vm

package
Version: v1.9.0 Latest Latest
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Published: Jul 28, 2022 License: GPL-3.0 Imports: 28 Imported by: 48

Documentation

Overview

Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.

The vm package implements one EVM, a byte code VM. The Byte Code VM loops over a set of bytes and executes them according to the set of rules defined in the Ethereum yellow paper.

As well as the original functionality of the EVM, this package implemented additional pre-compiled contracts to support the native features of Klaytn. For more information about pre-compiled contracts, see KlaytnDocs (https://docs.klaytn.com/smart-contract/precompiled-contracts).

Index

Constants

View Source
const (
	CancelByCtxDone = 1 << iota
	CancelByTotalTimeLimit
)
View Source
const (
	GasZero        uint64 = 0  // G_zero
	GasQuickStep   uint64 = 2  // G_base
	GasFastestStep uint64 = 3  // G_verylow
	GasFastStep    uint64 = 5  // G_low
	GasMidStep     uint64 = 8  // G_mid
	GasSlowStep    uint64 = 10 // G_high or G_exp
	GasExtStep     uint64 = 20 // G_blockhash
)

Gas costs

Variables

View Source
var (
	ErrCodeStoreOutOfGas                 = errors.New("contract creation code storage out of gas")
	ErrDepth                             = errors.New("max call depth exceeded")
	ErrTraceLimitReached                 = errors.New("the number of logs reached the specified limit")
	ErrInsufficientBalance               = errors.New("insufficient balance for transfer")
	ErrContractAddressCollision          = errors.New("contract address collision")
	ErrTotalTimeLimitReached             = errors.New("reached the total execution time limit for txs in a block")
	ErrOpcodeComputationCostLimitReached = errors.New(fmt.Sprintf("reached the opcode computation cost limit (%d) for tx", params.OpcodeComputationCostLimit))
	ErrFailedOnSetCode                   = errors.New("failed on setting code to an account")

	// EVM internal errors
	ErrWriteProtection       = errors.New("evm: write protection")
	ErrReturnDataOutOfBounds = errors.New("evm: return data out of bounds")
	ErrExecutionReverted     = errors.New("evm: execution reverted")
	ErrMaxCodeSizeExceeded   = errors.New("evm: max code size exceeded")
	ErrInvalidJump           = errors.New("evm: invalid jump destination")
)

List execution errors

View Source
var (
	ConstantinopleInstructionSet = newConstantinopleInstructionSet()
	IstanbulInstructionSet       = newIstanbulInstructionSet()
	LondonInstructionSet         = newLondonInstructionSet()
)
View Source
var PrecompiledContractsConstantinople = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}):  &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}):  &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}):  &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}):  &dataCopy{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{5}):  &bigModExp{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{6}):  &bn256AddConstantinople{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{7}):  &bn256ScalarMulConstantinople{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{8}):  &bn256PairingConstantinople{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{9}):  &vmLog{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{10}): &feePayer{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{11}): &validateSender{},
}

PrecompiledContractsConstantinople contains the default set of pre-compiled Klaytn contracts based on Ethereum Constantinople.

View Source
var PrecompiledContractsIstanbul = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}):      &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}):      &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}):      &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}):      &dataCopy{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{5}):      &bigModExp{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{6}):      &bn256AddIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{7}):      &bn256ScalarMulIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{8}):      &bn256PairingIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{9}):      &blake2F{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3, 253}): &vmLog{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3, 254}): &feePayer{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3, 255}): &validateSender{},
}

DO NOT USE 0x3FD, 0x3FE, 0x3FF ADDRESSES BEFORE ISTANBUL CHANGE ACTIVATED. PrecompiledContractsIstanbul contains the default set of pre-compiled Klaytn contracts based on Ethereum Istanbul.

