrieves the current head header of the canonical chain. The header is retrieved from the HeaderChain's internal cache.

func (*BlockChain) Export added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) Export(w io.Writer) error

Export writes the active chain to the given writer.

func (*BlockChain) ExportN added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) ExportN(w io.Writer, first uint64, last uint64) error

ExportN writes a subset of the active chain to the given writer.

func (*BlockChain) FastSyncCommitHead added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) FastSyncCommitHead(hash common.Hash) error

FastSyncCommitHead sets the current head block to the one defined by the hash irrelevant what the chain contents were prior.

func (*BlockChain) GasLimit added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GasLimit() *big.Int

GasLimit returns the gas limit of the current HEAD block.

func (*BlockChain) Genesis added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) Genesis() *types.Block

Accessors

func (*BlockChain) GetBlock added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetBlock(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Block

GetBlock retrieves a block from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlockByHash added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetBlockByHash(hash common.Hash) *types.Block

GetBlockByHash retrieves a block from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlockByNumber added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetBlockByNumber(number uint64) *types.Block

GetBlockByNumber retrieves a block from the database by number, caching it (associated with its hash) if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash(hash common.Hash, max uint64) []common.Hash

GetBlockHashesFromHash retrieves a number of block hashes starting at a given hash, fetching towards the genesis block.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlocksFromHash added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetBlocksFromHash(hash common.Hash, n int) (blocks []*types.Block)

[deprecated by eth/62] GetBlocksFromHash returns the block corresponding to hash and up to n-1 ancestors.

func (*BlockChain) GetBody added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetBody(hash common.Hash) *types.Body

GetBody retrieves a block body (transactions and uncles) from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBodyRLP added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetBodyRLP(hash common.Hash) rlp.RawValue

GetBodyRLP retrieves a block body in RLP encoding from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetHeader added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetHeader(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeader retrieves a block header from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetHeaderByHash added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetHeaderByHash(hash common.Hash) *types.Header

GetHeaderByHash retrieves a block header from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetHeaderByNumber added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetHeaderByNumber(number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeaderByNumber retrieves a block header from the database by number, caching it (associated with its hash) if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetTd added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetTd(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *big.Int

GetTd retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetTdByHash added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetTdByHash(hash common.Hash) *big.Int

GetTdByHash retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetUnclesInChain added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) GetUnclesInChain(block *types.Block, length int) []*types.Header

GetUnclesInChain retrieves all the uncles from a given block backwards until a specific distance is reached.

func (*BlockChain) HasBlock added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) HasBlock(hash common.Hash) bool

HasBlock checks if a block is fully present in the database or not, caching it if present.

func (*BlockChain) HasBlockAndState added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) HasBlockAndState(hash common.Hash) bool

HasBlockAndState checks if a block and associated state trie is fully present in the database or not, caching it if present.

func (*BlockChain) HasHeader added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) HasHeader(hash common.Hash) bool

HasHeader checks if a block header is present in the database or not, caching it if present.

func (*BlockChain) InsertChain added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) InsertChain(chain types.Blocks) (int, error)

InsertChain will attempt to insert the given chain in to the canonical chain or, otherwise, create a fork. It an error is returned it will return the index number of the failing block as well an error describing what went wrong (for possible errors see core/errors.go).

func (*BlockChain) InsertHeaderChain added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) InsertHeaderChain(chain []*types.Header, checkFreq int) (int, error)

InsertHeaderChain attempts to insert the given header chain in to the local chain, possibly creating a reorg. If an error is returned, it will return the index number of the failing header as well an error describing what went wrong.

