xrgrpc

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Published: Nov 7, 2018 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 13 Imported by: 4

README

gRPC library for Cisco IOS XR

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Minimalistic library to interact with IOS XR devices using the gRPC framework. Look at the IOS XR proto file for the description of the service interface and the structure of the payload messages. gRPC uses protocol buffers as the Interface Definition Language (IDL).

Tutorials:

Other Examples:

The end goal is to enable use-cases where multiple interactions with devices are required. gRPC arises as a strong option to single interface network elements to retrieve info from the devices, apply configurations to it, generate telemetry streams from them, programming the RIB/FIB and so on. The following is a very simple config-validate example:

oc-config-validate

Table of Contents

Prerequisite Tools

Usage

CLI examples to use the library are provided in the example folder. The CLI specified in the examples is not definitive and might change as we go.

Get Config (example/getconfig)

Retrieves the config from one target device described in config.json, for the YANG paths specified in yangpaths.json. If you want to see it using OpenConfig models, you can issue ./getconfig -ypath "../input/yangocpaths.json" instead.

  • example/getconfig
$ ./getconfig

Config from [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344
{
 "data": {
  "Cisco-IOS-XR-ifmgr-cfg:interface-configurations": {
   "interface-configuration": [
    {
     "active": "act",
     "interface-name": "Loopback60",
     "interface-virtual": [
      null
     ],
     "Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv6-ma-cfg:ipv6-network": {
      "addresses": {
       "regular-addresses": {
        "regular-address": [
...
2017/07/21 15:11:47 This process took 1.195469855s
Show Commands

Provides the output of IOS XR cli commands for one router defined in config.json. Two output format options are available; Unstructured text and JSON encoded:

Clear text
  • example/showcmd
$ ./showcmd -cli "show isis database" -enc text

Output from [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344
 
----------------------------- show isis database ------------------------------

IS-IS BB2 (Level-2) Link State Database
LSPID                 LSP Seq Num  LSP Checksum  LSP Holdtime  ATT/P/OL
mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com.00-00* 0x0000000c   0x1558        3066            0/0/0
mrstn-5502-2.cisco.com.00-00  0x00000012   0x6e0c        3066            0/0/0
mrstn-5501-1.cisco.com.00-00  0x0000000c   0x65d5        1150            0/0/0

 Total Level-2 LSP count: 3     Local Level-2 LSP count: 1


2017/07/21 15:37:00 This process took 2.480039252s
JSON
  • example/showcmd
$ ./showcmd -cli "show isis database" -enc json

Config from [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344
 [{
 "Cisco-IOS-XR-clns-isis-oper:isis": {
<snip>
       {
        "system-id": "0151.0250.0002",
        "local-is-flag": false,
        "host-levels": "isis-levels-2",
        "host-name": "mrstn-5502-2.cisco.com"
       },
       {
        "system-id": "0151.0250.0003",
        "local-is-flag": false,
        "host-levels": "isis-levels-2",
        "host-name": "mrstn-5501-1.cisco.com"
       },
       {
        "system-id": "0151.0250.0001",
        "local-is-flag": true,
        "host-levels": "isis-levels-2",
        "host-name": "mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com"
...
2017/07/21 15:37:27 This process took 1.54038192s
Configuring the router
CLI config (Merge)

Applies CLI config commands on the device/router from the list in config.json.

  • example/setconfig
$ ./setconfig -cli "interface Lo11 ipv6 address 2001:db8::/128"

Config applied to [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344

2017/07/21 15:24:17 This process took 1.779449886s

You can verify the config on the router:

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com#show run interface lo11
Fri Jul 21 15:24:24.199 EDT
interface Loopback11
 ipv6 address 2001:db8::/128
!
JSON (Merge)

Applies a YANG/JSON formatted config to one device/router (merges with existing config) from the list in config.json. It reads the target from yangconfig.json.

