Version: v0.23.6 Latest Latest

This package is not in the latest version of its module.

Go to latest
Published: Jun 24, 2016 License: BSD-3-Clause, Apache-2.0 Imports: 2 Imported by: 0



CRC32 hash with x64 optimizations

This package is a drop-in replacement for the standard library hash/crc32 package, that features SSE 4.2 optimizations on x64 platforms, for a 10x speedup.

Build Status


Install using go get This library is based on Go 1.5 code and requires Go 1.3 or newer.

Replace import "hash/crc32" with import "" and you are good to go.


  • Dec 4, 2015: Uses the "slice-by-8" trick more extensively, which gives a 1.5 to 2.5x speedup if assembler is unavailable.


For IEEE tables (the most common), there is approximately a factor 10 speedup with "CLMUL" (Carryless multiplication) instruction:

benchmark            old ns/op     new ns/op     delta
BenchmarkCrc32KB     99955         10258         -89.74%

benchmark            old MB/s     new MB/s     speedup
BenchmarkCrc32KB     327.83       3194.20      9.74x

For other tables and "CLMUL" capable machines the performance is the same as the standard library.

Here are some detailed benchmarks, comparing to go 1.5 standard library with and without assembler enabled.

Std:   Standard Go 1.5 library
Crc:   Indicates IEEE type CRC.
40B:   Size of each slice encoded.
NoAsm: Assembler was disabled (ie. not an AMD64 or SSE 4.2+ capable machine).
Castagnoli: Castagnoli CRC type.

BenchmarkStdCrc40B-4            10000000               158 ns/op         252.88 MB/s
BenchmarkCrc40BNoAsm-4          20000000               105 ns/op         377.38 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCrc40B-4               20000000               105 ns/op         378.77 MB/s (slice8)

BenchmarkStdCrc1KB-4              500000              3604 ns/op         284.10 MB/s
BenchmarkCrc1KBNoAsm-4           1000000              1463 ns/op         699.79 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCrc1KB-4                3000000               396 ns/op        2583.69 MB/s (asm)

BenchmarkStdCrc8KB-4              200000             11417 ns/op         717.48 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCrc8KBNoAsm-4            200000             11317 ns/op         723.85 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCrc8KB-4                 500000              2919 ns/op        2805.73 MB/s (asm)

BenchmarkStdCrc32KB-4              30000             45749 ns/op         716.24 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCrc32KBNoAsm-4            30000             45109 ns/op         726.42 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCrc32KB-4                100000             11497 ns/op        2850.09 MB/s (asm)

BenchmarkStdNoAsmCastagnol40B-4 10000000               161 ns/op         246.94 MB/s
BenchmarkStdCastagnoli40B-4     50000000              28.4 ns/op        1410.69 MB/s (asm)
BenchmarkCastagnoli40BNoAsm-4   20000000               100 ns/op         398.01 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCastagnoli40B-4        50000000              28.2 ns/op        1419.54 MB/s (asm)

BenchmarkStdNoAsmCastagnoli1KB-4  500000              3622 ns/op        282.67 MB/s
BenchmarkStdCastagnoli1KB-4     10000000               144 ns/op        7099.78 MB/s (asm)
BenchmarkCastagnoli1KBNoAsm-4    1000000              1475 ns/op         694.14 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCastagnoli1KB-4        10000000               146 ns/op        6993.35 MB/s (asm)

BenchmarkStdNoAsmCastagnoli8KB-4  50000              28781 ns/op         284.63 MB/s
BenchmarkStdCastagnoli8KB-4      1000000              1029 ns/op        7957.89 MB/s (asm)
BenchmarkCastagnoli8KBNoAsm-4     200000             11410 ns/op         717.94 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCastagnoli8KB-4         1000000              1000 ns/op        8188.71 MB/s (asm)

BenchmarkStdNoAsmCastagnoli32KB-4  10000            115426 ns/op         283.89 MB/s
BenchmarkStdCastagnoli32KB-4      300000              4065 ns/op        8059.13 MB/s (asm)
BenchmarkCastagnoli32KBNoAsm-4     30000             45171 ns/op         725.41 MB/s (slice8)
BenchmarkCastagnoli32KB-4         500000              4077 ns/op        8035.89 MB/s (asm)

The IEEE assembler optimizations has been submitted and will be part of the Go 1.6 standard library.

However, the improved use of slice-by-8 has not, but will probably be submitted for Go 1.7.


Standard Go license. Changes are Copyright (c) 2015 Klaus Post under same conditions.



Package crc32 implements the 32-bit cyclic redundancy check, or CRC-32, checksum. See for information.

Polynomials are represented in LSB-first form also known as reversed representation.

See for information.



View Source
const (
	// IEEE is by far and away the most common CRC-32 polynomial.
	// Used by ethernet (IEEE 802.3), v.42, fddi, gzip, zip, png, ...
	IEEE = 0xedb88320

	// Castagnoli's polynomial, used in iSCSI.
	// Has better error detection characteristics than IEEE.
	Castagnoli = 0x82f63b78

	// Koopman's polynomial.
	// Also has better error detection characteristics than IEEE.
	Koopman = 0xeb31d82e

Predefined polynomials.

View Source
const Size = 4

The size of a CRC-32 checksum in bytes.


View Source
var IEEETable = makeTable(IEEE)

IEEETable is the table for the IEEE polynomial.


func Checksum

func Checksum(data []byte, tab *Table) uint32

Checksum returns the CRC-32 checksum of data using the polynomial represented by the Table.

func ChecksumIEEE

func ChecksumIEEE(data []byte) uint32

ChecksumIEEE returns the CRC-32 checksum of data using the IEEE polynomial.

func New

func New(tab *Table) hash.Hash32

New creates a new hash.Hash32 computing the CRC-32 checksum using the polynomial represented by the Table.

func NewIEEE

func NewIEEE() hash.Hash32

NewIEEE creates a new hash.Hash32 computing the CRC-32 checksum using the IEEE polynomial.

func Update

func Update(crc uint32, tab *Table, p []byte) uint32

Update returns the result of adding the bytes in p to the crc.


type Table

type Table [256]uint32

Table is a 256-word table representing the polynomial for efficient processing.

func MakeTable

func MakeTable(poly uint32) *Table

MakeTable returns the Table constructed from the specified polynomial.

Jump to

Keyboard shortcuts

? : This menu
/ : Search site
f or F : Jump to
y or Y : Canonical URL