Package concurrency implements concurrency operations on top of etcd such as distributed locks, barriers, and elections.




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    var (
    	ErrElectionNotLeader = errors.New("election: not leader")
    	ErrElectionNoLeader  = errors.New("election: no leader")


    func NewLocker

    func NewLocker(s *Session, pfx string) sync.Locker

      NewLocker creates a sync.Locker backed by an etcd mutex.

      func NewSTM

      func NewSTM(c *v3.Client, apply func(STM) error, so ...stmOption) (*v3.TxnResponse, error)

        NewSTM initiates a new STM instance, using serializable snapshot isolation by default.

        func NewSTMReadCommitted

        func NewSTMReadCommitted(ctx context.Context, c *v3.Client, apply func(STM) error) (*v3.TxnResponse, error)

          NewSTMReadCommitted is deprecated.

          func NewSTMRepeatable

          func NewSTMRepeatable(ctx context.Context, c *v3.Client, apply func(STM) error) (*v3.TxnResponse, error)

            NewSTMRepeatable is deprecated.

            func NewSTMSerializable

            func NewSTMSerializable(ctx context.Context, c *v3.Client, apply func(STM) error) (*v3.TxnResponse, error)

              NewSTMSerializable is deprecated.

              func WithAbortContext

              func WithAbortContext(ctx context.Context) stmOption

                WithAbortContext specifies the context for permanently aborting the transaction.

                func WithIsolation

                func WithIsolation(lvl Isolation) stmOption

                  WithIsolation specifies the transaction isolation level.

                  func WithPrefetch

                  func WithPrefetch(keys ...string) stmOption

                    WithPrefetch is a hint to prefetch a list of keys before trying to apply. If an STM transaction will unconditionally fetch a set of keys, prefetching those keys will save the round-trip cost from requesting each key one by one with Get().


                    type Election

                    type Election struct {
                    	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                    func NewElection

                    func NewElection(s *Session, pfx string) *Election

                      NewElection returns a new election on a given key prefix.

                      func ResumeElection

                      func ResumeElection(s *Session, pfx string, leaderKey string, leaderRev int64) *Election

                        ResumeElection initializes an election with a known leader.

                        func (*Election) Campaign

                        func (e *Election) Campaign(ctx context.Context, val string) error

                          Campaign puts a value as eligible for the election. It blocks until it is elected, an error occurs, or the context is cancelled.

                          completed first election with e2
                          completed second election with e1

                          func (*Election) Header

                          func (e *Election) Header() *pb.ResponseHeader

                            Header is the response header from the last successful election proposal.

                            func (*Election) Key

                            func (e *Election) Key() string

                              Key returns the leader key if elected, empty string otherwise.

                              func (*Election) Leader

                              func (e *Election) Leader(ctx context.Context) (*v3.GetResponse, error)

                                Leader returns the leader value for the current election.

                                func (*Election) Observe

                                func (e *Election) Observe(ctx context.Context) <-chan v3.GetResponse

                                  Observe returns a channel that reliably observes ordered leader proposals as GetResponse values on every current elected leader key. It will not necessarily fetch all historical leader updates, but will always post the most recent leader value.

                                  The channel closes when the context is canceled or the underlying watcher is otherwise disrupted.

                                  func (*Election) Proclaim

                                  func (e *Election) Proclaim(ctx context.Context, val string) error

                                    Proclaim lets the leader announce a new value without another election.

                                    func (*Election) Resign

                                    func (e *Election) Resign(ctx context.Context) (err error)

                                      Resign lets a leader start a new election.

                                      func (*Election) Rev

                                      func (e *Election) Rev() int64

                                        Rev returns the leader key's creation revision, if elected.

                                        type Isolation

                                        type Isolation int

                                          Isolation is an enumeration of transactional isolation levels which describes how transactions should interfere and conflict.

                                          const (
                                          	// SerializableSnapshot provides serializable isolation and also checks
                                          	// for write conflicts.
                                          	SerializableSnapshot Isolation = iota
                                          	// Serializable reads within the same transaction attempt return data
                                          	// from the at the revision of the first read.
                                          	// RepeatableReads reads within the same transaction attempt always
                                          	// return the same data.
                                          	// ReadCommitted reads keys from any committed revision.

