Package evidence handles all evidence storage and gossiping from detection to block proposal. For the different types of evidence refer to the `evidence.go` file in the types package or


The core functionality begins with the evidence reactor (see reactor. go) which operates both the sending and receiving of evidence.

The `Receive` function takes a list of evidence and does the following:

1. Checks that it does not already have the evidence stored

2. Verifies the evidence against the node's state (see state/validation.go#VerifyEvidence)

3. Stores the evidence to a db and a concurrent list

The gossiping of evidence is initiated when a peer is added which starts a go routine to broadcast currently uncommitted evidence at intervals of 60 seconds (set by the by broadcastEvidenceIntervalS). It uses a concurrent list to store the evidence and before sending verifies that each evidence is still valid in the sense that it has not exceeded the max evidence age and height (see types/params.go#EvidenceParams).

There are two buckets that evidence can be stored in: Pending & Committed.

1. Pending is awaiting to be committed (evidence is usually broadcasted then)

2. Committed is for those already on the block and is to ensure that evidence isn't submitted twice

All evidence is proto encoded to disk.


When a new block is being proposed (in state/execution.go#CreateProposalBlock), `PendingEvidence(maxBytes)` is called to send up to the maxBytes of uncommitted evidence, from the evidence store, prioritized in order of age. All evidence is checked for expiration.

When a node receives evidence in a block it will use the evidence module as a cache first to see if it has already verified the evidence before trying to verify it again.

Once the proposed evidence is submitted, the evidence is marked as committed and is moved from the broadcasted set to the committed set. As a result it is also removed from the concurrent list so that it is no longer gossiped.

Minor Functionality

As all evidence (including POLC's) are bounded by an expiration date, those that exceed this are no longer needed and hence pruned. Currently, only committed evidence in which a marker to the height that the evidence was committed and hence very small is saved. All updates are made from the `Update(block, state)` function which should be called when a new block is committed.



View Source
const (
	EvidenceChannel = byte(0x38)


This section is empty.


func VerifyDuplicateVote

func VerifyDuplicateVote(e *types.DuplicateVoteEvidence, chainID string, valSet *types.ValidatorSet) error

    VerifyDuplicateVote verifies DuplicateVoteEvidence against the state of full node. This involves the following checks:

    - the validator is in the validator set at the height of the evidence
    - the height, round, type and validator address of the votes must be the same
    - the block ID's must be different
    - The signatures must both be valid

    func VerifyLightClientAttack

    func VerifyLightClientAttack(e *types.LightClientAttackEvidence, commonHeader, trustedHeader *types.SignedHeader,
    	commonVals *types.ValidatorSet, now time.Time, trustPeriod time.Duration) error

      VerifyLightClientAttack verifies LightClientAttackEvidence against the state of the full node. This involves the following checks:

      - the common header from the full node has at least 1/3 voting power which is also present in
        the conflicting header's commit
      - the nodes trusted header at the same height as the conflicting header has a different hash


      type BlockStore

      type BlockStore interface {
      	LoadBlockMeta(height int64) *types.BlockMeta
      	LoadBlockCommit(height int64) *types.Commit

      type PeerState

      type PeerState interface {
      	GetHeight() int64

        PeerState describes the state of a peer.

        type Pool

        type Pool struct {
        	// contains filtered or unexported fields

          Pool maintains a pool of valid evidence to be broadcasted and committed

          func NewPool

          func NewPool(evidenceDB dbm.DB, stateDB sm.Store, blockStore BlockStore) (*Pool, error)

            NewPool creates an evidence pool. If using an existing evidence store, it will add all pending evidence to the concurrent list.

            func (*Pool) AddEvidence

            func (evpool *Pool) AddEvidence(ev types.Evidence) error

              AddEvidence checks the evidence is valid and adds it to the pool.

              func (*Pool) CheckEvidence

              func (evpool *Pool) CheckEvidence(evList types.EvidenceList) error

                CheckEvidence takes an array of evidence from a block and verifies all the evidence there. If it has already verified the evidence then it jumps to the next one. It ensures that no evidence has already been committed or is being proposed twice. It also adds any evidence that it doesn't currently have so that it can quickly form ABCI Evidence later.

                func (*Pool) EvidenceFront

                func (evpool *Pool) EvidenceFront() *clist.CElement

                  EvidenceFront goes to the first evidence in the clist

                  func (*Pool) EvidenceWaitChan

                  func (evpool *Pool) EvidenceWaitChan() <-chan struct{}

                    EvidenceWaitChan is a channel that closes once the first evidence in the list is there. i.e Front is not nil

                    func (*Pool) PendingEvidence

                    func (evpool *Pool) PendingEvidence(maxBytes int64) ([]types.Evidence, int64)

                      PendingEvidence is used primarily as part of block proposal and returns up to maxNum of uncommitted evidence.

                      func (*Pool) ReportConflictingVotes

                      func (evpool *Pool) ReportConflictingVotes(voteA, voteB *types.Vote)

                        ReportConflictingVotes takes two conflicting votes and forms duplicate vote evidence, adding it eventually to the evidence pool.

                        Duplicate vote attacks happen before the block is committed and the timestamp is finalized, thus the evidence pool holds these votes in a buffer, forming the evidence from them once consensus at that height has been reached and `Update()` with the new state called.

                        Votes are not verified.

                        func (*Pool) SetLogger

                        func (evpool *Pool) SetLogger(l log.Logger)

                          SetLogger sets the Logger.

                          func (*Pool) Size

                          func (evpool *Pool) Size() uint32

                            Size returns the number of evidence in the pool.

                            func (*Pool) State

                            func (evpool *Pool) State() sm.State

                              State returns the current state of the evpool.

                              func (*Pool) Update

                              func (evpool *Pool) Update(state sm.State, ev types.EvidenceList)

                                Update takes both the new state and the evidence committed at that height and performs the following operations: 1. Take any conflicting votes from consensus and use the state's LastBlockTime to form

                                DuplicateVoteEvidence and add it to the pool.

                                2. Update the pool's state which contains evidence params relating to expiry. 3. Moves pending evidence that has now been committed into the committed pool. 4. Removes any expired evidence based on both height and time.

                                type Reactor

                                type Reactor struct {
                                	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                  Reactor handles evpool evidence broadcasting amongst peers.

                                  func NewReactor

                                  func NewReactor(evpool *Pool) *Reactor

                                    NewReactor returns a new Reactor with the given config and evpool.

                                    func (*Reactor) AddPeer

                                    func (evR *Reactor) AddPeer(peer p2p.Peer)

                                      AddPeer implements Reactor.

                                      func (*Reactor) GetChannels

                                      func (evR *Reactor) GetChannels() []*p2p.ChannelDescriptor

                                        GetChannels implements Reactor. It returns the list of channels for this reactor.

                                        func (*Reactor) Receive

                                        func (evR *Reactor) Receive(chID byte, src p2p.Peer, msgBytes []byte)

                                          Receive implements Reactor. It adds any received evidence to the evpool.

                                          func (*Reactor) SetEventBus

                                          func (evR *Reactor) SetEventBus(b *types.EventBus)

                                            SetEventBus implements events.Eventable.

                                            func (*Reactor) SetLogger

                                            func (evR *Reactor) SetLogger(l log.Logger)

                                              SetLogger sets the Logger on the reactor and the underlying Evidence.


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