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Published: Jul 19, 2018 License: GPL-2.0 Imports: 11 Imported by: 0


Showdeps - an opinionated tool for inspecting Go package dependencies

Showdeps starts where go list -f leaves off. It's useful for exploring dependency graphs of Go programs.

By default, showdeps just shows the packages imported by the packages named on the command line. It doesn't show those packages themselves, it doesn't recursively visit all dependencies, and it doesn't show dependencies in the standard library.

You can specify additional flags to show all of those things:

The -a flag will show all dependencies recursively. By default this will include testing dependencies but only those of the packages specifically mentioned. This keeps the dependency graph from becoming too unwieldy due the testing dependencies in external repositories that you really don't care about.

The -stdlib flag will include dependencies from the standard library. These are excluded by default because dependencies on the standard library are rarely a problem.

The -T flag causes test dependencies to be omitted. With -T specified, you'll see the exact dependencies of the package without pollution from test-related code.

There are other flags that provide more insight into the details of the dependencies.

The -from flag shows why each dependency is included by printing, along with each package, the list of packages that depend on it.

The -why flag can be used to explore just why a particular package has been included in the result. By default, it shows a single dependency chain (a sequence of package names that import each other) from the listed packages to any package matched by the =why argument. If the -a flag is provided, it instead prints all packages that are part of any of those chains in -from style.

Finally, the -f flag causes all the Go source file names to be printed. Since this is usually for whole-program greps or analysis, this also includes the source files in the packages specified on the command line.


Print the immediate dependencies of the package in the current directory:

$ showdeps

Print the import pages of all the packages used directly and indirectly by net/http.

$ showdeps -a -stdlib -T net/http

Show a line count of all the packages underneath the current directory and their dependencies.

$ showdeps -a -f ./... | xargs cat | wc -l

Find out one reason why net/http indirectly imports crypto/x509/pkix:

$ showdeps -T  -why crypto/x509/pkix net/http
net/http crypto/tls crypto/x509 crypto/x509/pkix


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