gosip

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Published: Apr 9, 2023 License: MIT Imports: 12 Imported by: 47

README ¶

Gosip - SharePoint SDK for Go (Golang)

Authentication, HTTP client & fluent API wrapper

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Gosip

Main features

  • Unattended authentication using different strategies.
  • Fluent API syntax for SharePoint object model.
  • Simplified API consumption (REST, CSOM, SOAP).
  • SharePoint-aware embedded features (retries, header presets, error handling).
Supported SharePoint versions
  • SharePoint Online (SPO)
  • On-Premises (2019/2016/2013)
Supported auth strategies
  • SharePoint Online:

    • Azure Certificate (App Only) 🔗
    • Azure Username/Password 🔗
    • Azure Device Flow 🔗
    • SAML based with user credentials
    • Add-In only permissions
    • ADFS user credentials (automatically detects in SAML strategy)
    • On-Demand auth 🔗
  • SharePoint On-Premises 2019/2016/2013:

    • User credentials (NTLM)
    • ADFS user credentials (ADFS, WAP -> Basic/NTLM, WAP -> ADFS)
    • Behind a reverse proxy (Forefront TMG, WAP -> Basic/NTLM, WAP -> ADFS)
    • Form-based authentication (FBA)
    • On-Demand auth 🔗

Installation

go get github.com/koltyakov/gosip

Usage insights

1. Understand SharePoint environment type and authentication strategy.

Let's assume it's SharePoint Online and Add-In Only permissions. Then strategy "github.com/koltyakov/gosip/auth/addin" subpackage should be used.

package main

import (
	"github.com/koltyakov/gosip"
	"github.com/koltyakov/gosip/api"
	strategy "github.com/koltyakov/gosip/auth/addin"
)

2. Initiate an authentication object.

auth := &strategy.AuthCnfg{
	SiteURL:      os.Getenv("SPAUTH_SITEURL"),
	ClientID:     os.Getenv("SPAUTH_CLIENTID"),
	ClientSecret: os.Getenv("SPAUTH_CLIENTSECRET"),
}

AuthCnfg from different strategies contains different options relevant for a specified auth type.

The authentication options can be provided explicitly or can be read from a configuration file.

configPath := "./config/private.json"
auth := &strategy.AuthCnfg{}

err := auth.ReadConfig(configPath)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Printf("Unable to get config: %v\n", err)
	return
}

3. Bind auth client with Fluent API.

client := &gosip.SPClient{AuthCnfg: auth}

sp := api.NewSP(client)

res, err := sp.Web().Select("Title").Get()
if err != nil {
	fmt.Println(err)
}

fmt.Printf("%s\n", res.Data().Title)

Usage samples

Fluent API client

Fluent API gives a simple way of constructing API endpoint calls with IntelliSense and chainable syntax.

Fluent Sample

package main

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"fmt"
	"log"

	"github.com/koltyakov/gosip"
	"github.com/koltyakov/gosip/api"
	strategy "github.com/koltyakov/gosip/auth/addin"
)

func main() {
	// Getting auth params and client
	client, err := getAuthClient()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalln(err)
	}

	// Binding SharePoint API
	sp := api.NewSP(client)

	// Custom headers
	headers := map[string]string{
		"Accept": "application/json;odata=minimalmetadata",
		"Accept-Language": "de-DE,de;q=0.9",
	}
	config := &api.RequestConfig{Headers: headers}

	// Chainable request sample
	data, err := sp.Conf(config).Web().Lists().Select("Id,Title").Get()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalln(err)
	}

	// Response object unmarshalling (struct depends on OData mode and API method)
	res := &struct {
		Value []struct {
			ID    string `json:"Id"`
			Title string `json:"Title"`
		} `json:"value"`
	}{}

	if err := json.Unmarshal(data, &res); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("unable to parse the response: %v", err)
	}

	for _, list := range res.Value {
		fmt.Printf("%+v\n", list)
	}

}

func getAuthClient() (*gosip.SPClient, error) {
	configPath := "./config/private.spo-addin.json"
	auth := &strategy.AuthCnfg{}
	if err := auth.ReadConfig(configPath); err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("unable to get config: %v", err)
	}
	return &gosip.SPClient{AuthCnfg: auth}, nil
}
Generic HTTP client helper

Provides generic GET/POST helpers for REST operations, reducing the amount of http.NewRequest scaffolded code, can be used for custom or not covered with Fluent API endpoints.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"log"

	"github.com/koltyakov/gosip"
	"github.com/koltyakov/gosip/api"
	strategy "github.com/koltyakov/gosip/auth/ntlm"
)

func main() {
	configPath := "./config/private.ntlm.json"
	auth := &strategy.AuthCnfg{}

	if err := auth.ReadConfig(configPath); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("unable to get config: %v\n", err)
	}

	sp := api.NewHTTPClient(&gosip.SPClient{AuthCnfg: auth})

	endpoint := auth.GetSiteURL() + "/_api/web?$select=Title"

	data, err := sp.Get(endpoint, nil)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("%v\n", err)
	}