  • example/mergeconfig
$ ./mergeconfig 

Config merged on [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344 -> Request ID: 8162, Response ID: 8162

2017/07/21 15:18:07 This process took 1.531427437s

You can verify the config on the router:

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com#show run interface lo201
Fri Jul 21 15:18:24.046 EDT
interface Loopback201
 description New Loopback 201
 ipv6 address 2001:db8:20::1/128
!
JSON (Replace)

Applies a YANG/JSON formatted config to one device/router (replaces the config for this section) from the list in config.json. It learns the config to replace from yangconfigrep.json. If we had merged instead, we would have ended up with two IPv6 addresses in this example.

  • example/replaceconfig
$ ./replaceconfig 

Config replaced on [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344 -> Request ID: 4616, Response ID: 4616

2017/07/21 15:21:27 This process took 1.623047025s

You can verify the config on the router:

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com#show run interface lo201
Fri Jul 21 15:21:48.053 EDT
interface Loopback201
 description New Loopback 221
 ipv6 address 2001:db8:22::2/128
!
Using a YANG config Template (Merge)

Applies a YANG/JSON formatted config to one device/router (merges with existing config) from the list in config.json. It takes a template (bgp.json), based on the BGP YANG model Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv4-bgp-cfg, in this case and the specific parameters from bgp-parameters.json.

See below an extract from this bgp.json and notice NeighborAddress, PeerASN, Description and LocalAddress are variables to be defined.

"neighbor": [
 {
  "neighbor-address": "{{.NeighborAddress}}",
  "remote-as": {
   "as-xx": {{.PeerASN.X}},
   "as-yy": {{.PeerASN.Y}}
  },
  "description": "{{.Description}}",
  "update-source-interface": "{{.LocalAddress}}",
  "neighbor-afs": {
   "neighbor-af": [
	{
	 "af-name": "ipv6-unicast",
	 "activate": [
	  null
	 ]
	}
   ]
  }
 }
] 

Now we execute and inmediately request the updated BGP config from the device with a subsequent RPC call.

  • example/mergetemplate
$ ./mergetemplate 

Config merged on [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344 -> Request ID: 1866, Response ID: 1866


Config from [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344
 {
 "Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv4-bgp-cfg:bgp": {
  "instance": [
<snip>
         "bgp-entity": {
          "neighbors": {
           "neighbor": [
            {
             "neighbor-address": "2001:db8:1::1",
             "remote-as": {
              "as-xx": 0,
              "as-yy": 65535
             },
             "description": "Test",
             "update-source-interface": "Loopback60",
             "neighbor-afs": {
              "neighbor-af": [
<snip>

2017/08/07 18:52:57 This process took 907.395197ms

Go includes the template package in its standard library to generate data-driven textual outputs.

While templates are cool, I'd recommend exploring one of these alternatives to handle YANG models programmatically.

  • YDK that takes YANG models as input and produces APIs that mirror the structure of the models.
  • goyang which is a YANG parser and compiler to produce Go language objects.
Removing router config
JSON

Removes YANG/JSON formatted config on one device/router from config.json. It reads the config to delete from yangdelconfig.json. The following example deletes both interfaces configured in the Merge example. See yangdelintadd.json to delete just the IP address and yangdelintdesc.json for only the description of the interface.

  • example/deleteconfig
$ ./deleteconfig 

Config Deleted on [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344 -> Request ID: 2856, Response ID: 2856

2017/07/21 15:06:46 This process took 730.329288ms

On the router:

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com#show configuration commit changes 1000000039
Mon Jul 17 15:54:59.221 EDT
Building configuration...
!! IOS XR Configuration version = 6.2.2.22I
no interface Loopback201
no interface Loopback301
end
CLI config multiple routers simultaneously (Merge)

Applies CLI config commands to the list of routers specified on config.json. Notice that even though we added two devices, the execution time did NOT increase. This is possible because of the use of Golang Concurrency primitives.