                                          type Mutex

                                          type Mutex struct {
                                          	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                            Mutex implements the sync Locker interface with etcd

                                            func NewMutex

                                            func NewMutex(s *Session, pfx string) *Mutex

                                            func (*Mutex) Header

                                            func (m *Mutex) Header() *pb.ResponseHeader

                                              Header is the response header received from etcd on acquiring the lock.

                                              func (*Mutex) IsOwner

                                              func (m *Mutex) IsOwner() v3.Cmp

                                              func (*Mutex) Key

                                              func (m *Mutex) Key() string

                                              func (*Mutex) Lock

                                              func (m *Mutex) Lock(ctx context.Context) error

                                                Lock locks the mutex with a cancelable context. If the context is canceled while trying to acquire the lock, the mutex tries to clean its stale lock entry.

                                                acquired lock for s1
                                                released lock for s1
                                                acquired lock for s2

                                                func (*Mutex) Unlock

                                                func (m *Mutex) Unlock(ctx context.Context) error

                                                type STM

                                                type STM interface {
                                                	// Get returns the value for a key and inserts the key in the txn's read set.
                                                	// If Get fails, it aborts the transaction with an error, never returning.
                                                	Get(key ...string) string
                                                	// Put adds a value for a key to the write set.
                                                	Put(key, val string, opts ...v3.OpOption)
                                                	// Rev returns the revision of a key in the read set.
                                                	Rev(key string) int64
                                                	// Del deletes a key.
                                                	Del(key string)
                                                	// contains filtered or unexported methods

                                                  STM is an interface for software transactional memory.

                                                  Example (Apply)

                                                    ExampleSTM_apply shows how to use STM with a transactional transfer between balances.

                                                    account sum is 500

                                                    type Session

                                                    type Session struct {
                                                    	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                      Session represents a lease kept alive for the lifetime of a client. Fault-tolerant applications may use sessions to reason about liveness.

                                                      func NewSession

                                                      func NewSession(client *v3.Client, opts ...SessionOption) (*Session, error)

                                                        NewSession gets the leased session for a client.

                                                        func (*Session) Client

                                                        func (s *Session) Client() *v3.Client

                                                          Client is the etcd client that is attached to the session.

                                                          func (*Session) Close

                                                          func (s *Session) Close() error

                                                            Close orphans the session and revokes the session lease.

                                                            func (*Session) Done

                                                            func (s *Session) Done() <-chan struct{}

                                                              Done returns a channel that closes when the lease is orphaned, expires, or is otherwise no longer being refreshed.

                                                              func (*Session) Lease

                                                              func (s *Session) Lease() v3.LeaseID

                                                                Lease is the lease ID for keys bound to the session.

                                                                func (*Session) Orphan

                                                                func (s *Session) Orphan()

                                                                  Orphan ends the refresh for the session lease. This is useful in case the state of the client connection is indeterminate (revoke would fail) or when transferring lease ownership.

                                                                  type SessionOption

                                                                  type SessionOption func(*sessionOptions)

                                                                    SessionOption configures Session.

                                                                    func WithContext

                                                                    func WithContext(ctx context.Context) SessionOption

                                                                      WithContext assigns a context to the session instead of defaulting to using the client context. This is useful for canceling NewSession and Close operations immediately without having to close the client. If the context is canceled before Close() completes, the session's lease will be abandoned and left to expire instead of being revoked.

                                                                      func WithLease

                                                                      func WithLease(leaseID v3.LeaseID) SessionOption

                                                                        WithLease specifies the existing leaseID to be used for the session. This is useful in process restart scenario, for example, to reclaim leadership from an election prior to restart.

                                                                        func WithTTL

                                                                        func WithTTL(ttl int) SessionOption

                                                                          WithTTL configures the session's TTL in seconds. If TTL is <= 0, the default 60 seconds TTL will be used.