The verify parameter can be used to fine tune whether nonce verification should be done or not. The reason behind the optional check is because some of the header retrieval mechanisms already need to verify nonces, as well as because nonces can be verified sparsely, not needing to check each.

func (*BlockChain) InsertReceiptChain added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) InsertReceiptChain(blockChain types.Blocks, receiptChain []types.Receipts) (int, error)

InsertReceiptChain attempts to complete an already existing header chain with transaction and receipt data.

func (*BlockChain) LastBlockHash added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) LastBlockHash() common.Hash

LastBlockHash return the hash of the HEAD block.

func (*BlockChain) Processor added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) Processor() Processor

Processor returns the current processor.

func (*BlockChain) Reset added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) Reset()

Reset purges the entire blockchain, restoring it to its genesis state.

func (*BlockChain) ResetWithGenesisBlock added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) ResetWithGenesisBlock(genesis *types.Block)

ResetWithGenesisBlock purges the entire blockchain, restoring it to the specified genesis state.

func (*BlockChain) Rollback added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) Rollback(chain []common.Hash)

Rollback is designed to remove a chain of links from the database that aren't certain enough to be valid.

func (*BlockChain) SetHead added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) SetHead(head uint64)

SetHead rewinds the local chain to a new head. In the case of headers, everything above the new head will be deleted and the new one set. In the case of blocks though, the head may be further rewound if block bodies are missing (non-archive nodes after a fast sync).

func (*BlockChain) SetProcessor added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) SetProcessor(processor Processor)

SetProcessor sets the processor required for making state modifications.

func (*BlockChain) SetValidator added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) SetValidator(validator Validator)

SetValidator sets the validator which is used to validate incoming blocks.

func (*BlockChain) State added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) State() (*state.StateDB, *state.StateDB, error)

State returns a new mutable state based on the current HEAD block.

func (*BlockChain) StateAt added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) StateAt(root common.Hash) (*state.StateDB, *state.StateDB, error)

StateAt returns a new mutable state based on a particular point in time.

func (*BlockChain) Status added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) Status() (td *big.Int, currentBlock common.Hash, genesisBlock common.Hash)

Status returns status information about the current chain such as the HEAD Td, the HEAD hash and the hash of the genesis block.

func (*BlockChain) Stop added in v1.0.2

func (bc *BlockChain) Stop()

Stop stops the blockchain service. If any imports are currently in progress it will abort them using the procInterrupt.

func (*BlockChain) Validator added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) Validator() Validator

Validator returns the current validator.

func (*BlockChain) WriteBlock added in v1.0.2

func (self *BlockChain) WriteBlock(block *types.Block) (status WriteStatus, err error)

WriteBlock writes the block to the chain.

type BlockGen

type BlockGen struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

BlockGen creates blocks for testing. See GenerateChain for a detailed explanation.

func (*BlockGen) AddTx

func (b *BlockGen) AddTx(tx *types.Transaction)

AddTx adds a transaction to the generated block. If no coinbase has been set, the block's coinbase is set to the zero address.

AddTx panics if the transaction cannot be executed. In addition to the protocol-imposed limitations (gas limit, etc.), there are some further limitations on the content of transactions that can be added. Notably, contract code relying on the BLOCKHASH instruction will panic during execution.

func (*BlockGen) AddUncheckedReceipt added in v1.0.2

func (b *BlockGen) AddUncheckedReceipt(receipt *types.Receipt)

AddUncheckedReceipts forcefully adds a receipts to the block without a backing transaction.

AddUncheckedReceipts will cause consensus failures when used during real chain processing. This is best used in conjunction with raw block insertion.

func (*BlockGen) AddUncle

func (b *BlockGen) AddUncle(h *types.Header)

AddUncle adds an uncle header to the generated block.

func (*BlockGen) Number added in v1.0.2

func (b *BlockGen) Number() *big.Int

Number returns the block number of the block being generated.

func (*BlockGen) OffsetTime added in v1.0.2

func (b *BlockGen) OffsetTime(seconds int64)

OffsetTime modifies the time instance of a block, implicitly changing its associated difficulty. It's useful to test scenarios where forking is not tied to chain length directly.

func (*BlockGen) PrevBlock

func (b *BlockGen) PrevBlock(index int) *types.Block

PrevBlock returns a previously generated block by number. It panics if num is greater or equal to the number of the block being generated. For index -1, PrevBlock returns the parent block given to GenerateChain.