  • example/setconfiglist
$ ./setconfiglist -cli "interface Lo33 ipv6 address 2001:db8:33::1/128"

Config applied to [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:2]:57344



Config applied to [2001:420:2cff:1204::5501:1]:57344



Config applied to [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344


2017/07/21 15:32:11 This process took 1.773893901s

You can verify the config on the routers:

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5501-1.cisco.com#sh run int Lo33
Fri Jul 21 15:32:35.468 EDT
interface Loopback33
 ipv6 address 2001:db8:33::1/128
!
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com#sh run int Lo33
Fri Jul 21 15:33:07.281 EDT
interface Loopback33
 ipv6 address 2001:db8:33::1/128
!
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5502-2.cisco.com#sh run int Lo33
Fri Jul 21 15:33:14.504 EDT
interface Loopback33
 ipv6 address 2001:db8:33::1/128
!
Telemetry
JSON (GPBKV)

Subscribe to a Telemetry stream. The Telemetry message is defined in telemetry.proto. The payload is JSON encoded (self-describing GPB).

  • example/telemetry
$ ./telemetry -subs "LLDP"
Time 1500666991103, Path: Cisco-IOS-XR-ethernet-lldp-oper:lldp/nodes/node/neighbors/details/detail
{
  "NodeId": {
    "NodeIdStr": "mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com"
  },
  "Subscription": {
    "SubscriptionIdStr": "LLDP"
  },
  "encoding_path": "Cisco-IOS-XR-ethernet-lldp-oper:lldp/nodes/node/neighbors/details/detail",
  "collection_id": 1,
  "collection_start_time": 1500666991103,
  "msg_timestamp": 1500666991103,
  "data_gpbkv": [
    {
      "timestamp": 1500666991108,
      "ValueByType": null,
      "fields": [
...

The Subscription ID has to exist on the device 1.

telemetry model-driven
 sensor-group LLDPNeighbor
  sensor-path Cisco-IOS-XR-ethernet-lldp-oper:lldp/nodes/node/neighbors/details/detail
 !
 subscription LLDP
  sensor-group-id LLDPNeighbor sample-interval 15000
 !
!
JSON (GPBKV): Exploring the fields

Same as the previous example using a Cisco native YANG model. However this time we explore the fields in order to produce a custom output.

func exploreFields(f []*telemetry.TelemetryField, indent string) {
	for _, field := range f {
		switch field.GetFields() {
		case nil:
			decodeKV(field, indent)
		default:
			exploreFields(field.GetFields(), indent+" ")
		}
	}
}

The result looks like this:

  • example/telemetrykv
$ ./telemetrykv
******************************************************************************************
Time 01:24:48PM, Path: Cisco-IOS-XR-ethernet-lldp-oper:lldp/nodes/node/neighbors/details/detail
******************************************************************************************
  node-name: 0/RP0/CPU0
  interface-name: HundredGigE0/0/0/1
  device-id: mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com
   receiving-interface-name: HundredGigE0/0/0/1
   receiving-parent-interface-name: <No interface>
   device-id: mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com
   chassis-id: 008a.9646.6cd8
   port-id-detail: Hu0/0/0/1
   header-version: 0
   hold-time: 15
   enabled-capabilities: R
   platform:
    port-description: TO calient_fiber_switch, port 001 in/out
    system-name: mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com
    system-description:  6.2.2.22I, NCS-5500
<snip>    
JSON (GPBKV): OpenConfig

Same example as before, just calling a subscription that uses an OpenConfig model instead. The result looks like this:

  • example/telemetrykv
$ ./telemetrykv -subs "BGP-OC"
******************************************************************************************
Time 01:08:03PM, Path: openconfig-bgp:bgp/neighbors/neighbor/state
******************************************************************************************
  instance-name: default
  neighbor-address: 2001:db8:cafe::2
  speaker-id: 0
  description: iBGP session
  local-as: 64512
  remote-as: 64512
  has-internal-link: true
  is-external-neighbor-not-directly-connected: false
  messages-received: 16
  messages-sent: 16
  update-messages-in: 1
  update-messages-out: 1
  messages-queued-in: 0
  messages-queued-out: 0
  connection-established-time: 822
  connection-state: bgp-st-estab
  previous-connection-state: 2
  connection-admin-status: 0
  open-check-error-code: none
   afi: ipv6
    value: 2001:db8:cafe::1
  is-local-address-configured: false
<snip>    

