geo

package
Version: v0.2.1 Latest Latest
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Published: Jan 17, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 4 Imported by: 13

README

orb/geo Godoc Reference

The geometries defined in the orb package are generic 2d geometries. Depending on what projection they're in, e.g. lon/lat or flat on the plane, area and distance calculations are different. This package implements methods that assume the lon/lat or WGS84 projection.

Examples

Area of the San Francisco Main Library:

poly := orb.Polygon{
	{
		{ -122.4163816, 37.7792782 },
		{ -122.4162786, 37.7787626 },
		{ -122.4151027, 37.7789118 },
		{ -122.4152143, 37.7794274 },
		{ -122.4163816, 37.7792782 },
	},
}

a := geo.Area(poly)

fmt.Printf("%f m^2", a)
// Output:
// 6073.368008 m^2

Distance between two points:

oakland := orb.Point{-122.270833, 37.804444}
sf := orb.Point{-122.416667, 37.783333}

d := geo.Distance(oakland, sf)

fmt.Printf("%0.3f meters", d)
// Output:
// 13042.047 meters

Circumference of the San Francisco Main Library:

poly := orb.Polygon{
	{
		{ -122.4163816, 37.7792782 },
		{ -122.4162786, 37.7787626 },
		{ -122.4151027, 37.7789118 },
		{ -122.4152143, 37.7794274 },
		{ -122.4163816, 37.7792782 },
	},
}
l := geo.Length(poly)

fmt.Printf("%0.0f meters", l)
// Output:
// 325 meters

Documentation

Overview

Package geo computes properties on geometries assuming they are lon/lat data.

Index

Examples

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func Area

func Area(g orb.Geometry) float64

Area returns the area of the geometry on the earth.

Example
package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/paulmach/orb"
	"github.com/paulmach/orb/geo"
)

func main() {
	poly := orb.Polygon{
		{
			{-122.4163816, 37.7792782},
			{-122.4162786, 37.7787626},
			{-122.4151027, 37.7789118},
			{-122.4152143, 37.7794274},
			{-122.4163816, 37.7792782},
		},
	}
	a := geo.Area(poly)

	fmt.Printf("%f m^2", a)
}
Output:

6073.368008 m^2

func Bearing

func Bearing(from, to orb.Point) float64

Bearing computes the direction one must start traveling on earth to be heading from, to the given points.

func BoundHeight

func BoundHeight(b orb.Bound) float64

BoundHeight returns the approximate height in meters.

func BoundPad

func BoundPad(b orb.Bound, meters float64) orb.Bound

BoundPad expands the bound in all directions by the given amount of meters.

func BoundWidth

func BoundWidth(b orb.Bound) float64

BoundWidth returns the approximate width in meters of the center of the bound.

func Distance

func Distance(p1, p2 orb.Point) float64

Distance returns the distance between two points on the earth.

Example
package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/paulmach/orb"
	"github.com/paulmach/orb/geo"
)

func main() {
	oakland := orb.Point{-122.270833, 37.804444}
	sf := orb.Point{-122.416667, 37.783333}

	d := geo.Distance(oakland, sf)

	fmt.Printf("%0.3f meters", d)
}
Output:

13042.047 meters

func DistanceHaversine

func DistanceHaversine(p1, p2 orb.Point) float64

DistanceHaversine computes the distance on the earth using the more accurate haversine formula.

func Length

func Length(g orb.Geometry) float64

Length returns the length of the boundary of the geometry using the geo distance function.

Example
package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/paulmach/orb"
	"github.com/paulmach/orb/geo"
)

func main() {

	poly := orb.Polygon{
		{
			{-122.4163816, 37.7792782},
			{-122.4162786, 37.7787626},
			{-122.4151027, 37.7789118},
			{-122.4152143, 37.7794274},
			{-122.4163816, 37.7792782},
		},
	}
	l := geo.Length(poly)

	fmt.Printf("%0.0f meters", l)
}
Output:

325 meters

func LengthHaversign

func LengthHaversign(g orb.Geometry) float64

LengthHaversign returns the length of the boundary of the geometry using the geo haversine formula

func Midpoint

func Midpoint(p, p2 orb.Point) orb.Point

Midpoint returns the half-way point along a great circle path between the two points.

func NewBoundAroundPoint

func NewBoundAroundPoint(center orb.Point, distance float64) orb.Bound

NewBoundAroundPoint creates a new bound given a center point, and a distance from the center point in meters.

func SignedArea

func SignedArea(r orb.Ring) float64

SignedArea will return the signed area of the ring. Will return negative if the ring is in the clockwise direction. Will implicitly close the ring.

Types

This section is empty.

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