func (*BlockGen) SetCoinbase

func (b *BlockGen) SetCoinbase(addr common.Address)

SetCoinbase sets the coinbase of the generated block. It can be called at most once.

func (*BlockGen) SetExtra

func (b *BlockGen) SetExtra(data []byte)

SetExtra sets the extra data field of the generated block.

func (*BlockGen) TxNonce

func (b *BlockGen) TxNonce(addr common.Address) uint64

TxNonce returns the next valid transaction nonce for the account at addr. It panics if the account does not exist.

type BlockNonceErr

type BlockNonceErr struct {
	Number *big.Int
	Hash   common.Hash
	Nonce  uint64
}

BlockNonceErr indicates that a block's nonce is invalid.

func (*BlockNonceErr) Error

func (err *BlockNonceErr) Error() string

type BlockValidator added in v1.0.2

type BlockValidator struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

BlockValidator is responsible for validating block headers, uncles and processed state.

BlockValidator implements Validator.

func NewBlockValidator added in v1.0.2

func NewBlockValidator(chaindb ethdb.Database, config *ChainConfig, blockchain *BlockChain, enableQuorumChecks bool) *BlockValidator

NewBlockValidator returns a new block validator which is safe for re-use

func (*BlockValidator) ValidateBlock added in v1.0.2

func (v *BlockValidator) ValidateBlock(block *types.Block) error

ValidateBlock validates the given block's header and uncles and verifies the the block header's transaction and uncle roots.

ValidateBlock does not validate the header's finaliser. The finaliser work validated separately so we can process them in parallel.

ValidateBlock also validates and makes sure that any previous state (or present) state that might or might not be present is checked to make sure that fast sync has done it's job proper. This prevents the block validator form accepting false positives where a header is present but the state is not.

func (*BlockValidator) ValidateHeader added in v1.0.2

func (v *BlockValidator) ValidateHeader(chaindb ethdb.Database, header, parent *types.Header) error

ValidateHeader validates the given header and, depending on the finaliser arg, checks the proof of work of the given header. Returns an error if the validation failed.

func (*BlockValidator) ValidateState added in v1.0.2

func (v *BlockValidator) ValidateState(block, parent *types.Block, statedb *state.StateDB, receipts types.Receipts, usedGas *big.Int) (err error)

ValidateState validates the various changes that happen after a state transition, such as amount of used gas, the receipt roots and the state root itself. For quorum it also verifies if the canonical hash in the blocks state points to a valid parent hash.

ValidateState returns a database batch if the validation was a success otherwise nil and an error is returned.

func (*BlockValidator) VerifyUncles added in v1.0.2

func (v *BlockValidator) VerifyUncles(block, parent *types.Block) error

VerifyUncles verifies the given block's uncles and applies the Ethereum consensus rules to the various block headers included; it will return an error if any of the included uncle headers were invalid. It returns an error if the validation failed.

type ChainConfig added in v1.0.2

type ChainConfig struct {
	HomesteadBlock *big.Int `json:"homesteadBlock"` // Homestead switch block (nil = no fork, 0 = already homestead)
	DAOForkBlock   *big.Int `json:"daoForkBlock"`   // TheDAO hard-fork switch block (nil = no fork)
	DAOForkSupport bool     `json:"daoForkSupport"` // Whether the nodes supports or opposes the DAO hard-fork

	HomesteadGasRepriceBlock *big.Int    `json:"homesteadGasRepriceBlock"` // Homestead gas reprice switch block (nil = no fork)
	HomesteadGasRepriceHash  common.Hash `json:"homesteadGasRepriceHash"`  // Homestead gas reprice switch block hash (fast sync aid)

	VmConfig vm.Config `json:"-"`
}

ChainConfig is the core config which determines the blockchain settings.

