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golang.org/x/net / dns / dnsmessage

Package dnsmessage

v0.0.0-...-4dfa261
Latest Go to latest

The latest major version is .

Published: Sep 26, 2018 | License: BSD-3-Clause | Module: golang.org/x/net

Overview

Package dnsmessage provides a mostly RFC 1035 compliant implementation of DNS message packing and unpacking.

The package also supports messages with Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS(0)) as defined in RFC 6891.

This implementation is designed to minimize heap allocations and avoid unnecessary packing and unpacking as much as possible.

Index

Examples

Variables

var (
	// ErrNotStarted indicates that the prerequisite information isn't
	// available yet because the previous records haven't been appropriately
	// parsed, skipped or finished.
	ErrNotStarted = errors.New("parsing/packing of this type isn't available yet")

	// ErrSectionDone indicated that all records in the section have been
	// parsed or finished.
	ErrSectionDone = errors.New("parsing/packing of this section has completed")
)

type AAAAResource

type AAAAResource struct {
	AAAA [16]byte
}

An AAAAResource is an AAAA Resource record.

func (*AAAAResource) GoString

func (r *AAAAResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type AResource

type AResource struct {
	A [4]byte
}

An AResource is an A Resource record.

func (*AResource) GoString

func (r *AResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type Builder

type Builder struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Builder allows incrementally packing a DNS message.

Example usage:

buf := make([]byte, 2, 514)
b := NewBuilder(buf, Header{...})
b.EnableCompression()
// Optionally start a section and add things to that section.
// Repeat adding sections as necessary.
buf, err := b.Finish()
// If err is nil, buf[2:] will contain the built bytes.

func NewBuilder

func NewBuilder(buf []byte, h Header) Builder

NewBuilder creates a new builder with compression disabled.

Note: Most users will want to immediately enable compression with the EnableCompression method. See that method's comment for why you may or may not want to enable compression.

The DNS message is appended to the provided initial buffer buf (which may be nil) as it is built. The final message is returned by the (*Builder).Finish method, which may return the same underlying array if there was sufficient capacity in the slice.

func (*Builder) AAAAResource

func (b *Builder) AAAAResource(h ResourceHeader, r AAAAResource) error

AAAAResource adds a single AAAAResource.

func (*Builder) AResource

func (b *Builder) AResource(h ResourceHeader, r AResource) error

AResource adds a single AResource.

func (*Builder) CNAMEResource

func (b *Builder) CNAMEResource(h ResourceHeader, r CNAMEResource) error

CNAMEResource adds a single CNAMEResource.

func (*Builder) EnableCompression

func (b *Builder) EnableCompression()

EnableCompression enables compression in the Builder.

Leaving compression disabled avoids compression related allocations, but can result in larger message sizes. Be careful with this mode as it can cause messages to exceed the UDP size limit.

According to RFC 1035, section 4.1.4, the use of compression is optional, but all implementations must accept both compressed and uncompressed DNS messages.

Compression should be enabled before any sections are added for best results.

func (*Builder) Finish

func (b *Builder) Finish() ([]byte, error)

Finish ends message building and generates a binary message.

func (*Builder) MXResource

func (b *Builder) MXResource(h ResourceHeader, r MXResource) error

MXResource adds a single MXResource.

func (*Builder) NSResource

func (b *Builder) NSResource(h ResourceHeader, r NSResource) error

NSResource adds a single NSResource.

func (*Builder) OPTResource

func (b *Builder) OPTResource(h ResourceHeader, r OPTResource) error

OPTResource adds a single OPTResource.

func (*Builder) PTRResource

func (b *Builder) PTRResource(h ResourceHeader, r PTRResource) error

PTRResource adds a single PTRResource.

func (*Builder) Question

func (b *Builder) Question(q Question) error

Question adds a single Question.

func (*Builder) SOAResource

func (b *Builder) SOAResource(h ResourceHeader, r SOAResource) error

SOAResource adds a single SOAResource.

