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Published: Sep 24, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 2 Imported by: 4



A Go package for handling common HTTP JSON responses.

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go get


The goal of go-respond is to take most of the grunt work out preparing your JSON response. Here's a simple example:

package main

import (

    resp ""

type User struct {
    ID    int    `json:"id"`
    Name  string `json:"name"`
    Email string `json:"email"`

func main() {
    http.HandleFunc("/api/users", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        users := []User{
            {1, "Billy", ""},
            {2, "Joan", ""},


    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)

Response Methods

Response Code Method Name
200 Ok()
201 Created()
202 Accepted()
204 NoContent()
400 BadRequest()
401 Unauthorized()
403 Forbidden()
404 NotFound()
405 MethodNotAllowed()
406 NotAcceptable()
409 Conflict()
410 Gone()
411 LengthRequired()
412 PreconditionFailed()
413 RequestEntityTooLarge()
415 UnsupportedMediaType()
422 UnprocessableEntity()
500 InternalServerError()
501 NotImplemented()
502 BadGateway()
503 ServiceUnavailable()
504 GatewayTimeout()

See here for a complete list of HTTP responses, along with an explanation of each.

Please submit a PR if you want to add to this list. Only the most common response types have been included.

To Long, Don't Write

Sometimes you don't need to return a specific content-message but don't want the response body to be empty. In this case you can use the DefaultMessage() for responding with json containing the default message for the corresponding status code.

package main

import (
    resp ""

func main() {
    http.HandleFunc("/api/users", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        // ...
        if !authenticated {
        // ...
    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)

Would respond with {"status":401,"message":"Unauthorized"}

Handling Errors

The best option for handling errors that may occur while marshalling the JSON response, is to use Negroni's Recovery middleware. Here's an example:

package main

import (

    resp ""

type Response struct {
    Success bool `json:"success"`

func main() {
    mux := http.NewServeMux()
    mux.HandleFunc("/", func(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {

    n := negroni.New()
    recovery := negroni.NewRecovery()
    recovery.ErrorHandlerFunc = func(error interface{}) {
        // do something with the unexpected error


    http.ListenAndServe(":8080", n)


This package is distributed under the terms of the MIT License.




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type DefaultMessageResponse

type DefaultMessageResponse struct {
	Status  int    `json:"status"`
	Message string `json:"message"`

DefaultMessageResponse is for transporting a default http message

type Response

type Response struct {
	Writer     http.ResponseWriter
	Headers    map[string]string
	DefMessage bool

Response is the HTTP response

func NewResponse

func NewResponse(w http.ResponseWriter) *Response

NewResponse creates and returns a new response

func (*Response) Accepted

func (resp *Response) Accepted(v interface{})

Accepted returns a 202 Accepted JSON response

func (*Response) AddHeader

func (resp *Response) AddHeader(key string, value string) *Response

AddHeader adds a single header to the response

func (*Response) BadGateway

func (resp *Response) BadGateway(v interface{})

BadGateway returns a 502 Bad Gateway JSON response

func (*Response) BadRequest

func (resp *Response) BadRequest(v interface{})

BadRequest returns a 400 Bad Request JSON response

func (*Response) Conflict

func (resp *Response) Conflict(v interface{})

Conflict returns a 409 Conflict JSON response

func (*Response) Created

func (resp *Response) Created(v interface{})

Created returns a 201 Created JSON response

func (*Response) DefaultMessage

func (resp *Response) DefaultMessage() *Response

func (*Response) DeleteHeader

func (resp *Response) DeleteHeader(key string) *Response

DeleteHeader deletes a single header from the response

func (*Response) Forbidden

func (resp *Response) Forbidden(v interface{})

Forbidden returns a 403 Forbidden JSON response

func (*Response) GatewayTimeout

func (resp *Response) GatewayTimeout(v interface{})

GatewayTimeout returns a 504 Gateway Timeout JSON response

func (*Response) Gone added in v1.6.0

func (resp *Response) Gone(v interface{})

Gone returns a 410 Gone JSON response

func (*Response) InternalServerError

func (resp *Response) InternalServerError(v interface{})

InternalServerError returns a 500 Internal Server Error JSON response

func (*Response) LengthRequired

func (resp *Response) LengthRequired(v interface{})

LengthRequired returns a 411 Length Required JSON response

func (*Response) MethodNotAllowed

func (resp *Response) MethodNotAllowed(v interface{})

MethodNotAllowed returns a 405 Method Not Allowed JSON response

func (*Response) NoContent

func (resp *Response) NoContent()

NoContent returns a 204 No Content JSON response

func (*Response) NotAcceptable

func (resp *Response) NotAcceptable(v interface{})

NotAcceptable returns a 406 Not Acceptable JSON response

func (*Response) NotFound

func (resp *Response) NotFound(v interface{})

NotFound returns a 404 Not Found JSON response

func (*Response) NotImplemented

func (resp *Response) NotImplemented(v interface{})

NotImplemented returns a 501 Not Implemented JSON response

func (*Response) Ok

func (resp *Response) Ok(v interface{})

Ok returns a 200 OK JSON response

func (*Response) PreconditionFailed

func (resp *Response) PreconditionFailed(v interface{})

PreconditionFailed returns a 412 Precondition Failed JSON response

func (*Response) RequestEntityTooLarge

func (resp *Response) RequestEntityTooLarge(v interface{})

RequestEntityTooLarge returns a 413 Request Entity Too Large JSON response

func (*Response) ServiceUnavailable

func (resp *Response) ServiceUnavailable(v interface{})

ServiceUnavailable returns a 503 Service Unavailable JSON response

func (*Response) Unauthorized

func (resp *Response) Unauthorized(v interface{})

Unauthorized returns a 401 Unauthorized JSON response

func (*Response) UnprocessableEntity

func (resp *Response) UnprocessableEntity(v interface{})

UnprocessableEntity returns a 422 Unprocessable Entity JSON response

func (*Response) UnsupportedMediaType

func (resp *Response) UnsupportedMediaType(v interface{})

UnsupportedMediaType returns a 415 Unsupported Media Type JSON response

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