Functions

func EnableEIP added in v1.7.0

func EnableEIP(eipNum int, jt *JumpTable) error

EnableEIP enables the given EIP on the config. This operation writes in-place, and callers need to ensure that the globally defined jump tables are not polluted.

func RunPrecompiledContract

func RunPrecompiledContract(p PrecompiledContract, input []byte, contract *Contract, evm *EVM) (ret []byte, computationCost uint64, err error)

RunPrecompiledContract runs and evaluates the output of a precompiled contract.

func WriteLogs

func WriteLogs(writer io.Writer, logs []*types.Log)

WriteLogs writes vm logs in a readable format to the given writer

func WriteTrace

func WriteTrace(writer io.Writer, logs []StructLog)

WriteTrace writes a formatted trace to the given writer

Types

type AccountRef

type AccountRef common.Address

AccountRef implements ContractRef.

Account references are used during EVM initialisation and it's primary use is to fetch addresses. Removing this object proves difficult because of the cached jump destinations which are fetched from the parent contract (i.e. the caller), which is a ContractRef.

func (AccountRef) Address

func (ar AccountRef) Address() common.Address

Address casts AccountRef to a Address

func (AccountRef) FeePayer

func (ar AccountRef) FeePayer() common.Address

type CanTransferFunc

type CanTransferFunc func(StateDB, common.Address, *big.Int) bool

CanTransferFunc is the signature of a transfer guard function

type Config

type Config struct {
	Debug                   bool   // Enables debugging
	Tracer                  Tracer // Opcode logger
	NoRecursion             bool   // Disables call, callcode, delegate call and create
	EnablePreimageRecording bool   // Enables recording of SHA3/keccak preimages

	JumpTable [256]*operation // EVM instruction table, automatically populated if unset

	// RunningEVM is to indicate the running EVM and used to stop the EVM.
	RunningEVM chan *EVM

	// UseOpcodeComputationCost is to enable applying the opcode computation cost limit.
	UseOpcodeComputationCost bool

	// Enables collecting internal transaction data during processing a block
	EnableInternalTxTracing bool

	// Prefetching is true if the EVM is used for prefetching.
	Prefetching bool

	// Additional EIPs that are to be enabled
	ExtraEips []int
}

Config are the configuration options for the Interpreter

type Context

type Context struct {
	// CanTransfer returns whether the account contains
	// sufficient KLAY to transfer the value
	CanTransfer CanTransferFunc
	// Transfer transfers KLAY from one account to the other
	Transfer TransferFunc
	// GetHash returns the hash corresponding to n
	GetHash GetHashFunc

	// Message information
	Origin   common.Address // Provides information for ORIGIN
	GasPrice *big.Int       // Provides information for GASPRICE

	// Block information
	Coinbase    common.Address // Provides information for COINBASE
	GasLimit    uint64         // Provides information for GASLIMIT
	BlockNumber *big.Int       // Provides information for NUMBER
	Time        *big.Int       // Provides information for TIME
	BlockScore  *big.Int       // Provides information for DIFFICULTY
	BaseFee     *big.Int       // Provides information for BASEFEE
}

Context provides the EVM with auxiliary information. Once provided it shouldn't be modified.

type Contract

type Contract struct {
	// CallerAddress is the result of the caller which initialised this
	// contract. However when the "call method" is delegated this value
	// needs to be initialised to that of the caller's caller.
	CallerAddress   common.Address
	FeePayerAddress common.Address

	Code     []byte
	CodeHash common.Hash
	CodeAddr *common.Address
	Input    []byte

	Gas uint64
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Contract represents a smart contract in the state database. It contains the contract code, calling arguments. Contract implements ContractRef

func NewContract

func NewContract(caller types.ContractRef, object types.ContractRef, value *big.Int, gas uint64) *Contract

NewContract returns a new contract environment for the execution of EVM.

func (*Contract) Address

func (c *Contract) Address() common.Address

Address returns the contracts address

func (*Contract) AsDelegate

func (c *Contract) AsDelegate() *Contract

AsDelegate sets the contract to be a delegate call and returns the current contract (for chaining calls)

func (*Contract) Caller

func (c *Contract) Caller() common.Address

Caller returns the caller of the contract.