func (*Builder) SRVResource

func (b *Builder) SRVResource(h ResourceHeader, r SRVResource) error

SRVResource adds a single SRVResource.

func (*Builder) StartAdditionals

func (b *Builder) StartAdditionals() error

StartAdditionals prepares the builder for packing Additionals.

func (*Builder) StartAnswers

func (b *Builder) StartAnswers() error

StartAnswers prepares the builder for packing Answers.

func (*Builder) StartAuthorities

func (b *Builder) StartAuthorities() error

StartAuthorities prepares the builder for packing Authorities.

func (*Builder) StartQuestions

func (b *Builder) StartQuestions() error

StartQuestions prepares the builder for packing Questions.

func (*Builder) TXTResource

func (b *Builder) TXTResource(h ResourceHeader, r TXTResource) error

TXTResource adds a single TXTResource.

type CNAMEResource

type CNAMEResource struct {
	CNAME Name
}

A CNAMEResource is a CNAME Resource record.

func (*CNAMEResource) GoString

func (r *CNAMEResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type Class

type Class uint16

A Class is a type of network.

const (
	// ResourceHeader.Class and Question.Class
	ClassINET   Class = 1
	ClassCSNET  Class = 2
	ClassCHAOS  Class = 3
	ClassHESIOD Class = 4

	// Question.Class
	ClassANY Class = 255
)

func (Class) GoString

func (c Class) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

func (Class) String

func (c Class) String() string

String implements fmt.Stringer.String.

type Header struct {
	ID                 uint16
	Response           bool
	OpCode             OpCode
	Authoritative      bool
	Truncated          bool
	RecursionDesired   bool
	RecursionAvailable bool
	RCode              RCode
}

Header is a representation of a DNS message header.

func (*Header) GoString

func (m *Header) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type MXResource

type MXResource struct {
	Pref uint16
	MX   Name
}

An MXResource is an MX Resource record.

func (*MXResource) GoString

func (r *MXResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type Message

type Message struct {
	Header
	Questions   []Question
	Answers     []Resource
	Authorities []Resource
	Additionals []Resource
}

Message is a representation of a DNS message.

func (*Message) AppendPack

func (m *Message) AppendPack(b []byte) ([]byte, error)

AppendPack is like Pack but appends the full Message to b and returns the extended buffer.

func (*Message) GoString

func (m *Message) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

func (*Message) Pack

func (m *Message) Pack() ([]byte, error)

Pack packs a full Message.

func (*Message) Unpack

func (m *Message) Unpack(msg []byte) error

Unpack parses a full Message.

type NSResource

type NSResource struct {
	NS Name
}

An NSResource is an NS Resource record.

func (*NSResource) GoString

func (r *NSResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type Name

type Name struct {
	Data   [nameLen]byte
	Length uint8
}

A Name is a non-encoded domain name. It is used instead of strings to avoid allocations.

func MustNewName

func MustNewName(name string) Name

MustNewName creates a new Name from a string and panics on error.

func NewName

func NewName(name string) (Name, error)

NewName creates a new Name from a string.

func (*Name) GoString

func (n *Name) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

func (Name) String

func (n Name) String() string

String implements fmt.Stringer.String.

type OPTResource

type OPTResource struct {
	Options []Option
}

An OPTResource is an OPT pseudo Resource record.

The pseudo resource record is part of the extension mechanisms for DNS as defined in RFC 6891.

func (*OPTResource) GoString

func (r *OPTResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type OpCode

type OpCode uint16

An OpCode is a DNS operation code.

func (OpCode) GoString

func (o OpCode) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type Option

type Option struct {
	Code uint16 // option code
	Data []byte
}

An Option represents a DNS message option within OPTResource.

The message option is part of the extension mechanisms for DNS as defined in RFC 6891.

func (*Option) GoString

func (o *Option) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type PTRResource

type PTRResource struct {
	PTR Name
}

A PTRResource is a PTR Resource record.

func (*PTRResource) GoString

func (r *PTRResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type Parser

type Parser struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Parser allows incrementally parsing a DNS message.