The Subscription ID has to exist on the device 1.

telemetry model-driven
 sensor-group BGPNeighbor-OC
  sensor-path openconfig-bgp:bgp/neighbors/neighbor/state
 !
 subscription BGP-OC
  sensor-group-id BGPNeighbor-OC sample-interval 10000
 !
!
GPB (Protobuf)

Again, we subscribe to a Telemetry stream but we request the content is encoded with protobuf. To decode the message we need to look at the "LLDP neighbor details" definition in lldp_neighbor.proto. We parse the message and modify the output to illustrate how to access to each field on it.

  • example/telemetrygpb
$ ./telemetrygpb -subs "LLDP"
Time 1500667512299, Path: Cisco-IOS-XR-ethernet-lldp-oper:lldp/nodes/node/neighbors/details/detail
{
  "node_name": "0/RP0/CPU0",
  "interface_name": "HundredGigE0/0/0/22",
  "device_id": "mrstn-5502-2.cisco.com"
}
Type:  6.2.2.22I, NCS-5500, Address value:"2001:558:2::2"  

{
  "node_name": "0/RP0/CPU0",
  "interface_name": "HundredGigE0/0/0/21",
  "device_id": "mrstn-5502-2.cisco.com"
}
Type:  6.2.2.22I, NCS-5500, Address value:"2001:558:2::2"  

{
  "node_name": "0/RP0/CPU0",
  "interface_name": "HundredGigE0/0/0/1",
  "device_id": "mrstn-5502-2.cisco.com"
}
Type:  6.2.2.22I, NCS-5500, Address value:"2001:f00:bb::2"
...

The Subscription ID has to exist on the device 1.

telemetry model-driven
 sensor-group LLDPNeighbor
  sensor-path Cisco-IOS-XR-ethernet-lldp-oper:lldp/nodes/node/neighbors/details/detail
 !
 subscription LLDP
  sensor-group-id LLDPNeighbor sample-interval 15000
 !
!

[1]: gNMI defines a variant where you do not need this config.

Config and Validate

In order to validate the intended state of the network after a config change, we need to need to look at the associated telemetry data. In this example we will configure a BGP neighbor using a BGP config template based on the OpenConfig BGP YANG model. See below an extract of oc-bgp.json.

{ "openconfig-bgp:bgp": {
   "global": {
    "config": {
     "as": {{.LocalAs}}
    }
   },
   "neighbors": {
    "neighbor": [
     {
      "neighbor-address": "{{.NeighborAddress}}",
      "config": {
       "neighbor-address": "{{.NeighborAddress}}",
       "peer-as": {{.PeerAs}},
       "description": "{{.Description}}"
      }
<snip>

The example will run a config checklist, composed of three items as a result of independent RPC calls.

  1. We obtain a gRPC confirmation that config was received by the target.
  2. We make a gRPC request to get the running configuration on the target to validate the change submitted was actually applied.
  3. We subscribe to a BGP Neighbor State Telemetry stream to track the status changes.

The output of the example is very basic, but illustrates all these points. Notice we receive BGP status every 5 seconds and the neighbor goes from bgp-st-idle to bgp-st-estab.

  • example/configvalidate
$ ./configvalidate 
******************************************************************************************

Config merged on [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344 -> Request ID: 3018, Response ID: 3018