Caller will recursively call caller when the contract is a delegate call, including that of caller's caller.

func (*Contract) FeePayer

func (c *Contract) FeePayer() common.Address

func (*Contract) GetByte

func (c *Contract) GetByte(n uint64) byte

GetByte returns the n'th byte in the contract's byte array

func (*Contract) GetOp

func (c *Contract) GetOp(n uint64) OpCode

GetOp returns the n'th element in the contract's byte array

func (*Contract) SetCallCode

func (c *Contract) SetCallCode(addr *common.Address, hash common.Hash, code []byte)

SetCallCode sets the code of the contract and address of the backing data object

func (*Contract) SetCodeOptionalHash

func (c *Contract) SetCodeOptionalHash(addr *common.Address, codeAndHash *codeAndHash)

SetCodeOptionalHash can be used to provide code, but it's optional to provide hash. In case hash is not provided, the jumpdest analysis will not be saved to the parent context

func (*Contract) UseGas

func (c *Contract) UseGas(gas uint64) (ok bool)

UseGas attempts the use gas and subtracts it and returns true on success

func (*Contract) Value

func (c *Contract) Value() *big.Int

Value returns the contracts value (sent to it from it's caller)

type EVM

type EVM struct {
	// Context provides auxiliary blockchain related information
	Context
	// StateDB gives access to the underlying state
	StateDB StateDB
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

EVM is the Ethereum Virtual Machine base object and provides the necessary tools to run a contract on the given state with the provided context. It should be noted that any error generated through any of the calls should be considered a revert-state-and-consume-all-gas operation, no checks on specific errors should ever be performed. The interpreter makes sure that any errors generated are to be considered faulty code.

The EVM should never be reused and is not thread safe.

func NewEVM

func NewEVM(ctx Context, statedb StateDB, chainConfig *params.ChainConfig, vmConfig *Config) *EVM

NewEVM returns a new EVM. The returned EVM is not thread safe and should only ever be used *once*.

func (*EVM) Call

func (evm *EVM) Call(caller types.ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Call executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It also handles any necessary value transfer required and takes the necessary steps to create accounts and reverses the state in case of an execution error or failed value transfer.

func (*EVM) CallCode

func (evm *EVM) CallCode(caller types.ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

CallCode executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It also handles any necessary value transfer required and takes the necessary steps to create accounts and reverses the state in case of an execution error or failed value transfer.

CallCode differs from Call in the sense that it executes the given address' code with the caller as context.

func (*EVM) Cancel

func (evm *EVM) Cancel(reason int32)

Cancel cancels any running EVM operation. This may be called concurrently and it's safe to be called multiple times.

func (*EVM) Cancelled added in v1.6.0

func (evm *EVM) Cancelled() bool

Cancelled returns true if Cancel has been called

func (*EVM) ChainConfig

func (evm *EVM) ChainConfig() *params.ChainConfig

ChainConfig returns the environment's chain configuration

func (*EVM) Create

func (evm *EVM) Create(caller types.ContractRef, code []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int, codeFormat params.CodeFormat) (ret []byte, contractAddr common.Address, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Create creates a new contract using code as deployment code.

func (*EVM) Create2

func (evm *EVM) Create2(caller types.ContractRef, code []byte, gas uint64, endowment *big.Int, salt *big.Int, codeFormat params.CodeFormat) (ret []byte, contractAddr common.Address, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Create2 creates a new contract using code as deployment code.