ChainConfig is stored in the database on a per block basis. This means that any network, identified by its genesis block, can have its own set of configuration options.

func GetChainConfig added in v1.0.2

func GetChainConfig(db ethdb.Database, hash common.Hash) (*ChainConfig, error)

GetChainConfig will fetch the network settings based on the given hash.

func MakeChainConfig added in v1.0.2

func MakeChainConfig() *ChainConfig

MakeChainConfig returns a new ChainConfig with the ethereum default chain settings.

func (*ChainConfig) GasTable added in v1.0.2

func (c *ChainConfig) GasTable(num *big.Int) params.GasTable

GasTable returns the gas table corresponding to the current phase (homestead or homestead reprice).

The returned GasTable's fields shouldn't, under any circumstances, be changed.

func (*ChainConfig) IsHomestead added in v1.0.2

func (c *ChainConfig) IsHomestead(num *big.Int) bool

IsHomestead returns whether num is either equal to the homestead block or greater.

type ChainEvent

type ChainEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
	Hash  common.Hash
	Logs  vm.Logs
}

type ChainHeadEvent

type ChainHeadEvent struct{ Block *types.Block }

type ChainSideEvent

type ChainSideEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
	Logs  vm.Logs
}

type ChainSplitEvent

type ChainSplitEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
	Logs  vm.Logs
}

ChainSplit is posted when a new head is detected

type ChainUncleEvent

type ChainUncleEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
}

type DeleteCallback added in v1.0.2

type DeleteCallback func(common.Hash, uint64)

DeleteCallback is a callback function that is called by SetHead before each header is deleted.

type DualStateEnv added in v1.0.2

type DualStateEnv interface {
	vm.Environment

	PublicState() *state.StateDB
	PrivateState() *state.StateDB

	Push(*state.StateDB)
	Pop()
}

type FakePow

type FakePow struct{}

FakePow is a non-validating proof of work implementation. It returns true from Verify for any block.

func (FakePow) GetHashrate

func (f FakePow) GetHashrate() int64

func (FakePow) Search

func (f FakePow) Search(block pow.Block, stop <-chan struct{}, index int) (uint64, []byte)

func (FakePow) Turbo

func (f FakePow) Turbo(bool)

func (FakePow) Verify

func (f FakePow) Verify(block pow.Block) bool

type Finiliser added in v1.0.2

type Finiliser interface {
	Finilise(block *types.Block) error
}

Finiliser is an interface which finilises blocks.

Finilise attempts to finilise a block by checking its external state.

type GasLimitErr added in v1.0.2

type GasLimitErr struct {
	Have, Want *big.Int
}

func (*GasLimitErr) Error added in v1.0.2

func (err *GasLimitErr) Error() string

type GasPool added in v1.0.2

type GasPool big.Int

GasPool tracks the amount of gas available during execution of the transactions in a block. The zero value is a pool with zero gas available.

func (*GasPool) AddGas added in v1.0.2

func (gp *GasPool) AddGas(amount *big.Int) *GasPool

AddGas makes gas available for execution.

func (*GasPool) String added in v1.0.2

func (gp *GasPool) String() string

func (*GasPool) SubGas added in v1.0.2

func (gp *GasPool) SubGas(amount *big.Int) error

SubGas deducts the given amount from the pool if enough gas is available and returns an error otherwise.

type GasPriceChanged

type GasPriceChanged struct{ Price *big.Int }

type GenesisAccount added in v1.0.2

type GenesisAccount struct {
	Address common.Address
	Balance *big.Int
}

type HeaderChain added in v1.0.2

type HeaderChain struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

HeaderChain implements the basic block header chain logic that is shared by core.BlockChain and light.LightChain. It is not usable in itself, only as a part of either structure. It is not thread safe either, the encapsulating chain structures should do the necessary mutex locking/unlocking.

func NewHeaderChain added in v1.0.2

func NewHeaderChain(chainDb ethdb.Database, config *ChainConfig, getValidator getHeaderValidatorFn, procInterrupt func() bool) (*HeaderChain, error)

NewHeaderChain creates a new HeaderChain structure.

getValidator should return the parent's validator
procInterrupt points to the parent's interrupt semaphore
wg points to the parent's shutdown wait group

func (*HeaderChain) CurrentHeader added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) CurrentHeader() *types.Header