******************************************************************************************

BGP Config from [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344


{
 "openconfig-bgp:bgp": {
  "global": {
   "config": {
    "as": 64512,
    "router-id": "162.151.250.1"
   },
   "afi-safis": {
    "afi-safi": [
     {
      "afi-safi-name": "openconfig-bgp-types:ipv6-unicast",
      "config": {
       "afi-safi-name": "openconfig-bgp-types:ipv6-unicast",
       "enabled": true
      }
     }
    ]
   }
  },
  "neighbors": {
   "neighbor": [
    {
     "neighbor-address": "2001:db8:cafe::2",
     "config": {
      "neighbor-address": "2001:db8:cafe::2",
      "peer-as": 64512,
      "description": "iBGP session"
     },
     "afi-safis": {
      "afi-safi": [
       {
        "afi-safi-name": "openconfig-bgp-types:ipv6-unicast",
        "config": {
         "afi-safi-name": "openconfig-bgp-types:ipv6-unicast",
         "enabled": true
        }
       }
      ]
     }
    }
   ]
  }
 }
}

******************************************************************************************

Telemetry from [2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:1]:57344

------------------------------------- Time 02:39:06AM -------------------------------------
BGP Neighbor; IP: 2001:db8:cafe::2, ASN: 64512, State bgp-st-idle 

------------------------------------- Time 02:39:11AM -------------------------------------
BGP Neighbor; IP: 2001:db8:cafe::2, ASN: 64512, State bgp-st-idle 

------------------------------------- Time 02:39:16AM -------------------------------------
BGP Neighbor; IP: 2001:db8:cafe::2, ASN: 64512, State bgp-st-idle 

------------------------------------- Time 02:39:21AM -------------------------------------
BGP Neighbor; IP: 2001:db8:cafe::2, ASN: 64512, State bgp-st-estab
Service Layer API
Add an IPv6 route

Add a new route to the IPv6 routing table.

  • example/setroute
$ ./setroute -pfx "2001:db8:1413::/48" -nh "2001:db8:cafe::2"
2017/07/25 15:02:01 This process took 329.560647ms

Which results in:

RP/0/RP0/CPU0:mrstn-5502-1.cisco.com#show route ipv6 unicast 2001:db8:1413::/48
Tue Jul 25 15:02:20.369 EDT
 
Routing entry for 2001:db8:1413::/48
  Known via "application Service-layer", distance 2, metric 0
  Installed Jul 25 15:01:54.011 for 00:00:27
  Routing Descriptor Blocks
    2001:db8:cafe::2, from ::
      Route metric is 0
  No advertising protos.
SLA IOS XR config
!! IOS XR Configuration version = 6.2.2
grpc
 service-layer
!
Actions

There are multiple actions than can be triggered via gRPC on IOS XR devices running 6.3.1 or later. Below the YANG models supported to the date and some examples using this library.

$ cd ~/yang/vendor/cisco/xr/641
$ ls | grep act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-cfgmgr-rollback-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-crypto-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-hwmod-mpa-reload-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-infra-statsd-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv4-bgp-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv4-ospf-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv4-ping-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv4-traceroute-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv6-ospfv3-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv6-ping-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ipv6-traceroute-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-isis-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-lib-keychain-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-ping-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-snmp-test-trap-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-syslog-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-sysmgr-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-traceroute-act.yang
Cisco-IOS-XR-upgrade-fpd-ng-act.yang
Ping
$ ./action -act "../input/action/ping4.json"

output from [2001:420:2cff:1204::7816:1]:57344
 {
 "Cisco-IOS-XR-ping-act:output": {...}
}

2018/05/29 15:03:19 This process took 762.440427ms

ipv4-ping

$ ./action -act "../input/action/ping6.json"

output from [2001:420:2cff:1204::7816:1]:57344
 {
 "Cisco-IOS-XR-ping-act:output": {...}
}

2018/05/29 15:08:34 This process took 800.050845ms

The extended output looks like this:

 {
 "Cisco-IOS-XR-ping-act:output": {
  "ping-response": {
   "ipv6": {
    "destination": "2001:420:2cff:1204::1",
    "repeat-count": "2",
    "data-size": "1350",
    "timeout": "1",
    "pattern": "abcd",
    "rotate-pattern": false,
    "replies": {
     "reply": [
      {
       "reply-index": "1",
       "result": "!"
      },
      {
       "reply-index": "2",
       "result": "!"
      }
     ]
    },
    "hits": "2",
    "total": "2",
    "success-rate": "100",
    "rtt-min": "2",
    "rtt-avg": "2",
    "rtt-max": "3"
   }
  }
 }
}

ipv6-ping

Traceroute
 ./action -act "../input/action/traceroute.json"

output from [2001:420:2cff:1204::7816:1]:57344
 {
 "Cisco-IOS-XR-traceroute-act:output": {
  "traceroute-response": {
   "ipv6": {
    "destination": "2001:420:1101:1::a",
    "hops": {
     "hop": [
      {
       "hop-index": 1,
       "hop-address": "2001:420:2cff:1204::1",
       "hop-hostname": "mrstn-vlan44.cisco.com",
       "probes": {
        "probe": [
         {
          "probe-index": 0,
          "delta-time": 1
         },
         {
          "probe-index": 1,
          "delta-time": 1
         },
         {
          "probe-index": 2,
          "delta-time": 1
         }
        ]
       }
      },
...

2018/05/29 15:12:50 This process took 15.241451154s
Log Generation
  • Log event generation (example/action with log.json).
$ ./action -act "../input/action/log.json"

output from [2001:420:2cff:1204::7816:1]:57344

2018/05/29 15:23:59 This process took 42.585985ms

On the router

#
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:May 29 19:23:59.297 UTC: emsd[1096]: %OS-SYSLOG-1-LOG_ALERT : gRPC Generated: Device will be under maintenance for 2 hrs for planned activities

log

Crypto Key Generation
  • SSH Crypto key generation (example/action with crypto.json).
$ ./action -act "../input/action/crypto.json"

output from [2001:420:2cff:1204::7816:1]:57344

2018/05/29 15:26:06 This process took 2.721703931s
#
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:May 29 19:26:04.249 UTC: cepki[420]: %SECURITY-CEPKI-6-KEY_INFO : crypto key RSA zeroized, label:test
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:May 29 19:26:06.907 UTC: cepki[420]: %SECURITY-CEPKI-6-KEY_INFO : crypto key RSA generated, label:test, modBits:2048
RP/0/RP0/CPU0:May 29 19:26:06.917 UTC: cepki[420]: %SECURITY-CEPKI-6-INFO : key database updated

crypto

Bypass the config file

You can manually define the target without the config file config.json, by calling the functional options "WithValue". See the snippet below from definetarget.

// Manually specify target parameters.
router, err := xr.BuildRouter(
	xr.WithUsername("cisco"),
	xr.WithPassword("cisco"),
	xr.WithHost("[2001:420:2cff:1204::5502:2]:57344"),
	xr.WithCert("../input/certificate/ems5502-2.pem"),
	xr.WithTimeout(5),
)

XR gRPC Config

The following is the configuration required on the IOS XR device in order to enable gRPC dial-in with TLS support.

!! IOS XR Configuration version = 6.2.2
grpc
 port 57344
 tls
 !
 address-family ipv6
!
Port range

While you can select any not-used port on the device, it's recommended to choose one from the 57344-57999 range.

mrstn-5502-1 emsd: [1058]: %MGBL-EMS-4-EMSD_PORT_RANGE : The configured port 56500 is outside of the range of [57344, 57999]. It will consume an additional LPTS entry.

Certificate file

You need to retrive the ems.pem file from the IOS XR device (after enabling gRPC/TLS) and put it in the input folder (or any other location specified in config.json). You can find the file in the router on either /misc/config/grpc/ or /var/xr/config/grpc.