The different between Create2 with Create is Create2 uses sha3(0xff ++ msg.sender ++ salt ++ sha3(init_code))[12:] instead of the usual sender-and-nonce-hash as the address where the contract is initialized at.

func (*EVM) CreateWithAddress

func (evm *EVM) CreateWithAddress(caller types.ContractRef, code []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int, contractAddr common.Address, humanReadable bool, codeFormat params.CodeFormat) ([]byte, common.Address, uint64, error)

CreateWithAddress creates a new contract using code as deployment code with given address and humanReadable.

func (*EVM) DelegateCall

func (evm *EVM) DelegateCall(caller types.ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

DelegateCall executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It reverses the state in case of an execution error.

DelegateCall differs from CallCode in the sense that it executes the given address' code with the caller as context and the caller is set to the caller of the caller.

func (*EVM) GetOpCodeComputationCost

func (evm *EVM) GetOpCodeComputationCost() uint64

func (*EVM) GetPrecompiledContractMap added in v1.7.0

func (evm *EVM) GetPrecompiledContractMap(addr common.Address) map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract

func (*EVM) Interpreter

func (evm *EVM) Interpreter() *Interpreter

Interpreter returns the EVM interpreter

func (*EVM) IsPrefetching added in v1.6.1

func (evm *EVM) IsPrefetching() bool

func (*EVM) StaticCall

func (evm *EVM) StaticCall(caller types.ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

StaticCall executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters while disallowing any modifications to the state during the call. Opcodes that attempt to perform such modifications will result in exceptions instead of performing the modifications.

type GetHashFunc

type GetHashFunc func(uint64) common.Hash

GetHashFunc returns the nth block hash in the blockchain and is used by the BLOCKHASH EVM op code.

type InternalCall added in v1.5.2

type InternalCall struct {
	Type  string          `json:"type"`
	From  *common.Address `json:"from"`
	To    *common.Address `json:"to"`
	Value string          `json:"value"`

	Gas     uint64 `json:"gas"`
	GasIn   uint64 `json:"gasIn"`
	GasUsed uint64 `json:"gasUsed"`
	GasCost uint64 `json:"gasCost"`

	Input  string `json:"input"`  // hex string
	Output string `json:"output"` // hex string
	Error  error  `json:"err"`

	OutOff *big.Int `json:"outoff"`
	OutLen *big.Int `json:"outlen"`

	Calls []*InternalCall `json:"calls"`
}

InternalCall is emitted to the EVM each cycle and lists information about the current internal state prior to the execution of the statement.

func (*InternalCall) ErrorString added in v1.5.2

func (s *InternalCall) ErrorString() string

ErrorString formats the tracerLog's error as a string.

func (*InternalCall) OpName added in v1.5.2

func (s *InternalCall) OpName() string

OpName formats the operand name in a human-readable format.

func (*InternalCall) ToTrace added in v1.5.2

func (s *InternalCall) ToTrace() *InternalTxTrace

type InternalTxTrace added in v1.5.2

type InternalTxTrace struct {
	Type  string          `json:"type"`
	From  *common.Address `json:"from,omitempty"`
	To    *common.Address `json:"to,omitempty"`
	Value string          `json:"value,omitempty"`

	Gas     uint64 `json:"gas,omitempty"`
	GasUsed uint64 `json:"gasUsed,omitempty"`

	Input  string `json:"input,omitempty"`  // hex string
	Output string `json:"output,omitempty"` // hex string
	Error  error  `json:"error,omitempty"`

	Time  time.Duration      `json:"time,omitempty"`
	Calls []*InternalTxTrace `json:"calls,omitempty"`

	Reverted *RevertedInfo `json:"reverted,omitempty"`
}

InternalTxTrace is returned data after the end of trace-collecting cycle. It implements an object returned by "result" function at call_tracer.js

func (InternalTxTrace) MarshalJSON added in v1.5.2

func (i InternalTxTrace) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

func (*InternalTxTrace) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.5.2

func (i *InternalTxTrace) UnmarshalJSON(input []byte) error

type InternalTxTracer added in v1.5.2

type InternalTxTracer struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

InternalTxTracer is a full blown transaction tracer that extracts and reports all the internal calls made by a transaction, along with any useful information. It is ported to golang from JS, specifically call_tracer.js

func NewInternalTxTracer added in v1.5.2

func NewInternalTxTracer() *InternalTxTracer

NewInternalTxTracer returns a new InternalTxTracer.

