middleware

package
Version: v2.0.0+incompatible Latest Latest
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Published: Jan 6, 2017 License: MIT Imports: 21 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Index

Constants

View Source
const RequestIDKey ctxKeyRequestID = 0

RequestIDKey is the key that holds th unique request ID in a request context.

View Source
const StatusClientClosedRequest = 499

StatusClientClosedRequest represents a 499 Client Closed Request (Nginx) HTTP status. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_HTTP_status_codes

Variables

View Source
var (
	LogEntryCtxKey = &contextKey{"LogEntry"}

	DefaultLogger = RequestLogger(&DefaultLogFormatter{logger: log.New(os.Stdout, "", log.LstdFlags)})
)

Functions

func CloseNotify

func CloseNotify(next http.Handler) http.Handler

CloseNotify is a middleware that cancels ctx when the underlying connection has gone away. It can be used to cancel long operations on the server when the client disconnects before the response is ready.

func Compress

func Compress(level int, types ...string) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Compress is a middleware that compresses response body of a given content types to a data format based on Accept-Encoding request header. It uses a given compression level.

func DefaultCompress

func DefaultCompress(next http.Handler) http.Handler

DefaultCompress is a middleware that compresses response body of predefined content types to a data format based on Accept-Encoding request header. It uses a default compression level.

func GetReqID

func GetReqID(ctx context.Context) string

GetReqID returns a request ID from the given context if one is present. Returns the empty string if a request ID cannot be found.

func Heartbeat

func Heartbeat(endpoint string) func(http.Handler) http.Handler

Heartbeat endpoint middleware useful to setting up a path like `/ping` that load balancers or uptime testing external services can make a request before hitting any routes. It's also convenient to place this above ACL middlewares as well.

func Logger

func Logger(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Logger is a middleware that logs the start and end of each request, along with some useful data about what was requested, what the response status was, and how long it took to return. When standard output is a TTY, Logger will print in color, otherwise it will print in black and white.

Logger prints a request ID if one is provided.

func NextRequestID

func NextRequestID() uint64

NextRequestID generates the next request ID in the sequence.

func NoCache

func NoCache(h http.Handler) http.Handler

NoCache is a simple piece of middleware that sets a number of HTTP headers to prevent a router (or subrouter) from being cached by an upstream proxy and/or client.

As per http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpProxyModule - NoCache sets:

Expires: Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 UTC
Cache-Control: no-cache, private, max-age=0
X-Accel-Expires: 0
Pragma: no-cache (for HTTP/1.0 proxies/clients)

func Profiler added in v1.0.0

func Profiler() http.Handler

Profiler is a convenient subrouter used for mounting net/http/pprof. ie.

func MyService() http.Handler {
  r := chi.NewRouter()
  // ..middlewares
  r.Mount("/debug", profiler.Router())
  // ..routes
  return r
}

func RealIP

func RealIP(h http.Handler) http.Handler

RealIP is a middleware that sets a http.Request's RemoteAddr to the results of parsing either the X-Forwarded-For header or the X-Real-IP header (in that order).

This middleware should be inserted fairly early in the middleware stack to ensure that subsequent layers (e.g., request loggers) which examine the RemoteAddr will see the intended value.

You should only use this middleware if you can trust the headers passed to you (in particular, the two headers this middleware uses), for example because you have placed a reverse proxy like HAProxy or nginx in front of Goji. If your reverse proxies are configured to pass along arbitrary header values from the client, or if you use this middleware without a reverse proxy, malicious clients will be able to make you very sad (or, depending on how you're using RemoteAddr, vulnerable to an attack of some sort).

func Recoverer

func Recoverer(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Recoverer is a middleware that recovers from panics, logs the panic (and a backtrace), and returns a HTTP 500 (Internal Server Error) status if possible.

Recoverer prints a request ID if one is provided.

func RedirectSlashes added in v1.0.0

func RedirectSlashes(next http.Handler) http.Handler

RedirectSlashes is a middleware that will match request paths with a trailing slash and redirect to the same path, less the trailing slash.

func RequestID

func RequestID(next http.Handler) http.Handler

RequestID is a middleware that injects a request ID into the context of each request. A request ID is a string of the form "host.example.com/random-0001", where "random" is a base62 random string that uniquely identifies this go process, and where the last number is an atomically incremented request counter.

func RequestLogger

func RequestLogger(f LogFormatter) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

func StripSlashes added in v1.0.0

func StripSlashes(next http.Handler) http.Handler

StripSlashes is a middleware that will match request paths with a trailing slash, strip it from the path and continue routing through the mux, if a route matches, then it will serve the handler.

func Throttle

func Throttle(limit int) func(http.Handler) http.Handler

Throttle is a middleware that limits number of currently processed requests at a time.

func ThrottleBacklog

func ThrottleBacklog(limit int, backlogLimit int, backlogTimeout time.Duration) func(http.Handler) http.Handler

ThrottleBacklog is a middleware that limits number of currently processed requests at a time and provides a backlog for holding a finite number of pending requests.

func Timeout

func Timeout(timeout time.Duration) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Timeout is a middleware that cancels ctx after a given timeout and return a 504 Gateway Timeout error to the client.

It's required that you select the ctx.Done() channel to check for the signal if the context has reached its deadline and return, otherwise the timeout signal will be just ignored.

ie. a route/handler may look like:

 r.Get("/long", func(ctx context.Context, w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
	 processTime := time.Duration(rand.Intn(4)+1) * time.Second

	 select {
	 case <-ctx.Done():
	 	return

	 case <-time.After(processTime):
	 	 // The above channel simulates some hard work.
	 }

	 w.Write([]byte("done"))
 })

func WithLogEntry

func WithLogEntry(r *http.Request, entry LogEntry) *http.Request

func WithValue

func WithValue(key interface{}, val interface{}) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

WithValue is a middleware that sets a given key/value in a context chain.

Types

type DefaultLogFormatter

type DefaultLogFormatter struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func (*DefaultLogFormatter) NewLogEntry

func (l *DefaultLogFormatter) NewLogEntry(r *http.Request) LogEntry

type LogEntry

type LogEntry interface {
	Write(status, bytes int, elapsed time.Duration)
	Panic(v interface{}, stack []byte)
}

func GetLogEntry

func GetLogEntry(r *http.Request) LogEntry

type LogFormatter

type LogFormatter interface {
	NewLogEntry(r *http.Request) LogEntry
}

type WrapResponseWriter

type WrapResponseWriter interface {
	http.ResponseWriter
	// Status returns the HTTP status of the request, or 0 if one has not
	// yet been sent.
	Status() int
	// BytesWritten returns the total number of bytes sent to the client.
	BytesWritten() int
	// Tee causes the response body to be written to the given io.Writer in
	// addition to proxying the writes through. Only one io.Writer can be
	// tee'd to at once: setting a second one will overwrite the first.
	// Writes will be sent to the proxy before being written to this
	// io.Writer. It is illegal for the tee'd writer to be modified
	// concurrently with writes.
	Tee(io.Writer)
	// Unwrap returns the original proxied target.
	Unwrap() http.ResponseWriter
}

WrapResponseWriter is a proxy around an http.ResponseWriter that allows you to hook into various parts of the response process.

func NewWrapResponseWriter

func NewWrapResponseWriter(w http.ResponseWriter, protoMajor int) WrapResponseWriter

NewWrapResponseWriter wraps an http.ResponseWriter, returning a proxy that allows you to hook into various parts of the response process.

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