smux

package module
Version: v1.5.16 Latest Latest
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Published: Sep 22, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 10 Imported by: 198

README

smux

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smux

Introduction

Smux ( Simple MUltipleXing) is a multiplexing library for Golang. It relies on an underlying connection to provide reliability and ordering, such as TCP or KCP, and provides stream-oriented multiplexing. The original intention of this library is to power the connection management for kcp-go.

Features

  1. Token bucket controlled receiving, which provides smoother bandwidth graph(see picture below).
  2. Session-wide receive buffer, shared among streams, fully controlled overall memory usage.
  3. Minimized header(8Bytes), maximized payload.
  4. Well-tested on millions of devices in kcptun.
  5. Builtin fair queue traffic shaping.
  6. Per-stream sliding window to control congestion.(protocol version 2+).

smooth bandwidth curve

Documentation

For complete documentation, see the associated Godoc.

Benchmark

$ go test -v -run=^$ -bench .
goos: darwin
goarch: amd64
pkg: github.com/xtaci/smux
BenchmarkMSB-4           	30000000	        51.8 ns/op
BenchmarkAcceptClose-4   	   50000	     36783 ns/op
BenchmarkConnSmux-4      	   30000	     58335 ns/op	2246.88 MB/s	    1208 B/op	      19 allocs/op
BenchmarkConnTCP-4       	   50000	     25579 ns/op	5124.04 MB/s	       0 B/op	       0 allocs/op
PASS
ok  	github.com/xtaci/smux	7.811s

Specification

VERSION(1B) | CMD(1B) | LENGTH(2B) | STREAMID(4B) | DATA(LENGTH)  

VALUES FOR LATEST VERSION:
VERSION:
    1/2
    
CMD:
    cmdSYN(0)
    cmdFIN(1)
    cmdPSH(2)
    cmdNOP(3)
    cmdUPD(4)	// only supported on version 2
    
STREAMID:
    client use odd numbers starts from 1
    server use even numbers starts from 0
    
cmdUPD:
    | CONSUMED(4B) | WINDOW(4B) |

Usage


func client() {
    // Get a TCP connection
    conn, err := net.Dial(...)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // Setup client side of smux
    session, err := smux.Client(conn, nil)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // Open a new stream
    stream, err := session.OpenStream()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // Stream implements io.ReadWriteCloser
    stream.Write([]byte("ping"))
    stream.Close()
    session.Close()
}

func server() {
    // Accept a TCP connection
    conn, err := listener.Accept()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // Setup server side of smux
    session, err := smux.Server(conn, nil)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // Accept a stream
    stream, err := session.AcceptStream()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    // Listen for a message
    buf := make([]byte, 4)
    stream.Read(buf)
    stream.Close()
    session.Close()
}

Status

Stable

Documentation

Overview

Package smux is a multiplexing library for Golang.

It relies on an underlying connection to provide reliability and ordering, such as TCP or KCP, and provides stream-oriented multiplexing over a single channel.

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var (
	ErrInvalidProtocol = errors.New("invalid protocol")
	ErrConsumed        = errors.New("peer consumed more than sent")
	ErrGoAway          = errors.New("stream id overflows, should start a new connection")
	ErrTimeout         = errors.New("timeout")
	ErrWouldBlock      = errors.New("operation would block on IO")
)

Functions

func VerifyConfig

func VerifyConfig(config *Config) error

VerifyConfig is used to verify the sanity of configuration

Types

type Allocator added in v1.3.1

type Allocator struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Allocator for incoming frames, optimized to prevent overwriting after zeroing

func NewAllocator added in v1.3.1

func NewAllocator() *Allocator

NewAllocator initiates a []byte allocator for frames less than 65536 bytes, the waste(memory fragmentation) of space allocation is guaranteed to be no more than 50%.

func (*Allocator) Get added in v1.3.1

func (alloc *Allocator) Get(size int) []byte

Get a []byte from pool with most appropriate cap

func (*Allocator) Put added in v1.3.1

func (alloc *Allocator) Put(buf []byte) error

Put returns a []byte to pool for future use, which the cap must be exactly 2^n

type Config

type Config struct {
	// SMUX Protocol version, support 1,2
	Version int

	// Disabled keepalive
	KeepAliveDisabled bool

	// KeepAliveInterval is how often to send a NOP command to the remote
	KeepAliveInterval time.Duration