CurrentHeader retrieves the current head header of the canonical chain. The header is retrieved from the HeaderChain's internal cache.

func (*HeaderChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash(hash common.Hash, max uint64) []common.Hash

GetBlockHashesFromHash retrieves a number of block hashes starting at a given hash, fetching towards the genesis block.

func (*HeaderChain) GetBlockNumber added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetBlockNumber(hash common.Hash) uint64

GetBlockNumber retrieves the block number belonging to the given hash from the cache or database

func (*HeaderChain) GetHeader added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetHeader(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeader retrieves a block header from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetHeaderByHash added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetHeaderByHash(hash common.Hash) *types.Header

GetHeaderByHash retrieves a block header from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetHeaderByNumber added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetHeaderByNumber(number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeaderByNumber retrieves a block header from the database by number, caching it (associated with its hash) if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetTd added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetTd(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *big.Int

GetTd retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetTdByHash added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetTdByHash(hash common.Hash) *big.Int

GetTdByHash retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) HasHeader added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) HasHeader(hash common.Hash) bool

HasHeader checks if a block header is present in the database or not, caching it if present.

func (*HeaderChain) InsertHeaderChain added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) InsertHeaderChain(chain []*types.Header, checkFreq int, writeHeader WhCallback) (int, error)

InsertHeaderChain attempts to insert the given header chain in to the local chain, possibly creating a reorg. If an error is returned, it will return the index number of the failing header as well an error describing what went wrong.

The verify parameter can be used to fine tune whether nonce verification should be done or not. The reason behind the optional check is because some of the header retrieval mechanisms already need to verify nonces, as well as because nonces can be verified sparsely, not needing to check each.

func (*HeaderChain) SetCurrentHeader added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) SetCurrentHeader(head *types.Header)

SetCurrentHeader sets the current head header of the canonical chain.

func (*HeaderChain) SetGenesis added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) SetGenesis(head *types.Header)

SetGenesis sets a new genesis block header for the chain

func (*HeaderChain) SetHead added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) SetHead(head uint64, delFn DeleteCallback)

SetHead rewinds the local chain to a new head. Everything above the new head will be deleted and the new one set.

func (*HeaderChain) WriteHeader added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) WriteHeader(header *types.Header) (status WriteStatus, err error)

WriteHeader writes a header into the local chain, given that its parent is already known. If the total difficulty of the newly inserted header becomes greater than the current known TD, the canonical chain is re-routed.

Note: This method is not concurrent-safe with inserting blocks simultaneously into the chain, as side effects caused by reorganisations cannot be emulated without the real blocks. Hence, writing headers directly should only be done in two scenarios: pure-header mode of operation (light clients), or properly separated header/block phases (non-archive clients).

func (*HeaderChain) WriteTd added in v1.0.2

func (hc *HeaderChain) WriteTd(hash common.Hash, number uint64, td *big.Int) error

WriteTd stores a block's total difficulty into the database, also caching it along the way.

type HeaderValidator added in v1.0.2

type HeaderValidator interface {
	ValidateHeader(chaindb ethdb.Database, header, parent *types.Header) error
}

HeaderValidator is an interface for validating headers only

ValidateHeader validates the given header and parent and returns an error if it failed to do so.

type InvalidTxErr

type InvalidTxErr struct {
	Message string
}

func InvalidTxError

func InvalidTxError(err error) *InvalidTxErr

func (*InvalidTxErr) Error

func (err *InvalidTxErr) Error() string

type KnownBlockError

type KnownBlockError struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func (*KnownBlockError) Error

func (self *KnownBlockError) Error() string

type Message

type Message interface {
	From() (common.Address, error)
	FromFrontier() (common.Address, error)
	To() *common.Address

	GasPrice() *big.Int
	Gas() *big.Int
	Value() *big.Int

	Nonce() uint64
	CheckNonce() bool
	Data() []byte
}

Message represents a message sent to a contract.

type NewBlockEvent

type NewBlockEvent struct{ Block *types.Block }

NewBlockEvent is posted when a block has been imported.

