bigtable

package
Version: v2.3.0+incompatible Latest Latest
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Published: Feb 4, 2016 License: Apache-2.0, Apache-2.0 Imports: 17 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Overview

Package bigtable is an API to Google Cloud Bigtable.

See https://cloud.google.com/bigtable/docs/ for general product documentation.

Setup and Credentials

Use NewClient or NewAdminClient to create a client that can be used to access the data or admin APIs respectively. Both require credentials that have permission to access the Cloud Bigtable API.

If your program is run on Google App Engine or Google Compute Engine, using the Application Default Credentials (https://developers.google.com/accounts/docs/application-default-credentials) is the simplest option. Those credentials will be used by default when NewClient or NewAdminClient are called.

To use alternate credentials, pass them to NewClient or NewAdminClient using cloud.WithTokenSource. For instance, you can use service account credentials by visiting https://cloud.google.com/console/project/MYPROJECT/apiui/credential, creating a new OAuth "Client ID", storing the JSON key somewhere accessible, and writing

jsonKey, err := ioutil.ReadFile(pathToKeyFile)
...
config, err := google.JWTConfigFromJSON(jsonKey, bigtable.Scope) // or bigtable.AdminScope, etc.
...
client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, project, zone, cluster, cloud.WithTokenSource(config.TokenSource(ctx)))
...

Here, `google` means the golang.org/x/oauth2/google package and `cloud` means the google.golang.org/cloud package.

Reading

The principal way to read from a Bigtable is to use the ReadRows method on *Table. A RowRange specifies a contiguous portion of a table. A Filter may be provided through RowFilter to limit or transform the data that is returned.

tbl := client.Open("mytable")
...
// Read all the rows starting with "com.google.",
// but only fetch the columns in the "links" family.
rr := bigtable.PrefixRange("com.google.")
err := tbl.ReadRows(ctx, rr, func(r Row) bool {
	// do something with r
	return true // keep going
}, bigtable.RowFilter(bigtable.FamilyFilter("links")))
...

To read a single row, use the ReadRow helper method.

r, err := tbl.ReadRow(ctx, "com.google.cloud") // "com.google.cloud" is the entire row key
...

Writing

This API exposes two distinct forms of writing to a Bigtable: a Mutation and a ReadModifyWrite. The former expresses idempotent operations. The latter expresses non-idempotent operations and returns the new values of updated cells. These operations are performed by creating a Mutation or ReadModifyWrite (with NewMutation or NewReadModifyWrite), building up one or more operations on that, and then using the Apply or ApplyReadModifyWrite methods on a Table.

For instance, to set a couple of cells in a table,

tbl := client.Open("mytable")
mut := bigtable.NewMutation()
mut.Set("links", "maps.google.com", bigtable.Now(), []byte("1"))
mut.Set("links", "golang.org", bigtable.Now(), []byte("1"))
err := tbl.Apply(ctx, "com.google.cloud", mut)
...

To increment an encoded value in one cell,

tbl := client.Open("mytable")
rmw := bigtable.NewReadModifyWrite()
rmw.Increment("links", "golang.org", 12) // add 12 to the cell in column "links:golang.org"
r, err := tbl.ApplyReadModifyWrite(ctx, "com.google.cloud", rmw)
...

Index

Constants

View Source
const (
	// Scope is the OAuth scope for Cloud Bigtable data operations.
	Scope = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/bigtable.data"
	// ReadonlyScope is the OAuth scope for Cloud Bigtable read-only data operations.
	ReadonlyScope = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/bigtable.readonly"

	// AdminScope is the OAuth scope for Cloud Bigtable table admin operations.
	AdminScope = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/bigtable.admin.table"

	// ClusterAdminScope is the OAuth scope for Cloud Bigtable cluster admin operations.
	ClusterAdminScope = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/bigtable.admin.cluster"
)

Scope constants for authentication credentials. These should be used when using credential creation functions such as oauth.NewServiceAccountFromFile.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type AdminClient

type AdminClient struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

AdminClient is a client type for performing admin operations within a specific cluster.

func NewAdminClient

func NewAdminClient(ctx context.Context, project, zone, cluster string, opts ...cloud.ClientOption) (*AdminClient, error)

NewAdminClient creates a new AdminClient for a given project, zone and cluster.

func (*AdminClient) Close

func (ac *AdminClient) Close()

Close closes the AdminClient.