	// sp.Post(endpoint, body, nil) // generic POST
	// sp.Delete(endpoint, nil) // generic DELETE helper crafts "X-Http-Method"="DELETE" header
	// sp.Update(endpoint, nil) // generic UPDATE helper crafts "X-Http-Method"="MERGE" header
	// sp.ProcessQuery(endpoint, body) // CSOM helper (client.svc/ProcessQuery)

	fmt.Printf("response: %s\n", data)
}
Low-level HTTP client usage

Low-lever SharePoint-aware HTTP client from github.com/koltyakov/gosip package for custom or not covered with a Fluent API client endpoints with granular control for an HTTP request, response, and http.Client parameters. The client is used internally but rarely required in consumer code.

client := &gosip.SPClient{AuthCnfg: auth}

var req *http.Request
// Initiate API request
// ...

resp, err := client.Execute(req)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Printf("Unable to request api: %v", err)
	return
}

SPClient has Execute method which is a wrapper function injecting SharePoint authentication and ending up calling http.Client's Do method.

Authentication strategies

Auth strategy should be selected corresponding to your SharePoint environment and its configuration.

Import path strategy "github.com/koltyakov/gosip/auth/{strategy}". Where /{strategy} stands for a strategy auth package.

Azure AD based strategies (recommended production use with SharePoint Online):

/{strategy} Description Credentials sample(s)
/azurecert Azure AD Certificate authentication details
/azurecreds Azure AD authorization with username and password details
/azureenv Azure AD environment-based authentication details
/device Azure AD Device Token authentication details

Other strategies:

/{strategy} SPO On-Prem Credentials sample(s)
/saml ✅ ❌ details
/addin ✅ ❌ details
/ntlm ❌ ✅ details
/adfs ✅ ✅ details
/fba ❌ ✅ details
/tmg ❌ ✅ details
/ondemand ✅ ✅ details

Environment should configured for a specific auth strategy. E.g. you won't succeed with adfs in SPO if it has not setup properly.

Below are the most commonly authentication methods in more details:

Azure AD application authentication

Azure AD application authentication is a recommended way for production use with SharePoint Online. It's based on OAuth 2.0 protocol and uses AAD application credentials for authentication.

Depending on an application type, there are different authentication strategies:

  • Azure AD Certificate authentication: for headless applications, which are not able to provide user interaction, like a background service or a daemon. It uses a certificate to authenticate an application.
  • Azure AD authorization with username and password: for applications which are able to provide user interaction, like a desktop application or CLI with credentials prompt. It uses a username and password to authenticate a user.
  • Azure AD device token authentication: for applications which are able to provide user interaction, like a desktop application or CLI. It uses a device code to authenticate a user. It also supports multi-factor authentication.
SAML Auth (SharePoint Online user credentials authentication)

This authentication option uses Microsoft Online Security Token Service https://login.microsoftonline.com/extSTS.srf and SAML tokens in order to obtain an authentication cookie.

// AuthCnfg - SAML auth config structure
type AuthCnfg struct {
	// SPSite or SPWeb URL, which is the context target for the API calls
	SiteURL string `json:"siteUrl"`
	// Username for SharePoint Online, for example `[user]@[company].onmicrosoft.com`
	Username string `json:"username"`
	// User or App password
	Password string `json:"password"`
}
AddIn Only Auth

This type of authentication uses AddIn Only policy and OAuth bearer tokens for authenticating HTTP requests.

// AuthCnfg - AddIn Only auth config structure
type AuthCnfg struct {
	// SPSite or SPWeb URL, which is the context target for the API calls
	SiteURL string `json:"siteUrl"`
	// Client ID obtained when registering the AddIn
	ClientID string `json:"clientId"`
	// Client Secret obtained when registering the AddIn
	ClientSecret string `json:"clientSecret"`
	// Your SharePoint Online tenant ID (optional)
	Realm string `json:"realm"`
}

Realm can be left empty or filled in, which will add small performance improvement. The easiest way to find the tenant is to open SharePoint Online site collection, click Site Settings -> Site App Permissions. Taking any random app, the tenant ID (realm) is the GUID part after the @.

See more details of AddIn Configuration and Permissions.

NTLM Auth (NTLM handshake)

This type of authentication uses an HTTP NTLM handshake to obtain an authentication header.

// AuthCnfg - NTLM auth config structure
type AuthCnfg struct {
	// SPSite or SPWeb URL, which is the context target for the API calls
	SiteURL  string `json:"siteUrl"`
	Domain   string `json:"domain"`   // AD domain name
	Username string `json:"username"` // AD user name
	Password string `json:"password"` // AD user password
}

Gosip uses github.com/Azure/go-ntlmssp NTLM negotiator, however, a custom one also can be provided in case of demand.