type NewMinedBlockEvent

type NewMinedBlockEvent struct{ Block *types.Block }

NewMinedBlockEvent is posted when a block has been imported.

type NonceErr

type NonceErr struct {
	Message string
	Is, Exp uint64
}

func NonceError

func NonceError(is, exp uint64) *NonceErr

func (*NonceErr) Error

func (err *NonceErr) Error() string

type ParentErr

type ParentErr struct {
	Message string
}

Parent error. In case a parent is unknown this error will be thrown by the block manager

func (*ParentErr) Error

func (err *ParentErr) Error() string

type PendingBlockEvent

type PendingBlockEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
	Logs  vm.Logs
}

type PendingLogsEvent added in v1.0.2

type PendingLogsEvent struct {
	Logs vm.Logs
}

PendingLogsEvent is posted pre mining and notifies of pending logs.

type PendingStateEvent added in v1.0.2

type PendingStateEvent struct{}

PendingStateEvent is posted pre mining and notifies of pending state changes.

type PrivateMessage added in v1.0.2

type PrivateMessage interface {
	Message
	IsPrivate() bool
}

PrivateMessage implements a private message

type Processor added in v1.0.2

type Processor interface {
	Process(block *types.Block, publicState, privateState *state.StateDB, cfg vm.Config) (types.Receipts, types.Receipts, vm.Logs, *big.Int, error)
}

Processor is an interface for processing blocks using a given initial state.

Process takes the block to be processed and the statedb upon which the initial state is based. It should return the receipts generated, amount of gas used in the process and return an error if any of the internal rules failed.

type RemovedLogsEvent added in v1.0.2

type RemovedLogsEvent struct{ Logs vm.Logs }

RemovedLogEvent is posted when a reorg happens

type RemovedTransactionEvent added in v1.0.2

type RemovedTransactionEvent struct{ Txs types.Transactions }

RemovedTransactionEvent is posted when a reorg happens

type StartMining

type StartMining struct{}

Mining operation events

type StateProcessor added in v1.0.2

type StateProcessor struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

StateProcessor is a basic Processor, which takes care of transitioning state from one point to another.

StateProcessor implements Processor.

func NewStateProcessor added in v1.0.2

func NewStateProcessor(config *ChainConfig, bc *BlockChain) *StateProcessor

NewStateProcessor initialises a new StateProcessor.

func (*StateProcessor) Process added in v1.0.2

func (p *StateProcessor) Process(block *types.Block, publicState, privateState *state.StateDB, cfg vm.Config) (types.Receipts, types.Receipts, vm.Logs, *big.Int, error)

Process processes the state changes according to the Ethereum rules by running the transaction messages using the statedb and applying any rewards to both the processor (coinbase) and any included uncles.

Process returns the receipts and logs accumulated during the process and returns the amount of gas that was used in the process. If any of the transactions failed to execute due to insufficient gas it will return an error.

type StateTransition

type StateTransition struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

The State Transitioning Model

A state transition is a change made when a transaction is applied to the current world state The state transitioning model does all all the necessary work to work out a valid new state root.

1) Nonce handling 2) Pre pay gas 3) Create a new state object if the recipient is \0*32 4) Value transfer == If contract creation ==

4a) Attempt to run transaction data
4b) If valid, use result as code for the new state object

== end == 5) Run Script section 6) Derive new state root

func NewStateTransition

func NewStateTransition(env vm.Environment, msg Message, gp *GasPool) *StateTransition

NewStateTransition initialises and returns a new state transition object.

func (*StateTransition) TransitionDb added in v1.0.2

func (self *StateTransition) TransitionDb() (ret []byte, requiredGas, usedGas *big.Int, err error)

TransitionDb will move the state by applying the message against the given environment.

type TDError

type TDError struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func (*TDError) Error

func (self *TDError) Error() string

type TopMining

type TopMining struct{}

type TxPool

type TxPool struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

TxPool contains all currently known transactions. Transactions enter the pool when they are received from the network or submitted locally. They exit the pool when they are included in the blockchain.