func (*AdminClient) CreateColumnFamily

func (ac *AdminClient) CreateColumnFamily(ctx context.Context, table, family string) error

CreateColumnFamily creates a new column family in a table.

func (*AdminClient) CreateTable

func (ac *AdminClient) CreateTable(ctx context.Context, table string) error

CreateTable creates a new table in the cluster. This method may return before the table's creation is complete.

func (*AdminClient) DeleteColumnFamily

func (ac *AdminClient) DeleteColumnFamily(ctx context.Context, table, family string) error

DeleteColumnFamily deletes a column family in a table and all of its data.

func (*AdminClient) DeleteTable

func (ac *AdminClient) DeleteTable(ctx context.Context, table string) error

DeleteTable deletes a table and all of its data.

func (*AdminClient) SetGCPolicy

func (ac *AdminClient) SetGCPolicy(ctx context.Context, table, family string, policy GCPolicy) error

SetGCPolicy specifies which cells in a column family should be garbage collected. GC executes opportunistically in the background; table reads may return data matching the GC policy.

func (*AdminClient) TableInfo

func (ac *AdminClient) TableInfo(ctx context.Context, table string) (*TableInfo, error)

TableInfo retrieves information about a table.

func (*AdminClient) Tables

func (ac *AdminClient) Tables(ctx context.Context) ([]string, error)

Tables returns a list of the tables in the cluster.

type ApplyOption

type ApplyOption interface {
	// contains filtered or unexported methods
}

An ApplyOption is an optional argument to Apply.

func GetCondMutationResult

func GetCondMutationResult(matched *bool) ApplyOption

GetCondMutationResult returns an ApplyOption that reports whether the conditional mutation's condition matched.

type Client

type Client struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Client is a client for reading and writing data to tables in a cluster.

func NewClient

func NewClient(ctx context.Context, project, zone, cluster string, opts ...cloud.ClientOption) (*Client, error)

NewClient creates a new Client for a given project, zone and cluster.

func (*Client) Close

func (c *Client) Close()

Close closes the Client.

func (*Client) Open

func (c *Client) Open(table string) *Table

Open opens a table.

type ClusterAdminClient

type ClusterAdminClient struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ClusterAdminClient is a client type for performing admin operations on clusters. These operations can be substantially more dangerous than those provided by AdminClient.

func NewClusterAdminClient

func NewClusterAdminClient(ctx context.Context, project string, opts ...cloud.ClientOption) (*ClusterAdminClient, error)

NewClusterAdminClient creates a new ClusterAdminClient for a given project.

func (*ClusterAdminClient) Close

func (cac *ClusterAdminClient) Close()

Close closes the ClusterAdminClient.

func (*ClusterAdminClient) Clusters

func (cac *ClusterAdminClient) Clusters(ctx context.Context) ([]*ClusterInfo, error)

Clusters returns a list of clusters in the project.

type ClusterInfo

type ClusterInfo struct {
	Name        string // name of the cluster
	Zone        string // GCP zone of the cluster (e.g. "us-central1-a")
	DisplayName string // display name for UIs
	ServeNodes  int    // number of allocated serve nodes
}

ClusterInfo represents information about a cluster.

type Filter

type Filter interface {
	String() string
	// contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A Filter represents a row filter.

func ChainFilters

func ChainFilters(sub ...Filter) Filter

ChainFilters returns a filter that applies a sequence of filters.

func ColumnFilter

func ColumnFilter(pattern string) Filter

ColumnFilter returns a filter that matches cells whose column name matches the provided RE2 pattern. See https://github.com/google/re2/wiki/Syntax for the accepted syntax.

func FamilyFilter

func FamilyFilter(pattern string) Filter

FamilyFilter returns a filter that matches cells whose family name matches the provided RE2 pattern. See https://github.com/google/re2/wiki/Syntax for the accepted syntax.

func InterleaveFilters

func InterleaveFilters(sub ...Filter) Filter

InterleaveFilters returns a filter that applies a set of filters in parallel and interleaves the results.

func LatestNFilter

func LatestNFilter(n int) Filter

LatestNFilter returns a filter that matches the most recent N cells in each column.

func RowKeyFilter

func RowKeyFilter(pattern string) Filter

RowKeyFilter returns a filter that matches cells from rows whose key matches the provided RE2 pattern. See https://github.com/google/re2/wiki/Syntax for the accepted syntax.

func StripValueFilter

func StripValueFilter() Filter

StripValueFilter returns a filter that replaces each value with the empty string.

