consistent

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Published: Feb 22, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 8 Imported by: 13

README

Package consistent

A Golang implementation of Consistent Hashing and Consistent Hashing With Bounded Loads.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consistent_hashing

https://research.googleblog.com/2017/04/consistent-hashing-with-bounded-loads.html

Consistent Hashing Example

package main

import (
	"log"
	"github.com/lafikl/consistent"
)

func main() {
	c := consistent.New()

	// adds the hosts to the ring
	c.Add("127.0.0.1:8000")
	c.Add("92.0.0.1:8000")

	// Returns the host that owns `key`.
	//
	// As described in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consistent_hashing
	//
	// It returns ErrNoHosts if the ring has no hosts in it.
	host, err := c.Get("/app.html")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	log.Println(host)
}

Consistent Hashing With Bounded Loads Example

package main

import (
	"log"
	"github.com/lafikl/consistent"
)

func main() {
	c := consistent.New()

	// adds the hosts to the ring
	c.Add("127.0.0.1:8000")
	c.Add("92.0.0.1:8000")

	// It uses Consistent Hashing With Bounded loads
	// https://research.googleblog.com/2017/04/consistent-hashing-with-bounded-loads.html
	// to pick the least loaded host that can serve the key
	//
	// It returns ErrNoHosts if the ring has no hosts in it.
	//
	host, err := c.GetLeast("/app.html")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	// increases the load of `host`, we have to call it before sending the request
	c.Inc(host)

	// send request or do whatever
	log.Println("send request to", host)

	// call it when the work is done, to update the load of `host`.
	c.Done(host)

}

Docs

https://godoc.org/github.com/lafikl/consistent

License

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2017 Khalid Lafi

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.

Documentation

Overview

An implementation of Consistent Hashing and Consistent Hashing With Bounded Loads.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consistent_hashing

https://research.googleblog.com/2017/04/consistent-hashing-with-bounded-loads.html

Example (Bounded)
package main

import (
	"log"
	"testing"

	"github.com/lafikl/consistent"
)

func main(t *testing.T) {
	c := consistent.New()

	// adds the hosts to the ring
	c.Add("127.0.0.1:8000")
	c.Add("92.0.0.1:8000")

	// Returns the host that owns `key`.
	//
	// As described in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consistent_hashing
	//
	// It returns ErrNoHosts if the ring has no hosts in it.
	host, err := c.Get("/app.html")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	log.Println(host)
}

func main() {
	c := consistent.New()

	// adds the hosts to the ring
	c.Add("127.0.0.1:8000")
	c.Add("92.0.0.1:8000")

	// It uses Consistent Hashing With Bounded loads
	// https://research.googleblog.com/2017/04/consistent-hashing-with-bounded-loads.html
	// to pick the least loaded host that can serve the key
	//
	// It returns ErrNoHosts if the ring has no hosts in it.
	//
	host, err := c.GetLeast("/app.html")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	// increases the load of `host`, we have to call it before sending the request
	c.Inc(host)
	// send request or do whatever
	log.Println("send request to", host)
	// call it when the work is done, to update the load of `host`.
	c.Done(host)
}
Output:

Index

Examples

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var ErrNoHosts = errors.New("no hosts added")

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type Consistent

type Consistent struct {
	sync.RWMutex
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func New

func New() *Consistent

func (*Consistent) Add

func (c *Consistent) Add(host string)

func (*Consistent) Done

func (c *Consistent) Done(host string)

Decrements the load of host by 1

should only be used with if you obtained a host with GetLeast

func (*Consistent) Get

func (c *Consistent) Get(key string) (string, error)

Returns the host that owns `key`.

As described in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consistent_hashing

It returns ErrNoHosts if the ring has no hosts in it.

func (*Consistent) GetLeast

func (c *Consistent) GetLeast(key string) (string, error)

It uses Consistent Hashing With Bounded loads

https://research.googleblog.com/2017/04/consistent-hashing-with-bounded-loads.html

to pick the least loaded host that can serve the key

It returns ErrNoHosts if the ring has no hosts in it.

func (*Consistent) GetLoads

func (c *Consistent) GetLoads() map[string]int64

Returns the loads of all the hosts

func (*Consistent) Hosts

func (c *Consistent) Hosts() (hosts []string)

Return the list of hosts in the ring

func (*Consistent) Inc

func (c *Consistent) Inc(host string)

Increments the load of host by 1

should only be used with if you obtained a host with GetLeast

func (*Consistent) MaxLoad

func (c *Consistent) MaxLoad() int64

Returns the maximum load of the single host which is: (total_load/number_of_hosts)*1.25 total_load = is the total number of active requests served by hosts for more info: https://research.googleblog.com/2017/04/consistent-hashing-with-bounded-loads.html

func (*Consistent) Remove

func (c *Consistent) Remove(host string) bool

Deletes host from the ring

func (*Consistent) UpdateLoad

func (c *Consistent) UpdateLoad(host string, load int64)

Sets the load of `host` to the given `load`

type Host

type Host struct {
	Name string
	Load int64
}

Source Files

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