When parsing is started, the Header is parsed. Next, each Question can be either parsed or skipped. Alternatively, all Questions can be skipped at once. When all Questions have been parsed, attempting to parse Questions will return (nil, nil) and attempting to skip Questions will return (true, nil). After all Questions have been either parsed or skipped, all Answers, Authorities and Additionals can be either parsed or skipped in the same way, and each type of Resource must be fully parsed or skipped before proceeding to the next type of Resource.

Note that there is no requirement to fully skip or parse the message.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"net"
	"strings"

	"golang.org/x/net/dns/dnsmessage"
)

func mustNewName(name string) dnsmessage.Name {
	n, err := dnsmessage.NewName(name)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	return n
}

func main() {
	msg := dnsmessage.Message{
		Header: dnsmessage.Header{Response: true, Authoritative: true},
		Questions: []dnsmessage.Question{
			{
				Name:  mustNewName("foo.bar.example.com."),
				Type:  dnsmessage.TypeA,
				Class: dnsmessage.ClassINET,
			},
			{
				Name:  mustNewName("bar.example.com."),
				Type:  dnsmessage.TypeA,
				Class: dnsmessage.ClassINET,
			},
		},
		Answers: []dnsmessage.Resource{
			{
				Header: dnsmessage.ResourceHeader{
					Name:  mustNewName("foo.bar.example.com."),
					Type:  dnsmessage.TypeA,
					Class: dnsmessage.ClassINET,
				},
				Body: &dnsmessage.AResource{A: [4]byte{127, 0, 0, 1}},
			},
			{
				Header: dnsmessage.ResourceHeader{
					Name:  mustNewName("bar.example.com."),
					Type:  dnsmessage.TypeA,
					Class: dnsmessage.ClassINET,
				},
				Body: &dnsmessage.AResource{A: [4]byte{127, 0, 0, 2}},
			},
		},
	}

	buf, err := msg.Pack()
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}

	wantName := "bar.example.com."

	var p dnsmessage.Parser
	if _, err := p.Start(buf); err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}

	for {
		q, err := p.Question()
		if err == dnsmessage.ErrSectionDone {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			panic(err)
		}

		if q.Name.String() != wantName {
			continue
		}

		fmt.Println("Found question for name", wantName)
		if err := p.SkipAllQuestions(); err != nil {
			panic(err)
		}
		break
	}

	var gotIPs []net.IP
	for {
		h, err := p.AnswerHeader()
		if err == dnsmessage.ErrSectionDone {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			panic(err)
		}

		if (h.Type != dnsmessage.TypeA && h.Type != dnsmessage.TypeAAAA) || h.Class != dnsmessage.ClassINET {
			continue
		}

		if !strings.EqualFold(h.Name.String(), wantName) {
			if err := p.SkipAnswer(); err != nil {
				panic(err)
			}
			continue
		}

		switch h.Type {
		case dnsmessage.TypeA:
			r, err := p.AResource()
			if err != nil {
				panic(err)
			}
			gotIPs = append(gotIPs, r.A[:])
		case dnsmessage.TypeAAAA:
			r, err := p.AAAAResource()
			if err != nil {
				panic(err)
			}
			gotIPs = append(gotIPs, r.AAAA[:])
		}
	}

	fmt.Printf("Found A/AAAA records for name %s: %v\n", wantName, gotIPs)

}
Found question for name bar.example.com.
Found A/AAAA records for name bar.example.com.: [127.0.0.2]

func (*Parser) AAAAResource

func (p *Parser) AAAAResource() (AAAAResource, error)

AAAAResource parses a single AAAAResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) AResource

func (p *Parser) AResource() (AResource, error)

AResource parses a single AResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) Additional

func (p *Parser) Additional() (Resource, error)

Additional parses a single Additional Resource.