func (*InternalTxTracer) CaptureEnd added in v1.5.2

func (this *InternalTxTracer) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error) error

CaptureEnd is called after the call finishes to finalize the tracing.

func (*InternalTxTracer) CaptureFault added in v1.5.2

func (this *InternalTxTracer) CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, s *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureFault implements the Tracer interface to trace an execution fault while running an opcode.

func (*InternalTxTracer) CaptureStart added in v1.5.2

func (this *InternalTxTracer) CaptureStart(from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) error

CaptureStart implements the Tracer interface to initialize the tracing operation.

func (*InternalTxTracer) CaptureState added in v1.5.2

func (this *InternalTxTracer) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, logStack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureState implements the Tracer interface to trace a single step of VM execution.

func (*InternalTxTracer) GetResult added in v1.5.2

func (this *InternalTxTracer) GetResult() (*InternalTxTrace, error)

func (*InternalTxTracer) InternalTxLogs added in v1.5.2

func (this *InternalTxTracer) InternalTxLogs() []*InternalCall

InternalTxLogs returns the captured tracerLog entries.

func (*InternalTxTracer) Stop added in v1.5.2

func (this *InternalTxTracer) Stop(err error)

Stop terminates execution of the tracer at the first opportune moment.

type Interpreter

type Interpreter struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Interpreter is used to run Klaytn based contracts and will utilise the passed environment to query external sources for state information. The Interpreter will run the byte code VM based on the passed configuration.

func NewEVMInterpreter added in v1.6.1

func NewEVMInterpreter(evm *EVM, cfg *Config) *Interpreter

NewEVMInterpreter returns a new instance of the Interpreter.

func (*Interpreter) Run

func (in *Interpreter) Run(contract *Contract, input []byte) (ret []byte, err error)

Run loops and evaluates the contract's code with the given input data and returns the return byte-slice and an error if one occurred.

It's important to note that any errors returned by the interpreter should be considered a revert-and-consume-all-gas operation except for ErrExecutionReverted which means revert-and-keep-gas-left.

type JSONLogger

type JSONLogger struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func NewJSONLogger

func NewJSONLogger(cfg *LogConfig, writer io.Writer) *JSONLogger

NewJSONLogger creates a new EVM tracer that prints execution steps as JSON objects into the provided stream.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureEnd

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error) error

CaptureEnd is triggered at end of execution.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureFault

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureFault outputs state information on the logger.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureStart

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureStart(from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) error

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureState

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureState outputs state information on the logger.

type JumpTable added in v1.6.1

type JumpTable [256]*operation

JumpTable contains the EVM opcodes supported at a given fork.

type LogConfig

type LogConfig struct {
	DisableMemory  bool // disable memory capture
	DisableStack   bool // disable stack capture
	DisableStorage bool // disable storage capture
	Debug          bool // print output during capture end
	Limit          int  // maximum length of output, but zero means unlimited
}

LogConfig are the configuration options for structured logger the EVM

type Memory

type Memory struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Memory implements a simple memory model for the Klaytn virtual machine.

func NewMemory

func NewMemory() *Memory

NewMemory returns a new memory model.

func (*Memory) Data

func (m *Memory) Data() []byte

Data returns the backing slice

func (*Memory) GetCopy added in v1.6.0

func (m *Memory) GetCopy(offset, size int64) (cpy []byte)

Get returns offset + size as a new slice

func (*Memory) GetPtr

func (m *Memory) GetPtr(offset, size int64) []byte

GetPtr returns the offset + size

func (*Memory) Increase

func (m *Memory) Increase(size uint64)