The pool separates processable transactions (which can be applied to the current state) and future transactions. Transactions move between those two states over time as they are received and processed.

func NewTxPool

func NewTxPool(config *ChainConfig, eventMux *event.TypeMux, currentStateFn stateFn, gasLimitFn func() *big.Int) *TxPool

func (*TxPool) Add

func (pool *TxPool) Add(tx *types.Transaction) error

Add queues a single transaction in the pool if it is valid.

func (*TxPool) AddBatch added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) AddBatch(txs []*types.Transaction)

AddBatch attempts to queue a batch of transactions.

func (*TxPool) Content added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) Content() (map[common.Address]types.Transactions, map[common.Address]types.Transactions)

Content retrieves the data content of the transaction pool, returning all the pending as well as queued transactions, grouped by account and sorted by nonce.

func (*TxPool) Get added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) Get(hash common.Hash) *types.Transaction

Get returns a transaction if it is contained in the pool and nil otherwise.

func (*TxPool) Nonce added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) Nonce(addr common.Address) uint64

Nonce returns the nonce for the given addr from the pending state. Can only be used for local transactions.

func (*TxPool) Pending added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) Pending() map[common.Address]types.Transactions

Pending retrieves all currently processable transactions, groupped by origin account and sorted by nonce. The returned transaction set is a copy and can be freely modified by calling code.

func (*TxPool) Remove added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) Remove(hash common.Hash)

Remove removes the transaction with the given hash from the pool.

func (*TxPool) RemoveBatch added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) RemoveBatch(txs types.Transactions)

RemoveBatch removes all given transactions from the pool.

func (*TxPool) SetLocal added in v1.0.2

func (pool *TxPool) SetLocal(tx *types.Transaction)

SetLocal marks a transaction as local.

func (*TxPool) State

func (pool *TxPool) State() *state.ManagedState

func (*TxPool) Stats

func (pool *TxPool) Stats() (pending int, queued int)

Stats retrieves the current pool stats, namely the number of pending and the number of queued (non-executable) transactions.

func (*TxPool) Stop

func (pool *TxPool) Stop()

type TxPostEvent

type TxPostEvent struct{ Tx *types.Transaction }

TxPostEvent is posted when a transaction has been processed.

type TxPreEvent

type TxPreEvent struct{ Tx *types.Transaction }

TxPreEvent is posted when a transaction enters the transaction pool.

type UncleErr

type UncleErr struct {
	Message string
}

func (*UncleErr) Error

func (err *UncleErr) Error() string

type VMEnv

type VMEnv struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func NewEnv

func NewEnv(publicState, privateState *state.StateDB, chainConfig *ChainConfig, chain *BlockChain, msg Message, header *types.Header, cfg vm.Config) *VMEnv

NewEnv creates a new environment for executing a transaction. In case the transaction is public its the responsibility from the caller to supply publicState for the privateState argument.

func (*VMEnv) AddLog

func (self *VMEnv) AddLog(log *vm.Log)

func (*VMEnv) BlockNumber

func (self *VMEnv) BlockNumber() *big.Int

func (*VMEnv) Call

func (self *VMEnv) Call(me vm.ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas, price, value *big.Int) ([]byte, error)

func (*VMEnv) CallCode

func (self *VMEnv) CallCode(me vm.ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas, price, value *big.Int) ([]byte, error)

func (*VMEnv) CanTransfer added in v1.0.2

func (self *VMEnv) CanTransfer(from common.Address, balance *big.Int) bool

func (*VMEnv) Coinbase

func (self *VMEnv) Coinbase() common.Address

func (*VMEnv) Create

func (self *VMEnv) Create(me vm.ContractRef, data []byte, gas, price, value *big.Int) ([]byte, common.Address, error)

func (*VMEnv) Db added in v1.0.2

func (self *VMEnv) Db() vm.Database

func (*VMEnv) DelegateCall added in v1.0.2

func (self *VMEnv) DelegateCall(me vm.ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas, price *big.Int) ([]byte, error)