  • /var/xr/config/grpc
$ ls -la
total 20
drwxr-xr-x  3 root root 4096 Jul  5 17:47 .
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Jul  3 12:50 ..
drwx------  2 root root 4096 Jul  3 12:50 dialout
-rw-------  1 root root 1675 Jul  5 17:47 ems.key
-rw-rw-rw-  1 root root 1513 Jul  5 17:47 ems.pem
Self-signed certificate for testing

This needs to be renewed once a year.

xrgrpc/test$ openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout key.pem -out cert.pem -days 365 -nodes -subj '/CN=localhost'
Generating a 4096 bit RSA private key
......................................................................................++
........................................................++
writing new private key to 'key.pem'
-----

Compiling the proto files

The Go generated code in ems_grpc.pb.go is the result of the following:

  • proto/ems
$ protoc --go_out=plugins=grpc:. ems_grpc.proto

The Go generated code in lldp_neighbor.pb.go is the result of the following:

  • proto/telemetry/lldp
$ protoc --go_out=. lldp_neighbor.proto 

Compiling the Examples

Simply execute go build on the corresponding example folder. E.g.

  • example/telemetry
$ go build

Documentation

Overview

Package xrgrpc is a gRPC Client library for Cisco IOS XR devices. It exposes different RPC's to manage the device(s). The objective is to have a single interface to retrieve info from the device, apply configs to it, generate telemetry streams and program the RIB/FIB.

The GetConfig service retrieves the configuration from a target device for the YANG paths specified.

output, err = xr.GetConfig(ctx, conn, yang, id)
if err != nil {
	log.Fatalf("Could not get the config from %s, %v", targets.Routers[d].Host, err)
}

ShowCmdJSONOutput and ShowCmdTextOutput services return show command outputs JSON encoded or as unstructured text correspondingly.

switch *enc {
case "text":
	output, err = xr.ShowCmdTextOutput(ctx, conn, *cli, id)
case "json":
	output, err = xr.ShowCmdJSONOutput(ctx, conn, *cli, id)
default:
	log.Fatalf("Do NOT recognize encoding: %v\n", *enc)
}

Tutorials to setup a testbed have been posted at:

- Programming IOS-XR with gRPC and Go: https://xrdocs.github.io/programmability/tutorials/2017-08-04-programming-ios-xr-with-grpc-and-go/

- Validate the intent of network config changes: https://xrdocs.github.io/programmability/tutorials/2017-08-14-validate-the-intent-of-network-config-changes/

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func ActionJSON added in v0.3.1

func ActionJSON(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, j string, id int64) (string, error)

ActionJSON returns the output of an action commands as a JSON structured output.

func CLIConfig

func CLIConfig(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, cli string, id int64) error

CLIConfig configs the target with CLI commands described in 'cli'.

func ClientInit added in v0.2.0

func ClientInit(conn *grpc.ClientConn) error

ClientInit takes care of global initialization and setup a notification channel

func CommitConfig

func CommitConfig(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, cm [2]string, id int64) (string, error)

CommitConfig commits a config. Need to clarify its use-case.

func CommitReplace added in v0.3.4

func CommitReplace(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, cli, js string, id int64) error

CommitReplace issues a cli and JSON config to the target.

func Connect

Connect will return a grpc.ClienConn to the target. TLS encryption

func ConnectInsecure added in v0.3.0

func ConnectInsecure(xr CiscoGrpcClient) (*grpc.ClientConn, context.Context, error)

ConnectInsecure will return a grpc.ClienConn to the target. No TLS encryption

func DecodeJSONConfig

func DecodeJSONConfig(v interface{}, f string) error

DecodeJSONConfig marshalls the file into the object v.

func DeleteConfig

func DeleteConfig(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, js string, id int64) (int64, error)

DeleteConfig removes the config config specified in 'js' on the target device.

func GetConfig

func GetConfig(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, js string, id int64) (string, error)

GetConfig returns the config for specific YANG path elements described in 'js'.

func GetSubscription

func GetSubscription(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, p string, id int64, enc int64) (chan []byte, chan error, error)

GetSubscription follows the Channel Generator Pattern, it returns a []byte channel where the Streaming Telemetry data is sent/received. It also propagates error messages on an error channel.

func MergeConfig

func MergeConfig(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, js string, id int64) (int64, error)

MergeConfig configs the target with YANG/JSON config specified in 'js'.

func ReplaceConfig

func ReplaceConfig(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, js string, id int64) (int64, error)

ReplaceConfig replaces the config specified in 'js' on the target device.

func SetRoute added in v0.2.0

func SetRoute(conn *grpc.ClientConn, o int, ad string, d uint32, nh string) error

SetRoute ...