Increase increases the memory with size bytes

func (*Memory) Len

func (m *Memory) Len() int

Len returns the length of the backing slice

func (*Memory) Print

func (m *Memory) Print()

Print dumps the content of the memory.

func (*Memory) Resize

func (m *Memory) Resize(size uint64)

Resize resizes the memory to size

func (*Memory) Set

func (m *Memory) Set(offset, size uint64, value []byte)

Set sets offset + size to value

func (*Memory) Set32

func (m *Memory) Set32(offset uint64, val *big.Int)

Set32 sets the 32 bytes starting at offset to the value of val, left-padded with zeroes to 32 bytes.

func (*Memory) Slice added in v1.5.2

func (m *Memory) Slice(begin, end int64) []byte

type OpCode

type OpCode byte

OpCode is an EVM opcode

const (
	STOP OpCode = iota
	ADD
	MUL
	SUB
	DIV
	SDIV
	MOD
	SMOD
	ADDMOD
	MULMOD
	EXP
	SIGNEXTEND
)

0x0 range - arithmetic ops.

const (
	LT OpCode = iota + 0x10
	GT
	SLT
	SGT
	EQ
	ISZERO
	AND
	OR
	XOR
	NOT
	BYTE
	SHL
	SHR
	SAR

	SHA3 = 0x20
)

0x10 range - comparison ops.

const (
	ADDRESS OpCode = 0x30 + iota
	BALANCE
	ORIGIN
	CALLER
	CALLVALUE
	CALLDATALOAD
	CALLDATASIZE
	CALLDATACOPY
	CODESIZE
	CODECOPY
	GASPRICE
	EXTCODESIZE
	EXTCODECOPY
	RETURNDATASIZE
	RETURNDATACOPY
	EXTCODEHASH
)

0x30 range - closure state.

const (
	BLOCKHASH OpCode = 0x40 + iota
	COINBASE
	TIMESTAMP
	NUMBER
	DIFFICULTY
	GASLIMIT
	CHAINID     OpCode = 0x46
	SELFBALANCE OpCode = 0x47
	BASEFEE     OpCode = 0x48
)

0x40 range - block operations.

const (
	POP OpCode = 0x50 + iota
	MLOAD
	MSTORE
	MSTORE8
	SLOAD
	SSTORE
	JUMP
	JUMPI
	PC
	MSIZE
	GAS
	JUMPDEST
)

0x50 range - 'storage' and execution.

const (
	PUSH1 OpCode = 0x60 + iota
	PUSH2
	PUSH3
	PUSH4
	PUSH5
	PUSH6
	PUSH7
	PUSH8
	PUSH9
	PUSH10
	PUSH11
	PUSH12
	PUSH13
	PUSH14
	PUSH15
	PUSH16
	PUSH17
	PUSH18
	PUSH19
	PUSH20
	PUSH21
	PUSH22
	PUSH23
	PUSH24
	PUSH25
	PUSH26
	PUSH27
	PUSH28
	PUSH29
	PUSH30
	PUSH31
	PUSH32
	DUP1
	DUP2
	DUP3
	DUP4
	DUP5
	DUP6
	DUP7
	DUP8
	DUP9
	DUP10
	DUP11
	DUP12
	DUP13
	DUP14
	DUP15
	DUP16
	SWAP1
	SWAP2
	SWAP3
	SWAP4
	SWAP5
	SWAP6
	SWAP7
	SWAP8
	SWAP9
	SWAP10
	SWAP11
	SWAP12
	SWAP13
	SWAP14
	SWAP15
	SWAP16
)

0x60 range.

const (
	LOG0 OpCode = 0xa0 + iota
	LOG1
	LOG2
	LOG3
	LOG4
)

0xa0 range - logging ops.

const (
	PUSH OpCode = 0xb0 + iota
	DUP
	SWAP
)

unofficial opcodes used for parsing.

