The OpenCensus Bridge helps facilitate the migration of an application from OpenCensus to OpenTelemetry.
The Problem: Mixing OpenCensus and OpenTelemetry libraries
In a perfect world, one would simply migrate their entire go application --including custom instrumentation, libraries, and exporters-- from OpenCensus to OpenTelemetry all at once. In the real world, dependency constraints, third-party ownership of libraries, or other reasons may require mixing OpenCensus and OpenTelemetry libraries in a single application.
However, if you create the following spans in a go application:
ctx, ocSpan := opencensus.StartSpan(context.Background(), "OuterSpan") defer ocSpan.End() ctx, otSpan := opentelemetryTracer.Start(ctx, "MiddleSpan") defer otSpan.End() ctx, ocSpan := opencensus.StartSpan(ctx, "InnerSpan") defer ocSpan.End()
OpenCensus reports (to OpenCensus exporters):
OpenTelemetry reports (to OpenTelemetry exporters):
Instead, I would prefer (to a single set of exporters):
[--------OuterSpan------------] [-----MiddleSpan--------] [----InnerSpan------]
The bridge solution
The bridge implements the OpenCensus trace API using OpenTelemetry. This would cause, for example, a span recorded with OpenCensus'
StartSpan() method to be equivalent to recording a span using OpenTelemetry's
tracer.Start() method. Funneling all tracing API calls to OpenTelemetry APIs results in the desired unified span hierarchy.
- Instantiate OpenTelemetry SDK and Exporters
- Override OpenCensus' DefaultTracer with the bridge
- Migrate libraries from OpenCensus to OpenTelemetry
- Remove OpenCensus Exporters
To override OpenCensus' DefaultTracer with the bridge:
import ( octrace "go.opencensus.io/trace" "go.opentelemetry.io/otel/bridge/opencensus" "go.opentelemetry.io/otel" ) tracer := otel.GetTracerProvider().Tracer("bridge") octrace.DefaultTracer = opencensus.NewTracer(tracer)
Be sure to set the
Tracer name to your instrumentation package name instead of
OpenCensus and OpenTelemetry APIs are not entirely compatible. If the bridge finds any incompatibilities, it will log them. Incompatibilities include:
- Custom OpenCensus Samplers specified during StartSpan are ignored.
- Links cannot be added to OpenCensus spans.
- OpenTelemetry Debug or Deferred trace flags are dropped after an OpenCensus span is created.
Package opencensus provides a migration bridge forwarding the OpenCensus API to the OpenTelemetry SDK.