Documentation

Overview

Package router provides an HTTP router.

It wraps around julienschmidt/httprouter adding support for middlewares and subrouters.

Example (CreateServer)

Example_createServer demonstrates creating an HTTP server using the router package.

package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io/ioutil"
	"math/rand"
	"net/http"
	"net/http/httptest"

	"go.chromium.org/luci/server/router"
)

func Logger(c *router.Context, next router.Handler) {
	fmt.Println(c.Request.URL)
	next(c)
}

func AuthCheck(c *router.Context, next router.Handler) {
	var authenticated bool
	if !authenticated {
		c.Writer.WriteHeader(http.StatusUnauthorized)
		c.Writer.Write([]byte("Authentication failed"))
		return
	}
	next(c)
}

func GenerateSecret(c *router.Context, next router.Handler) {
	c.Context = context.WithValue(c.Context, "secret", rand.Int())
	next(c)
}

func makeRequest(client *http.Client, url string) string {
	res, err := client.Get(url + "/")
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	defer res.Body.Close()
	p, err := ioutil.ReadAll(res.Body)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	if len(p) == 0 {
		return fmt.Sprintf("%d", res.StatusCode)
	}
	return fmt.Sprintf("%d %s", res.StatusCode, p)
}

func makeRequests(url string) {
	c := &http.Client{}
	fmt.Println(makeRequest(c, url+"/hello"))
	fmt.Println(makeRequest(c, url+"/hello/darknessmyoldfriend"))
	fmt.Println(makeRequest(c, url+"/authenticated/secret"))
}

// Example_createServer demonstrates creating an HTTP server using the router
// package.
func main() {
	r := router.New()
	r.Use(router.NewMiddlewareChain(Logger))
	r.GET("/hello", nil, func(c *router.Context) {
		fmt.Fprintf(c.Writer, "Hello")
	})
	r.GET("/hello/:name", nil, func(c *router.Context) {
		fmt.Fprintf(c.Writer, "Hello %s", c.Params.ByName("name"))
	})

	auth := r.Subrouter("authenticated")
	auth.Use(router.NewMiddlewareChain(AuthCheck))
	auth.GET("/secret", router.NewMiddlewareChain(GenerateSecret), func(c *router.Context) {
		fmt.Fprintf(c.Writer, "secret: %d", c.Context.Value("secret"))
	})

	server := httptest.NewServer(r)
	defer server.Close()

	makeRequests(server.URL)

}
Output:

/hello
200 Hello
/hello/darknessmyoldfriend
200 Hello darknessmyoldfriend
/authenticated/secret
401 Authentication failed

Index

Examples

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func RunMiddleware

func RunMiddleware(c *Context, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

RunMiddleware executes the middleware chain and the handler with the given initial context. Useful to execute a chain of functions in tests.

Types

type Context

type Context struct {
	Context     context.Context
	Writer      http.ResponseWriter
	Request     *http.Request
	Params      httprouter.Params
	HandlerPath string // the path with which the handler was registered
}

Context contains the context, response writer, request, and params shared across Middleware and Handler functions.

type Handler

type Handler func(*Context)

Handler is the type for all request handlers.

type Middleware

type Middleware func(c *Context, next Handler)

Middleware does some pre/post processing of a request.

It is a function that accepts a context carrying an http.Request and an http.ResponseWriter and the `next` function. `next` is either the final request handler or a next link in the middleware chain.

A middleware implementation must obey the following rules:

- Middleware *must* call `next` if it has not written the response itself.
- Middleware *must not* call `next` if it has written the response.
- Middleware *may* modify the context in-place before calling `next`.

Note that writing the response after `next` is called is undefined behavior. It may or may not work depending on what exact happened down the chain.

type MiddlewareChain

type MiddlewareChain []Middleware

MiddlewareChain is an ordered collection of Middleware.

The first middleware is the outermost, i.e. it will be called first when processing a request.

func NewMiddlewareChain

func NewMiddlewareChain(mw ...Middleware) MiddlewareChain

NewMiddlewareChain creates a new MiddlewareChain with the supplied Middleware entries.

func (MiddlewareChain) Extend

func (mc MiddlewareChain) Extend(mw ...Middleware) MiddlewareChain

Extend returns a new MiddlewareChain with the supplied Middleware appended to the end.

type Router

type Router struct {
	BasePath string
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Router is the main type for the package. To create a Router, use New.

func New

func New() *Router

New creates a Router.

func NewWithRootContext

func NewWithRootContext(root context.Context) *Router

NewWithRootContext creates a router whose request contexts all inherit from the given context.

func (*Router) DELETE

func (r *Router) DELETE(path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

DELETE is a shortcut for router.Handle("DELETE", path, mc, h)

func (*Router) GET

func (r *Router) GET(path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

GET is a shortcut for router.Handle("GET", path, mc, h)

func (*Router) GetParams

func (r *Router) GetParams(method, path string) (httprouter.Params, bool)

GetParams parases the httprouter.Params from the supplied method and path.

If nothing is registered for method/path, GetParams will return false.

func (*Router) HEAD

func (r *Router) HEAD(path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

HEAD is a shortcut for router.Handle("HEAD", path, mc, h)

func (*Router) Handle

func (r *Router) Handle(method, path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

Handle registers a middleware chain and a handler for the given method and path. len(mc)==0 is allowed. See https://godoc.org/github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter for documentation on how the path may be formatted.

func (*Router) NotFound

func (r *Router) NotFound(mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

NotFound sets the handler to be called when no matching route is found.

func (*Router) OPTIONS

func (r *Router) OPTIONS(path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

OPTIONS is a shortcut for router.Handle("OPTIONS", path, mc, h)

func (*Router) PATCH

func (r *Router) PATCH(path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

PATCH is a shortcut for router.Handle("PATCH", path, mc, h)

func (*Router) POST

func (r *Router) POST(path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

POST is a shortcut for router.Handle("POST", path, mc, h)

func (*Router) PUT

func (r *Router) PUT(path string, mc MiddlewareChain, h Handler)

PUT is a shortcut for router.Handle("PUT", path, mc, h)

func (*Router) ServeHTTP

func (r *Router) ServeHTTP(rw http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request)

ServeHTTP makes Router implement the http.Handler interface.

func (*Router) Static

func (r *Router) Static(prefix string, mc MiddlewareChain, root http.FileSystem)

Static installs handlers that serve static files.

func (*Router) Subrouter

func (r *Router) Subrouter(relativePath string) *Router

Subrouter creates a new router with an updated base path. The new router copies middleware and configuration from the router it derives from.

func (*Router) Use

func (r *Router) Use(mc MiddlewareChain)

Use adds middleware chains to the group. The added middleware applies to all handlers registered on the router and to all handlers registered on routers that may be derived from the router (using Subrouter).