Secrets encoding

When storing credential in local private.json files, which can be handy in local development scenarios, we strongly recommend to encode secrets such as password or clientSecret using cpass. Class converts a secret to an encrypted representation, which can only be decrypted on the same machine where it was generated. That reduces accidental leaks, e.g. together with git commits.

Reference

Many auth flows have been "copied" from node-sp-auth library (used as a blueprint), which we intensively use in Node.js ecosystem for years.

Fluent API and wrapper syntax are inspired by PnPjs, which is also the first-class citizen on almost all our Node.js and front-end projects with SharePoint involved.

📚 Documentation

📦 Samples

License

FOSSA Status

Documentation ¶

Overview ¶

Package gosip is pure Go library for dealing with SharePoint unattended authentication and API consumption.

It supports a variety of different authentication strategies such as:

Amongst supported platform versions are:

  • SharePoint Online (SPO)
  • On-Premise: 2019, 2016, and 2013

Index ¶

Constants ¶

This section is empty.

Variables ¶

This section is empty.

Functions ¶

func GetDigest ¶

func GetDigest(context context.Context, client *SPClient) (string, error)

GetDigest retrieves and caches SharePoint API X-RequestDigest value

Types ¶

type AuthCnfg ¶

type AuthCnfg interface {
	// GetAuth Authentication initializer (token/cookie/header, expiration, error)
	// to support capability for exposing tokens for external tools
	// e.g. as of this sample project https://github.com/koltyakov/spvault
	GetAuth() (string, int64, error)

	// SetAuth Authentication middleware fabric
	// applies round tripper or enriches requests with authentication and metadata
	SetAuth(req *http.Request, client *SPClient) error

	ParseConfig(jsonConf []byte) error  // Parses credentials from a provided JSON byte array content
	ReadConfig(configPath string) error // Reads credentials from storage

	GetSiteURL() string  // SiteURL getter method
	GetStrategy() string // Strategy code getter

}

AuthCnfg is an abstract auth config interface, allows different authentications strategies' dependency injection

type HookEvent ¶

type HookEvent struct {
	Request    *http.Request
	StartedAt  time.Time
	StatusCode int
	Error      error
}

HookEvent hook event parameters struct

type HookHandlers ¶

type HookHandlers struct {
	OnError    func(event *HookEvent) // when error appeared
	OnRetry    func(event *HookEvent) // before retry request
	OnRequest  func(event *HookEvent) // before request is sent
	OnResponse func(event *HookEvent) // after response is received
}

HookHandlers struct to configure events handlers

type SPClient ¶

type SPClient struct {
	http.Client
	AuthCnfg   AuthCnfg // authentication configuration interface
	ConfigPath string   // private.json location path, optional when AuthCnfg is provided with creds explicitly

	RetryPolicies map[int]int   // allows redefining error state requests retry policies
	Hooks         *HookHandlers // hook handlers definition
}

SPClient : SharePoint HTTP client struct

func (*SPClient) Execute ¶

func (c *SPClient) Execute(req *http.Request) (*http.Response, error)

Execute : SharePoint HTTP client is a wrapper for standard http.Client' `Do` method, injects authorization tokens, etc.

Directories ¶

Path Synopsis
Package api represents Fluent API for SharePoint object model
Package api represents Fluent API for SharePoint object model
addin
Package addin implements AddIn Only Auth
Package addin implements AddIn Only Auth
adfs
Package adfs implements ADFS Auth (user credentials authentication)
Package adfs implements ADFS Auth (user credentials authentication)
anon
Package anon provides anonymous "strategy" no auth mechanisms are applied to the requests
Package anon provides anonymous "strategy" no auth mechanisms are applied to the requests
azurecert
Package azurecert implements AAD Certificate Auth Flow See more:
Package azurecert implements AAD Certificate Auth Flow See more:
azurecreds
Package azurecreds implements AAD Username/Password Auth Flow See more:
Package azurecreds implements AAD Username/Password Auth Flow See more:
azureenv
Package azureenv implements AAD Environment-Based Auth Flow See more:
Package azureenv implements AAD Environment-Based Auth Flow See more:
device
Package device implements AAD Device Auth Flow See more: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/developer/go/azure-sdk-authorization#use-device-token-authentication Amongst supported platform versions are:
Package device implements AAD Device Auth Flow See more: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/developer/go/azure-sdk-authorization#use-device-token-authentication Amongst supported platform versions are:
fba
Package fba implements FBA (Form-based authentication)
Package fba implements FBA (Form-based authentication)
ntlm
Package ntlm implements NTLM Auth (NTLM handshake)
Package ntlm implements NTLM Auth (NTLM handshake)
saml
Package saml implements SAML Auth (SharePoint Online user credentials authentication)
Package saml implements SAML Auth (SharePoint Online user credentials authentication)
tmg
Package tmg implements FBA authentication behind TMG (Microsoft Forefront Threat Management Gateway)
Package tmg implements FBA authentication behind TMG (Microsoft Forefront Threat Management Gateway)
cmd
Package csom helps building CSOM XML requests
Package csom helps building CSOM XML requests
test

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