func ValueFilter

func ValueFilter(pattern string) Filter

ValueFilter returns a filter that matches cells whose value matches the provided RE2 pattern. See https://github.com/google/re2/wiki/Syntax for the accepted syntax.

type GCPolicy

type GCPolicy interface {
	String() string
	// contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A GCPolicy represents a rule that determines which cells are eligible for garbage collection.

func IntersectionPolicy

func IntersectionPolicy(sub ...GCPolicy) GCPolicy

IntersectionPolicy returns a GC policy that only applies when all its sub-policies apply.

func MaxAgePolicy

func MaxAgePolicy(d time.Duration) GCPolicy

MaxAgePolicy returns a GC policy that applies to all cells older than the given age.

func MaxVersionsPolicy

func MaxVersionsPolicy(n int) GCPolicy

MaxVersionsPolicy returns a GC policy that applies to all versions of a cell except for the most recent n.

func UnionPolicy

func UnionPolicy(sub ...GCPolicy) GCPolicy

UnionPolicy returns a GC policy that applies when any of its sub-policies apply.

type Mutation

type Mutation struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Mutation represents a set of changes for a single row of a table.

func NewCondMutation

func NewCondMutation(cond Filter, mtrue, mfalse *Mutation) *Mutation

NewCondMutation returns a conditional mutation. The given row filter determines which mutation is applied: If the filter matches any cell in the row, mtrue is applied; otherwise, mfalse is applied. Either given mutation may be nil.

func NewMutation

func NewMutation() *Mutation

NewMutation returns a new mutation.

func (*Mutation) DeleteCellsInColumn

func (m *Mutation) DeleteCellsInColumn(family, column string)

DeleteCellsInColumn will delete all the cells whose columns are family:column.

func (*Mutation) DeleteCellsInFamily

func (m *Mutation) DeleteCellsInFamily(family string)

DeleteCellsInFamily will delete all the cells whose columns are family:*.

func (*Mutation) DeleteRow

func (m *Mutation) DeleteRow()

DeleteRow deletes the entire row.

func (*Mutation) DeleteTimestampRange

func (m *Mutation) DeleteTimestampRange(family, column string, start, end Timestamp)

DeleteTimestampRange deletes all cells whose columns are family:column and whose timestamps are in the half-open interval [start, end). If end is zero, it will be interpreted as infinity.

func (*Mutation) Set

func (m *Mutation) Set(family, column string, ts Timestamp, value []byte)

Set sets a value in a specified column, with the given timestamp. The timestamp will be truncated to millisecond resolution. A timestamp of ServerTime means to use the server timestamp.

type ReadItem

type ReadItem struct {
	Row, Column string
	Timestamp   Timestamp
	Value       []byte
}

A ReadItem is returned by Read. A ReadItem contains data from a specific row and column.

type ReadModifyWrite

type ReadModifyWrite struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ReadModifyWrite represents a set of operations on a single row of a table. It is like Mutation but for non-idempotent changes. When applied, these operations operate on the latest values of the row's cells, and result in a new value being written to the relevant cell with a timestamp that is max(existing timestamp, current server time).

The application of a ReadModifyWrite is atomic; concurrent ReadModifyWrites will be executed serially by the server.

func NewReadModifyWrite

func NewReadModifyWrite() *ReadModifyWrite

NewReadModifyWrite returns a new ReadModifyWrite.

func (*ReadModifyWrite) AppendValue

func (m *ReadModifyWrite) AppendValue(family, column string, v []byte)

AppendValue appends a value to a specific cell's value. If the cell is unset, it will be treated as an empty value.

func (*ReadModifyWrite) Increment

func (m *ReadModifyWrite) Increment(family, column string, delta int64)

Increment interprets the value in a specific cell as a 64-bit big-endian signed integer, and adds a value to it. If the cell is unset, it will be treated as zero. If the cell is set and is not an 8-byte value, the entire ApplyReadModifyWrite operation will fail.

type ReadOption

type ReadOption interface {
	// contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A ReadOption is an optional argument to ReadRows.

func LimitRows

func LimitRows(limit int64) ReadOption

LimitRows returns a ReadOption that will limit the number of rows to be read.

func RowFilter

func RowFilter(f Filter) ReadOption

RowFilter returns a ReadOption that applies f to the contents of read rows.