func (*VMEnv) Depth

func (self *VMEnv) Depth() int

func (*VMEnv) Difficulty

func (self *VMEnv) Difficulty() *big.Int

func (*VMEnv) GasLimit

func (self *VMEnv) GasLimit() *big.Int

func (*VMEnv) GetHash

func (self *VMEnv) GetHash(n uint64) common.Hash

func (*VMEnv) Origin

func (self *VMEnv) Origin() common.Address

func (*VMEnv) Pop added in v1.0.2

func (env *VMEnv) Pop()

func (*VMEnv) PrivateState added in v1.0.2

func (env *VMEnv) PrivateState() *state.StateDB

func (*VMEnv) PublicState added in v1.0.2

func (env *VMEnv) PublicState() *state.StateDB

func (*VMEnv) Push added in v1.0.2

func (env *VMEnv) Push(state *state.StateDB)

func (*VMEnv) ReadOnly added in v1.0.2

func (env *VMEnv) ReadOnly() bool

func (*VMEnv) RevertToSnapshot added in v1.0.2

func (self *VMEnv) RevertToSnapshot(snapshot int)

We only need to revert the current state because when we call from private public state it's read only, there wouldn't be anything to reset. (A)->(B)->C->(B): A failure in (B) wouldn't need to reset C, as C was flagged read only.

func (*VMEnv) RuleSet added in v1.0.2

func (self *VMEnv) RuleSet() vm.RuleSet

func (*VMEnv) SetDepth

func (self *VMEnv) SetDepth(i int)

func (*VMEnv) SnapshotDatabase added in v1.0.2

func (self *VMEnv) SnapshotDatabase() int

func (*VMEnv) Time

func (self *VMEnv) Time() *big.Int

func (*VMEnv) Transfer

func (self *VMEnv) Transfer(from, to vm.Account, amount *big.Int)

func (*VMEnv) Value

func (self *VMEnv) Value() *big.Int

func (*VMEnv) Vm added in v1.0.2

func (self *VMEnv) Vm() vm.Vm

type ValidationErr

type ValidationErr struct {
	Message string
}

Block validation error. If any validation fails, this error will be thrown

func ValidationError

func ValidationError(format string, v ...interface{}) *ValidationErr

func (*ValidationErr) Error

func (err *ValidationErr) Error() string

type Validator added in v1.0.2

type Validator interface {
	HeaderValidator
	ValidateBlock(block *types.Block) error
	ValidateState(block, parent *types.Block, state *state.StateDB, receipts types.Receipts, usedGas *big.Int) error
}

Validator is an interface which defines the standard for block validation.

The validator is responsible for validating incoming block or, if desired, validates headers for fast validation.

ValidateBlock validates the given block and should return an error if it failed to do so and should be used for "full" validation.

ValidateHeader validates the given header and parent and returns an error if it failed to do so.

ValidateState validates the given statedb and optionally the receipts and gas used. The implementer should decide what to do with the given input.

type ValueTransferError

type ValueTransferError struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func ValueTransferErr

func ValueTransferErr(str string, v ...interface{}) *ValueTransferError

func (*ValueTransferError) Error

func (self *ValueTransferError) Error() string

type WhCallback added in v1.0.2

type WhCallback func(*types.Header) error

WhCallback is a callback function for inserting individual headers. A callback is used for two reasons: first, in a LightChain, status should be processed and light chain events sent, while in a BlockChain this is not necessary since chain events are sent after inserting blocks. Second, the header writes should be protected by the parent chain mutex individually.

type WriteStatus added in v1.0.2

type WriteStatus byte
const (
	NonStatTy WriteStatus = iota
	CanonStatTy
	SplitStatTy
	SideStatTy
)

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package state provides a caching layer atop the Ethereum state trie.
Package state provides a caching layer atop the Ethereum state trie.
Package types contains data types related to Ethereum consensus.
Package types contains data types related to Ethereum consensus.
vm
Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.
Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.
runtime
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.

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