tar

package
Version: v0.0.0-...-ae31599 Latest Latest
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Published: Oct 8, 2015 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 12 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Overview

Package tar implements access to tar archives. It aims to cover most of the variations, including those produced by GNU and BSD tars.

References:

http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=tar&sektion=5
http://www.gnu.org/software/tar/manual/html_node/Standard.html
http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/utilities/pax.html
Example
package main

import (
	"archive/tar"
	"bytes"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"log"
	"os"
)

func main() {
	// Create a buffer to write our archive to.
	buf := new(bytes.Buffer)

	// Create a new tar archive.
	tw := tar.NewWriter(buf)

	// Add some files to the archive.
	var files = []struct {
		Name, Body string
	}{
		{"readme.txt", "This archive contains some text files."},
		{"gopher.txt", "Gopher names:\nGeorge\nGeoffrey\nGonzo"},
		{"todo.txt", "Get animal handling licence."},
	}
	for _, file := range files {
		hdr := &tar.Header{
			Name: file.Name,
			Mode: 0600,
			Size: int64(len(file.Body)),
		}
		if err := tw.WriteHeader(hdr); err != nil {
			log.Fatalln(err)
		}
		if _, err := tw.Write([]byte(file.Body)); err != nil {
			log.Fatalln(err)
		}
	}
	// Make sure to check the error on Close.
	if err := tw.Close(); err != nil {
		log.Fatalln(err)
	}

	// Open the tar archive for reading.
	r := bytes.NewReader(buf.Bytes())
	tr := tar.NewReader(r)

	// Iterate through the files in the archive.
	for {
		hdr, err := tr.Next()
		if err == io.EOF {
			// end of tar archive
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			log.Fatalln(err)
		}
		fmt.Printf("Contents of %s:\n", hdr.Name)
		if _, err := io.Copy(os.Stdout, tr); err != nil {
			log.Fatalln(err)
		}
		fmt.Println()
	}

}
Output:

Contents of readme.txt:
This archive contains some text files.
Contents of gopher.txt:
Gopher names:
George
Geoffrey
Gonzo
Contents of todo.txt:
Get animal handling licence.

Index

Examples

Constants

View Source
const (

	// Types
	TypeReg           = '0'    // regular file
	TypeRegA          = '\x00' // regular file
	TypeLink          = '1'    // hard link
	TypeSymlink       = '2'    // symbolic link
	TypeChar          = '3'    // character device node
	TypeBlock         = '4'    // block device node
	TypeDir           = '5'    // directory
	TypeFifo          = '6'    // fifo node
	TypeCont          = '7'    // reserved
	TypeXHeader       = 'x'    // extended header
	TypeXGlobalHeader = 'g'    // global extended header
	TypeGNULongName   = 'L'    // Next file has a long name
	TypeGNULongLink   = 'K'    // Next file symlinks to a file w/ a long name
	TypeGNUSparse     = 'S'    // sparse file
)

Variables

View Source
var (
	ErrWriteTooLong    = errors.New("archive/tar: write too long")
	ErrFieldTooLong    = errors.New("archive/tar: header field too long")
	ErrWriteAfterClose = errors.New("archive/tar: write after close")
)
View Source
var (
	ErrHeader = errors.New("archive/tar: invalid tar header")
)

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type Header struct {
	Name       string    // name of header file entry
	Mode       int64     // permission and mode bits
	Uid        int       // user id of owner
	Gid        int       // group id of owner
	Size       int64     // length in bytes
	ModTime    time.Time // modified time
	Typeflag   byte      // type of header entry
	Linkname   string    // target name of link
	Uname      string    // user name of owner
	Gname      string    // group name of owner
	Devmajor   int64     // major number of character or block device
	Devminor   int64     // minor number of character or block device
	AccessTime time.Time // access time
	ChangeTime time.Time // status change time
	Xattrs     map[string]string
}

A Header represents a single header in a tar archive. Some fields may not be populated.

func FileInfoHeader

func FileInfoHeader(fi os.FileInfo, link string) (*Header, error)

FileInfoHeader creates a partially-populated Header from fi. If fi describes a symlink, FileInfoHeader records link as the link target. If fi describes a directory, a slash is appended to the name. Because os.FileInfo's Name method returns only the base name of the file it describes, it may be necessary to modify the Name field of the returned header to provide the full path name of the file.

func (*Header) FileInfo

func (h *Header) FileInfo() os.FileInfo

FileInfo returns an os.FileInfo for the Header.

type Reader

type Reader struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Reader provides sequential access to the contents of a tar archive. A tar archive consists of a sequence of files. The Next method advances to the next file in the archive (including the first), and then it can be treated as an io.Reader to access the file's data.

func NewReader

func NewReader(r io.Reader) *Reader

NewReader creates a new Reader reading from r.

func (*Reader) Next

func (tr *Reader) Next() (*Header, error)

Next advances to the next entry in the tar archive.

io.EOF is returned at the end of the input.

func (*Reader) Read

func (tr *Reader) Read(b []byte) (n int, err error)

Read reads from the current entry in the tar archive. It returns 0, io.EOF when it reaches the end of that entry, until Next is called to advance to the next entry.

type Writer

type Writer struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Writer provides sequential writing of a tar archive in POSIX.1 format. A tar archive consists of a sequence of files. Call WriteHeader to begin a new file, and then call Write to supply that file's data, writing at most hdr.Size bytes in total.

func NewWriter

func NewWriter(w io.Writer) *Writer

NewWriter creates a new Writer writing to w.

func (*Writer) Close

func (tw *Writer) Close() error

Close closes the tar archive, flushing any unwritten data to the underlying writer.

func (*Writer) Flush

func (tw *Writer) Flush() error

Flush finishes writing the current file (optional).

func (*Writer) Write

func (tw *Writer) Write(b []byte) (n int, err error)

Write writes to the current entry in the tar archive. Write returns the error ErrWriteTooLong if more than hdr.Size bytes are written after WriteHeader.

func (*Writer) WriteHeader

func (tw *Writer) WriteHeader(hdr *Header) error

WriteHeader writes hdr and prepares to accept the file's contents. WriteHeader calls Flush if it is not the first header. Calling after a Close will return ErrWriteAfterClose.

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