func (*Parser) AdditionalHeader

func (p *Parser) AdditionalHeader() (ResourceHeader, error)

AdditionalHeader parses a single Additional ResourceHeader.

func (*Parser) AllAdditionals

func (p *Parser) AllAdditionals() ([]Resource, error)

AllAdditionals parses all Additional Resources.

func (*Parser) AllAnswers

func (p *Parser) AllAnswers() ([]Resource, error)

AllAnswers parses all Answer Resources.

func (*Parser) AllAuthorities

func (p *Parser) AllAuthorities() ([]Resource, error)

AllAuthorities parses all Authority Resources.

func (*Parser) AllQuestions

func (p *Parser) AllQuestions() ([]Question, error)

AllQuestions parses all Questions.

func (*Parser) Answer

func (p *Parser) Answer() (Resource, error)

Answer parses a single Answer Resource.

func (*Parser) AnswerHeader

func (p *Parser) AnswerHeader() (ResourceHeader, error)

AnswerHeader parses a single Answer ResourceHeader.

func (*Parser) Authority

func (p *Parser) Authority() (Resource, error)

Authority parses a single Authority Resource.

func (*Parser) AuthorityHeader

func (p *Parser) AuthorityHeader() (ResourceHeader, error)

AuthorityHeader parses a single Authority ResourceHeader.

func (*Parser) CNAMEResource

func (p *Parser) CNAMEResource() (CNAMEResource, error)

CNAMEResource parses a single CNAMEResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) MXResource

func (p *Parser) MXResource() (MXResource, error)

MXResource parses a single MXResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) NSResource

func (p *Parser) NSResource() (NSResource, error)

NSResource parses a single NSResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) OPTResource

func (p *Parser) OPTResource() (OPTResource, error)

OPTResource parses a single OPTResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) PTRResource

func (p *Parser) PTRResource() (PTRResource, error)

PTRResource parses a single PTRResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) Question

func (p *Parser) Question() (Question, error)

Question parses a single Question.

func (*Parser) SOAResource

func (p *Parser) SOAResource() (SOAResource, error)

SOAResource parses a single SOAResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) SRVResource

func (p *Parser) SRVResource() (SRVResource, error)

SRVResource parses a single SRVResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

func (*Parser) SkipAdditional

func (p *Parser) SkipAdditional() error

SkipAdditional skips a single Additional Resource.

func (*Parser) SkipAllAdditionals

func (p *Parser) SkipAllAdditionals() error

SkipAllAdditionals skips all Additional Resources.

func (*Parser) SkipAllAnswers

func (p *Parser) SkipAllAnswers() error

SkipAllAnswers skips all Answer Resources.

func (*Parser) SkipAllAuthorities

func (p *Parser) SkipAllAuthorities() error

SkipAllAuthorities skips all Authority Resources.

func (*Parser) SkipAllQuestions

func (p *Parser) SkipAllQuestions() error

SkipAllQuestions skips all Questions.

func (*Parser) SkipAnswer

func (p *Parser) SkipAnswer() error

SkipAnswer skips a single Answer Resource.

func (*Parser) SkipAuthority

func (p *Parser) SkipAuthority() error

SkipAuthority skips a single Authority Resource.

func (*Parser) SkipQuestion

func (p *Parser) SkipQuestion() error

SkipQuestion skips a single Question.

func (*Parser) Start

func (p *Parser) Start(msg []byte) (Header, error)

Start parses the header and enables the parsing of Questions.

func (*Parser) TXTResource

func (p *Parser) TXTResource() (TXTResource, error)

TXTResource parses a single TXTResource.

