core

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Published: Apr 10, 2016 License: MIT Imports: 4 Imported by: 13

README

core

Package core provides a pure handlers (or middlewares) stack so you can perform actions downstream, then filter and manipulate the response upstream.

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Documentation

Overview

Package core provides a pure handlers (or middlewares) stack so you can perform actions downstream, then filter and manipulate the response upstream.

The handlers stack

A handler is a function that receives a Context (which contains the response writer and the request). It can be registered with Use and has the possibility to break the stream or to continue with the next handler of the stack.

Example of a logger, followed by a security headers setter, followed by a response writer:

// Log
core.Use(func(c *core.Context) {
	// Before the response.
	start := time.Now()

	// Execute the next handler in the stack.
	c.Next()

	// After the response.
	log.Printf(" %s  %s  %s", c.Request.Method, c.Request.URL, time.Since(start))
})

// Secure
core.Use(func(c *core.Context) {
	c.ResponseWriter.Header().Set("X-Frame-Options", "SAMEORIGIN")
	c.ResponseWriter.Header().Set("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff")
	c.ResponseWriter.Header().Set("X-XSS-Protection", "1; mode=block")

	// Execute the next handler in the stack.
	c.Next()
})

// Response
core.Use(func(c *core.Context) {
	fmt.Fprint(c.ResponseWriter, "Hello, World!")
})

// Run server
core.Run()

A clearer visualization of this serving flow:

request open
  |— log start
  |——— secure start
  |————— response write
  |——— secure end
  |— log end
request close

When using Run, your app is reachable at http://localhost:8080 by default.

If you need more flexibility, you can make a new handlers stack, which is fully compatible with the net/http.Handler interface:

hs := core.NewHandlersStack()

hs.Use(func(c *core.Context) {
	fmt.Fprint(c.ResponseWriter, "Hello, World!")
})

http.ListenAndServe(":8080", hs)

Flags

These flags are predefined:

-address
	The address to listen and serving on.
	Value is saved in Address.
-production
	Run the server in production environment.
	Some third-party handlers may have different behaviors
	depending on the environment.
	Value is saved in Production.

It's up to you to call

flag.Parse()

in your main function if you want to use them.

Panic recovering

When using Run, your server always recovers from panics, logs the error with stack, and sends a 500 Internal Server Error. If you want to use a custom handler on panic, give one to HandlePanic.

Handlers and helpers

No handlers or helpers are bundled in the core: it does one thing and does it well. That's why you have to import all and only the handlers or helpers you need:

compress
	Clever response compressing
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/compress
cors
	Cross-Origin Resource Sharing support
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/cors
i18n
	Simple internationalization
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/i18n
log
	Requests logging
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/log
response
	Readable response helper
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/response
route
	Flexible routing helper
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/route
secure
	Quick security wins
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/secure
static
	Simple assets serving
	https://godoc.org/github.com/volatile/static

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var (
	// Production allows handlers know whether the server is running in a production environment.
	Production bool

	// Address is the TCP network address on which the server is listening and serving. Default is ":8080".
	Address = ":8080"
)

Functions

func BeforeRun

func BeforeRun(f func())

BeforeRun adds a function that will be triggered just before running the server.

func HandlePanic

func HandlePanic(h func(*Context))

HandlePanic sets the panic handler of the default handlers stack.

Context.Data["panic"] contains the panic error.

func Run

func Run()

Run starts the server for listening and serving.

func Use

func Use(h func(*Context))

Use adds a handler to the default handlers stack.

Types

type Context

type Context struct {
	ResponseWriter http.ResponseWriter
	Request        *http.Request
	Data           map[string]interface{}
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Context contains all the data needed during the serving flow, including the standard http.ResponseWriter and *http.Request.

The Data field can be used to pass all kind of data through the handlers stack.

func (*Context) Next

func (c *Context) Next()

Next calls the next handler in the stack, but only if the response isn't already written.

func (*Context) Recover

func (c *Context) Recover()

Recover recovers form panics. It logs the stack and uses the PanicHandler (or a classic Internal Server Error) to write the response.

Usage:

defer c.Recover()

func (*Context) Written

func (c *Context) Written() bool

Written tells if the response has been written.

type HandlersStack

type HandlersStack struct {
	Handlers     []func(*Context) // The handlers stack.
	PanicHandler func(*Context)   // The handler called in case of panic. Useful to send custom server error information. Context.Data["panic"] contains the panic error.
}

HandlersStack contains a set of handlers.

func NewHandlersStack

func NewHandlersStack() *HandlersStack

NewHandlersStack returns a new NewHandlersStack.

func (*HandlersStack) HandlePanic

func (hs *HandlersStack) HandlePanic(h func(*Context))

HandlePanic sets the panic handler of the handlers stack.

Context.Data["panic"] contains the panic error.

func (*HandlersStack) ServeHTTP

func (hs *HandlersStack) ServeHTTP(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request)

ServeHTTP makes a context for the request, sets some good practice default headers and enters the handlers stack.

func (*HandlersStack) Use

func (hs *HandlersStack) Use(h func(*Context))

Use adds a handler to the handlers stack.

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package httputil provides HTTP utility functions, complementing the most common ones in package net/http.
Package httputil provides HTTP utility functions, complementing the most common ones in package net/http.
Package log implements a simple logging package for handlers usage.
Package log implements a simple logging package for handlers usage.

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