const (
	CREATE OpCode = 0xf0 + iota
	CALL
	CALLCODE
	RETURN
	DELEGATECALL
	CREATE2
	STATICCALL = 0xfa

	REVERT       = 0xfd
	SELFDESTRUCT = 0xff
)

0xf0 range - closures.

func StringToOp

func StringToOp(str string) OpCode

StringToOp finds the opcode whose name is stored in `str`.

func (OpCode) IsPush

func (op OpCode) IsPush() bool

IsPush specifies if an opcode is a PUSH opcode.

func (OpCode) IsStaticJump

func (op OpCode) IsStaticJump() bool

IsStaticJump specifies if an opcode is JUMP.

func (OpCode) String

func (op OpCode) String() string

type PrecompiledContract

type PrecompiledContract interface {
	// GetRequiredGasAndComputationCost returns the gas and computation cost
	// required to execute the precompiled contract.
	GetRequiredGasAndComputationCost(input []byte) (uint64, uint64)

	// Run runs the precompiled contract
	// contract, evm is only exists in klaytn, those are not used in go-ethereum
	Run(input []byte, contract *Contract, evm *EVM) ([]byte, error)
}

PrecompiledContract is the basic interface for native Go contracts. The implementation requires a deterministic gas count based on the input size of the Run method of the contract. If you want more information about Klaytn's precompiled contracts, please refer https://docs.klaytn.com/smart-contract/precompiled-contracts

type RevertedInfo added in v1.5.2

type RevertedInfo struct {
	Contract *common.Address `json:"contract,omitempty"`
	Message  string          `json:"message,omitempty"`
}

func (RevertedInfo) MarshalJSON added in v1.5.2

func (r RevertedInfo) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

func (*RevertedInfo) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.5.2

func (r *RevertedInfo) UnmarshalJSON(data []byte) error

type Stack

type Stack struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Stack is an object for basic stack operations. Items popped to the stack are expected to be changed and modified. stack does not take care of adding newly initialised objects.

func (*Stack) Back

func (st *Stack) Back(n int) *big.Int

Back returns the n'th item in stack

func (*Stack) Data

func (st *Stack) Data() []*big.Int

Data returns the underlying big.Int array.

func (*Stack) Peek added in v1.5.2

func (st *Stack) Peek() *big.Int

func (*Stack) Print

func (st *Stack) Print()

Print dumps the content of the stack

type StateDB

type StateDB interface {
	CreateAccount(common.Address)
	CreateSmartContractAccount(addr common.Address, format params.CodeFormat, r params.Rules)
	CreateSmartContractAccountWithKey(addr common.Address, humanReadable bool, key accountkey.AccountKey, format params.CodeFormat, r params.Rules)
	CreateEOA(addr common.Address, humanReadable bool, key accountkey.AccountKey)

	SubBalance(common.Address, *big.Int)
	AddBalance(common.Address, *big.Int)
	GetBalance(common.Address) *big.Int

	GetNonce(common.Address) uint64
	IncNonce(common.Address)
	SetNonce(common.Address, uint64)

	GetCodeHash(common.Address) common.Hash
	GetCode(common.Address) []byte
	SetCode(common.Address, []byte) error
	GetCodeSize(common.Address) int
	GetVmVersion(common.Address) (params.VmVersion, bool)

	AddRefund(uint64)
	SubRefund(uint64)
	GetRefund() uint64

	GetCommittedState(common.Address, common.Hash) common.Hash
	GetState(common.Address, common.Hash) common.Hash
	SetState(common.Address, common.Hash, common.Hash)

	Suicide(common.Address) bool
	HasSuicided(common.Address) bool

	// UpdateKey updates the account's key with the given key.
	UpdateKey(addr common.Address, newKey accountkey.AccountKey, currentBlockNumber uint64) error