type Row

type Row map[string][]ReadItem

A Row is returned by ReadRow. The map is keyed by column family (the prefix of the column name before the colon). The values are the returned ReadItems for that column family in the order returned by Read.

func (Row) Key

func (r Row) Key() string

Key returns the row's key, or "" if the row is empty.

type RowRange

type RowRange struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A RowRange is used to describe the rows to be read. A RowRange is a half-open interval [Start, Limit) encompassing all the rows with keys at least as large as Start, and less than Limit. (Bigtable string comparison is the same as Go's.) A RowRange can be unbounded, encompassing all keys at least as large as Start.

func InfiniteRange

func InfiniteRange(start string) RowRange

InfiniteRange returns the RowRange consisting of all keys at least as large as start.

func NewRange

func NewRange(begin, end string) RowRange

NewRange returns the new RowRange [begin, end).

func PrefixRange

func PrefixRange(prefix string) RowRange

PrefixRange returns a RowRange consisting of all keys starting with the prefix.

func SingleRow

func SingleRow(row string) RowRange

SingleRow returns a RowRange for reading a single row.

func (RowRange) Contains

func (r RowRange) Contains(row string) bool

Contains says whether the RowRange contains the key.

func (RowRange) String

func (r RowRange) String() string

String provides a printable description of a RowRange.

func (RowRange) Unbounded

func (r RowRange) Unbounded() bool

Unbounded tests whether a RowRange is unbounded.

type Table

type Table struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Table refers to a table.

func (*Table) Apply

func (t *Table) Apply(ctx context.Context, row string, m *Mutation, opts ...ApplyOption) error

Apply applies a Mutation to a specific row.

func (*Table) ApplyReadModifyWrite

func (t *Table) ApplyReadModifyWrite(ctx context.Context, row string, m *ReadModifyWrite) (Row, error)

ApplyReadModifyWrite applies a ReadModifyWrite to a specific row. It returns the newly written cells.

func (*Table) ReadRow

func (t *Table) ReadRow(ctx context.Context, row string, opts ...ReadOption) (Row, error)

ReadRow is a convenience implementation of a single-row reader. A missing row will return a zero-length map and a nil error.

func (*Table) ReadRows

func (t *Table) ReadRows(ctx context.Context, arg RowRange, f func(Row) bool, opts ...ReadOption) error

ReadRows reads rows from a table. f is called for each row. If f returns false, the stream is shut down and ReadRows returns. f owns its argument, and f is called serially.

By default, the yielded rows will contain all values in all cells. Use RowFilter to limit the cells returned.

type TableInfo

type TableInfo struct {
	Families []string
}

TableInfo represents information about a table.

type Timestamp

type Timestamp int64

Timestamp is in units of microseconds since 1 January 1970.

const ServerTime Timestamp = -1

ServerTime is a specific Timestamp that may be passed to (*Mutation).Set. It indicates that the server's timestamp should be used.

func Now

func Now() Timestamp

Now returns the Timestamp representation of the current time on the client.

func Time

func Time(t time.Time) Timestamp

Time converts a time.Time into a Timestamp.

func (Timestamp) Time

func (ts Timestamp) Time() time.Time

Time converts a Timestamp into a time.Time.

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package bttest contains test helpers for working with the bigtable package.
Package bttest contains test helpers for working with the bigtable package.
cmd
cbt
Cbt is a tool for doing basic interactions with Cloud Bigtable.
Cbt is a tool for doing basic interactions with Cloud Bigtable.
loadtest
Loadtest does some load testing through the Go client library for Cloud Bigtable.
Loadtest does some load testing through the Go client library for Cloud Bigtable.
internal
cbtrc
Package cbtrc encapsulates common code for reading .cbtrc files.
Package cbtrc encapsulates common code for reading .cbtrc files.
cluster_data_proto
Package google_bigtable_admin_cluster_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_bigtable_admin_cluster_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
cluster_service_proto
Package google_bigtable_admin_cluster_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_bigtable_admin_cluster_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
data_proto
Package google_bigtable_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_bigtable_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
duration_proto
Package google_protobuf is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_protobuf is a generated protocol buffer package.
empty
Package google_protobuf is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_protobuf is a generated protocol buffer package.
service_proto
Package google_bigtable_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_bigtable_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
table_data_proto
Package google_bigtable_admin_table_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_bigtable_admin_table_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
table_service_proto
Package google_bigtable_admin_table_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package google_bigtable_admin_table_v1 is a generated protocol buffer package.

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