One of the XXXHeader methods must have been called before calling this method.

type Question

type Question struct {
	Name  Name
	Type  Type
	Class Class
}

A Question is a DNS query.

func (*Question) GoString

func (q *Question) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type RCode

type RCode uint16

An RCode is a DNS response status code.

const (
	// Message.Rcode
	RCodeSuccess        RCode = 0
	RCodeFormatError    RCode = 1
	RCodeServerFailure  RCode = 2
	RCodeNameError      RCode = 3
	RCodeNotImplemented RCode = 4
	RCodeRefused        RCode = 5
)

func (RCode) GoString

func (r RCode) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

func (RCode) String

func (r RCode) String() string

String implements fmt.Stringer.String.

type Resource

type Resource struct {
	Header ResourceHeader
	Body   ResourceBody
}

A Resource is a DNS resource record.

func (*Resource) GoString

func (r *Resource) GoString() string

type ResourceBody

type ResourceBody interface {

	// GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.
	GoString() string
	// contains filtered or unexported methods
}

A ResourceBody is a DNS resource record minus the header.

type ResourceHeader

type ResourceHeader struct {
	// Name is the domain name for which this resource record pertains.
	Name Name

	// Type is the type of DNS resource record.
	//
	// This field will be set automatically during packing.
	Type Type

	// Class is the class of network to which this DNS resource record
	// pertains.
	Class Class

	// TTL is the length of time (measured in seconds) which this resource
	// record is valid for (time to live). All Resources in a set should
	// have the same TTL (RFC 2181 Section 5.2).
	TTL uint32

	// Length is the length of data in the resource record after the header.
	//
	// This field will be set automatically during packing.
	Length uint16
}

A ResourceHeader is the header of a DNS resource record. There are many types of DNS resource records, but they all share the same header.

func (*ResourceHeader) DNSSECAllowed

func (h *ResourceHeader) DNSSECAllowed() bool

DNSSECAllowed reports whether the DNSSEC OK bit is set.

func (*ResourceHeader) ExtendedRCode

func (h *ResourceHeader) ExtendedRCode(rcode RCode) RCode

ExtendedRCode returns an extended RCode.

The provided rcode must be the RCode in DNS message header.

func (*ResourceHeader) GoString

func (h *ResourceHeader) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

func (*ResourceHeader) SetEDNS0

func (h *ResourceHeader) SetEDNS0(udpPayloadLen int, extRCode RCode, dnssecOK bool) error

SetEDNS0 configures h for EDNS(0).

The provided extRCode must be an extedned RCode.

type SOAResource

type SOAResource struct {
	NS      Name
	MBox    Name
	Serial  uint32
	Refresh uint32
	Retry   uint32
	Expire  uint32

	// MinTTL the is the default TTL of Resources records which did not
	// contain a TTL value and the TTL of negative responses. (RFC 2308
	// Section 4)
	MinTTL uint32
}

An SOAResource is an SOA Resource record.

func (*SOAResource) GoString

func (r *SOAResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type SRVResource

type SRVResource struct {
	Priority uint16
	Weight   uint16
	Port     uint16
	Target   Name // Not compressed as per RFC 2782.
}

An SRVResource is an SRV Resource record.

func (*SRVResource) GoString

func (r *SRVResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type TXTResource

type TXTResource struct {
	TXT []string
}

A TXTResource is a TXT Resource record.

func (*TXTResource) GoString

func (r *TXTResource) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

type Type

type Type uint16

A Type is a type of DNS request and response.

const (
	// ResourceHeader.Type and Question.Type
	TypeA     Type = 1
	TypeNS    Type = 2
	TypeCNAME Type = 5
	TypeSOA   Type = 6
	TypePTR   Type = 12
	TypeMX    Type = 15
	TypeTXT   Type = 16
	TypeAAAA  Type = 28
	TypeSRV   Type = 33
	TypeOPT   Type = 41

	// Question.Type
	TypeWKS   Type = 11
	TypeHINFO Type = 13
	TypeMINFO Type = 14
	TypeAXFR  Type = 252
	TypeALL   Type = 255
)

func (Type) GoString

func (t Type) GoString() string

GoString implements fmt.GoStringer.GoString.

func (Type) String

func (t Type) String() string

String implements fmt.Stringer.String.

Package Files

Documentation was rendered with GOOS=linux and GOARCH=amd64.

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