	// Exist reports whether the given account exists in state.
	// Notably this should also return true for suicided accounts.
	Exist(common.Address) bool
	// Empty returns whether the given account is empty. Empty
	// is defined according to EIP161 (balance = nonce = code = 0).
	Empty(common.Address) bool

	RevertToSnapshot(int)
	Snapshot() int

	AddLog(*types.Log)
	AddPreimage(common.Hash, []byte)

	// IsProgramAccount returns true if the account implements ProgramAccount.
	IsProgramAccount(address common.Address) bool
	IsContractAvailable(address common.Address) bool
	IsValidCodeFormat(addr common.Address) bool

	ForEachStorage(common.Address, func(common.Hash, common.Hash) bool)

	GetTxHash() common.Hash

	GetKey(address common.Address) accountkey.AccountKey
}

StateDB is an EVM database for full state querying.

type Storage

type Storage map[common.Hash]common.Hash

Storage represents a contract's storage.

func (Storage) Copy

func (s Storage) Copy() Storage

Copy duplicates the current storage.

type StructLog

type StructLog struct {
	Pc            uint64                      `json:"pc"`
	Op            OpCode                      `json:"op"`
	Gas           uint64                      `json:"gas"`
	GasCost       uint64                      `json:"gasCost"`
	Memory        []byte                      `json:"memory"`
	MemorySize    int                         `json:"memSize"`
	Stack         []*big.Int                  `json:"stack"`
	Storage       map[common.Hash]common.Hash `json:"-"`
	Depth         int                         `json:"depth"`
	RefundCounter uint64                      `json:"refund"`
	Err           error                       `json:"-"`
}

StructLog is emitted to the EVM each cycle and lists information about the current internal state prior to the execution of the statement.

func (*StructLog) ErrorString

func (s *StructLog) ErrorString() string

ErrorString formats the log's error as a string.

func (StructLog) MarshalJSON

func (s StructLog) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON marshals as JSON.

func (*StructLog) OpName

func (s *StructLog) OpName() string

OpName formats the operand name in a human-readable format.

func (*StructLog) UnmarshalJSON

func (s *StructLog) UnmarshalJSON(input []byte) error

UnmarshalJSON unmarshals from JSON.

type StructLogger

type StructLogger struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

StructLogger is an EVM state logger and implements Tracer.

StructLogger can capture state based on the given Log configuration and also keeps a track record of modified storage which is used in reporting snapshots of the contract their storage.

func NewStructLogger

func NewStructLogger(cfg *LogConfig) *StructLogger

NewStructLogger returns a new logger

func (*StructLogger) CaptureEnd

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error) error

CaptureEnd is called after the call finishes to finalize the tracing.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureFault

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureFault implements the Tracer interface to trace an execution fault while running an opcode.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureStart

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureStart(from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) error

CaptureStart implements the Tracer interface to initialize the tracing operation.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureState

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error

CaptureState logs a new structured log message and pushes it out to the environment

CaptureState also tracks SSTORE ops to track dirty values.

func (*StructLogger) Error

func (l *StructLogger) Error() error

Error returns the VM error captured by the trace.

func (*StructLogger) Output

func (l *StructLogger) Output() []byte

Output returns the VM return value captured by the trace.

func (*StructLogger) StructLogs

func (l *StructLogger) StructLogs() []StructLog

StructLogs returns the captured log entries.

type Tracer

type Tracer interface {
	CaptureStart(from common.Address, to common.Address, call bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) error
	CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error
	CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, memory *Memory, stack *Stack, contract *Contract, depth int, err error) error
	CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error) error
}

Tracer is used to collect execution traces from an EVM transaction execution. CaptureState is called for each step of the VM with the current VM state. Note that reference types are actual VM data structures; make copies if you need to retain them beyond the current call.

type TransferFunc

type TransferFunc func(StateDB, common.Address, common.Address, *big.Int)

TransferFunc is the signature of a transfer function

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.

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