	// KeepAliveTimeout is how long the session
	// will be closed if no data has arrived
	KeepAliveTimeout time.Duration

	// MaxFrameSize is used to control the maximum
	// frame size to sent to the remote
	MaxFrameSize int

	// MaxReceiveBuffer is used to control the maximum
	// number of data in the buffer pool
	MaxReceiveBuffer int

	// MaxStreamBuffer is used to control the maximum
	// number of data per stream
	MaxStreamBuffer int
}

Config is used to tune the Smux session

func DefaultConfig

func DefaultConfig() *Config

DefaultConfig is used to return a default configuration

type Frame

type Frame struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Frame defines a packet from or to be multiplexed into a single connection

type Session

type Session struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Session defines a multiplexed connection for streams

func Client

func Client(conn io.ReadWriteCloser, config *Config) (*Session, error)

Client is used to initialize a new client-side connection.

func Server

func Server(conn io.ReadWriteCloser, config *Config) (*Session, error)

Server is used to initialize a new server-side connection.

func (*Session) Accept added in v1.4.0

func (s *Session) Accept() (io.ReadWriteCloser, error)

Accept Returns a generic ReadWriteCloser instead of smux.Stream

func (*Session) AcceptStream

func (s *Session) AcceptStream() (*Stream, error)

AcceptStream is used to block until the next available stream is ready to be accepted.

func (*Session) Close

func (s *Session) Close() error

Close is used to close the session and all streams.

func (*Session) IsClosed

func (s *Session) IsClosed() bool

IsClosed does a safe check to see if we have shutdown

func (*Session) LocalAddr added in v1.3.2

func (s *Session) LocalAddr() net.Addr

LocalAddr satisfies net.Conn interface

func (*Session) NumStreams

func (s *Session) NumStreams() int

NumStreams returns the number of currently open streams

func (*Session) Open added in v1.4.1

func (s *Session) Open() (io.ReadWriteCloser, error)

Open returns a generic ReadWriteCloser

func (*Session) OpenStream

func (s *Session) OpenStream() (*Stream, error)

OpenStream is used to create a new stream

func (*Session) RemoteAddr added in v1.3.2

func (s *Session) RemoteAddr() net.Addr

RemoteAddr satisfies net.Conn interface

func (*Session) SetDeadline added in v1.0.4

func (s *Session) SetDeadline(t time.Time) error

SetDeadline sets a deadline used by Accept* calls. A zero time value disables the deadline.

type Stream

type Stream struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Stream implements net.Conn

func (*Stream) Close

func (s *Stream) Close() error

Close implements net.Conn

func (*Stream) GetDieCh added in v1.0.8

func (s *Stream) GetDieCh() <-chan struct{}

GetDieCh returns a readonly chan which can be readable when the stream is to be closed.

func (*Stream) ID added in v1.0.5

func (s *Stream) ID() uint32

ID returns the unique stream ID.

func (*Stream) LocalAddr added in v1.0.4

func (s *Stream) LocalAddr() net.Addr

LocalAddr satisfies net.Conn interface

func (*Stream) Read

func (s *Stream) Read(b []byte) (n int, err error)

Read implements net.Conn

func (*Stream) RemoteAddr added in v1.0.4

func (s *Stream) RemoteAddr() net.Addr

RemoteAddr satisfies net.Conn interface

func (*Stream) SetDeadline added in v1.0.4

func (s *Stream) SetDeadline(t time.Time) error

SetDeadline sets both read and write deadlines as defined by net.Conn.SetDeadline. A zero time value disables the deadlines.

func (*Stream) SetReadDeadline added in v1.0.4

func (s *Stream) SetReadDeadline(t time.Time) error

SetReadDeadline sets the read deadline as defined by net.Conn.SetReadDeadline. A zero time value disables the deadline.

func (*Stream) SetWriteDeadline added in v1.0.4

func (s *Stream) SetWriteDeadline(t time.Time) error

SetWriteDeadline sets the write deadline as defined by net.Conn.SetWriteDeadline. A zero time value disables the deadline.

func (*Stream) Write

func (s *Stream) Write(b []byte) (n int, err error)

Write implements net.Conn

Note that the behavior when multiple goroutines write concurrently is not deterministic, frames may interleave in random way.

func (*Stream) WriteTo added in v1.4.5

func (s *Stream) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (n int64, err error)

WriteTo implements io.WriteTo

Notes

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