SL_OBJOP_ADD = 1 // Route add. Fails if the route already exists.
SL_OBJOP_UPDATE = 2 // Route update. Creates or updates the route.
SL_OBJOP_DELETE = 3 // Route delete. The route path is not necessary to delete the route.
SLRoutev6Op(ctx context.Context, in *SLRoutev6Msg, opts ...grpc.CallOption) (*SLRoutev6MsgRsp, error)

func ShowCmdJSONOutput

func ShowCmdJSONOutput(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, cli string, id int64) (string, error)

ShowCmdJSONOutput returns the output of a CLI show commands as a JSON structured output.

func ShowCmdTextOutput

func ShowCmdTextOutput(ctx context.Context, conn *grpc.ClientConn, cli string, id int64) (string, error)

ShowCmdTextOutput returns the output of a CLI show commands as text.

func VRFOperation added in v0.2.0

func VRFOperation(conn *grpc.ClientConn, o int, d uint32) error

VRFOperation handles VRF registration operations

SL_REGOP_REGISTER    = 0x1 // VRF registration
SL_REGOP_UNREGISTER  = 0x2 // VRF Un-registeration
SL_REGOP_EOF         = 0x3 // After Registration, the client is expected to send an EOF

Types

type CiscoGrpcClient

type CiscoGrpcClient struct {
	User     string
	Password string
	Host     string
	Cert     string
	Domain   string
	Timeout  int
}

CiscoGrpcClient identifies the parameters for gRPC session setup.

func BuildRouter

func BuildRouter(opts ...RouterOption) (*CiscoGrpcClient, error)

BuildRouter is a traget constructor with options.

type Devices

type Devices struct {
	Routers []CiscoGrpcClient
}

Devices identifies a list of gRPC targets.

func NewDevices

func NewDevices() *Devices

NewDevices is a Devices constructor.

type RouterOption

type RouterOption func(r *CiscoGrpcClient) error

RouterOption is a funcion that sets one or more options for a given target.

func WithCert

func WithCert(f string) RouterOption

WithCert specifies the location of the IOS XR certificate file. ios-xr-grpc-python refers to this as Creds.

func WithHost

func WithHost(h string) RouterOption

WithHost sets the IP address and Port of the target.

func WithPassword

func WithPassword(p string) RouterOption

WithPassword sets the password for a target.

func WithTimeout

func WithTimeout(t int) RouterOption

WithTimeout sets the timeout value for the gRPC session.

func WithUsername

func WithUsername(n string) RouterOption

WithUsername sets the username for a target.

Directories

Path Synopsis
example
proto
ems
Package IOSXRExtensibleManagabilityService is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package IOSXRExtensibleManagabilityService is a generated protocol buffer package.
sla
Package service_layer is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package service_layer is a generated protocol buffer package.
telemetry
Package telemetry is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package telemetry is a generated protocol buffer package.
telemetry/bgp
Package cisco_ios_xr_ipv4_bgp_oper_bgp_instances_instance_instance_active_default_vrf_neighbors_neighbor is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package cisco_ios_xr_ipv4_bgp_oper_bgp_instances_instance_instance_active_default_vrf_neighbors_neighbor is a generated protocol buffer package.
telemetry/bgp4
Package cisco_ios_xr_ipv4_bgp_oper_bgp_instances_instance_instance_active_default_vrf_neighbors_neighbor is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package cisco_ios_xr_ipv4_bgp_oper_bgp_instances_instance_instance_active_default_vrf_neighbors_neighbor is a generated protocol buffer package.
telemetry/lldp
Package cisco_ios_xr_ethernet_lldp_oper_lldp_nodes_node_neighbors_details_detail is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package cisco_ios_xr_ethernet_lldp_oper_lldp_nodes_node_neighbors_details_detail is a generated protocol buffer package.

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